digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

In academic publishing, a preprint is a draft of a scientific paper that has not yet been published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.

Role[edit]

Publication of manuscripts in a peer-reviewed journal often takes weeks, months or even years from the time of initial submission, because manuscripts must undergo extensive reviewer critique. The need to quickly circulate current results within a scientific community has led researchers to distribute documents known as preprints, which are manuscripts that have yet to undergo peer review. They may be considered as grey literature. The immediate distribution of preprints allows authors to receive early feedback from their peers, which may be helpful in revising and preparing articles for submission.

Since 1991, preprints have increasingly been distributed electronically on the Internet, rather than as paper copies. This has given rise to massive preprint databases such as arXiv.org and to institutional repositories.

Stages of printing[edit]

While a preprint is an article that has not yet undergone peer review, a postprint is an article which has been peer reviewed in preparation for publication in a journal. Both the preprint and postprint may differ from the final published version of an article. Preprints and postprints together are referred to as e-prints or eprints.[1]

The word reprint refers to hard copies of papers that have already been published; reprints can be produced by the journal publisher, but can also be generated from digital versions (for example, from an electronic database of peer-reviewed journals, such as EBSCOhost), or from eprints self-archived by their authors in their institutional repositories.

Tenure and promotion[edit]

In academia, preprints are not likely to be weighed heavily when a scholar is evaluated for tenure or promotion, unless the preprint becomes the basis for a peer-reviewed publication.

Preprint server by research field[edit]

arXiv – physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology and finance, statistics[edit]

Main article: arXiv

The e-print archive arXiv.org (pronounced like "archive") was created by Paul Ginsparg in 1991 at Los Alamos National Laboratory for the purpose of distributing theoretical high-energy physics preprints. In 2001, arXiv.org moved to Cornell University and now encompasses the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, statistics. Within the field of high-energy physics, the posting of preprints on arXiv is so common that many peer-reviewed journals allow submission of papers from arXiv directly, using the arXiv e-print number.

In some branches of physics, the arXiv database may serve as a focal point for the many criticisms made of the peer review process and peer-reviewed journals. In his column in Physics Today, April 1992, David Mermin described Ginsparg's creation as potentially "string theory's greatest contribution to science".

bioRxiv – biology[edit]

Main article: bioRxiv

bioRxiv is operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. All articles submitted undergo a basic screening process for offensive and/or non-scientific content but do not undergo a peer review process.[2]

Nature Precedings – biology, medicine, chemistry, earth science[edit]

Main article: Nature Precedings

Nature Precedings was a free electronic repository for preprints of scientific manuscripts, posters, and unpublished observations. It was operated from 2007–2012 by Nature Publishing Group.

PeerJ PrePrints – biology, medicine, health sciences[edit]

Main article: PeerJ

PeerJ PrePrints is a free preprint server operated by PeerJ. All articles submitted undergo a basic screening process but are not peer-reviewed. Commenting is allowed by any registered user, and download and pageview data are supplied. All articles are published with a CC-BY license. [3]

Philica – any fields[edit]

See also Open peer review

Sciencepaper Online – any fields[edit]

Sciencepaper Online[4] is a website approved by the Ministry of Education (China) and under the administration of the Center for Science and Technology Development of the Ministry.

Social Science Research Network – social science and humanities[edit]

The Social Science Research Network is a repository for both working papers and accepted papers, which shows download and citation data within the site for each stored paper.

Computer preprints[edit]

The ability to distribute manuscripts as preprints has had a great impact on computer science, particularly in the way that scientific research is disseminated in that field (see CiteSeer). The open access movement has tended to focus on distributed institutional collections of research, global harvesting, and aggregation through search engines and gateways such as OAIster, rather than a global discipline base such as arXiv. E-prints can now refer to any electronic form of a scholarly or scientific publication, including journal articles, conference papers, research theses or dissertations, because these usually are found in multidisciplinary collections, called open access repositories, or eprints archives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Self-archiving FAQ". EPrints.
  2. ^ http://biorxiv.org/about-biorxiv
  3. ^ http://peerj.com/preprints
  4. ^ http://www.paper.edu.cn/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preprint — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
803 videos foundNext > 

OVERSYS U04530512 WINDMOELLER HOELSCHER Flexo Preprint machine OLYMPIA 1475

bioRxiv The Preprint Server for Biology

bioRxiv is a free online archive and distribution service for unpublished preprints in the life sciences. It is operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a ...

Macbook Pro 13" - Rasfox Preprint Silicone Keyboard Shield & Cappuccino Sleeve Unboxing

07/21/09 Unboxing from Rasfox Price: [USD$ 19.99] Preprint silicone keyboard protector shield black mosaic [$23.99] Cappuccino sleeve for Macbook 13" (Link t...

Tony Romo Preprint TTM Autograph and Mailday from @kevindraper

Further examination has shown that the Tony Romo was signed by auto pen. So much for being attentive! lol Clear as day under better lighting. Shoutout to the...

My First Preprint at HSE - promo

This is a promo video for My Firsy Preprint Online Course taught at Academic Writing Center, Higher School of Economics Tutors: Zhenya Bakin & Natalia Smirno...

The Sentinel | PrePrint Preview 10.7.14

Every Monday The Sentinel is bringing you a preview of all of the action going on in the issue for the week! Check it out and follow us for all the updates o...

Corrugated Synergies - CSI PrePrint - 1000 feet-per-minute test run

Corrugated Synergies, CSI PrePrint test run at the Conprinta facility in Göttingen, Germany.

Autograph Mailday - 1 Preprint TTM

amilt xerox preprint paper

Preprint-THE MEGAFLEX FLEXO PRINTING PRESS-Solution for Paper Pre-Print

Preprint-THE MEGAFLEX FLEXO PRINTING PRESS-Solution for Paper Pre-Print.

803 videos foundNext > 

9292 news items

Science Now

Science Now
Thu, 11 Dec 2014 00:15:47 -0800

New analyses of the hundreds of thousands of technical manuscripts submitted to arXiv, the repository of digital preprint articles, are offering some intriguing insights into the consequences—and geography—of scientific plagiarism. It appears that ...

Wired

Wired
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 03:26:15 -0800

The five researchers have now joined together to refine their new bound, and plan to release a preprint within a week or two which, Tao feels, pushes Rankin's basic method as far as possible using currently available techniques. The new work has no ...
 
Nature.com
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 15:15:00 -0800

Preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.7351; 2014). Spergel, who sports a shaved head and a voice that can fill a room, decided that he needed to speak out. “I wanted to let the broader physics community know there were reasons to have doubts,” he says.

Science 2.0

Science 2.0
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 20:30:00 -0800

Having spent two years of my life in that analysis, and having put several nice touches in it, I had great expectations as I found the preprint of the new search in the Cornell Arxiv this evening... Did they see a signal ? Did they use my selection ...

Scientist

Scientist
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 06:05:17 -0800

Plagiarism mapped: ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg and his colleague, Daniel Citron, analyzed manuscripts posted to the preprint server between 1991 and 2012 in search of patterns of text reuse, identifying “a negative correlation between the amount of ...

Sci-News.com

Sci-News.com
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 05:29:28 -0800

The scientific paper reporting the discovery of HIP 116454b has been accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal (arXiv.org preprint). _____. Andrew Vanderburg et al. 2014. Characterizing K2 Planet Discoveries: A super-Earth transiting the ...

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 06:20:08 -0800

Already, several critiques of the new attack have been proposed in response to a preprint of the paper. Several critiques argue that the signals in the transmission line are not actually waves for a variety of reasons, such as flaws in the model ...

EurekAlert (press release)

EurekAlert (press release)
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 08:12:18 -0800

... University of Utah biologist Shannon M. Gaukler, the study's lead author who recently completed a doctoral degree at the U. The study will be published in the January-February issue of Neurotoxicology and Teratology, which has posted a preprint online.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight