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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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Due to popular demand i finally made a video about things we all did in primary school! Can we hit 7000 likes? FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER: @AdamWaithe Subscribe to ProjectSix!

10 Things We All Did In PRIMARY SCHOOL

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5098962 news items


Mon, 27 Apr 2015 03:30:00 -0700

In a new series The Chronicle shines a light on some of the great work going on in our schools across the North East. Throckley Primary School is one of the area's greatest turnaround stories after the school was placed in special measures by Ofsted ...

Peterborough Telegraph

Peterborough Telegraph
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Ormiston Meadows Academy is shut today (Monday, April 27) due to not having any water. The primary school in Orton Brimbles expects to be open tomorrow and will deliver updates through Facebook and Twitter. The school says the closure was a last ...
Times of India
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 18:07:30 -0700

Madhya Pradesh has seen a decline in enrolment of about 4.7 lakh students in 2013-14 in primary and upper primary classes compared to 2012-13. The highest drop has come in Gwalior and Chambal regions where more than one lakh students have not ...

Spalding Guardian

Spalding Guardian
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 22:03:45 -0700

The primary school, part of the Boston-based Phoenix Family of Schools, was one of 16 schools across Lincolnshire to be successful in the Department for Education's Condition Improvement Fund (CIF) allocation. As revealed by the Free Press three weeks ...

The Oxford Times

The Oxford Times
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 21:52:30 -0700

A HEADTEACHER has spoken of her delight that the Cheney School Academy Trust will manage the new Barton Park Primary School. Oxfordshire County Council last week selected the trust to run the 315-place school, which will be built on land to the west ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 22:00:17 -0700

“Labour cut over 200,000 primary school places and even ignored official warnings to provide extra school places after a baby boom. The Conservatives have created over 400,000 school places. There are fewer children in overcrowded primary schools and, ...

Liverpool Echo

Liverpool Echo
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 08:00:00 -0700

A TEAM from Widnes Vikings hosted its third primary school festival where youngsters took part in a series of rugby league games. Seven primary schools from across Widnes attended the Select Security Stadium to take part in the Primary Rugby League Sky ...

MK News

MK News
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 07:03:45 -0700

After winning a grant of £10,000 from John Lewis in April last year, Great Linford Primary School has unveiled its sparkling new kitchen area within the school. At an event hosted at the school on Friday, April 24, Great Linford Primary School ...

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