digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The traditional rabelo boat, used to transport Port Wine from the Douro Valley to the cellars near the city of Porto.

Portuguese wine is the result of traditions introduced to the region by ancient civilizations, such as the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, and mostly the Romans. Portugal started to export its wines to Rome during the Roman Empire. Modern exports developed with trade to England after the Methuen Treaty in 1703. From this commerce a wide variety of wines started to be grown in Portugal. And, in 1758, one of the first wine-producing region of the world, the Região Demarcada do Douro was created under the orientation of Marquis of Pombal, in the Douro Valley. Portugal has two wine producing regions protected by UNESCO as World Heritage: the Douro Valley Wine Region (Douro Vinhateiro) and Pico Island Wine Region (Ilha do Pico Vinhateira). Portugal has a large variety of native breeds, producing a very wide variety of different wines with distinctive personality.

History[edit]

"cupa", Roman tombstones in the shape of wine barrels, were used in the 3rd century AD in Alentejo, Museu de Évora

Romans did much to expand and promote viticulture in their settlements in the province of Lusitania (mainly modern south Portugal). Wines were produced across the territory for both local consumption as well as export to Rome.[1]

During the Reconquista in the 12th and 13th centuries, with the populating (povoamento) of the conquered territories, areas due to religion the Arabs reduced wine production. During this period, some new varieties were added to the ancient ones, from Burgundy came the French varieties. And during the period of discoveries, Henry the Navigator brought to the newly discovered island of Madeira the Moscatel and Malvasia from the Greek Island of Crete. In the Reign of King Carlos, the Região Demarcada do Vinho Verde and the Região Demarcada do Dão among Colares, Carcavelos, Setúbal, and Madeira were created. In 1979, Bairrada was added and in 1980 the Algarve region (Lagoa, Lagos, Portimão, and Tavira) was finally demarcated. In 1998, the Alentejo region was demarked by the gathering several smaller demarked regions created in 1995.

Grapes[edit]

Vineyards in Vinho Verde Demarcated Region in Minho, Portugal

Portugal possesses a large array of native varietals, producing an abundant variety of different wines. The wide array of Portuguese grape varietals contributes as significantly as the soil and climate to wine differentiation, producing distinctive wines from the Northern regions to Madeira Islands, and from Algarve to the Azores. In Portugal only some grape varietals or castas are authorized or endorsed in the Demarcated regions, such as:

Appellation system[edit]

The appellation system of the Douro region was created nearly two hundred years before that of France, in order to protect its superior wines from inferior ones. The quality and great variety of wines in Portugal are due to noble castas, microclimates, soils and proper technology.

Official designations:

  • Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region (QWPSR) or VQPRD - Vinho de Qualidade Produzido em Região Demarcada
    • These are the most protected wine and indicates a specific vineyard, such as Port Wine, Vinhos Verdes, and Alentejo Wines. These wines are labeled D.O.C. (Denominação de Origem Controlada) which secures a superior quality.
  • Wines that have more regulations placed upon them but are not in a DOC region fall under the category of Indicação de Proveniência Regulamentada (IPR, Indication of Regulated Provenance)
  • Regional Wine - Vinho Regional Carries with it a specific region within Portugal.
  • Table Wines - Vinho de Mesa carries with it only the producer and the designation that it's from Portugal.

Wine regions[edit]

Demarcated wine regions at the DOC & IPR level.
  • Vinho Verde is produced from grapes which do not reach great doses of sugar. Therefore, Vinho Verde does not require an aging process. Vinho Verde wines are now largely exported, and are the most exported Portuguese wines after the Port Wine. The most popular variety in Portugal and abroad are the white wines, but there are also red and more rarely rosé wines. A notable variety of Vinho Verde is Vinho Alvarinho which is a special variety of white Vinho Verde, the production of Alvarinho is restricted by EU law to a small sub-region of Monção, in the northern part of the Minho region in Portugal. It has more alcohol (11.5 to 13%) than the other varieties (8 to 11.5%).
  • Douro wine (Vinho do Douro) originates from the same region as port wines. In the past they were considered to be a bitter tasting wine. In order to prevent spoilage during the voyage from Portugal to England, the English decided to add a Portuguese wine brandy known as aguardente. The first documented commercial transactions appearing in registries of export date as far back as 1679. Today's Douro table wines are enjoying growing favor in the world, maintaining many traits that are reminiscent of a port wine.
  • Dão wine is from the Região Demarcada do Dão, a region demarcated in 1908, but already in 1390 there were taken some measures to protect this wine. The Dão Wine is produced in a mountainous region with temperate climate, in the area of the Mondego and Dão Rivers in the north region of central Portugal. These mountains protect the castas from maritime and continental influences.
  • Bairrada wine, is produced in the Região Demarcada da Bairrada. The name "Bairrada" is from "barros" (clay) and due to the clayey soils of the region. Although the region was classified in 1979, it is an ancient vineyard region. The vines grow exposed to the sun, favouring the further maturity of the grapes. The Baga casta is intensely used in the wines of the region. The Bairrada region produces table, white and red wines. Yet, it is notable for its sparkling natural wine.
  • Alentejo wine is produced from grapes planted in vast vineyards extending over rolling plains under the sun which shines on the grapes and ripens them for the production.
  • Colares wine is type of wine produced in sandy soils outside Lisbon between the foothills of Sintra and Roca Cape. Because of Lisbon's urban sprawl, the lands available for vineyards became so small, that the demands has always been higher than the production, making it one of the most expensive Portuguese wines.

Port[edit]

A glass of tawny port

Port wine vines need to grow in schist rich soil and require a specific micro-climate. It is produced through a unique vinification method. The red varietals are the most common. The wine is produced in the beautiful landscape of the Douro Valley in Alto Douro region, a region that is classified as World Heritage by UNESCO. The wine is exported from the city of Porto, thus acquiring the name Porto (or "Port" in English-speaking countries). There are several varieties of Port wine: some of the most popular are the Tawny, White, Ruby, and Late Bottled Vintage (L.B.V.).

Moscatel wines[edit]

Moscatel is a liqueurous wine from the Setúbal Peninsula. Although the region has produced wines since the dawn of nationality, it was in 1797 that the wines of Setúbal were first mentioned. There is another variety of Moscatel wine, the "Moscatel de Favaios", in the Região Demarcada do Douro, it is made from a different casta, and the "Galego" (white), while Moscatel Roxo is made upon a casta with the same name as the wine.

Some Portuguese wine terms[edit]

A colheita vintage tawny Port.
  • Adega: Winery
  • Branco: White
  • Casta: Grape variety
  • Colheita: Vintage year
  • Espumante: Sparkling wine
  • Garrafeira: A reserva red wine aged at least two years in a barrel and one year in a bottle; a white wine aged at least six months in a barrel and six months in a bottle.
  • Maduro: Mature (in opposition to verde). Mature wines are Portuguese wines produced in all regions except the ones produced in Vinho Verde region; due to this, the term "maduro" rarely appears on bottles.
  • Quinta: Vineyard
  • Reserva: Superior quality wine of a single vintage
  • Seco: Dry
  • Tinto: Red
  • Verde: Green (in opposition to maduro). Wines produced in Vinho Verde region with a distinctive method.
  • Vinho: Wine

Export[edit]

Wine has been one of the most noted Portuguese exports. The country is the seventh largest exporter of the product worldwide, by value.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 536-540 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_wine — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
119720 videos foundNext > 

What wine critics think about Wines of Portugal?

We went to the 1st International Wine Meeting and Tasting to ask some wine critics what they think about Portuguese Wines (subtitles in Portuguese). Aproveit...

Portuguese Red Wines - Episode #476

Gary rants and raves about Portugal as the next coming so lets see what these wines have to offer.

Oceana and Duorum: 10 Chefs 10 Wineries ​Portuguese Wine Pairing

In 2014, Wines of Portugal is working with 10 of America's best chefs to showcase the diversity of Portuguese wines and how beautifully they pair with food f...

50 Great Portuguese Wines 2013

Olly was selected to choose the list of 50 Great Portuguese Wines 2013 and hot-footed it to Portugal to begin his quest. His selection focused on finding the...

Wine Tasting Video with Simon Woods: Portuguese Reds from Douro and Alentejo

http://youtu.be/gixNMGpbbRc Simon Woods tries three Portuguese reds, two from the Douro, one from Alentejo. For tasting notes and links to producer/retailer ...

WINES of Portugal (part1).mov

Wines of Portugal.

La Salette and Niepoort: 10 Chefs 10 Wineries Portuguese Wine Pairing

In 2014, Wines of Portugal is working with 10 of America's best chefs to showcase the diversity of Portuguese wines and how beautifully they pair with food f...

Portuguese Wine Tasting- NYC Week Day 1 Episode #726

Gary Vaynerchuk kicks off NYC Week tasting Portuguese wines with 8 fans.

Wildly Spicy Portuguese Wine

Join renowned sommelier Ben Moechtar as he reviews this dry red from Portugal. Made by Quinta do Vallado this Vallado is made of a mix of grapes with a wonde...

Portuguese Wine Club Review: Herdade do Monte da Ribeira Pousio 2010 Alentejo Vinho Tinto Red Wine

www.portuguesewineclub.wordpress.com Portuguese Wine Club Review: Herdade do Monte da Ribeira Pousio 2010 Alentejo Vinho Tinto Red Wine.

119720 videos foundNext > 

22 news items

 
The Independent
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 16:04:48 -0700

It's a shame that Portuguese wine isn't better known and appreciated in the UK. What accounts for this? The arthritic structure of the Portuguese wine industry, for a start, with its reliance on a legion of tiny growers and dearth of well-known brands ...
 
CHS Capitol Hill Seattle
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 20:11:15 -0700

Portuguese wine matches with Portuguese food, and Portuguese food is quite often salty and intense. Bacahlau (dried, salted fish). Stinky baked cheese. Meaty, spicy sausage. In short, the wines have to stand up. Therefore, the styles are distinct ...

SouthCoastToday.com (blog)

SouthCoastToday.com (blog)
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 19:32:51 -0700

If you want to try a delicious example of a Portuguese wine that displays a authentic terroir and distinct varietal flavor try Quinta da Mimosa (which is made by Casa Ermelinda Freitas and imported by Saraiva of New Bedford). This is a rich, deep ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 17:15:23 -0700

I can still remember my first taste of Portuguese wine; it was a 10-year-old red, which I expected to be delicate, light and almost sweet, the way most elderly wines are. Instead, I got a mouthful of incredibly rough, tough, dry, mouth-puckering, teeth ...
 
Macau Business Daily
Sun, 03 Aug 2014 20:33:45 -0700

More residents are enrolling in wine courses at the Institute for Tourism Studies (IFT) and expressing a keen interest in knowing more about the nectar of the gods. In an interview with Business Daily, food and beverage expert David Wong, working with ...

SouthCoastToday.com (blog)

SouthCoastToday.com (blog)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:00:00 -0700

As readers of this column already know, I am a big fan of the Portuguese wine producer Sogrape; the two examples of their wine that I originally tried, Callabriga from Portugal and Finca Flichman from Argentina, were outstanding. In the 1940′s Sogrape ...
 
just-drinks.com (subscription)
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 04:44:17 -0700

Faula Sociedade de Vinhoas has lined up a range extension in the UK under its Portuguese wine brand, Tagus Creek. Serie Nativa, meaning 'Native Series', comprises a 2012 Aragonez and a 2013 Fernâo Pires. The range has been designed to “appeal to ...

The Drinks Business

The Drinks Business
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 04:15:00 -0700

Born in 1964 to a distinguished family of Dutch Port shippers, with his wild mop of curly hair and huge personality, Dirk Niepoort is the face of the “New Douro” and has done much to modernise and promote the Portuguese wine region. His first release ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Portuguese wine

You can talk about Portuguese wine with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!