digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Pre-Indo-European languages are any of several unclassified languages, not necessarily related to one another, that existed in prehistoric Europe and South Asia before the arrival of speakers of Indo-European languages. The oldest Indo-European language texts date from 19th century BC in Kültepe in modern-day Turkey, and while estimates vary widely, spoken Indo-European languages are believed to have developed at the latest by the third millennium BC (see Proto-Indo-European Urheimat hypotheses). Thus the Pre-Indo-European languages must have developed earlier than, or in some cases alongside, the Indo-European languages.

A handful of these languages still survive. Some of the pre-Indo-European languages are attested only as linguistic substrates in Indo-European languages; however, some others (like Etruscan, Minoan, Iberian etc.) are also attested from inscriptions.

Surviving languages[edit]

Surviving pre-Indo-European languages include:

Languages that contributed a substrate to Indo-European languages[edit]

Examples of suggested or known substrate influences on specific Indo-European languages:

Attested languages[edit]

Several of these languages are attested in inscriptions. These include Etruscan, Minoan, Aquitanian, Iberian, and Urartian.

Later Indo-European expansion[edit]

Languages replaced or engulfed by Indo-European in ancient times must be distinguished from languages replaced or engulfed by Indo-European languages in more recent times. In particular, many of the major languages spread by colonialism have been Indo-European, and this has in the last few centuries led to superficially similar linguistic islands being formed by e.g. indigenous languages of the Americas (now surrounded by English, Spanish and Portuguese), and of several Uralic languages (now surrounded by Russian).

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

Archaeology and culture[edit]

  • Anthony, David with Jennifer Y. Chi (eds., 2009). The Lost World of Old Europe: The Danube Valley, 5000–3500 BC.
  • Bogucki, Peter I. and Pam J. Crabtree (eds. 2004). Ancient Europe 8000 BC—1000 AD: An Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  • Gimbutas, Marija (1973). Old Europe c. 7000–3500 B.C.: the earliest European civilization before the infiltration of the Indo-European peoples. The Journal of Indo-European Studies 1/1-2. 1-20.
  • Tilley, Christopher (1996). An Ethnography of the Neolithic. Early Prehistoric Societies in Southern Scandinavia. Cambridge University Press.

Linguistic reconstructions[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Indo-European_languages — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
5780 videos foundNext > 

INDO-EUROPEAN ORIGIN Ⓒ [HD]

The Proto-Indo-Europeans were the speakers of the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE), an unattested but now reconstructed prehistoric language. Knowledge of ...

Pre-Indo-European populations of Europe

1. Neolithic farmers (J2 / Near Eastern Mediterranids, Alpinids & Armenoids) 2. Uralics (N / Lappinoids) 3. Dalmatians (I2 / Danubian proto-Nordids or depigm...

Spoken Sample of Proto-Indo-European

This is a short story called "The King and the God" spoken in what linguists think Proto-Indo-European might have been like. There are no native speakers lef...

Latin and Its Indo-European Language Family

Latin is dead? No way! Latin is just the ancient form of Spanish, French, and Italian. And what's more, Latin wasn't what it once was, since it is also deriv...

Mismodeling Indo-European Origins: The Assault On Historical Linguistics | GeoCurrents

Presented by Martin W. Lewis and Asya Pereltsvaig, from http://www.GeoCurrents.info Can language spread be modeled using computational techniques designed to...

How to Speak Proto-Indo-European

This video teaches you how to recite a short story in Proto-Indo-European. For more on learning Proto-Indo-European, check out these guys: http://dnghu.org/

08 Language Families Indo European

David Anthony, Early Indo-European migrations, economies, and phylogenies

David Anthony, Early Indo-European migrations, economies, and phylogenies Paper presented at the seminar "Tracing the Indo-Europeans: Origin and migration", ...

Indo-European origins: "Aryan Invasion", "Out of India" or "Paleolithic Continuity" ?

Michael William Denney © The Aryan conquest theory and the controversial "Out of India" theory are both wrong. Both of these opposite theories are operating ...

David Anthony, Wheeled vehicles, horses, and Indo-European origins

David Anthony, Wheeled vehicles, horses, and Indo-European origins Paper presented at the seminar "Tracing the Indo-Europeans: Origin and migration", organiz...

5780 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Pre-Indo-European languages" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight