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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in the United States and Canada.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ "Cartersville City School District ::". cartersville.k12.ga.us. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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1643795 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 07:39:07 -0800

The royal, who has announced that he's to host a horticultural festival at Highgrove for the first time in April, spent time with youngsters at Ashley Primary School in Walton-on-Thames this morning before heading to Southall this afternoon to meet ...


Wed, 10 Feb 2016 18:48:45 -0800

The watchdog upheld complaints that the advert could be seen by young children, but rejected claims that the advert was likely to cause “serious or widespread offence”. The ASA said: “We noted that the ad had been delivered to the primary school in ...

Herald Sun

Herald Sun
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 19:38:56 -0800

More than 50 parents arrived at 11.30am to take their children out of St John Vianney's Primary School, Parkdale, amid ongoing protests demanding Father John Walshe resigns from his post. The move comes after Fr Walshe gave evidence at the Royal ...

Leicester Mercury

Leicester Mercury
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 06:03:45 -0800

A city primary school is celebrating a £4.2 million revamp, which sees places at the school more than double. St Mary's Fields Primary School, in Rowley Fields, has been converted from an infants, to an all-through primary as part of Leicester City ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 02:38:41 -0800

A primary school has been slammed by parents and coastguards for taking children on a beach stroll as huge waves whipped up by Storm Imogen pounded the shore. Dozens of windswept youngsters and staff were spotted on the seaside at Hill Head, near ...
Times of India
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 09:37:30 -0800

Police said the car stood in the community centre premises next to a primary school in Atta village. Police said Shailender (24) worked as a receptionist with Surya Pratap Singh's NGO in Atta market. Shailender had gone to pick up a pen drive from the car.

Peru this Week

Peru this Week
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:07:30 -0800

Minedu: Public primary school supplies should not exceed 90 soles. 7 Hours ago. Rafaella Poppe. Back to school season is on its way – how much are you planning to spend? Minedu: Public primary school supplies should not exceed 90 soles. (Photo: El ...

Norfolk Eastern Daily Press

Norfolk Eastern Daily Press
Tue, 09 Feb 2016 05:13:06 -0800

He says primary school teaching is a brilliant career, and he should know. He took the PGCE teaching course at UEA and spent four years teaching at Blofield Primary and a further 14 at what was Horsford Middle, before taking his current job teaching ...

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