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The History Portal


History is the discovery, collection, organization, analysis and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean a continuous, typically chronological, record of important or public events or of a particular trend or institution. Scholars who write about history are called historians. It is a field of knowledge which uses a narrative to examine and analyse the sequence of events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine events. Historians debate the nature of history and its usefulness. This includes discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present. The stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the legends surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage rather than the "disinterested investigation" needed by the discipline of history. Events of the past prior to written record are considered prehistory.

Amongst scholars, the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus is considered to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, forms the foundations for the modern study of history. Their influence, along with other historical traditions in other parts of their world, have spawned many different interpretations of the nature of history which has evolved over the centuries and are continuing to change. The modern study of history has many different fields including those that focus on certain regions and those which focus on certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.

More about History…

Selected article

Brazilian battleship Minas Geraes firing a broadside.jpg
A South American dreadnought race involving Argentina, Brazil, and Chile began when the Brazilian government announced its intention to purchase three dreadnoughts—powerful battleships whose capabilities far outstripped older vessels in the world's navies—in 1907. Two ships of the Minas Geraes class were laid down immediately with a third to follow. The Argentine and Chilean governments immediately canceled a naval-limiting pact between them, and both ordered two dreadnoughts (the Rivadavia and Almirante Latorre classes, respectively). Meanwhile, Brazil's third dreadnought was canceled in favor of an even larger ship, but the ship was laid down and ripped up several times after repeated major alterations to the design. When the Brazilian government finally settled on a design, they realized it would be outclassed by the Chilean dreadnoughts' larger armament, so they sold the partly-completed ship to the Ottoman Empire and attempted to acquire a more powerful vessel. By this time the First World War had broken out in Europe, and many shipbuilders suspended work on dreadnoughts for foreign countries, halting the Brazilian plans. Argentina's two dreadnoughts were delivered, as the United States remained neutral in the opening years of the war, but Chile's two dreadnoughts were purchased by the United Kingdom. In the years between the First and Second World War, many naval expansion plans, some involving dreadnought purchases, were proposed. While most never came to fruition, in April 1920 the Chilean government reacquired one of the dreadnoughts taken over by the United Kingdom. No other dreadnoughts were purchased by a South American nation, and all were sold for scrap in the 1950s.

Selected biography

Suleyman I attributed to school of Titian c.1530
Suleiman I (/ˈslimɑːn/; Ottoman Turkish: سلطان سليمان اول, Sultān Suleimān-i evvel or قانونى سلطان سليمان‎, Kānūnī Sultān Suleimān, Modern Turkish: I. Süleyman (Turkish pronunciation: [sylejmɑn]) or Kanuni Sultan Süleyman; 6 November 1494 – 5/6/7 September 1566) was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the East, as "The Lawgiver" (Turkish: Kanuni; Arabic: القانونى‎, al‐Qānūnī), for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman legal system. Suleiman became a prominent monarch of 16th-century Europe, presiding over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's military, political and economic power. Suleiman personally led Ottoman armies to conquer the Christian strongholds of Belgrade, Rhodes, and most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529. He annexed most of the Middle East in his conflict with the Safavids and large swathes of North Africa as far west as Algeria. Under his rule, the Ottoman fleet dominated the seas from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.

At the helm of an expanding empire, Suleiman personally instituted legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law. His canonical law (or the Kanuns) fixed the form of the empire for centuries after his death. Not only was Suleiman a distinguished poet and goldsmith in his own right; he also became a great patron of culture, overseeing the golden age of the Ottoman Empire's artistic, literary and architectural development. He spoke four languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Chagatai (a dialect of Turkic languages and related to Uyghur), and Persian.

Did you know...

Liliuokalani.jpg

Selected picture

Astrolabe-Persian-18C.jpg

An 18th-century Persian astrolabe. Astrolabes are complicated inclinometers that used the position of the stars and planets to determine longitude and latitude; they were in use for this purpose from Roman antiquity through the Renaissance.

On this day

August 30: Paryushana begins (Digambar Jains, 2014); Constitution Day in Kazakhstan (1995); St. Rose of Lima's Day in Peru; Victory Day in Turkey

Parliament House, Melbourne

More anniversaries: August 29 August 30 August 31

It is now August 30, 2014 (UTC) – Reload this page

Selected quote

The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker.

Richard NixonAmerican president

Selected portal

British Empire 1897.jpg
British Empire

"In recent times, European nations, with the use of gunpowder and other technical improvements in warfare, controlled practically the whole world. One, the British Empire, brought under one government a quarter of the earth and its inhabitants."
John Boyd Orr

Things you can do

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Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:History — Please support Wikipedia.
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The New Yorker

The New Yorker
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700

It might be worth asking similar questions about the value of studying, or at least, reading, history these days, since it is a subject that comes to mind many mornings on the op-ed page. Every writer, of every political flavor, has some neat ...

Variety

Variety
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:31:11 -0700

History channel's “Houdini” erects a cage from which even the renowned magician can't escape: Nicholas Meyer's misbegotten, heavy-handed, narrated-ad-nauseam script (which in terms of prominent early 20th-century figures, owes more of a debt to Freud) ...
 
RealClearPolitics
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 20:56:15 -0700

He also believes history follows some predetermined course, as if things always get better on their own. Obama often praises those he pronounces to be on the "right side of history." He also chastises others for being on the "wrong side of history ...
 
MarketWatch
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 10:15:30 -0700

If a stock-market selloff is coming, September might appear to be a likely time for it to start. Over the past century, September has been by far the worst month on the calendar for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, with an average loss of 0.8%. That ...
 
FiveThirtyEight (blog)
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 17:18:07 -0700

Following the Rice incident, I went looking for every NFL suspension 1 issued in the league's 94-year history. I wanted to understand how violations like Rice's, the ones unrelated to steroid or substance abuse, were determined. If domestic abuse ...

New York Times

New York Times
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 19:15:00 -0700

But as he once said in an interview, the prospect of spending a lifetime alone with canvases in a studio so unnerved him that he decided to devote himself instead to art history. A stay in Venice in the early 1960s confirmed his love for that city's ...

International Business Times

International Business Times
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 14:28:53 -0700

As stated before, Waters calls Kirkman the “Queen of 'Drunk History',” exemplifying what he calls “frustrated passion,” when the narrator is at a level of inebriation to care deeply about the story despite their struggling to tell it. Watch her musing ...

Kingsport Times News

The Tennessean
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

Advanced Placement U.S. History could become a new education battleground in Tennessee after a pair of Republican state senators have alleged the course leaves out key founding fathers, principles of the Declaration of Independence and iconic ...
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