The city was established in the 17th century by the British, who developed it into a major urban centre and naval base. By the 20th century, it had become an important administrative centre, as the capital of the Madras Presidency.
Jade Cargo's Boeing 747-400F departing from Chennai Airport
Chennai International Airport, formerly Madras Airport, is the primary airport serving the southern Indian metropolis of Chennai. It is the third busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. The airport is spread across the suburban areas of Meenambakkam, Pallavaram and Tirusulam with passenger entry at Tirusulam and cargo entry at Meenambakkam. It is the first airport in India to have international and domestic terminals adjacent to each other. The airport is the regional headquarters of the Airports Authority of India for the southern region of India comprising the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala and the union territories of Puducherry and Lakshadweep. As of 2012, the airport handles 13.5 million passengers annually and about 325 aircraft movements a day.