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The Russia Portal

The Russia Portal

Russia (Russian: Россия, Rossiya), also the Russian Federation (Rossiyskaya Federatsiya), is a Eurasian country extending over much of northern Eurasia. It is a semi-presidential republic comprising 85 federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, Iran through the Caspian Sea, and the U.S. state of Alaska by the Bering Strait.

At 17,075,400 square kilometers, Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the Earth’s land area; with 143 million people, it is the eighth largest by population. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's greatest reserves of mineral and energy resources, and is considered an energy superpower. It has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's unfrozen fresh water.

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Featured article

A Scene from the Caucasian War, by Franz Roubaud (1856–1928)
The Russian–Circassian War was the period of hostilities between the Russian Empire and the inhabitants of Circassia during the Russian invasion and occupation of the Circassian region. Circassia was a region in Caucasia which consisted of the coastline and most of the interior of the current territory of Krasnodar Krai and Adygea. The historical region, now mainly North Ossetia–Alania, was named after the traditional inhabitants, the Circassians, Adyghe or Adiga, along with a number of smaller ethnic groups and tribes. The Russian–Circassian conflict began with the initial arrival of Russian occupation forces in 1763, and ended with the signing of several Russian loyalty oaths by Circassian leaders on June 2, 1864 (May 21, O.S.). While the Russian–Circassian War began as an isolated conflict, Russian expansion through the entire region soon brought it into conflict with a number of other nations in what later became known as the Caucasian War, and of which the Russian–Circassian War became a part. Both came to an end with the signing of the loyalty oaths to Russia, and with the total occupation of the region by Russian forces, which involved the mass migration of millions of indigenous Circassians to areas of the Ottoman Empire (modern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Kosovo), with some Circassian historians citing that up to 4,000,000 civilians perished during the exodus.

Featured picture

Lugano by Prokudin-Gorsky
Credit: Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky was a Russian pioneer of color photographer. This view of Lugano was most likely taken in 1909.

Although James Clerk Maxwell made the first color photograph in 1861, the results were far from realistic until Prokudin-Gorsky perfected the technique with a series of improvements around 1905. His process used a camera that took a series of monochrome pictures in rapid sequence, each through a different colored filter. Prokudin-Gorskii then went on to document much of the country of Russia, travelling by train in a specially equipped darkroom railroad car.

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Roza Shanina

In this month

The Battle of Kulikovo by Blinov

Featured biography

El Lissitzky
El Lissitzky was a Russian artist, designer, photographer, teacher, typographer, and architect. He was one of the most important figures of the Russian avant-garde, helping develop suprematism with his friend and mentor, Kazimir Malevich, and designed numerous exhibition displays and propaganda works for the former Soviet Union. Lissitzky's work greatly influenced the Bauhaus, Constructivist, and De Stijl movements and experimented with production techniques and stylistic devices that would go on to dominate 20th century graphic design. His entire career was laced with the belief that the artist could be an agent for change, later summarized with his edict, "das zielbewußte Schaffen" (The task-oriented creation). In 1941 he produced one of his last known works — a Soviet propaganda poster rallying the people to construct more tanks for the fight against Nazi Germany.

In the news



Selected quote

Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia was a slave in Europe but would be a master in Asia.

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Things you can do

Things you can do Привет and Welcome! The following is a list of things you can do:

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Power of Siberia: Russia, China launch construction of world's biggest gas pipeline

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli have launched the construction of the first part of Gazprom's Power of Siberia pipeline - which will deliver 4 trillion...

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Russia Calls for Immediate, Unconditional Cease-Fire in Ukraine

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North American Gov't Pushes For Nuclear War With Russia

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World War 3 is coming Russia,USA,China 2015-2016

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Vladimir Putin Reminds The World That Russia Is A Nuclear Power

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Don't Mess with Nuclear Russia!

President Vladimir Putin said Friday that Russia's armed forces, backed by its nuclear arsenal, were ready to meet any aggression. “It's best not to mess with us.” http://www.infowars.com/...

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30631549 news items


Mon, 01 Sep 2014 08:52:39 -0700

Kiev has received threats of nuclear retaliation from Russia through unofficial channels if it continues to fight pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine, the Ukrainian Minister of Defence, Valeriy Heletey, announced on his Facebook page on Monday.


Mon, 01 Sep 2014 00:23:30 -0700

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Monday that his country's military would not interfere with the situation in Ukraine and that he stood ready to "converse" with the West to reach a peaceful settlement to the crisis there. "There will be no ...


Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:20:58 -0700

The European Union is poised to hit Russia with a fresh round of sanctions amid mounting evidence of direct Russian military intervention in southeastern Ukraine. EU leaders said on Aug. 31 after a weekend summit meeting in Brussels that they'll decide ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 06:29:44 -0700

While European leaders said there was a clear determination to press ahead with sanctions if Russia didn't scale back its intervention, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy said leaders hadn't defined clear criteria for triggering fresh ...
New York Times
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 18:17:09 -0700

President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia had hired Ketchum to provide advice on public relations before the nation hosted the Group of 8 meeting in St. Petersburg. At the time, Mr. Putin “cared a great deal about what other leaders, especially presidents ...


Mon, 01 Sep 2014 18:49:35 -0700

Russia is slowly moving on from Europe, following months of sanctions over a political battle between Moscow and Kiev. On Tuesday, the Russian Communications Ministry told Vedomosti newspaper that it was developing a number of measures to support ...
Washington Post
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 11:53:07 -0700

MOSCOW — A senior European official warned Saturday that the crisis in eastern Ukraine might soon “reach the point of no return” as European nations looked at stiffening sanctions against Russia, possibly within a week. José Manuel Barroso, president ...


Sat, 30 Aug 2014 07:50:34 -0700

The European Union gave Russia a one-week ultimatum to scale back its intervention in Ukraine or face additional sanctions. The EU imposed fresh sanctions on the country in late July that aimed to further cripple the nation's economy. Although previous ...

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