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A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic
A small primary school in Norfolk, England
An elementary school in Višňové (Slovakia)
"Michlal" Elementary school in Ramat Gan (Israel)
A Shōgakkō or Elementary school class in Japan

A primary school or elementary school is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US though this term may refer to both primary education and secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

  • Primary school is the preferred term in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth Nations, and in most publications of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).[2]
  • Elementary school is preferred in some countries, especially in North America.

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.[3] The terms first school or infant school may also be used in North America though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ http://www.cartersville.k12.ga.us/
  4. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_school — Please support Wikipedia.
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Tue, 26 May 2015 06:45:37 -0700

Meet this incredible primary school class where every child speaks English as a SECOND LANGAUGE. The talented multi-lingual year six pupils alone bring nine languages to the 23 spoken at Greet Primary School in Sparkhill, Birmingham. Despite the ...

Bristol Post

Bristol Post
Tue, 26 May 2015 22:07:17 -0700

A PRIMARY school which has been at the centre of controversy over its proposed move to Bristol Central Library has been praised in its first Ofsted inspection. Cathedral Primary is based in temporary accommodation near College Green but is due to move ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Mon, 25 May 2015 02:07:44 -0700

The NSW government has plans to open a new primary school on the state-heritage listed Old King's School site in Parramatta despite it being long earmarked for arts and culture. The site on the Parramatta River consists of several buildings, some of ...

Twinsburg Bulletin

Twinsburg Bulletin
Tue, 26 May 2015 07:03:45 -0700

Twinsburg -- The Little Free Library began its newest chapter at Wilcox Primary School May 20, allowing anyone interested to share a book and engage the community in a fun, low-cost way. "Although I have never come across one in the area or when I ...

Evening Standard

Evening Standard
Tue, 26 May 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Primary school headteacher defends teacher accused of spraying racist graffiti on wall of jazz bar in south London. Graffiti: the vandalised wall outside Dee Dee's bar (Picture: Twitter). Sebastian Mann. Published: 26 May 2015. Updated: 20:57, 26 May 2015.

Sunderland Echo

Sunderland Echo
Tue, 26 May 2015 09:59:04 -0700

A MOTORCYCLIST has been taken to hospital after colliding with a car outside a primary school. Police and paramedics were called to Station Road, West Rainton after the incident outside West Rainton Primary School at 4.50pm, today. The road was closed ...

Scottish Construction Now

Scottish Construction Now
Tue, 26 May 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Work is underway to create a new primary school in Biggar as part of South Lanarkshire Council's £800 million primary school modernisation programme. The new Libberton Primary School will be built on the same site as the current school and will feature ...

South China Morning Post (subscription)

South China Morning Post (subscription)
Mon, 25 May 2015 15:30:00 -0700

I've received a letter from my daughter's school to say that they will be teaching sex education. She is in Year Five and I think it's too young to be learning about this subject. She can opt out of the lessons but I don't want her to feel self ...

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