digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology


Emblem of the Papacy SE.svgCatholicism PortalPope Francis in March 2013 (cropped).jpg
Main page   Pontifex Maximus   The town and the world

The dome of St. Peter's Basilica.

Catholicism is the entirety of the beliefs and practices of the Western and Eastern Churches that are in full communion with the pope as the Bishop of Rome and successor of Saint Peter the Apostle, united as the Catholic Church.

The first known written use of "Catholic Church" appears in a letter by St.Ignatius of Antioch about A.D. 107 to the church of Smyrna, whose bishop, Polycarp, visited Ignatius during his journey to Rome as a prisoner: in his letter to Smyrna, Ignatius wrote, "Let no man do anything connected with the Church without the bishop. Let that be deemed a proper Eucharist, which is [administered] either by the bishop, or by one to whom he has entrusted it. Wherever the bishop shall appear, there let the multitude [of the people] also be; even as, wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic Church." (Letter to the Smyrnaeans, 8) His use of "Catholic Church" suggests that it was already in current use, for he sees no need to explain himself and uses the expression as one already known to his readers. It gives expression to St. Paul's teaching that all baptized in Christ are one body in Christ (Gal.3:28; Eph.4:3-6, 12-16). Dissenting groups breaking away from this universal unity were already known to the Apostles: in his letters Paul refers to the "Judaizers" (those requiring observance of the Jewish Law), and in his Book of Revelation St. John calls them "Nicolaitans". It is a small step for those faithful to the teaching of the Apostles to identify themselves as the Catholic Church ("the one Church everywhere"), and not to include those dissenting and breaking away from unity with her.

The term Catholic Christianity entered into Roman law by force of edict under the Roman Emperor Theodosius on February 27 AD 380 in the Theodosian Code XVI.i.2: "It is our desire that all the various nations which are subject to our clemency and moderation, should continue the profession of that religion which was delivered to the Romans by the divine Apostle Peter, as it has been preserved by faithful tradition and which is now professed by the Pontiff Damasus and by Peter, Bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic holiness. According to the apostolic teaching and the doctrine of the Gospel, let us believe in the one Deity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, in equal majesty and in a holy Trinity. We authorize the followers of this law to assume the title Catholic Christians; but as for the others, since in our judgment they are foolish madmen, we decree that they shall be branded with the ignominious name of heretics, and shall not presume to give their conventicles the name of churches. They will suffer in the first place the chastisement of divine condemnation and the second the punishment of [as] our authority, in accordance with the will of heaven, shall decide to inflict."

[Extract of English translation from Henry Bettenson, ed., Documents of the Christian Church (London: Oxford University Press, 1943), p. 31, cited at Medieval Sourcebook: Theodosian Code XVI by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. Retrieved Jan 5, 2007. The full Latin text of the code is at IMPERATORIS THEODOSIANI CODEX Liber Decimus Sextus (170KB download), archived from George Mason University. Retrieved Jan 5, 2007.]

Portal Catholicism Article.gif
Selected article


Missionaries of Charity pray in their home for street children

The Roman Catholic Church in Afghanistan is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. There are very few Catholics in this overwhelmingly Islamic country - just over 100 attend mass in its only chapel - and freedom of religion has been difficult to obtain in recent times, especially under the former Taliban regime. On 16 May 2002, Pope John Paul II established a mission sui iuris for Afghanistan with Father Giuseppe Moretti as its first superior. The only Catholic church in the country is the chapel at the Italian embassy in Kabul. In 2004, the Missionaries of Charity arrived in Kabul to carry out humanitarian work. Legend from the apocryphal Gospel of Thomas and other ancient documents suggests that Saint Thomas preached in Bactria, which is today northern Afghanistan. The Nestorians planted Christianity in the area, and there have been 9 bishops and dioceses in the region, including Herat (424-1310), Farah (544-1057), Kandahar, and Balkh. This early establishment of the Church was overcome by Muslim invasions in the 7th century, though the territory was not substantially controlled by Muslims until the 9th and 10th centuries.
Read more...

Portal Catholicism Pictures.gif
Selected picture


Hans Holbein d. J. 065.jpg
Oil-on-panel portrait of Sir Thomas More by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527)
Thomas More was a lawyer and political figure in 16th century England, best remembered as Henry VIII's Lord Chancellor.

Portal Catholicism Biography.gif
Selected biography


Elias Zoghby (January 9, 1912 – January 16, 2008) was the Melkite Greek Catholic Archbishop of Baalbek and a leading advocate of Catholic-Orthodox ecumenism. He is best known for his ecumenical interventions during Vatican II and his 1995 Profession of Faith, known as the Zoghby Initiative, which attempted to re-establish communion between the Melkite Greek Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church while maintaining communion with the Roman Catholic Church. Zoghby's views on topics such as Catholic–Orthodox "double communion" and dissolution of marriage were controversial. Critics labeled him the enfant terrible of his church, while supporters lauded him as an energetic visionary who sought to re-unite the Eastern Churches. Elias Zoghby was born on January 9, 1912 in Cairo. His mother, Hanne Ishak Yared, was a Melkite Greek Catholic and his father, Abdallah Mikail Zoghby, was Antiochian Orthodox convert and former Maronite Catholic.
Read more...

Portal Catholicism DYK.gif
Did you know...


Church of St. Casimir the Prince

Portal Catholicism Saint.gif
Feast Day of August 22


SaintsymphorienIngres.jpg
According to a legend of the early fifth century, St. Symphorian of Autun was beheaded, while still a young man, during the reign of Marcus Aurelius. He was the son of a senator named Faustus. He studied at Autun and was brought before the provincial governor Heraclius for not worshipping the pagan goddess Cybele. Symphorian is said to have asked for tools to destroy the statue. He was arrested and flogged and because he was from a noble family, he was given a chance to recant. Symphorian was offered bribes to do so, but he declined.

His mother, the Blessed Augusta (?), encourged him on his way to execution, 22 August 178, and was present at her son's death.

According to a legendary passio of Saint Benignus of Dijon, Symphorian was a young nobleman who was converted by Benignus at Autun.

Bishop Euphronius (d. 490) built a handsome church over his grave, connected with a monastery, which belonged to the Congregation of Sainte-Geneviève from 1656 until its suppression in 1791. Abbot Germanus later became Bishop of Paris, where he dedicated a chapel to the saint. Genesius of Clermont built a church dedicated to him at Clermont.

St. Symphorian is the patron saint of Autun. His veneration spread at an early date through the empire of the Franks. His cult was especially popular at Tours; St. Gregory of Tours relates a miracle wrought by the saint.

There is a St. Symphorian's at Veryan, Cornwall and another at Durrington in Sussex, now a suburb of the town of Worthing.
Attributes: young man being dragged to martyrdom while his mother encourages him.
Patronage: Autun; children; students; against eye problems, against syphilis
Prayer:

Portal Catholism quote.jpg
Selected quote


Henry Cardinal Manning, Archbishop of Westminster
Praise consists in the love of God, in wonder at the goodness of God, in recognition of the gifts of God, in seeing God in all things He gives us, ay, and even in the things that He refuses to us; so as to see our whole life in the light of God; and seeing this, to bless Him, adore Him, and glorify Him.

Portal catholicsim news.gif


Portal Catholicism Topics.jpg
Topics


Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Catholicism — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
207408 videos foundNext > 

Catholicism | Have A Little Faith

Zach meets with Blythe and her five (adorable) children to talk about her family and and learn about Catholicism. He also meets a bunch of other young Cathol...

What Helps Protestants Convert to Catholicism? (#AskFrBarron)

Every day I welcome questions through Facebook and Twitter (using the #AskFrBarron hashtag) and through our blog at WordOnFire.org. Stay tuned for new answer...

HISTORY OF CATHOLICISM (part 1 of 2)

in english and with subtitles in english too.

Atheist blogger adopts Catholicism

CNN's Fredricka Whitfield speaks to a popular atheist blogger about her surprising conversion to Catholicism.

CATHOLICISM Faith Formation Part II

A preview of the CATHOLICISM series, including highlights from all 10 episodes and the complete Episode 6: "The Mystical Union of Christ and the Church." Ple...

Dr. Peter Kreeft's conversion to Catholicism from Protestantism (Full)

Dr. Peter Kreeft's conversion story from Protestantism to Catholicism. Note: Courtesy to bethanyduckworth the original owner of this video.

Sam Harris simply destroys catholicism

That's how to look at things as they really are.

The Misconceptions Used Against Catholicism

Michael Cumbie and Steve Ray are both former Baptist that converted to Catholicism. They share the misconceptions they held against Catholicism by: assuming ...

Schizophrenic Catholicism

Schizophrenic Catholicism is the rule today. {CHURCHMILITANT.TV} http://www.churchmilitant.tv/ {RETREAT AT SEA 2015 - CATHOLIC UPRISING} http://www.churchmil...

Is Roman Catholicism a cult? - Ravi Zacharias at Texas A&M's Veritas Forum

Dr. Ravi Zacharias answers the question, "Is Roman Catholicism another example of how unity does not equal uniformity within the Christian community or is it...

207408 videos foundNext > 

9677 news items

The Economist (blog)

The Economist (blog)
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 06:26:30 -0700

IS LIBERATION theology—an ideological movement that emerged in Latin America in the 1970s and sought to combine Catholicism with revolutionary socialism—making a comeback? Pope Francis has made at least two gestures this month which may lead ...

Aljazeera.com

Aljazeera.com
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 05:22:30 -0700

The number might be somewhat misleading since the actual influence of Catholicism in the country is much stronger than it might seem on the surface, as Catholics are overrepresented among the elite. Generally speaking, the higher one looks in Korea's ...

Vegas Seven

Vegas Seven
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 13:40:57 -0700

Another sign that summer is coming to a close: the year's final Movies in the Square. Town Square's free offering winds down with a showing of Disney's Planes at sundown. Be there or wait until the series returns in 2015. MyTownSquareLasVegas.com.
 
Catholic Herald Online
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 04:13:50 -0700

Lord Glasman's Hackney office overlooks the synagogue where his grandparents married. It's a mosque now but was “a huge, thriving shul [Jewish religious community]” up until about thirty years ago. Then the Jews left and “they all moved to the North ...

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 17:58:20 -0700

Japan's southern prefecture of Nagasaki became the center of Japanese Catholicism, and those who practiced the religion gradually grew in numbers. But in the first part of the 17th century, the Tokugawa shoguns banned Christianity and expelled all ...

Channel News Asia

Channel News Asia
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 22:48:45 -0700

When Catholicism was first introduced to Korea in the 18th century, it was seen as subversive and barbaric by Confucian scholars, and its followers were brutally persecuted. That period will provide a centrepiece for Pope Francis's visit when he ...

First Things

First Things
Sun, 03 Aug 2014 18:17:33 -0700

Anti-Catholicism was the driving force behind the Mexican-American War, argues John C. Pinheiro in his gripping new study. The evidence he carefully assembles suggests an even stronger point: that it was the defining attitude undergirding the early ...
 
Catholic Herald Online (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Catholic Herald View: Pope Francis has created an extraordinary opening for Catholicism in Asia. Francis seems to see the continent with a Catholic population of only three per cent as the spiritual battery that will power the Church. By Catholic ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Catholicism

You can talk about Catholicism with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!