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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic.
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
Elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia).
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel).
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[1]

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[2]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[3]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

The term grade school is sometimes used. The terms first school or infant school may also be used though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  3. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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5883857 news items

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:26:15 -0800

Half of younger primary school children in Wales are still hungry some or all of the time after eating their school meal, says the children's commissioner. The figure was even higher, at 70%, for pupils aged nine to 11. Keith Towler followed up a BBC ...

Northampton Chronicle & Echo

Northampton Chronicle & Echo
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 23:41:15 -0800

Cllr Golby said: “We've seen a huge rise in the number of applications for a place at Roade Primary School in recent years and this is largely due to a number of new housing developments being built in the area. Sadly, this has meant that the school ...

Rutland and Stamford Mercury

Rutland and Stamford Mercury
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 23:07:30 -0800

Staff at St George's Church of England Primary School, in Kesteven Road, Stamford are “delighted” at the praise the school has received from the Ofsted inspection which took place on October 22 and 23. Headteacher, Fiona Griffiths, who also leads ...


Sat, 20 Dec 2014 04:33:45 -0800

The campus of Batesburg-Leesville Primary School is being drawn together like never before with help from a grant from the Special Olympics. Special-needs teacher Johnna Harbert applied for a Project UNIFY grant, and her school was selected to ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 04:53:24 -0800

The Liberal Democrats have welcomed figures showing that 1.3 million more children are now eating school dinners since the party introduced its flagship free school meals policy in September. Around 85% of children now eat a school dinner at lunchtime ...


Thu, 11 Dec 2014 09:57:18 -0800

This September, the school has introduced debating for the first time, with pupils encouraged to read up on current affairs and take part in competitions with neighbouring Ashburnham Primary School, which, according to Ms Madden, has had a big impact ...

The Age

The Age
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 20:41:15 -0800

Three out of five children are leaving primary school without the ability to swim to basic standards, which Lifesaving Victoria fears could lead to higher drowning rates in the future. Research reveals that 60 per cent of children aged under 12 cannot ...

Hemel Gazette

Hemel Gazette
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:15:00 -0800

More than 100 pupils from Bridgewater Primary School in Berkhamsted performed in a successful Christmas concert in the school hall. The audience were entertained by music from the school choir, orchestra, guitar band, percussion club, glockenspiel ...

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