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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic.
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
Elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia).
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel).
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[1]

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[2]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[3]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

The term grade school is sometimes used. The terms first school or infant school may also used though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs. Note that in the USA grad school is often used as a term for postgraduate education, not referring to the grade school level.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  2. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  3. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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Due to popular demand i finally made a video about things we all did in primary school! Can we hit 7000 likes? FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER: @AdamWaithe Subscribe t...

10 Things We All Did In PRIMARY SCHOOL

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54944 news items

Northampton Chronicle & Echo

Northampton Chronicle & Echo
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 23:00:00 -0700

Two members of staff who have worked at a Northampton primary for a combined total of almost 60 years have both retired. Kathy Startin and Anita Bartram, have worked so long at Bridgewater Primary School they now see the grandchildren of some of the ...
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 09:52:30 -0700

The long-awaited development of a new primary school and early childhood centre in Waikanae - originally planned to open last year - has been delayed for about five years because of falling school roll trends. The Government announced in 2010 that it ...


Daily Mail
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 01:55:05 -0700

Judge Guy Whitburn told him: 'The very concept of a primary school teacher being in possession of images such as these would send a shudder down the backs of most who send their children to primary school.' The court heard there had been no complaints ...
Sierra Express Media
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 19:10:29 -0700

She is passionate about girl child education, and that comes from her tough life as a young girl growing up in Sierra Leone. Hawa Kamara, Miss West Africa International 2013 is advocating for free primary school for low income families across Africa ...

Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser

Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 18:52:30 -0700

A DORKING primary school has struck gold and silver on its way to reaching a record number of finals in county sports competitions. The teams from St Paul's Primary School in St Paul's Road West have celebrated a year of sporting success and are now ...


Sun, 27 Jul 2014 04:22:08 -0700

A former primary school in South Wales has been “severely damaged” following a fire in the early hours of the morning. It took emergency services nearly four hours to bring the flames under control at Abertaf Primary School on Troedpennar Terrace in ...


Mon, 28 Jul 2014 00:30:00 -0700

From the time you learned how to scribble ABCs on a three-ruled notebook to the time you graduated out of college, it was always the teacher who guided you through every stage in life. The lessons you learn in life aren't necessarily delivered under ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 22:15:24 -0700

Parents are protesting and teachers quitting their jobs over a controversial new primary school 'super head' who once banned children from mentioning Christmas or David Beckham. King's Farm Primary in Gravesend, Kent is 'in crisis' after more than half ...

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