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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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Due to popular demand i finally made a video about things we all did in primary school! Can we hit 7000 likes? FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER: @AdamWaithe Subscribe to ProjectSix!

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Sat, 28 Mar 2015 02:50:37 -0700

A dad ruined a primary school disco after he bolted onto a dancefloor and pulled apart two squabbling kids – before calling 999 to report an assault. The over-eager parent caused the disco to end early with his 'angry and intimidating' behaviour ...

Belfast Telegraph

Belfast Telegraph
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 02:56:15 -0700

The decision to close Clintyclay Primary School was quashed yesterday by Mr Justice Treacy. The High Court judge ruled that the minister's approval for a bid by the Council for Catholic Maintained Schools (CCMS) to close Clintyclay was "infected" by ...

Plymouth Herald

Plymouth Herald
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 14:45:00 -0700

A PLYMOUTH primary school is set for a major expansion - as part of plans to grow in size by almost 100 pupils. Stoke Damerel Primary School wants to build two new classrooms and extend its school hall and administration facilities as part of the upgrade.

The Star

The Star
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Caroline Flint MP, visited Hayfield Lane Primary School to speak about the role of a MP ahead of the general election. She is pictured here with school council members l-r Kallie Braithwaite, Erin Hartshorn, Jessica Bradley, Joseph Atkinson, McKenzie ...

Jamaica Gleaner (subscription)

Jamaica Gleaner (subscription)
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:18:45 -0700

All Saints Primary School in Kingston has a striking name and a reputation for having been the educational institution for several outstanding personalities from the area for several years. Tomorrow evening in the hall of the St Andrew Parish Church ...

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 09:38:44 -0700

The High Court has quashed a decision to shut the first Catholic school in Northern Ireland that was trying to change to integrated status. It ruled that the education minister's approval to close Clintyclay Primary was "infected" by incorrect ...


Fri, 27 Mar 2015 01:21:26 -0700

FIRST ON 3AW: A Catholic priest has sparked outrage at a primary school in Melbourne's west over controversial comments he made about Jill Meagher's death at an end-of-term service. The priest reportedly held up a newspaper with Adrian Bayley's face on ...

Hartlepool Mail

Hartlepool Mail
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 04:26:15 -0700

JUBILANT officials at a Hartlepool primary school are celebrating after a performance which puts it among the best in the country. Brougham Primary School, in Brougham Terrace, has received official notification from the Department for Education that ...

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