Buddhism is a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (Pāli/Sanskrit "the awakened one"). Buddha who was born as a prince in Kapilvastu, in modern day Nepal, lived and taught in the northeastern Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by adherents as an awakened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end suffering, achieve nirvana, and escape what is seen as a cycle of suffering and rebirth. Two major branches of Buddhism are recognized: Theravada ("The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ("The Great Vehicle"). Theravada—the oldest surviving branch—has a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia, and Mahayana is found throughout East Asia and includes the traditions of Pure Land, Zen, Nichiren Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, Shingon, Tendai and Shinnyo-en. In some classifications Vajrayana, a subcategory of Mahayana, is recognized as a third branch. While Buddhism remains most popular within Asia, both branches are now found throughout the world. Various sources put the number of Buddhists in the world at between 230 million and 500 million, making it the world's fourth-largest religion.
The Double Seven Day scuffle
was a physical altercation on July 7, 1963 in Saigon
, South Vietnam
. The secret police of Ngo Dinh Nhu
—the brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem
—attacked a group of journalists from the United States who were covering Buddhist protests on the ninth anniversary of Diem's rise to power. Peter Arnett
of the Associated Press
(AP) was punched on the nose, but the quarrel quickly ended after David Halberstam
of The New York Times
, being much taller than Nhu's men, counterattacked and caused the secret police to retreat. Arnett and Browne were later accosted by police at their office and taken away for questioning on suspicion of attacking police officers. After their release, the journalists stormed the US embassy in Saigon
to complain about their treatment at the hands of Diem's officials and asked for US government protection. Their appeals were dismissed, as was a direct appeal to the White House
. Through the efforts of US Ambassador Frederick Nolting
, the assault charges laid against the journalists were subsequently dropped. Vietnamese Buddhists reacted to the incident by contending that Diem's men were planning to assassinate monks, while Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu
repeated earlier claims that the American government had been trying to overthrow her brother-in-law. Arnett's colleague, the Pulitzer Prize
-winning photographer Malcolm Browne
, took photographs of Arnett's bloodied face, which were published in newspapers worldwide. This drew further negative attention to the behaviour of the Diem regime amidst the backdrop of the Buddhist crisis
The Bhavacakra (Sanskrit, भवचक्र) or Wheel of Becoming (Tibetan srid.pa'i 'khor.lo) is a complex symbolic representation of saṃsāra in the form of a circle (mandala), used primarily in Tibetan Buddhism.
Thích Quảng Đức
(born Lâm Văn Tức
in 1897 – died June 11, 1963) was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk
who burned himself to death
at a busy Saigon road intersection
on June 11, 1963. Thích Quảng Đức was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by South Vietnam's Ngô Đình Diệm
administration. Photos of his self-immolation were circulated widely across the world and brought attention to the policies of the Diệm regime. Malcolm Browne
won a Pulitzer Prize
for his iconic photo of the monk's death, as did David Halberstam
for his written account. After his death, his body was re-cremated, but his heart
remained intact. This was interpreted as a symbol of compassion and led Buddhists to revere him as a bodhisattva
, heightening the impact of his death on the public psyche. Thích Quảng Đức's act increased international pressure on Diệm and led him to announce reforms with the intention of mollifying the Buddhists. However, the promised reforms were implemented either slowly or not at all, leading to a deterioration in the dispute. With protests continuing, the Special Forces
loyal to Diệm's brother, Ngô Ðình Nhu
, launched nationwide raids
on Buddhist pagodas
, seizing the holy heart and causing deaths and widespread damage. Several Buddhist monks followed Thích Quảng Đức's example and burned themselves to death. Eventually, an Army coup
toppled and killed Diệm
in November. The self-immolation is widely seen as the turning point of the Vietnamese Buddhist crisis
which led to the change in regime.
Buddha - A Documentary About Buddhism
This documentary is made by filmmaker David Grubin and narrated by Richard Gere. It tells the story of the Buddha's life, a journey especially relevant to ou...
Discovering Buddhism Module 1 - Mind and its Potential
Examine the mind and how it creates happiness and suffering. Learn to transform destructive thoughts and attitudes to create a positive and joyous mind! Foll...
Teaching of the Dalai Lama: Introduction to Buddhism
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Where Science and Buddhism Meet PART 1
Where Science and Buddhism Meet: Emptiness, Interconnectivity and the Nature of Reality Don't forget to "like" if you enjoy! :) Join the conversation here: h...
Alan Watts On Buddhism
Alan Watts speaking on Buddhism (from 'Buddhism: The Religion Of No Religion'). Musical backdrop: Quietman - Now And Zen, Rajesh Hardwani - Peace, Bombay Dub...
The Life of Buddha (BBC Documentary) + Eng Sub (HQ)
Download: http://www.mediafire.com/?gu7qbr35dabh3 The history of Buddhism is the story of one man's spiritual journey to Enlightenment, and of the teachings ...
Noah Levine on Buddhism
Following the trend of many self-destructive youths, Noah Levine's search for meaning first led him to punk rock, drugs, drinking and dissatisfaction. Luckil...
Everyman: Richard Gere's Buddhism Part 1
Everyman profile of actor and Buddhist Richard Gere from 2003. Narrated by Kate Hardie Directed by Asif Zubairy Features Susan Blakemore, Nicholas Vreeland a...
Buddhism - Introduction
A little video I made for a final project for a certain class. It's an introduction to Buddhism.
Burke Lecture: Buddhism in a Global Age of Technology
A distinguished scholar of Buddhism, Lewis Lancaster founded the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative to use the latest computer technology to map the spread...
Mon, 20 May 2013 02:51:26 -0700
In reality, “Western scholars would tell you that we don't even know the year in which the Buddha was born, much less the actual month and date,” José Ignacio Cabezón, professor of Tibetan Buddhism and Cultural Studies at the University of California ...
Wed, 22 May 2013 14:30:56 -0700
The most powerful single factor in the development of Sri Lanka has been Buddhism evidence of which is available through 2300 years of predominantly Buddhist governance. The status quo changed only with the arrival of Western colonials in 1505 ruling, ...
Mon, 20 May 2013 08:06:49 -0700
LUMBINI - Happy belated birthday, Buddha! The birthday of Prince Siddhartha Gautama is a holiday traditionally celebrated in Mahayana Buddhism on the 8th day of the 4th lunar month. This year it fell on May 17, and that got the peace and party started ...
Tue, 21 May 2013 18:53:05 -0700
I recently completed a three-week visit to Taiwan, a beautiful, sophisticated country full of compassionate, friendly, and very kind people. With Dr. Barbara Wright, the co-author of my latest book, “Dharma and the Metta Map,” we conducted six one and ...
SINHALAYA News Agency
SINHALAYA News Agency
Mon, 20 May 2013 14:29:32 -0700
buddhisms_gdfw4_58 No useful purpose is served by explaining to or arguing with those who depend exclusively on religious books and accept their words without question or without debate. No monotheistic religion respects the human mind. Spiritual ...
San Francisco Chronicle
Thu, 16 May 2013 17:05:01 -0700
“When I was asked to play an opening set of music for the talk by His Holiness, I wanted to do something special,” said Sisto, who has studied Buddhism and meditated for more than 40 years. He and Werner wrote an album's worth of original music ...
Wisconsin State Journal
Sun, 12 May 2013 04:02:32 -0700
1981: Conducts a Kalachakra initiation, one of Buddhism's most important ceremonies, at Deer Park Buddhist Center's original temple. It is the first time such a ceremony has been conducted in the West. 1989: Just days after receiving the Nobel Peace ...
Wed, 22 May 2013 19:58:03 -0700
The inauguration of the series of ceremonies conducted in commemoration of the 260th anniversary of restoring the Buddhist Higher Ordination from Thailand to Sri Lanka was held at the Kandy Sacred Tooth Relic Temple precincts today. That was under the ...
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