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A prequel is a literary, dramatic, or filmic work whose story precedes that of a previous work,[1][2] by focusing on events that occur before the original narrative.[3] A prequel is a work that forms part of a back-story to the preceding work.

All "prequels" (and "midquels") are, by definition, essentially sequels in that they "expand on a previous or preceding work."[4] The term is a 20th-century neologism constructed from pre- (from Latin prae, "before") and - quel, which was formed by (unetymologically) splitting "sequel" into the supposed prefix "se-" and the supposed stem "- quel".[1][2]

Like sequels, prequels may or may not concern the same plot as the work from which they are derived. Often, they explain the background which led to the events in the original, but sometimes the connections are not as explicit. Sometimes, prequels play on the fact that the audience knows what will happen next, using deliberate references to create dramatic irony.

History[edit]

Though the word "prequel" is of recent origin, works fitting this concept existed long before. The Cypria, presupposing hearers' acquaintance with the events of the Homeric epic, confined itself to what preceded the Iliad, and thus formed a kind of introduction.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary the word "prequel" first appeared in print in 1958 in an article by Anthony Boucher in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, used to describe James Blish's 1956 story They Shall Have Stars, which expanded on the story introduced in his earlier 1955 work, Earthman Come Home. The term came into general usage in the 1970s and 1980s.[2]

Butch and Sundance: The Early Days (1979) may have inaugurated the term "prequel" into the mainstream.[5] The term has since been popularized by the Star Wars prequel trilogy (1999-2005).[6][unreliable source?]

Usage[edit]

Rather than being a concept distinct from that of a sequel, a prequel still adheres to the general principle of serialization, defined only by its internal chronology and publication order. For example, the Star Wars episodes were released in the order IV-VI followed by I-III; Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999) is a prequel to Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983) but, under the dictionary definition, is only a predecessor rather than a prequel of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) due to release order. Likewise, 1984's Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is called a prequel to 1981's Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, in that it is set in 1935, whereas the earlier film was set in 1936. However, regardless of setting, the real history of the films are that the 1984 film was, of course, made after the 1981 film, making it by definition, a film sequel.

Sometimes "prequel" describes followups where it is not always possible to apply a label defined solely in terms of intertextuality.[7] In the case of The Godfather Part II, the narrative combines elements of a prequel with those of a more generalized sequel by having two intercut narrative strands, one continuing from the first film (the mafia family story under the leadership of Michael Corleone), and one, completely separate, detailing events that precede it (the story of his father Vito Corleone in his youth). In this sense the film can be regarded as a "prequel and a sequel" (i.e., both a prior and a continuing story), and is often referred to in this manner.[7]

In the original Planet of the Apes series, even though the latter three films depict events chronologically prior to those of the first film, the narrative itself is continuous. The later installments (Escape,[8] Conquest,[9][10] and Battle[11]) are sometimes called "prequels" in a broad sense of the word, and they are also sequels defined both broadly (as later installments) and narrowly (as continuation of the previously established storyline).[1]

In recent times the term "prequel" has also been applied to origin-story reboots, such as Rise of the Planet of the Apes, Batman Begins, and Casino Royale.[12][13] The creators of both Batman Begins and Rise of the Planet of the Apes also stated their intent to dispense with the continuity of the previous films so they would exist as separate pieces of work, with Christopher Nolan—director of Batman Begins—explicitly stating he does not consider it a prequel.[13][14] Here, "prequel" denotes status as a "franchise-renewing original" that depicts events earlier in the (internally inconsistent) narrative cycle than those of a previous installment.[13] Some reviewers require that a prequel must lead up to the beginning of its original work,[3] which is inconsistent with works that dispense with the narrative of previous work and are not significantly within the same continuity.

List of prequels[edit]

  Works with darker gray background shading have been primarily described as a standalone prequel, sequel, remake, or reboot, but have also been regarded as prequels in a broad sense of the word.

Literature[edit]

Prequel Original
The History of the Holy Grail (c. 1230) Death of Arthur (c. 1210)
The Infernal Devices (2010) The Mortal Instruments (2007)
Wide Sargasso Sea (1966) Jane Eyre (1847)
Porto Bello Gold (1924) Treasure Island (1883)
Finn: A Novel (2007) Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)
Sir Nigel (1906) The White Company (1891)
Just Patty (1911) When Patty Went to College (1903)
Before Green Gables (2008) Anne of Green Gables (1908)
Mr. Midshipman Hornblower (1950)
Lieutenant Hornblower (1952)
Hornblower and the Atropos (1953)
Hornblower and the Hotspur (1962)
Hornblower and the Crisis (1967)
The Happy Return (1937)
The Man Who Sold the Moon (1949) Requiem (1940)
The Crown of Violet (1952) The Hills of Varna (1948)
Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West (1995) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
Prelude to Foundation (1988)
Forward the Foundation (1993)
Foundation (1951)
The Deceivers (1952)
Coromandel! (1955)
Nightrunners of Bengal (1951)
The Horse and His Boy (1954)
The Magician's Nephew (1955)
Prince Caspian (1951)
They Shall Have Stars (1956)[2] Earthman, Come Home (1955)
Prelude to Dune (1999–2001)
Legends of Dune (2002–2004)
Dune (1965)
When the Tripods Came (1988) The White Mountains (1967)
Gods and Generals (1996) The Killer Angels (1974)
Ecotopia Emerging (1981) Ecotopia (1975)
Castle Roogna (1979) A Spell for Chameleon (1977)
First King of Shannara (1996) The Sword of Shannara (1977)
Garden of Shadows (1986) Flowers in the Attic (1979)
Hannibal Rising (2006) Red Dragon (1981)
The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck (1995) Carl Barks Library (1983–1990)
Myth-Ion Improbable (2001) Hit or Myth (1983)
Patriot Games (1987)
Red Rabbit (2002)
The Hunt For Red October (1984)
The Dark Elf Trilogy (1990 – 1991) The Icewind Dale Trilogy (1988–1990)
New Spring (1999) The Wheel of Time (1990)
Once Upon a Time in the North (2008) His Dark Materials (1995–2000)
Untitled Harry Potter short story (2008) Harry Potter (1997–2007)
The Enemy (2004)
The Affair (2011)
Killing Floor (1997) and other books in the Jack Reacher series
The Prophet of Yonwood (2006) The City of Ember (2003)
The Kill Order (2012) The Maze Runner (2009)
Bluestar's Prophecy (2009)
Crookedstar's Promise (2011)
Into the Wild (2003)
Invasion (2013) Fallen Angels (1988)

Plays[edit]

Prequel Original
Richard II; Henry IV, Part 1; Henry IV, Part 2; Henry V Henry VI, Part 1; Henry VI, Part 2; Henry VI, Part 3; Richard III
The Mystery of Hamlet King of Denmark (1949) Hamlet (c. 1600)
Homelife (2007) The Zoo Story (1958)

Films[edit]

Prequel Original
Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Another Part of the Forest (1948) The Little Foxes (1941)
Tinker Bell (film series) Peter Pan (1953)
Davy Crockett and the River Pirates (1956) Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (1955)
Psycho IV: The Beginning (1990, TV) Psycho (1960)
Zulu Dawn (1979) Zulu (1964)
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) A Fistful of Dollars (1964)
For a Few Dollars More (1965)
Godzilla's Revenge (1969)
Godzilla vs. the Smog Monster (1971)
Godzilla on Monster Island (1972)
Godzilla vs. Megalon (1973)
Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla (1974)
Terror of Mechagodzilla (1975)
Destroy All Monsters (1968)

Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971)[8][15]
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972)[9][10][15][16]
Battle for the Planet of the Apes (1973)[11][15]
Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011)[11][12]

Planet of the Apes (1968)
Butch and Sundance: The Early Days (1979)[2][5] Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969)
The Rainbow (1989)[2] Women in Love (1969)
The Godfather Part II (1974)[7][17] The Godfather (1972)
Exorcist: The Beginning (2004)
Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist (2005)
The Exorcist (1973)
Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)
Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002)
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005)
Star Wars (1977)
The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
Return of the Jedi (1983)
Alien vs. Predator (2004)
Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem (2007)
Prometheus (2012)
Alien (1979)
Amityville II: The Possession (1982) The Amityville Horror (1979)
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
The Thing (2011) The Thing (1982)
Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure (1984, TV)
Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985, TV)
Return of the Jedi (1983)
Missing in Action 2: The Beginning (1985) Missing in Action (1984)
The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Beginning (2008, video) The Little Mermaid (1989)
Tremors 4: The Legend Begins (2004, video) Tremors (1990)
Red Dragon (2002)
Hannibal Rising (2007)
The Silence of the Lambs (1991)
Carlito's Way: Rise to Power (2005, video) Carlito's Way (1993)
Gods and Generals (2003) Gettysburg (1993)
Dumb and Dumberer: When Harry Met Lloyd (2003) Dumb and Dumber (1994)
The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas (2000) The Flintstones (1994)
The Lion King 1½ (2004) The Lion King (1994)
Casper: A Spirited Beginning (1997, TV)
Casper Meets Wendy (1998, TV)
Casper (1995)
From Dusk till Dawn 3: The Hangman's Daughter (2000, video) From Dusk till Dawn (1996)
The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Hercules (1997)
Cube Zero (2004, video) Cube (1997)
Joseph: King of Dreams (2000, video) The Prince of Egypt (1998)
Ring 0: Birthday (2000) Ring (1998)
The Second Renaissance (2003 short animated film) The Matrix (1999 live-action film)
Cruel Intentions 2 (2000 video) Cruel Intentions (1999)
Final Destination 5 (2011) Final Destination (2000)
Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning (2004) Ginger Snaps (2000)
X-Men: First Class (2011)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009)
X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014)
X-Men: Apocalypse
X-Men (2000)
X2 (2003)
X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)
The Wolverine (2013)
The Scorpion King (2002)
The Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior (2008, video)
The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption (2011, video)
The Mummy Returns (2001)
Monsters University (2013) Monsters, Inc. (2001)
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013)
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014)
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002)
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)
Freddy vs. Jason (2003) Jason X (2002)
Infernal Affairs II (2003) Infernal Affairs (2002)
National Lampoon's Van Wilder: Freshman Year (2009, video) National Lampoon's Van Wilder (2002)
The Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior (2008) The Scorpion King (2002)
Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins (2009, video)

Scooby-Doo! Curse of the Lake Monster (2010, video)

Scooby-Doo (2002)

Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed (2004)

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006) The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)
Bionicle 2: Legends of Metru Nui (2004, video)
Bionicle 3: Web of Shadows (2005, video)
Bionicle: Mask of Light (2003, video)
Lilo & Stitch 2: Stitch Has a Glitch (2005, video) Stitch! The Movie (2003, video)
Underworld: Rise of the Lycans (2009) Underworld (2003)
Wrong Turn 4: Bloody Beginnings (2011, video)
Wrong Turn 5: Bloodlines (2012, video)
Wrong Turn 6
Wrong Turn (2003)
Puss in Boots (2011) Shrek 2 (2004)
Van Helsing: The London Assignment (2004 animated film) Van Helsing (2004)
The Dukes of Hazzard: The Beginning (2007, TV) The Dukes of Hazzard (2005)
Fast & Furious (2009)
Fast Five (2011)
Fast & Furious 6 (2013)
The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift (2006)
Billa II (2012) Billa (2007)
Messengers 2: The Scarecrow (2009, video) The Messengers (2007)
Paranormal Activity 2 (2010)
Paranormal Activity 3 (2011)
Paranormal Activity (2007)
Smokin' Aces 2: Assassins' Ball (2010, video) Smokin' Aces (2007)
Transmorphers: Fall of Man (2009, video) Transmorphers (2007, video)
Vacancy 2: The First Cut (2009, video) Vacancy (2007)
Marley & Me: The Puppy Years (2011, video) Marley & Me (2008)
Death Race 2 (2010)
Death Race 3: Inferno (2012)
Death Race (2008)
Minions (2015) Despicable Me (2010)

Television series[edit]

Prequel Original
Ponderosa (2001–2002) Bonanza (1959–1973)
Star Trek: Enterprise (2001–2005) Star Trek (1966–1969)
The Shadow of the Tower (1972) The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1970)
First of the Summer Wine (1988–1989) Last of the Summer Wine (1973–2010)
ALF: The Animated Series (1987-1989) ALF (1986-1990)
Walking with Monsters (2005) Walking with Dinosaurs (1999)
Etheria (2005–2006)[18] Encantadia (2005)
Caprica (2010 TV series)
Battlestar Galactica: Blood & Chrome (2012 online series)
Battlestar Galactica (2003 miniseries)
Clifford's Puppy Days (2003–2006) Clifford the Big Red Dog (2000–2003)
Young Hercules (1998–1999) Hercules: The Legendary Journeys (1995–1999)
Meerkat Manor: The Story Begins (2008) Meerkat Manor (2005–2008)
Rugrats: Acorn Nuts and Diapey Butts (May 20, 2000) Rugrats in Paris: The Movie (November 17, 2000) (Based on Rugrats) (1991-2004)
Rugrats: All Growed Up (2001) All Grown Up (2003-2008) Based on Rugrats (1991-2004)
Rock & Chips (2010–2011) Only Fools & Horses (1981–2003)
Spartacus: Gods of the Arena (2011) Spartacus: Blood and Sand (2010)
Power Rangers: Mystic Force (2006)
Power Rangers: Operation Overdrive (2007)
Power Rangers: Jungle Fury (2008)
Power Rangers: RPM (2009)
Power Rangers: Samurai (2011)
Power Rangers Super Samurai (2012)
Power Rangers Megaforce (2013)
Power Rangers: SPD (2005)
The Carrie Diaries (2013–Present) Sex & the City (1998-2004)
So Random! (2011-2012) Sonny with a Chance (2009-2011)
The Powerpuff Girls Movie (2002) The Powerpuff Girls (1998-2009)
Bates Motel (2013–Present) Psycho (1959 novel)
Hannibal (2013–Present) Red Dragon (1981 novel)

Comics[edit]

Prequel Original
Superboy (1945–) Action Comics (1938–)
Superman (1939–)
All Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder (2005) Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (1986)
The Man Who Falls (1989) Batman: Year One (1987)
Batman and the Monster Men (2005–2006)
Batman and the Mad Monk (2006–2007)
Batman: The Man Who Laughs (2005)
Batman: The Long Halloween (1996–1997)
Batman: Dark Victory (1999–2000)
The Kingdom (1999) Kingdom Come (1996)
Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects (comics) (2005–2006) Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects (2005)
Marvel Zombies vs. The Army of Darkness (2007)
Marvel Zombies: Dead Days (2007)
Marvel Zombies (2005–2006)
Mr. and Mrs. Spider-Man (2008–2009) Spider-Girl (1998–1999)
Amazing Spider-Girl (2006–2009)
Tales of the Jedi: The Golden Age of the Sith (1997)
Tales of the Jedi: The Fall of the Sith Empire (1998)
Tales of the Jedi series (1994–1996)
Kid Lucky (1995–) Lucky Luke (1946–)

Computer and video games[edit]

Prequel Original

Ninja Gaiden (2004)
Ninja Gaiden: Dragon Sword (2008)
Ninja Gaiden II (2008)[19][20]

Ninja Gaiden (1988)

Sacred 2: Fallen Angel (2008)

Sacred (video game) (2004)

Silent Hill: Origins (2007)

Silent Hill (1999)

Heroes of Mana (2007)

Seiken Densetsu 3 (1995)

Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island (1995)
Yoshi's Story (1998)
Yoshi's Touch & Go (2005)
Yoshi's Island DS (2006)

Donkey Kong (1981)
Mario Bros. (1983)
Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Super Mario Bros. 2 (1988)
Super Mario Bros. 3 (1990)
Super Mario World (1991)

Metroid Prime (2002)
Metroid Prime 2: Echoes (2004)
Metroid Prime 3: Corruption (2007)
Metroid II: Return of Samus (1991)
Metroid Prime: Hunters (2005) Metroid Prime 2: Echoes (2002)
Metroid: Other M (2010) Metroid Fusion (2002)
Fear Effect 2: Retro Helix (2001) Fear Effect (2000)
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (2004)
Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops (2006)
Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker (2010)
Metal Gear (1987)

Deus Ex: Human Revolution (2011)

Deus Ex (2000)

God of War: Ascension (2013) God of War: Chains of Olympus (2008)
God of War: Chains of Olympus (2008) God of War (2005)
God of War: Ghost of Sparta (2010) God of War: Betrayal (2007)
God of War: Betrayal (2007) God of War II (2007)
Secret Agent Clank (2008) Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction (2007)
Daxter (2006) Jak II (2003)

The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (1993)
The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening (1993)

The Legend of Zelda (1986)
The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998) The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (1993)
The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Oracle of Ages (2001) The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening (1993)
The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords (2002) The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998)
The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap (2005) The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords (2002)
The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess (2006) The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures (2004)
The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword (2011) The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap (2005)
Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII (2007) Final Fantasy VII (1997)
Before Crisis: Final Fantasy VII (2004)
Last Order: Final Fantasy VII (2005)
Final Fantasy VII (1997)
Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep (2010) Kingdom Hearts (2002)
Devil May Cry 3: Dante's Awakening (2005) Devil May Cry (2001)
Resident Evil Zero (2002) Resident Evil (1996)
Suikoden IV (2005)
Suikoden Tactics (2005)
Suikoden V (2006)
Suikoden (1996)
Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Shadow of Death (2000) Heroes of Might and Magic III: Armageddon's Blade (1999)
Samurai Shodown V (2005) Samurai Shodown (1993)
Tenchu 2: Birth of the Stealth Assassins (2000) Tenchu: Stealth Assassins (1998)
Halo Wars (2009)
Halo: Reach (2010)
Halo: Combat Evolved (2001)
Mortal Kombat Mythologies: Sub-Zero (1997) Mortal Kombat (1992)
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (2002)
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004)
Grand Theft Auto (2004)
Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories (2005)
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories (2006)
Grand Theft Auto III (2001)

S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky (2008)

S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl (2007)

Fatal Frame II: Crimson Butterfly (2003) Fatal Frame (2002)
Lufia II: Rise of the Sinistrals (1996) Lufia & the Fortress of Doom (1993)
Ace Combat Zero: The Belkan War (2006) Ace Combat 5: The Unsung War (2004)
Hitman: Contracts (2004) Hitman: Codename 47 (2000)
Valkyrie Profile 2: Silmeria (2006) Valkyrie Profile: Lenneth (1999)
Tales of Symphonia (2004) Tales of Phantasia (1995)
Fire Emblem: Rekka no Ken (2003) Fire Emblem: Fūin no Tsurugi (2002)
Battletoads (Game Boy) (1992) Battletoads (released as Battletoads in Ragnarok World on Game Boy) (1991)
Dragon Quest III (1988) Dragon Quest I (1986)
Dragon Quest Yangus (2006) Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King (2004)
Zork Zero: The Revenge of Megaboz (1988) Zork I: The Great Underground Empire (1980)
Perfect Dark Zero (2005) Perfect Dark (2000)
Castlevania: Lament of Innocence (2003)

Castlevania Legends (prequel to Dracula's Curse, later retconned) (1997)
Castlevania III: Dracula's Curse (1990)
Castlevania: Curse of Darkness (sequel to Dracula's Curse) (2005)
Castlevania: The Adventure (1989)
Castlevania II: Belmont's Revenge (sequel to The Adventure) (1991)

Castlevania (plus remakes) (1986)
Atelier Iris 2: The Azoth of Destiny (2005) Atelier Iris: Eternal Mana (2004)
Lunar: Dragon Song (2005) Lunar: The Silver Star (1992)
Baten Kaitos Origins (2006) Baten Kaitos: Eternal Wings and the Lost Ocean (2003)
Enemy Territory: Quake Wars (2007) Quake (1996)
The Sims 3 (2009) The Sims (2000)
Banjo-Kazooie: Grunty's Revenge (2003) Banjo Tooie (2000)
Rayman Origins (2011) Rayman (1995)
Tails' Skypatrol (1995)
Tails Adventure (1995)
Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (1992)
Sonic the Hedgehog 3 (1994)
Sonic & Knuckles (1994)
Sonic CD (1993)
Vindictus (2010) Mabinogi (2004)
Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy (2011) Dissidia: Final Fantasy (2008)
Dead to Rights II (2004) Dead to Rights (2002)
Dead Space: Extraction (2009) Dead Space (2008)
Dead Space (mobile) (Mar 2011)
Dead Space Ignition (2010)
Dead Space 2 (Jan 2011)
Batman: Arkham City Lockdown (2011) Batman: Arkham City (2011)
Medal of Honor: Underground (2000) Medal of Honor (1999)
Batman: Arkham Origins (2013) Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009)
LEGO The Hobbit (2014) LEGO The Lord of the Rings (2012)
Prince of Persia: The Forgotten Sands (2010) Prince of Persia: Warrior Within (2004)

Manga and anime[edit]

Prequel Original
Fist of the Blue Sky (2001–current) Fist of the North Star (1983–1988)
Fushigi Yuugi Genbu Kaiden (2003–current) Fushigi Yuugi (1992–1996)
Dragon Ball Z: Bardock – The Father of Goku (1990)

Dragon Ball (1986–1989)
Dragon Ball Z (1989–1996)
Dragon Ball GT (1996-1997)

Rozen Maiden: Ouvertüre (2006)

Rozen Maiden (2004)
Rozen Maiden: Träumend (2005–2006)

Hellsing: The Dawn (2001–current) Hellsing (1997–current)
Saint Seiya Episode.G (2002-current) Saint Seiya (1986–1991)
Saint Seiya: Next Dimension (2006–current)
Saint Seiya: The Lost Canvas (2006–2011)
Saint Seiya Episode.G (2002–current)
Saint Seiya (1986–1991)
Ga-Rei Zero (2008 anime series) Ga-Rei (2005–2010 manga series)

Cross-media[edit]

Prequel Original
M-Girls 三个女生 尼罗河 (2005)
同庆共乐 (2006)
世外桃源 (2007)
好日子《八大巨星贺岁专辑》 (2007)
福禄寿星拱照·花仙子 (2008)
桃花开了 (2009)
金玉满堂 (2010)
龙飞凤舞贺新年 (2012)
M-Girls 四个女生 开心迎接丰收年 (2001)
Cute Princess 巧千金 那些年我们一起唱的童谣 (2012)
清新美丽 (2013)
招财进宝 (2014)
Cute Princess 巧千金 新年乐满贯 (2012)
The Nightcomers (1971 film) The Turn of the Screw (1898 novel)
Thunderbirds (2004 film)[21][22] Thunderbirds (1965–1966 TV series)
Star Trek (2009 film)[23][24] Star Trek (1966–1969 TV series)
Jungle Cubs (1996-1998 TV series) The Jungle Book (1967 film)
Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (2008 video game)
Star Wars: The Force Unleashed II (2010 video game)
Star Wars (1977 film)
The Warriors (2005 video game) The Warriors (1979 film)
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992–1996 TV series)
Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (2003 video game)
Indiana Jones in Revenge of the Ancients (1987 video game)
Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981 film)
The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger Born (2007 comic)
The Dark Tower: The Long Road Home (2008 comic)
The Dark Tower: Treachery (2008–2009 comic)
The Dark Tower: The Sorcerer (2009 comic)
The Dark Tower: The Fall of Gilead (2009 comic)
The Dark Tower: Battle of Jericho Hill (2009–2010 comic)
The Little Sisters of Eluria (1998 comic)
The Dark Tower (1982–2004 novels)
Legends of the Dark Crystal (2007–present, manga)
Jim Henson’s The Dark Crystal: Creation Myths (2011–present, comics)
The Dark Crystal (1982 film)
Star Wars: Ewoks (1985-1986 animated TV series)
Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire (1996)
Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983 film)
Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me (1992 film) Twin Peaks (1990–1991 TV series)
Wing Commander (film) (1999) Wing Commander (video game) (1991)
The Nightmare Before Christmas: The Pumpkin King (2005 video game) The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993 film)
The Nightmare Before Christmas: Oogie's Revenge (2004 video game)
The Powerpuff Girls Movie (2002 film) The Powerpuff Girls (1998 TV series)
The Chronicles of Riddick: Escape from Butcher Bay (2004 video game)
The Chronicles of Riddick: Assault on Dark Athena (2009 video game)
PITCHBLACK: Slam City (website)
Pitch Black (2000 film)
Monsters, Inc. Scream Team (2001 video game) Monsters, Inc. (2001 film)
Halo: The Fall of Reach (2001 novel) Halo: Combat Evolved (2001 video game)
Serenity: Better Days (comic book, 2008) Serenity (2005 film)
Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008 film)
Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008 TV show)
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005 film)
Star Wars Rebels (2014 TV show) Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977 film)
The Hills Have Eyes: The Beginning (2007 comic) The Hills Have Eyes (2006 film)
Year of the Black Rainbow (2010 album – novel) The Second Stage Turbine Blade (2002 music album – comic book)

In Keeping Secrets of Silent Earth: 3 (2003 music album)
Good Apollo, I'm Burning Star IV, Volume One: From Fear Through the Eyes of Madness (2005 music album – graphic novel)
Good Apollo, I'm Burning Star IV, Volume Two: No World for Tomorrow (2007 music album)

Transformers: Tales of the Fallen (2009–2010 comic book)
Transformers: Defiance (2009 comic book)
Transformers: Foundation (2011 comic book)
Transformers: Movie Prequel (2007 comic book)
Transformers: Saga of the Allspark (2008 comic book)
Transformers: The Reign of Starscream (2008 comic book)
Transformers: Sector 7 (2010–2011 comic book)
Transformers: Convergence (2011 prose story)
Transformers: Ghosts of Yesterday (2007 novel)
Transformers: Movie Prequel Special (2008 comic book)
Transformers (2007 film)
Dead Space: Martyr (2010 novel)
Dead Space: Catalyst (2012 novel)
Dead Space (series) (2008)
Dead Space: Downfall (2008 film)
Dead Space (2008 comics)
Dead Space: Extraction (2009 video game)
Dead Space (2008 video game)
Hulk Vs. Wolverine (2009 V) Wolverine and the X-Men (2009 TV)
Transformers: Saga of the Allspark (2008 comic book)
Transformers: The Reign of Starscream (2008 comic book)
Transformers: Alliance (2008–2009 comic book)
Transformers: Tales of the Fallen (2009–2010 comic book)
Transformers: The Veiled Threat (2009 novel)
Transformers: Convergence (2011 prose story)
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009 film)
James Cameron's Avatar: The Game (2009 video game) Avatar (2009 film)
Transformers: Dark of the Moon (video game) (2011) Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011 film)
Resident Evil: Degeneration (2008 V) Resident Evil 5 (2009 video game)
Red Faction: Origins (2011 film) Red Faction: Guerrilla (2009 video game)
The Walking Dead: Torn Apart (2011 web series)
The Walking Dead: Cold Storage (2012 web series)
The Walking Dead: Survival Instinct (2013 video game)
The Walking Dead (TV series) (2010–)
Tron: Uprising (2012 TV series)
Tron: Evolution (2010 video game)
Tron: Legacy (2010 film)
Batman: Arkham City (2011 comic) Batman: Arkham City (2011 video game)
Dead Space: Aftermath (2011 animated film) Dead Space 2 (2011 video game)
The Fog (2005 comic) The Fog (2005 film)
Disney's Stitch: Experiment 626 (2002 video game) Lilo & Stitch (2002 film)
Mass Effect: Revelation (2007 novel) Mass Effect (2007 video game)
Mass Effect: Redemption (2010 comic)
Mass Effect: Incursion (2010 comic)
Mass Effect: Evolution (2011 comic)
Mass Effect: Ascension (2008 novel)
Mass Effect Galaxy (2009 video game)
Mass Effect 2 (2010 video game)
Mass Effect: Homeworlds (2012 comic)
Mass Effect: Retribution (2010 novel)
Mass Effect: Deception (2012 novel)
Mass Effect: Inquisition (2010 comic)
Mass Effect: Infiltrator (2012 video game)
Mass Effect: Invasion (2012 comic)
Mass Effect: Conviction (2011 comic)
Mass Effect: Paragon Lost (2013 anime)
Mass Effect 3 (2012 video game)
Lion of Oz (2000 animated film) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900 novel)
Oz the Great and Powerful (2013 film) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900 novel)
The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)
Tomb Raider: The Beginning (2013 comics) Tomb Raider (2013 video game)
Prince of Persia: Before the Sandstorm (2010 comic) Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time (2010 film)
The Chronicles of Riddick: Dark Fury (2004 animated film) The Chronicles of Riddick (2004 film)
Modern Warfare 2: Ghost Modern Warfare 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th ed.). Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster. 1993. pp. 921, 915, 1068, 246. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "prequel, n." (online). Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. March 2012 [March 2007]. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Silverblatt, Art (2007). Genre Studies in Mass Media: A Handbook. M. E. Sharpe. p. 211. ISBN 9780765616708. "Prequels focus on the action that took place before the original narrative. For instance, in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith the audience learns about how Darth Vader originally became a villain. A prequel assumes that the audience is familiar with the original—the audience must rework the narrative so that they can understand how the prequel leads up to the beginning of the original." 
  4. ^ merriam-Webster Dictionary, Entry for sequel
  5. ^ a b Burgess, Steve (1999-06-26). "Richard Lester: A Hard Day's Life". "Lester may also have locked up the dubious distinction of inaugurating the term 'prequel' in 1979 when he directed 'Butch and Sundance: The Early Days.'" 
  6. ^ Deever, Chris (28 May 2001). "On prequels and The Prequel". TruthInStuff. Archived from the original on 1 January 2004. 
  7. ^ a b c Jess-Cooke, Carolyn (2009). Film Sequels: Theory and Practice from Hollywood to Bollywood. Edinburgh University Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780748626038. 
  8. ^ a b Dirks, Tim. "Science Fiction Films Part 5". AMC Filmsite. "A sequel and prequel to the first two films." 
  9. ^ a b Britt, Ryan; Tor.com. "Who's Your Caesar? Rewatching Conquest of the Planet of the Apes". Macmillan Publishing. "Conquest is in a separate category of films as it serves as both a sequel to the previous film and a prequel to the first two films." 
  10. ^ a b Matheou, Demetrios (August 14, 2011), "Ascent of Ape", The Sunday Herald (Washington, D.C.), "Aficionados of the original series of five films will know that a prequel already exists, namely Conquest Of The Planet Of The Apes." 
  11. ^ a b c Chappell, Arthur (2011-08-20). "Film Review: Rise of the Planet of the Apes: After the Tim Burton travesty, the Apes are back in a genuinely fantastic movie". History (Socyberty/Triond). "Stunning prequel to the original Planet Of The Apes movie, with some elements of the original franchise sequel / prequel Battle For The Planet Of The Apes." 
  12. ^ a b Associated Press. "With the documentary ‘Chimpanzee’ opening, a look at 5 prime primate movies". The Statesman. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c Sutton, Paul (2010). "8. Prequel: The "Afterwardsness" of the Sequel". In Jess-Cooke, Carolyn; Verevis, Constantine. Second Takes: Critical Approaches to the Film Sequel. State University of New York Press. pp. 139–152. ISBN 9781438430294. 
  14. ^ Keegan, Rebecca (11 August 2011). "‘Rise of the Planet of the Apes’: 21 nods to classic ‘Apes’". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c DuHamel, Brandon (2008-11-20). "Planet of the Apes: 40-Year Evolution Blu-ray Collection Review". Big Picture Big Sound. "So, in effect, Escape from The Planet of The Apes, Conquest of the Planet of the Apes and Battle for the Planet of The Apes are prequels to the original saga." 
  16. ^ "The Science Fiction, Horror and Fantasy Film Review". "With Conquest of the Planet of the Apes, the series sets out to chart the beginning of the events that lead up to the ape-ruled future." 
  17. ^ Eggertsen, Chris (2011-12-02). "The 10 best film and television prequels". HitFix.com. "The Godfather Part II remains perhaps the greatest film prequel - not to mention sequel - of all time." 
  18. ^ "ETHERIA: A Sequel or a Prequel?". The Gazette. Cavite State University. 2006-01-15. 
  19. ^ Mielke, James (16 November 2007). "Previews: Ninja Gaiden 2, "This is a new story starring Ryu Hayabusa. It takes place after Ninja Gaiden 1 for Xbox, and before the timeframe of the old Ninja Gaiden games on the NES."". 1Up.com. Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  20. ^ Luke, Anderson (23 May 2008). "Ninja Gaiden II: Q&A with Tomonobu Itagaki, "In story chronology as well, this takes place after the first Ninja Gaiden for Xbox and then after the story of this game it leads into the old NES ones, so I think we have a nice continuity there."". Gamespot. Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  21. ^ Impact, August 2004 http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/150546 |url= missing title (help), retrieved 28 April 2012, "Working Title, Universal and I ... chose to make a prequel, something that took place before the Thunderbirds that everyone knows and loves." 
  22. ^ The Telegraph
  23. ^ Hemmingson, Michael (2009). Star Trek: A Post-Structural Critique of the Original Series. Wildside Press. p. 114. ISBN 9781434403490. 
  24. ^ Klawans, Stuart (2009). "Live Long and Prosper". The Nation. 288–289. p. 43. "The new Star Trek is not a prequel." 

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