digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Geography of Canada Portal
This is a sister portal of the Canada Portal

Introduction

Geography by province and territory

The geography of Canada is vast and diverse. Occupying most of the northern portion of North America (41% of the continent), Canada is the world's second largest country in total area after Russia. Canada spans an immense territory between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska), and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Greenland is to the northeast. Off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60°W and 141°W longitude to the North Pole; however, this claim is contested. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.

The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of the Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.

The fauna of Canada is considered to be diverse across Canada, ranging from lush forests of British Columbia, to the prairies of Western Canada, to the tundra of the Northern Canada. With a large land mass, and small population density, the wildlands of Canada provide important habitat for many animals, both endangered and not. Canada is home to approximately 70 000 known species of plants and animals - and perhaps many more that have yet to be discovered.

Canada flag map.svg More about...Canadian geography, its flora and fauna

Selected article - show another

Recently erupted pahoehoe lava flow at the Blue River
Volcanism of Canada has produced lava flows, lava plateaus, lava domes, cinder cones, stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes, submarine volcanoes, calderas, diatremes, and maars, along with examples of more less common volcanic forms such as tuyas and subglacial mounds. It has a very complex volcanological history spanning from the Precambrian period at least 6,000years ago when this part of the North American continent began to form.

Although the country's volcanic activity dates back to the Precambrian period, volcanism continues to occur in Western and Northern Canada where it forms part of an encircling chain of volcanoes and frequent earthquakes around the Pacific Ocean called the Pacific Ring of Fire. Volcanic activity has been responsible for many of Canada's geological and geographical features and mineralization, including the nucleus of North America called the Canadian Shield.

Read more...

Selected region - show another

Qijuttaaqanngittuq Valley 1 1997-08-07.jpg
The Arctic Cordillera is a vast, deeply dissected chain of mountain ranges extending along the northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula in northern Labrador and northern Quebec, Canada. It spans most of the eastern coast of Nunavut with high glaciated peaks rising through icefields and some of Canada's largest ice caps, including the Penny Ice Cap on Baffin Island. It is bounded to the east by Baffin Bay, Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea while its northern portion is bounded by the Arctic Ocean.

The range is mostly located in Nunavut but extends southeast into the northernmost tip of Labrador and northeastern Quebec. The system is divided into a series of ranges, with mountains reaching heights more than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The highest of the group is Barbeau Peak on Ellesmere Island at 2,616 m (8,583 ft), which is the highest point in eastern North America. The system is also one of Canada's three mountain systems, the others being the Western Cordillera of Western Canada and the Canadian extension of the Appalachian Mountains into the Gaspe Peninsula and Atlantic Provinces.

Read more...

Selected fauna - show another

Caribou from Wagon Trails.jpg
Barren-ground Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) is a subspecies of the caribou that is found mainly in the Canadian territories Nunavut and the Northwest Territories and western Greenland. On the mainland of Canada, the animals may travel in herds of several thousand but on the islands, they move in smaller groups (no more than 50).

It sometimes includes the similar porcupine caribou, in which case the barren-ground caribou also is found in Alaska. It is a medium sized caribou with the females weighing around 90 kilograms (200 lb) and the males around 150 kilograms (330 lb).

Like the Peary Caribou, both the males and females have antlers. In general, during the summer, the coat of the caribou is brown, and much lighter in the winter. The neck and rump tends towards a creamy-white colour. However, the general colouration may differ depending on the region.

Read more..

Selected picture - show another

NLW BonneBay4 tango7174.jpg
Rocky Harbour, Bonne Bay, Western Newfoundland, Canada.

Did you know? - show another

Selected National Park - show another

Pingos in Pingo National Landmark
Pingo National Landmark is a natural area protecting eight pingos near Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories. It is in a coastal region of the Arctic Ocean which contains approximately 1,350 Arctic ice dome hills—approximately one quarter of the world's pingos.

The Landmark comprises an area roughly 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi), just 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Tuktoyaktuk, and includes Ibyuk pingo, Canada's highest (and the world's second-highest), at 49 m (161 ft). The Landmark is managed by Parks Canada under the National Parks Act. Although a nationwide Landmarks program was envisioned at its creation, Pingo remains the country's only National Landmark.

In a region near the Beaufort Sea which is quite flat, pingos dominate the skyline, rising from 5 to 36 m (16 to 118 ft), in various stages of growth and collapse. Ibyuk pingo, the highest, continues to grow about 2 cm (0.79 in) per year, and is estimated to be at least 1,000 years old. Unique to areas of permafrost, pingos have formed here thanks to numerous lakes in the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula.

Read more...

Selected flora - show another

Nelumbo lutea blossom.jpeg
Nelumbo lutea is a species of flowering plant of the order Proteales that is native to North America. - American Lotus, Yellow Lotus, and Water-chinquapin.

Like the Asian species Nelumbo nucifera, the Lotus is an emergent aquatic plant. It grows in lakes and swamps, as well as areas subject to flooding. The roots are anchored in the mud, but the leaves and flowers emerge above the water's surface. The petioles of the leaves may extend as much as 2 m (6.6 ft) and end in a round leaf blade 33–43 cm (13–17 in) in diameter. Mature plants range in height from 0.8 to 1.5 m (2.6 to 4.9 ft).

Read more..

Geography of Canada category

To display all subcategories click on the ►

Selected panoramic picture - show another

ParadiseMineTrail.jpg
View from the top of "Paradise Mines Trail" just outside Surrey-Panorama

Topics

In the news

Wikinews Canada title.png

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database
Purge server cache

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Geography_of_Canada — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
415994 videos foundNext > 

Geography of Canada

Kineticvideo.com - Canada-for-children-geography-14274-i.mp4

For some reason, Canadian students seem to be almost completely oblivious to the violent, harsh, interesting and exciting realities that make up the country'...

Canada's Geographic Challenge

Stratfor explains Canada's primary geographic challenge of unifying its dispersed population across its vast territory. For more analysis, visit: http://www....

Introduction to Canada

Quick tour of Canada from coast to coast. Can buy the DVD or Bluray from Variety Sales: http://www.varietysales.ca/purchase.html.

Canada Geography Review

A review of geography standard of Canada.

Wild Alaska HD (National Geographic) Documentary

Wild Alaska HD (National Geographic) Documentary Wild Alaska National Geographic Wild Alaska Documentary National Geographic Wild Alaska Wild Alaska Life Of ...

5 1 Canada's Physical Geography

Geography of Canada -FSX HD Film

Geography of Canada, the Great Canadian Ecozone Journey, A FSX HD Film.

The Provinces (and Territories) of Canada

A song for children showing the 10 provinces and 3 territories that make up the confederation of Canada. Written and performed by kidslove2learn. © 2012 Soun...

Canadian Geography Trailer CGC 1D

This course explores Canada's distinct and changing character and the geographic systems and relationships that shape it. Students will investigate the inter...

415994 videos foundNext > 

692 news items

rabble.ca

rabble.ca
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 06:37:30 -0800

But the geography of Canada's stories is not fully mapped, and the maps will never be static. Because stories are ways of being, of knowing, and of relating. They converge, and the points of convergence are powerful. They diverge, and the points of ...
 
Canadian Lawyer Magazine
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 05:00:56 -0800

Lakehead University in Thunder Bay and TRU “are the two real exceptions, speaking to the bulk of the geography of Canada outside those main centres,” he says. “If we look at the legal profession demographically, it has grown significantly over the past ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 13:41:38 -0800

ComScore measures internet usage through monitoring online habits from a panel of two million internet users who agree to have their online browsing tracked with cookies and other tools. The panel is representative by both age and geography of Canada's ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 18:26:15 -0800

A coalition of north-end Halifax community groups wants Canada's highest court to rule on the disposition of the St. Patrick's-Alexandra School site. In a news release Friday night, the North Central Community Council announced it has filed a leave to ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 12:22:16 -0800

A five-storey residential and commercial complex may soon be built on a long-vacant lot on Chebucto Road in Halifax. Banc Developments Ltd. wants to begin construction as soon as possible at the former service station location, company president Besim ...
 
TheChronicleHerald.ca
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 07:31:22 -0700

The Nature Conservancy of Canada has protected two major ecologically sensitive areas on the Eastern Shore. The sites, both in Halifax Regional Municipality, include a 188-hectare area at Fishing Lake and a 34-hectare property called Youngs Island.

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:42:59 -0800

The scent of new leather is noticeable in the air at the Kellys Luggage shop in Halifax. But store staff have long since stopped being able to pick up the scent. “I don't smell it any longer,” said Kellys vice-president Brian Hobrecker. “But people ...

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)

TheChronicleHerald.ca (registration)
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 08:10:44 -0800

A Halifax developer has lost its bid to get a court ruling saying the province broke its own laws by agreeing to fast-track the $500-million Nova Centre. Judge Frank Edwards of Nova Scotia Supreme Court rejected the application by the Thiel Group of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight