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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic.
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
Elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia).
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel).
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[1]

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[2]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[3]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

The term grade school is sometimes used. The terms first school or infant school may also be used though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  3. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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The Independent

The Independent
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 04:02:47 -0800

The head teacher said he had been travelling home after his private primary school had closed for the Christmas holidays. He was speaking from a hospital where he is being treated for shock. Mr Ochwodho brother's said after the attack: "They were ...

The Age

Sun, 23 Nov 2014 19:09:58 -0800

A 12-year-old boy was assaulted by a stranger outside a Victorian primary school this morning, punched in the throat as he walked into the school. The young boy had just been dropped off at Tate Street Primary School in East Geelong by his dad at about ...

Manchester Evening News

Manchester Evening News
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 13:56:15 -0800

A handwritten poem apparently by Joy Division singer Ian Curtis for a primary school project has been sold for £1,100 at auction. An unnamed seller said Curtis wrote An Epitaph for an Electrian [sic] sometime between 1966 and 1967 when they were both ...

Nyasa Times

Nyasa Times
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 18:54:38 -0800

“As you are aware that I promised to use my allowances in small-scale developmental projects around my ward, so that is why today we are here at Mkwichi Primary School where I am making this donation,” said Bikoko when he presented the computers last ...

Malay Mail Online

Malay Mail Online
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 14:18:45 -0800

Picture by Zuraneeza ZulkifliKUALA LUMPUR, Nov 24 — The Education Ministry has deemed a move by a primary school in Setapak to split Muslim and non-Muslim pupils into different classes as “unjustifiable and unacceptable”. Deputy Education Minister ...


Fri, 21 Nov 2014 22:56:15 -0800

The 25 seven- to nine-year-olds at Middle Rasen Primary School are busy working with their teacher this morning on myths and legends. It's their set topic at the moment, although the walls of their Victorian classroom in a prosperous village just ...

The Straits Times

The Straits Times
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 03:37:30 -0800

The arts centres on Selegie Road were once the classrooms and playgrounds of young children who attended Stamford Girls' School, Waterloo School and Selegie Integrated Primary School. They were all merged into the current Stamford Primary School.


Fri, 21 Nov 2014 01:22:30 -0800

It is only the stress of mass immigration and its mismanagement that has allowed the state to start imposing its views on its citizens including telling primary school children that they are offensively English. This is as un–British as it gets. The ...

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