History is the discovery, collection, organization, analysis and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean a continuous, typically chronological, record of important or public events or of a particular trend or institution. Scholars who write about history are called historians. It is a field of knowledge which uses a narrative to examine and analyse the sequence of events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine events. Historians debate the nature of history and its usefulness. This includes discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present. The stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the legends surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage rather than the "disinterested investigation" needed by the discipline of history. Events of the past prior to written record are considered prehistory.
Amongst scholars, the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus is considered to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, forms the foundations for the modern study of history. Their influence, along with other historical traditions in other parts of their world, have spawned many different interpretations of the nature of history which has evolved over the centuries and are continuing to change. The modern study of history has many different fields including those that focus on certain regions and those which focus on certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.
A South American dreadnought race
, and Chile
began when the Brazilian government announced its intention to purchase three dreadnoughts
whose capabilities far outstripped older vessels in the world's navies—in 1907. Two ships of the Minas Geraes class
were laid down immediately with a third to follow. The Argentine and Chilean governments immediately canceled a naval-limiting pact between them, and both ordered two dreadnoughts (the Rivadavia
and Almirante Latorre classes
, respectively). Meanwhile, Brazil's third dreadnought was canceled in favor of an even larger ship, but the ship was laid down and ripped up several times after repeated major alterations to the design. When the Brazilian government finally settled on a design, they realized it would be outclassed by the Chilean dreadnoughts' larger armament, so they sold the partly-completed ship to the Ottoman Empire
and attempted to acquire a more powerful vessel. By this time the First World War
had broken out in Europe, and many shipbuilders suspended work on dreadnoughts for foreign countries, halting the Brazilian plans. Argentina's two dreadnoughts were delivered, as the United States remained neutral in the opening years of the war, but Chile's two dreadnoughts were purchased by the United Kingdom. In the years between the First and Second World War
, many naval expansion plans, some involving dreadnought purchases, were proposed. While most never came to fruition, in April 1920 the Chilean government reacquired one of the dreadnoughts taken over by the United Kingdom. No other dreadnoughts were purchased by a South American nation, and all were sold for scrap
in the 1950s.
; Ottoman Turkish
: سلطان سليمان اول
, Sultān Suleimān-i evvel
or قانونى سلطان سليمان
, Kānūnī Sultān Suleimān
, Modern Turkish
: I. Süleyman
(Turkish pronunciation: [sylejmɑn]
) or Kanuni Sultan Süleyman
; 6 November 1494 – 5/6/7 September 1566) was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan
of the Ottoman Empire
, from 1520 to his death in 1566. He is known in the West
as Suleiman the Magnificent
and in the East
, as "The Lawgiver
), for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman legal system. Suleiman became a prominent monarch of 16th-century Europe, presiding over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's military, political and economic power. Suleiman personally led Ottoman armies to conquer the Christian strongholds of Belgrade
, and most of Hungary
before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna
in 1529. He annexed most of the Middle East
in his conflict with the Safavids
and large swathes of North Africa
as far west as Algeria
. Under his rule, the Ottoman fleet
dominated the seas from the Mediterranean
to the Red Sea
and the Persian Gulf
At the helm of an expanding empire, Suleiman personally instituted legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law. His canonical law (or the Kanuns) fixed the form of the empire for centuries after his death. Not only was Suleiman a distinguished poet and goldsmith in his own right; he also became a great patron of culture, overseeing the golden age of the Ottoman Empire's artistic, literary and architectural development. He spoke four languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Chagatai (a dialect of Turkic languages and related to Uyghur), and Persian.
- ... that, in 1898, the United States government annexed the Kingdom of Hawaii despite protestation from Queen Liliuokalani (pictured)?
- ... that Jean Thurel was a soldier in the French Régiment de Touraine for more than 90 years?
- ... that the severed head of Julia Martha Thomas, murdered, boiled and dismembered by her maid in 1879, was found next door to Sir David Attenborough's house in 2010?
- ... that the 18th-century Indian automaton Tipu's Tiger shows a near life-size European being mauled by a tiger, and emits wails and grunts as well as containing a pipe organ?
- ... that Svið, a traditional Icelandic dish, consists of a sheep's head that has been cut in half, singed and boiled with the brain removed?
- ... that despite overseeing the construction of the crematoria and gas chambers at Auschwitz, what specifically shocked SS-Obersturmführer Robert Mulka at the camp was his colleagues' dress sense?
- ... that Tsar Alexander II of Russia had a special crystal bottle of Roederer champagne made for the Three Emperors Dinner in 1867 so he could admire the bubbles?
- ... that the Gudea cylinders are the longest literary composition ever found in the Sumerian language?
The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker.
"In recent times, European nations, with the use of gunpowder and other technical improvements in warfare, controlled practically the whole world. One, the British Empire, brought under one government a quarter of the earth and its inhabitants."
— John Boyd Orr
Here are some Open Tasks
- Copy/edit: Hongwu Emperor, Indian independence movement, Modern history, More...
- Merge: More...
- Requests: , More...
- Stubs: Greco-Roman, Java War, Leopold II of Austria, Panhellenic Liberation Movement, Rio Protocol, Social history, Golden Age of Piracy, More...
- Requested pictures - of history topics
- Are you a historian, i.e. one who studies and writes history, and who has a keen interest in writing outstanding articles? Join our fine group by adding Category:Wikipedian historians to the bottom of your user page.
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject:
The New Yorker
The New Yorker
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700
It might be worth asking similar questions about the value of studying, or at least, reading, history these days, since it is a subject that comes to mind many mornings on the op-ed page. Every writer, of every political flavor, has some neat ...
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:31:11 -0700
History channel's “Houdini” erects a cage from which even the renowned magician can't escape: Nicholas Meyer's misbegotten, heavy-handed, narrated-ad-nauseam script (which in terms of prominent early 20th-century figures, owes more of a debt to Freud) ...
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 20:56:15 -0700
He also believes history follows some predetermined course, as if things always get better on their own. Obama often praises those he pronounces to be on the "right side of history." He also chastises others for being on the "wrong side of history ...
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 10:15:30 -0700
If a stock-market selloff is coming, September might appear to be a likely time for it to start. Over the past century, September has been by far the worst month on the calendar for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, with an average loss of 0.8%. That ...
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 17:18:07 -0700
Following the Rice incident, I went looking for every NFL suspension 1 issued in the league's 94-year history. I wanted to understand how violations like Rice's, the ones unrelated to steroid or substance abuse, were determined. If domestic abuse ...
New York Times
New York Times
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 19:15:00 -0700
But as he once said in an interview, the prospect of spending a lifetime alone with canvases in a studio so unnerved him that he decided to devote himself instead to art history. A stay in Venice in the early 1960s confirmed his love for that city's ...
International Business Times
International Business Times
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 14:28:53 -0700
As stated before, Waters calls Kirkman the “Queen of 'Drunk History',” exemplifying what he calls “frustrated passion,” when the narrator is at a level of inebriation to care deeply about the story despite their struggling to tell it. Watch her musing ...
Kingsport Times News
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700
Advanced Placement U.S. History could become a new education battleground in Tennessee after a pair of Republican state senators have alleged the course leaves out key founding fathers, principles of the Declaration of Independence and iconic ...
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