digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Geography of Canada Portal
This is a sister portal of the Canada Portal

Introduction

Geography by province and territory

The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia. Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.

The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.

The fauna of Canada is considered to be diverse across Canada, ranging from lush forests of British Columbia, to the prairies of Western Canada, to the tundra of the Northern Canada. With a large land mass, and small population density, the wildlands of Canada provide important habitat for many animals, both endangered and not. Canada is home to approximately 70 000 known species of plants and animals - and perhaps many more that have yet to be discovered.

Canada flag map.svg More about...Canadian geography, its flora and fauna

Selected article - show another

Recently erupted pahoehoe lava flow at the Blue River
Volcanism of Canada has produced lava flows, lava plateaus, lava domes, cinder cones, stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes, submarine volcanoes, calderas, diatremes, and maars, along with examples of more less common volcanic forms such as tuyas and subglacial mounds. It has a very complex volcanological history spanning from the Precambrian period at least 6,000years ago when this part of the North American continent began to form.

Although the country's volcanic activity dates back to the Precambrian period, volcanism continues to occur in Western and Northern Canada where it forms part of an encircling chain of volcanoes and frequent earthquakes around the Pacific Ocean called the Pacific Ring of Fire. Volcanic activity has been responsible for many of Canada's geological and geographical features and mineralization, including the nucleus of North America called the Canadian Shield.

Read more...

Selected region - show another

Qijuttaaqanngittuq Valley 1 1997-08-07.jpg
The Arctic Cordillera is a vast, deeply dissected chain of mountain ranges extending along the northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula in northern Labrador and northern Quebec, Canada. It spans most of the eastern coast of Nunavut with high glaciated peaks rising through icefields and some of Canada's largest ice caps, including the Penny Ice Cap on Baffin Island. It is bounded to the east by Baffin Bay, Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea while its northern portion is bounded by the Arctic Ocean.

The range is mostly located in Nunavut but extends southeast into the northernmost tip of Labrador and northeastern Quebec. The system is divided into a series of ranges, with mountains reaching heights more than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The highest of the group is Barbeau Peak on Ellesmere Island at 2,616 m (8,583 ft), which is the highest point in eastern North America. The system is also one of Canada's three mountain systems, the others being the Western Cordillera of Western Canada and the Canadian extension of the Appalachian Mountains into the Gaspe Peninsula and Atlantic Provinces.

Read more...

Selected fauna - show another

Caribou from Wagon Trails.jpg
Barren-ground Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) is a subspecies of the caribou that is found mainly in the Canadian territories Nunavut and the Northwest Territories and western Greenland. On the mainland of Canada, the animals may travel in herds of several thousand but on the islands, they move in smaller groups (no more than 50).

It sometimes includes the similar porcupine caribou, in which case the barren-ground caribou also is found in Alaska. It is a medium sized caribou with the females weighing around 90 kilograms (200 lb) and the males around 150 kilograms (330 lb).

Like the Peary Caribou, both the males and females have antlers. In general, during the summer, the coat of the caribou is brown, and much lighter in the winter. The neck and rump tends towards a creamy-white colour. However, the general colouration may differ depending on the region.

Read more..

Selected picture - show another

Great Lakes from space.jpg
View of the Great Lakes from space.

Did you know? - show another

Selected National Park - show another

NLW GrosMorne4 tango7174.jpg
Gros Morne National Park is a world heritage site located on the west coast of Newfoundland. At 1,805 km2 (697 sq mi), it is the second largest national park in Atlantic Canada (surpassed by Torngat Mountains National Park at 9,600 km2 or 3,700 sq mi).

The park takes its name from Newfoundland's second-highest mountain peak (at 2,644 ft/806 m) located within the park. Its French meaning is "large mountain standing alone," or more literally "great sombre." Gros Morne is a member of the Long Range Mountains, an outlying range of the Appalachian Mountains, stretching the length of the island's west coast. It is the eroded remnants of a mountain range formed 1.2 billion years ago. "The park provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth's mantle lie exposed."

The Gros Morne National Park Reserve was established in 1973. It wasn't until October 1, 2005 that the National Parks Act was applied to the reserve, thereby making it a Canadian National Park.

Read more...

Selected flora - show another

Acer saccharum.jpg
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and south to Georgia and Texas.

It is a deciduous tree normally reaching heights of 25–35 m (82–115 ft) tall, and exceptionally up to 45 m (150 feet). A 10-year-old tree is typically about 5 m (15 ft) tall. The leaves are deciduous, 8–15 cm long and equally wide with five palmate lobes. The basal lobes are relatively small, while the upper lobes are larger and deeply notched. In contrast with the angular notching of the Silver Maple, however, the notches tend to be rounded at their interior.

Read more..

Geography of Canada category

To display all subcategories click on the ►

Selected panoramic picture - show another

ParadiseMineTrail.jpg
View from the top of "Paradise Mines Trail" just outside Surrey-Panorama

Topics

In the news

Wikinews Canada title.png

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database
Purge server cache

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Geography_of_Canada — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

845 news items

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 13:11:17 -0800

ComScore measures internet usage through monitoring online habits from a panel of two million internet users who agree to have their online browsing tracked with cookies and other tools. The panel is representative by both age and geography of Canada's ...
 
DigitalJournal.com
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 10:33:45 -0800

Each year, the Massey Medal is awarded in recognition of outstanding career achievement in the exploration, development or description of the geography of Canada. Awarded for the first time in 1959 by then-Governor General Vincent Massey, the medal is ...
 
Pleasanton Express
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:58:39 -0800

... meeting at the Charlotte State Bank October 3, elected Delegates to a drive-in conference, agreed on a gift to the Mercy Hospital fundraising campaign, chose a nominating committee, and received an excellent review in the geography of Canada. 20 ...

Straight.com

Straight.com
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 11:00:00 -0700

Plus, the geography of Canada is so varied, with such extremes, that buyers tend to gravitate to more traditional “proven” automobiles. The Ford F-150, for example, has been the best-selling vehicle in Canada for decades. Unsurprisingly, the Toyota ...
 
TheChronicleHerald.ca
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 07:31:22 -0700

The Nature Conservancy of Canada has protected two major ecologically sensitive areas on the Eastern Shore. The sites, both in Halifax Regional Municipality, include a 188-hectare area at Fishing Lake and a 34-hectare property called Youngs Island.
 
TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 13:48:45 -0700

TORONTO — In a country the size of Canada, there is no shortage of places to visit, ranging from don't bother to don't miss. But which ones are the best? Aaron Kylie, editor of Canadian Geographic magazine, takes a stab at answering that question with ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca

TheChronicleHerald.ca
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 12:49:04 -0700

Geography of Canada · Harper · Jim Balsillie · News Columns · Physical geography · Political geography · Prime Minister · Stephen Harper · Stephen Harper · Territorial claims in the Arctic · Tim Harper. Videos. All videos. Latest; Editor's picks; Most ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 07:44:56 -0700

Nova Scotia is one step closer to connecting the power of the Bay of Fundy tides with the grid. The Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy announced it successfully installed the second of four underwater cables in the Minas Passage on Sunday.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight