The postalveolar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨n̠⟩, an en with the retracted diacritic. It occurs in a number of Australian Aboriginal languages, including Djeebbana and Jingulu.
Features of the postalveolar nasal:
- Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also nasal, the blocked airflow is redirected through the nose.
- Its place of articulation is palato-alveolar, that is, domed (partially palatalized) postalveolar, which means it is articulated with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up ("domed") at the palate.
- Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
- It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose, either exclusively (nasal stops) or in addition to through the mouth.
- Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the central–lateral dichotomy does not apply.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Czech||manželka||[ˈman̠ʒelka]||'wife'||Allophone of /n/ before postalveolar sibilants. See Czech phonology|
|Djeebbana||barnmarramarlón̠a||[needs IPA]||'they two swam'||Result of rhotic plus alveolar [n].|
- International Phonetic Association (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge UP. p. 16. ISBN 9780521637510.
- Chadwick, Neil J. (1975). A descriptive study of the Djingili language. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
- Dixon, Robert M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge UP. p. 585. ISBN 9780521473781.