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The Geography of Canada Portal
This is a sister portal of the Canada Portal

Introduction

Geography by province and territory

The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia. Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.

The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.

The fauna of Canada is considered to be diverse across Canada, ranging from lush forests of British Columbia, to the prairies of Western Canada, to the tundra of the Northern Canada. With a large land mass, and small population density, the wildlands of Canada provide important habitat for many animals, both endangered and not. Canada is home to approximately 70 000 known species of plants and animals - and perhaps many more that have yet to be discovered.

Canada flag map.svg More about...Canadian geography, its flora and fauna

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Canim Falls and lava flows
The Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field, also called the Clearwater Cone Group, is a potentially active monogenetic volcanic field in east-central British Columbia, Canada, located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Kamloops. It is situated in the Cariboo Mountains of the Columbia Mountains and on the Quesnel and Shuswap Highlands. As a monogenetic volcanic field, it is a place with numerous small basaltic volcanoes and extensive lava flows.

Most of the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field is encompassed within a large wilderness park called Wells Gray Provincial Park. This 5,400-square-kilometre (2,100 sq mi) park was established in 1939 because of the volcanic field's beauty. A single road enters the park, but from it, a number of the field's volcanic features can be viewed. Short hikes lead to several volcanic features but some areas are accessible only by aircraft.

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Sifton (Manitoba).jpg
The Canadian Prairies is a region of Canada, specifically in western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political. Notably, the Prairie provinces or simply the Prairies comprise the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, as they are much covered by prairie.

The word prairie usually refers to a type of grassland, and true prairies occur only in the southern reaches of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Contrasted to this are other biomes such as the boreal forest taking up the majority of the Prairie Provinces, or the aspen parkland. However "the prairie" may also refer to all of the Interior Plains region within Canada, in contrast with the Rocky Mountains and Canadian Shield, and is a continuation of the Great Plains region of the United States.

In a more restricted sense, the term may also refer to the areas of those provinces covered by prairie. Prairie also covers portions of northeastern British Columbia, though that province is typically not included in the region in a political sense.

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Goose-flying.jpg
The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) is a wild goose belonging to the genus Branta, which is native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, having a black head and neck, white patches on the face, and a brownish-gray body. It is often called the Canadian Goose, but that name is not the ornithological standard, or the most common name.

The black head and neck with white "chinstrap" distinguish the Canada Goose from all other goose species, with the exception of the Barnacle Goose, but the latter has a black breast, and also grey, rather than brownish, body plumage.

There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada Geese. Some of the smaller races can be hard to distinguish from the newly-separated Cackling Goose.

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Lake Louise II.jpg
Lake Louise in Alberta Canada.

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NLW GrosMorne4 tango7174.jpg
Gros Morne National Park is a world heritage site located on the west coast of Newfoundland. At 1,805 km2 (697 sq mi), it is the second largest national park in Atlantic Canada (surpassed by Torngat Mountains National Park at 9,600 km2 or 3,700 sq mi).

The park takes its name from Newfoundland's second-highest mountain peak (at 2,644 ft/806 m) located within the park. Its French meaning is "large mountain standing alone," or more literally "great sombre." Gros Morne is a member of the Long Range Mountains, an outlying range of the Appalachian Mountains, stretching the length of the island's west coast. It is the eroded remnants of a mountain range formed 1.2 billion years ago. "The park provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth's mantle lie exposed."

The Gros Morne National Park Reserve was established in 1973. It wasn't until October 1, 2005 that the National Parks Act was applied to the reserve, thereby making it a Canadian National Park.

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Campanula rotundifolia 9533.JPG
Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell) is a rhizomatous perennial flowering plant in the bellflower family native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

In Scotland, it is often known as the Bluebell, whereas elsewhere in Britain, "bluebell" refers to Hyacinthoides non-scripta. The species is very variable in form. It occurs as tetraploid or hexaploid populations in Britain and Ireland, but diploids occur widely in continental Europe. Harebells flower in late summer between July and October, sometimes into November, and are found on dry, nutrient-poor grassland and heaths in Britain, throughout Northern Europe and in North America. Once established, the plants compete with tall grass, but the minute seedlings need a clear space in which to establish. The plant often successfully colonises cracks in walls or cliff faces, but is also prominent in dunes.

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Geography of Canada category

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ParadiseMineTrail.jpg
View from the top of "Paradise Mines Trail" just outside Surrey-Panorama

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Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Geography_of_Canada — Please support Wikipedia.
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408 news items

 
Prince George Citizen
Mon, 11 Apr 2016 22:45:45 -0700

How can any Canadian with a basic knowledge of the size and geography of Canada hear, without laughing, that "high-speed rail powered by renewables and affordable public transit can unite every community in this country - in place of more cars ...

Brock Press

Brock Press
Tue, 05 Apr 2016 04:24:46 -0700

This map rethinks the physical geography of Canada, by rearranging Latin American countries to fit within the dimensions of Canada. Julia Rose Simone is 11 years old in grade 6 at École Notre Dame de la Jeunesse in Niagara Falls, she is the Think Latin ...

The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 18:57:41 -0700

Canada does not have one national election. Practically, Canada has five regional elections on the same day, producing a parliament and government. Although there are local variations – rural versus urban, northern versus southern – common elements ...

ComicsAlliance

ComicsAlliance
Tue, 16 Feb 2016 10:56:15 -0800

Whatever he was looking for in copies of The Geography of Canada, he found it, and according to the shopkeep — who, amazingly enough, is both alive and capable of frowning — he's gone off to the nearby rodeo to make an announcement to the world.

CanadianBusiness.com

CanadianBusiness.com
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 03:02:37 -0800

When writer Peter C. Newman charted the geography of Canada's business establishment 40 years ago, he uncovered a cloistered world of elite clubs, elegant mansions and ranches—hushed spaces to which the grocery, mining and industrial magnates ...

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Wed, 17 Feb 2016 15:15:00 -0800

“We believe the plane is absolutely fantastic, even more so for an airline of our size, with the geography of Canada,” said Benjamin Smith, president of passenger airlines for Air Canada, which has signed a letter of intent to purchase 45 jets, with ...

Amplify

Amplify
Thu, 24 Mar 2016 11:51:20 -0700

I think because of the geography of Canada and how spread out we are, it's not like we have touring venues every 150 miles. You've got to get creative when they're trying to take a tour from Vancouver to even Toronto, which is 2,200 miles and maybe ...

The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail
Fri, 15 Jan 2016 05:30:00 -0800

Jeffrey Simpson (Globe and Mail): “The geography of Canada and the U.S. is honeycombed with pipelines and railways carrying oil. Keystone XL was a large project but by no means the only one.” (for subscribers). Gary Mason (Globe and Mail): “As tempting ...
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