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England ( /ˈɪŋɡlənd/ (help·info)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its mainland is on the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic. England shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; and adjoins the Irish Sea to the north-west, the Celtic Sea to the south-west and the North Sea to the east. The English Channel separates it from continental Europe. In addition to the mainland, England includes over 100 smaller islands, including the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. England's population is about 51 million, around 84% of the United Kingdom.
England has been settled by humans of various cultures for over 29,000 years but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled Great Britain during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in AD 927 and after the Age of Discovery has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. England was where the English language, the Anglican Church and English law, which forms the basis of the common law legal systems of countries around the world, developed. The innovations that came from England have been widely adopted by other nations, such as its parliamentary system, which is the world's oldest. During the 18th century England underwent the Industrial Revolution and became the first country in the world to industrialise. Its Royal Society laid the foundations of modern experimental science.
Most of England is lowland but there are upland regions in the north (such as the Lake District, Pennines and Yorkshire Moors) and in the south and south west (such as Dartmoor, the Cotswolds, and the North and South Downs). London, a global city and England's capital, is the largest metropolian area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. The population of England is concentrated in London and the South East, as well as the conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East and Yorkshire, which developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.
The Kingdom of England (which included Wales) was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707 when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year and resulted in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland that created the united Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1800 Great Britain was united with Ireland through another Act of Union 1800 to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State was established as a separate dominion but the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927 reincorporated into the kingdom six Irish counties to officially create the current United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Manchester i/ˈmæntʃɛstər/ is a city and metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. Manchester was granted city status in 1853. It has a population of 452,000, and lies at the centre of the wider Greater Manchester Urban Area, which has a population of 2,240,230, the United Kingdom's third largest conurbation. Manchester has the second largest urban zone in the UK and the fourteenth most populous in Europe.
Forming part of the English Core Cities Group, often described as the second city of the UK, and the "Capital of the North", Manchester today is a centre of the arts, the media, higher education and commerce. In a poll of British business leaders published in 2006, Manchester was regarded as the best place in the UK to locate a business. A report commissioned by Manchester Partnership, published in 2007, showed Manchester to be the "fastest-growing city" economically. It is the third most visited city in the United Kingdom by foreign visitors. Manchester was the host of the 2002 Commonwealth Games, and among its other sporting connections are its two Premier League football teams, Manchester United and Manchester City.
(née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin
; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist
, short story
writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer
, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus
(1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet
and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley
. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin
, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft
After Mary Godwin's mother died giving birth to her, she and her older half-sister, Fanny Imlay, were raised by her father. When Mary was three, Godwin married his neighbour, Mary Jane Clairmont. Godwin provided his daughter with a rich, if informal, education, encouraging her to adhere to his liberal political theories. In 1814, Mary Godwin fell in love with one of her father’s political followers, the married Percy Bysshe Shelley. Together with Mary's stepsister, Claire Clairmont, they left for France and travelled through Europe; upon their return to England, Mary was pregnant. Over the next two years, she and Percy faced ostracism, constant debt, and the death of their prematurely born daughter. They married in late 1816 after the suicide of Percy Shelley's first wife, Harriet.
- ...that the HMS Queen (1902) was fitted with Babcock and Wilcox cylindrical boilers due to service problems with the water service boilers?
- ...that the Charter Roll is the administrative record created by the medieval office of the chancery that recorded all the charters issued by the chancery?
- ...that Canterbury in eastern Kent was abandoned at the end of the Roman period, but was resettled by the Saxons?
- ...that English singer-songwriter Robbie Williams has sold more albums in the United Kingdom than any other British solo artist in history?
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||An Englishman, even if he is alone, forms an orderly queue of one.
- — George Mikes
Thu, 23 May 2013 06:55:45 -0700
Vettori would have become New Zealand's most-capped Test player had he been involved but they will have to do without his great reservoir of experience - not to mention his great beard - as they seek a first Test win in England since 1999 that would ...
Thu, 23 May 2013 06:07:53 -0700
The England manager, Roy Hodgson, says doing so could damage their reputation across the country according to The Evening Standard. The friendly at Wembley next Wednesday will be the first meeting between the sides since February 1995, when a ...
Thu, 23 May 2013 06:54:19 -0700
England captain Alastair Cook expects a close-fought second Test, despite England's 170-run victory at Lord's. England skittled New Zealand for just 68 on Sunday to win comfortably, despite having carried over only a 25-run lead from the first innings.
Thu, 23 May 2013 05:27:11 -0700
Vettori, a 112-Test veteran, has been sidelined for almost a year due to an Achilles injury and was due to make his comeback in the one-day series against England that follows the Tests. After making good progress in his recovery he joined up early and ...
Wed, 22 May 2013 23:54:59 -0700
Which rather creates the impression that the seemingly dire warnings of the Bank of England and its soon-to-retire governor, Sir Mervyn King, about the capital shortages in UK banks were either a bit overdone or haven't been followed through effectively.
Wed, 22 May 2013 20:15:25 -0700
It is 100 years since the British state began officially collecting historic buildings and sites - and opening them up to the public. The acquisition of hundreds of places saw the creation of what was, in effect, an outdoor museum of national history ...
Thu, 23 May 2013 09:51:42 -0700
Cook said he had every faith that Root, Compton, along with Jonny Bairstow, can prosper as England seek to regain their world No 1 test ranking despite failing to convince in the drawn series in New Zealand, and for much of the opening test against the ...
Thu, 23 May 2013 06:30:45 -0700
England could be awarded five spots in the Champions League from 2015. England could be awarded up to five Champions League places from 2015 after Uefa handed the Europa League winners a spot in the elite competition and scrapped the rule that ...
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