Posavski kanton (bs)
Županija posavska (hr)
|— Canton —|
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Head of canton||Marijan Oršolić|
|• Total||325 km2 (125 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 estimate)|
|• Density||120/km2 ( 320/sq mi)|
The Posavina Canton, officially the County of Posavina (Bosnian: Posavski kanton, Croatian: Županija Posavska) is the second of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the smallest canton with an area of only 325 km². Its main city is Orašje.
In 2003, population of Posavina Canton numbered 43,558 people, including:
- Croats: 36,049 (82.8%)
- Bosniaks: 6,360 (14.6%)
- Serbs: 728 (1.8%)
- others: 367 (0.8%)
The cantonal assembly is composed of:
- Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina - 8
- Croatian Democratic Union 1990 - 5
- Croatian Party of Rights - 2
- Party of Democratic Action - 2
- Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1
- Social Democratic Party - 1
- Union for a Better Future of BiH - 1
- Posavska Stranka - 1
The canton lies near the border with Croatia and near the river Sava which forms a natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Odžak and Orašje-Domaljevac form two exclaves of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Posavina is a region which includes other parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and parts of Croatia. Because of that, this canton is sometimes called Bosanska Posavina (Bosnian Posavina) and is the only part of northern Bosnia near the border with Croatia that lies in the Federation. The rest of northern Bosnia near the river Sava and near the border is the Brčko District and the Republika Srpska. The Brčko district cuts Republika Srpska in 2 parts.
The Posavina canton's position near the Sava river makes it a good place for agriculture because it is a flat lowland and there are no mountains in the area. It is like this in the entire northern border with Croatia, with a great deal of farming and agriculture. The river Sava is a river who flows through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. In Bosnia and Herzegovina it flows through the northern border and makes a natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
Posavina means literally along Sava in the local languages. The river Sava is the largest navigable river in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Much of the food in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia comes from this region, not only Bosnian Posavina but the rest of the fertile fields along the river Sava.
See also