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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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Yahoo!7 News

Yahoo!7 News
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 17:18:27 -0800

Parents are furious after a primary school in Melbourne's south-west punished their pupils for taking toilet trips during class time. Bellbridge Primary School came under fire for 'fining' students and forcing them to stay late during their breaks if ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 05:30:00 -0800

Yet, in the space of five years childhood obesity rates double, with one in five children leaving primary school obese. Experts have today warned not enough is being done in schools to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic, urging the Government to ...


Sun, 01 Mar 2015 21:39:00 -0800

If confirmed by the Guinness World Records, she would be the oldest pupil in elementary school. The last such honor by the Guinness World Records went to another Kenyan, Kimani Maruge, who in 2004 was named the oldest person to begin primary school ...
Daily Mail
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 03:37:30 -0800

They are spectacular scenes that would cause most people to seek shelter and hide in absolute fear, but one thrill-seeking primary school teacher is travelling the world to chase violent storms. Inspired by the 1996 disaster film Twister, Valentina ...

Northampton Herald and Post

Northampton Herald and Post
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 04:33:45 -0800

Land was set aside for a one-form entry primary school as part of the Section 106 agreement with the developers and the Cabinet agreed to buy a further 0.7-hectares in September 2013 to create a larger, two-form entry school to provide additional ...

Channel News Asia

Channel News Asia
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 06:03:45 -0800

SINGAPORE: A self-employed man who lied about where he lived to get his daughter enrolled in a prestigious primary school was sentenced to two weeks' jail. The 35-year-old, who cannot be named to protect his daughter's identity, is appealing against ...

The Argus

The Argus
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 22:00:00 -0800

Since then, the school has joined forces with Hove Park School and appointed the secondary school's headteacher Derek Trimmer as executive head to work alongside Rachel Simmonds who heads the primary school. The pair have pushed through ...

Aberdeen Press and Journal

Aberdeen Press and Journal
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 14:30:00 -0800

Police are hunting a young man who was seen “acting inappropriately” near a primary school in Inverness. A man, believed to be in his late teens or early 20s, was spotted in the wooded area of the Raigmore housing estate at the weekend. A dog walker ...

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