The Geography of Canada Portal
Geography by province and territory
The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia. Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.
The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.
The fauna of Canada is considered to be diverse across Canada, ranging from lush forests of British Columbia, to the prairies of Western Canada, to the tundra of the Northern Canada. With a large land mass, and small population density, the wildlands of Canada provide important habitat for many animals, both endangered and not. Canada is home to approximately 70 000 known species of plants and animals - and perhaps many more that have yet to be discovered.
Selected article -
Selected region -
The Canadian Prairies
is a region
, specifically in western Canada
, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political. Notably, the Prairie provinces
or simply the Prairies
comprise the provinces
, and Manitoba
, as they are much covered by prairie
The word prairie usually refers to a type of grassland, and true prairies occur only in the southern reaches of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Contrasted to this are other biomes such as the boreal forest taking up the majority of the Prairie Provinces, or the aspen parkland. However "the prairie" may also refer to all of the Interior Plains region within Canada, in contrast with the Rocky Mountains and Canadian Shield, and is a continuation of the Great Plains region of the United States.
In a more restricted sense, the term may also refer to the areas of those provinces covered by prairie. Prairie also covers portions of northeastern British Columbia, though that province is typically not included in the region in a political sense.
Selected fauna -
The Harp Seal
or Saddleback seal
is a species of earless seal
native to the northernmost Atlantic Ocean
and adjacent parts of the Arctic Ocean
. Officially Pagophilus groenlandicus
, which means ice-lover from Greenland, it has a synonym Phoca groenlandica
or Greenland seal. It can also be found in Canada It is also known as the Greenland seal
Females mature sexually at age 5–6. Annually thereafter they bear one pup, usually in late February. The fertilized egg grows into a spherical embryo that implants in the uterus only after 3 or so months, to allow birth to take place while sufficient pack ice is available. Newborn pups weight around 11 kilograms (24 lb) and are 80–85 centimetres (31–33 in) long. After birth, the mother only feeds that pup. During the 12-day nursing period, the mother does not eat, losing up to 3 kilograms (6.6 lb) per day. All three populations are hunted commercially, mainly by Canada, Norway, Russia and Greenland.
Selected picture -
Did you know? -
Selected National Park -
Cape Breton Highlands National Park (Parc national des Hautes-Terres-du-Cap-Breton)
is located on northern Cape Breton Island
in the province of Nova Scotia
. One-third of the Cabot Trail
passes through the park featuring spectacular ocean and mountain views. The park was the first National Park
in the Atlantic provinces of Canada
and covers an area of 950 km². It is one of 42 in Canada's system of national parks - areas that are protected on behalf of all Canadians, for all time.
At the western entrance of the park is the Acadian village of Chéticamp on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and a park information centre. On the eastern side of the park are the beaches at Ingonish on the Atlantic Ocean. In between are mountains, valleys, forests, waterfalls, rocky coastlines and a tundra-like plateau known as the Cape Breton Highlands.
Park wildlife includes moose, black bears, coyotes, and bald eagles. Whales and Northern Gannets can often be seen from the park's coastal hiking trails, e.g. the Skyline Trail. The park's forests provide habitat for the uncommon Bicknell's Thrush. The Gaspé Shrew, the local name for a smallish variety of the Long-tailed Shrew, Sorex dispar, can be found on rocky slopes in the park.
Selected flora -
, False Solomon's Seal
, Solomon's plume
or False Spikenard
; syn. Smilacina racemosa
) is a species of flowering plant
in the family Ruscaceae
, native to North America
It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant growing to 50-90 cm tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves 7-15 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The flowers are produced on a 10-15 cm panicle, each flower with six white tepals 3-6 mm long blooming in late spring. The plants produce green fruits that are round and turn red in late summer. It grows in bicoastal habitats in North America up to elevations of 7,000 feet. The most robust and profuse occurrences of this plant are typically found in partial shade and deep, moist, soft soils.
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Thu, 19 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800
When writer Peter C. Newman charted the geography of Canada's business establishment 40 years ago, he uncovered a cloistered world of elite clubs, elegant mansions and ranches—hushed spaces to which the grocery, mining and industrial magnates ...
The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 18:52:30 -0700
Canada does not have one national election. Practically, Canada has five regional elections on the same day, producing a parliament and government. Although there are local variations – rural versus urban, northern versus southern – common elements ...
Hill Times (subscription)
Tue, 03 Nov 2015 15:20:28 -0800
The F-35, because of its flight duration limitations and single engine operations, will of necessity be hampered in operations over the geography of Canada. Evan the forerunner F-22 entered service with many of its parts being custom fabricated and ...
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 11:42:22 -0700
... I think that's when we're going to have to look at what some solutions are," he said, noting that the Netherlands has a mobile clinic that goes from community to community to provide assisted dying. "The geography of Canada obviously is somewhat ...
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 04:42:45 -0700
T-Mobile CEO John Legere had another good quarter of subscriber growth. Sarah Tew/CNET. T-Mobile has shown it can win over customers at an impressive rate. Now it needs to prove it can consistently make money doing so. If the second quarter's results ...
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 13:41:38 -0800
ComScore measures internet usage through monitoring online habits from a panel of two million internet users who agree to have their online browsing tracked with cookies and other tools. The panel is representative by both age and geography of Canada's ...
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 13:15:00 -0700
“My geography of Canada wouldn't be that great,” says the native of Tipperary, Ireland. In the great scheme of things, geography really does not matter. As long as Ryan and his teammates arrive in the northern Alberta town in time for kick-off Sunday ...
Winnipeg Free Press
Winnipeg Free Press
Sat, 05 Sep 2015 01:04:48 -0700
In his "retirement," Gibson has penned a literary geography of Canada, an enjoyable stream of stories that traverse the country. This memoir grew from a stage play Gibson created about his career in publishing. Based on an earlier memoir, Stories About ...
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