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Tropical Cyclones Portal

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Typhoon tip peak.jpg

A tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a large low-pressure center and numerous thunderstorms that produce strong winds and heavy rainfall. Tropical cyclones feed on the heat released when moist air rises, resulting in condensation of water vapor contained in the moist air. They are fuelled by a different heat mechanism than other cyclonic windstorms such as nor'easters, European windstorms, and polar lows, leading to their classification as 'warm core' storm systems. Tropical cyclones originate in the doldrums near the Equator, approximately 10 degrees away.

The term 'tropical' refers to both the geographic origin of these systems, which form almost exclusively in tropical regions of the globe, and their formation in maritime tropical air masses. The term 'cyclone' refers to such storms' cyclonic nature, with anticlockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere. Depending on its location and intensity, a tropical cyclone can be referred to by names such as 'hurricane', 'typhoon', 'tropical storm', 'cyclonic storm', 'tropical depression', or simply 'cyclone'.

Pictured: Typhoon Tip

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Selected article

Hurricane Katrina near peak strength on August 28, 2005.
Hurricane Katrina was the costliest and one of the deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States. It was the eleventh named storm, fifth hurricane, third major hurricane, and second Category 5 hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, and was the sixth-strongest Atlantic hurricane ever recorded.

Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005, and crossed southern Florida as a moderate Category 1 hurricane before strengthening rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico and becoming one of the strongest hurricanes ever recorded in the Gulf. The storm weakened considerably before making its second landfall as a Category 3 storm on the morning of August 29 in southeast Louisiana.

It is possible that Katrina was the largest hurricane of its strength to approach the United States in recorded history; its sheer size caused devastation over 100 miles from the center. The storm surge caused major or catastrophic damage along the coastlines of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, including the cities of Mobile, Alabama, Biloxi and Gulfport, Mississippi, and Slidell, Louisiana. Levees separating Lake Pontchartrain from New Orleans, Louisiana were breached by the surge, ultimately flooding roughly 80% of the city and many areas of neighboring parishes. Severe wind damage was reported well inland. Katrina is estimated to be responsible for $75 billion (2005 US dollars) in damages, making it the costliest hurricane in U.S. history. The storm has killed at least 1,604 people, making it the deadliest U.S. hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane.

Recently featured: List of storms in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane seasonList of New Jersey hurricanesHurricane Claudette (2003)Browse

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Selected picture

TRCmitch299H G8.jpg

Hurricane Mitch near peak intensity. When this photo was taken, Mitch was in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Central America.


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Related WikiProjects

WikiProject Tropical cyclones is the central point of coordination for Wikipedia's coverage of tropical cyclones. Feel free to help!

WikiProject Meteorology is the main center point of coordination for Wikipedia's coverage of meteorology in general.

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Related Portals

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Currently active tropical cyclones

North Atlantic (2014)

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East/Central Pacific (2014)

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Northwest Pacific (2014)

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North Indian Ocean (2014)

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South-West Indian Ocean (2014–15)

Tropical Depression 02

Australian region (2014–15)

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South Pacific (2014–15)

Tropical Depression 01F
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Did you know…

Tracks of Atlantic-Pacific crossover storms.png
Hurricane Ida in the Yucatan Channel November 8 2009.jpg
Tropical Cyclone Agni 05A 2004.jpg
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Tropical cyclone anniversaries

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Typhoon Nina 25 nov 1987 0702Z.jpg
IrmaNovember2619740635UTCDMSP.gif
Pamela Nov 27 1982 0350Z.png
Ts delta 112405.jpg



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Tropical_cyclones — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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12252 news items

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 03:10:27 -0800

Cyclone Maria (green dots) lines up to cross over the cold water wake of cyclone Katia (orange dots) during September 2011. The sea surface temperature cooling caused by Katia (represented by bright blue) reduced the intensity of Maria. Such …more.
 
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Thu, 20 Nov 2014 07:00:00 -0800

NASA's Earth Observatory just released an awe-inspiring photo (in the slideshow above) that shows just why so many Floridians are at risk to tropical cyclones and global sea level rise. The photo, taken by astronauts aboard the International Space ...
 
Insurance Journal
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 01:47:12 -0800

Impact Forecasting, the catastrophe model development center of excellence at Aon Benfield, released the latest edition of its monthly Global Catastrophe Recap report, which reviews the natural disaster perils that occurred worldwide during October 2014.

euronews

euronews
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 04:13:49 -0800

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eNews Park Forest
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 10:11:15 -0800

NOAA's seasonal hurricane outlook called for four to seven tropical cyclones to affect the central Pacific this season. The most notable storm was major Hurricane Iselle, which hit the Big Island of Hawaii in early August as a tropical storm, and was ...

Times of Oman

DAWN.com
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 18:34:46 -0700

The WMO website says tropical cyclones/hurricanes are named neither after any particular person, nor with any preference in alphabetical sequence. The tropical cyclone/hurricane names selected are those that are familiar to the people in each region.

TCPalm

TCPalm
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 06:38:09 -0800

Source: National Hurricane Center. Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico: There are no tropical cyclones at this time and nothing is expected to develop in the next 48 hours. Eastern Pacific Ocean: There are no tropical cyclones at this time.
 
Islands Business
Sun, 26 Oct 2014 20:56:15 -0700

Permanent secretary for Infrastructure and Transport, Commander Francis Kean said while the tropical cyclones were predictions only, it was critical that communities across Fiji acted responsibly and paid close attention to all weather updates issued ...
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