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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic.
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
Elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia).
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel).
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[1]

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[2]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[3]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

The term grade school is sometimes used. The terms first school or infant school may also used though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  3. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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160405 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 01:03:27 -0700

A primary school head teacher is being paid more than £200,000 a year - taking her income above that of the Prime Minister. Isabel Ramsay is paid more than her boss, the chief executive of Sutton Council and is one of the highest paid headteachers in ...

Hull Daily Mail

Hull Daily Mail
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 23:22:30 -0700

A FIVE-year-old boy smuggled a kitchen knife into school and apparently told fellow pupils it was for "stabbing bad teachers with". Patrington CofE Primary Academy confirmed staff had seized a knife and the pupil had served a week-long exclusion as ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 12:26:20 -0700

A primary school teacher who molested pupils in front of other youngsters as they read out passages from a book in class was today jailed for four years. Anthony Kerr, 70, would fondle victims after he beckoned them to the front and encouraging them to ...

Evening Telegraph

Evening Telegraph
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 23:11:15 -0700

Clepington Primary School is set to be awarded £500 from the city's Community Regeneration Fund to pay for 15 of its children to take part in the sports. The aim is to improve the discipline of pupils who “do not engage in the school curriculum”. And ...

Daventry Express

Daventry Express
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Parents and students attended Guilsborough Church of England Primary School's official opening of a new outdoor play area on Wednesday, October 22. The playground was partly funded by a large donation from the Diocese of Peterborough and designed ...

Peterborough Telegraph

Peterborough Telegraph
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 00:52:30 -0700

A primary school in Werrington is celebrating after its improvement was recognised by the national watchdog. Welbourne Primary School, in Goodwin Walk, was described as 'good' by Ofsted following an inspection on 17 and 18 September. This was an ...

Aberdeen Press and Journal

Aberdeen Press and Journal
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 08:33:45 -0700

A man has been convicted of assaulting a young boy at a primary school in Aberdeen. Stevan Naray went on trial at the city's sheriff court yesterday accused of pinning the child against a wall, causing him to repeatedly bang his head. He was also ...

Western Gazette

Western Gazette
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 02:32:59 -0700

Local schools and groups including Sherborne Abbey CE Primary School are celebrating after receiving this year's Active Kids equipment. In total 118 schools, groups and clubs local to Sainsbury's Sherborne are registered to the scheme, which has helped ...

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