The Geography of Canada Portal
Geography by province and territory
The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia. Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.
The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.
The fauna of Canada is considered to be diverse across Canada, ranging from lush forests of British Columbia, to the prairies of Western Canada, to the tundra of the Northern Canada. With a large land mass, and small population density, the wildlands of Canada provide important habitat for many animals, both endangered and not. Canada is home to approximately 70 000 known species of plants and animals - and perhaps many more that have yet to be discovered.
Selected article -
The Niagara Falls
are voluminous waterfalls
on the Niagara River
, straddling the international border
between the Canadian province
and the U.S. state
of New York
. The falls are 17 miles (27 km) north-northwest of Buffalo, New York
and 75 miles (120 km) south-southeast of Toronto, Ontario
, between the twin cities
of Niagara Falls, Ontario
, and Niagara Falls, New York
Niagara Falls is composed of two major sections separated by Goat Island: Horseshoe Falls, the majority of which lies on the Canadian side of the border, and American Falls on the American side. The smaller Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the main falls by Luna Island.
The Niagara Falls are renowned both for their beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. Managing the balance between recreational, commercial, and industrial uses has been a challenge for the stewards of the falls since the 1800s.
Selected region -
The Canadian Prairies
is a region
, specifically in western Canada
, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political. Notably, the Prairie provinces
or simply the Prairies
comprise the provinces
, and Manitoba
, as they are much covered by prairie
The word prairie usually refers to a type of grassland, and true prairies occur only in the southern reaches of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Contrasted to this are other biomes such as the boreal forest taking up the majority of the Prairie Provinces, or the aspen parkland. However "the prairie" may also refer to all of the Interior Plains region within Canada, in contrast with the Rocky Mountains and Canadian Shield, and is a continuation of the Great Plains region of the United States.
In a more restricted sense, the term may also refer to the areas of those provinces covered by prairie. Prairie also covers portions of northeastern British Columbia, though that province is typically not included in the region in a political sense.
Selected fauna -
The Canada Goose
) is a wild goose
belonging to the genus Branta
, which is native to arctic and temperate regions of North America
, having a black head and neck, white patches on the face, and a brownish-gray body. It is often called the Canadian Goose
, but that name is not the ornithological standard, or the most common name.
The black head and neck with white "chinstrap" distinguish the Canada Goose from all other goose species, with the exception of the Barnacle Goose, but the latter has a black breast, and also grey, rather than brownish, body plumage.
There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada Geese. Some of the smaller races can be hard to distinguish from the newly-separated Cackling Goose.
Selected picture -
Did you know? -
Selected National Park -
Pingo National Landmark
Pingos in Pingo National Landmark
is a natural area protecting eight pingos
, Northwest Territories
. It is in a coastal region of the Arctic Ocean
which contains approximately 1,350 Arctic ice dome hills—approximately one quarter of the world's pingos.
The Landmark comprises an area roughly 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi), just 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Tuktoyaktuk, and includes Ibyuk pingo, Canada's highest (and the world's second-highest), at 49 m (161 ft). The Landmark is managed by Parks Canada under the National Parks Act. Although a nationwide Landmarks program was envisioned at its creation, Pingo remains the country's only National Landmark.
In a region near the Beaufort Sea which is quite flat, pingos dominate the skyline, rising from 5 to 36 m (16 to 118 ft), in various stages of growth and collapse. Ibyuk pingo, the highest, continues to grow about 2 cm (0.79 in) per year, and is estimated to be at least 1,000 years old. Unique to areas of permafrost, pingos have formed here thanks to numerous lakes in the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula.
Selected flora -
) is a species of maple
native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America
, from Nova Scotia
west to southern Ontario
, and south to Georgia
It is a deciduous tree normally reaching heights of 25–35 m (82–115 ft) tall, and exceptionally up to 45 m (150 feet). A 10-year-old tree is typically about 5 m (15 ft) tall. The leaves are deciduous, 8–15 cm long and equally wide with five palmate lobes. The basal lobes are relatively small, while the upper lobes are larger and deeply notched. In contrast with the angular notching of the Silver Maple, however, the notches tend to be rounded at their interior.
Geography of Canada category
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Selected panoramic picture -
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject:
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 21:18:45 -0700
Canada's Men's and Women's soccer teams tend to fly under the radar. The lack of success of the Men's team and the popularity of soccer in relation to other sports in Canada means that these teams that represent us spend little time in the limelight ...
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 13:41:38 -0800
ComScore measures internet usage through monitoring online habits from a panel of two million internet users who agree to have their online browsing tracked with cookies and other tools. The panel is representative by both age and geography of Canada's ...
Marketwired (press release)
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 18:48:45 -0800
TORONTO, ON--(Marketwired - March 04, 2015) - The Royal Canadian Geographical Society announced today that 220 people have been awarded the Erebus Medal, a special one-time honour commemorating the find of one of the lost ships of the British ...
Glasgow Evening Times
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 04:07:14 -0700
"I'm now developing two projects - one in 2016, under the working title The North, which talks about the geography of Canada, Scotland and the European north, and the other in 2017, with the working title The South, which is looking at the global south.".
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 22:00:45 -0800
Director and cinematographer Sean Thonson has just released "The Wild Within," new work for Destination British Columbia showcasing the incredibly diverse and beautiful geography of Canada's westernmost province. That moving view from the high ...
Glasgow Evening Times
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 21:09:02 -0700
I'm now developing two projects - one in 2016, under the working title The North, which talks about the geography of Canada, Scotland and the European north, and the other in 2017, with the working title The South, which is looking at the global south.".
Canadian Lawyer Magazine
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 05:00:56 -0800
Lakehead University in Thunder Bay and TRU “are the two real exceptions, speaking to the bulk of the geography of Canada outside those main centres,” he says. “If we look at the legal profession demographically, it has grown significantly over the past ...
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 06:37:30 -0800
But the geography of Canada's stories is not fully mapped, and the maps will never be static. Because stories are ways of being, of knowing, and of relating. They converge, and the points of convergence are powerful. They diverge, and the points of ...
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