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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ "Cartersville City School District ::". cartersville.k12.ga.us. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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5784023 news items

3News NZ

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 15:41:10 -0700

Suspicious fires in two Hamilton primary school buildings. 3:13pm. share. One News. Source: Every fire crew in Hamilton has been called to a large fire at a Hamilton school this morning. The fire service was alerted this morning about 6.45am to the ...

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 22:37:30 -0700

The children were in Years 4, 5 and 6 – the last three years of primary school and what's called Key Stage 2. We found that those who developed disruptive behaviour in these three “middle childhood” years did worse in the tests, also known as SATs, at ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 17:17:06 -0700

Parents' comments also included references to teachers' appearance, weight and sexuality, as well as their teaching ability. 'Primary school teachers are particularly vulnerable to verbal abuse, because often parents are picking up children from school ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 02:00:00 -0700

Inis Meáin's primary school has been saved from imminent closure but it has taken the intervention of an insurance company to secure the necessary funding to employ a second teacher to keep its doors open. Recent changes made by the Department of ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 04:12:11 -0700

The Benhaffaf twin boys, who were born conjoined in December 2009 before being successfully separated the following year, started junior infants on Thursday. Five-year-old Hassan and Hussein Benhaffaf, from Carrigtwohill, Co Cork, were among 76 ...

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 03:52:30 -0700

An east Belfast school at the centre of a legal row will close, the High Court has ruled. A pupil had taken legal action against Education Minister John O'Dowd for approving the closure of Avoniel Primary School. Lawyers representing the child wanted ...
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 20:56:15 -0700

Shaler Area School District will demolish the damaged and closed Rogers Primary School on Scott Avenue and replace it with a new building. School directors voted 7-2 Aug. 19 to rebuild Rogers, which was damaged April 4 by fire. Bill Couts, Suzanna ...

Chicago Daily Herald

Chicago Daily Herald
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 14:33:45 -0700

A year of planning went into the design and construction of the new playground at Woodland Primary School in Gages Lake, and the end result is a play area featuring slides, swings and climbing equipment -- in colors that blend nicely with a nearby ...

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