|Ancient Rome was a civilization which began as a small agricultural community on the Italian Peninsula in the 8th century BC. Rome became a large empire which straddled the Mediterranean Sea. In its twelve centuries of existence, Roman civilization was firstly a monarchy, then a republic that combined oligarchy and democracy, and finally became an autocratic empire. Through conquest and assimilation, it came to dominate Western Europe, the entire Mediterranean Basin including the Near East and North Africa, the Balkans, and the Black Sea.
The Roman empire went into decline in the 3rd century AD, and began to collapse in the 5th century AD. Plagued by internal instability and attacked by various migrating peoples, the western part of the empire, including Hispania, Gaul, and Italy, broke into independent kingdoms in the 5th century. The eastern part of the empire, governed from Constantinople, survived this crisis, and remained intact for another millennium, until its last remains were finally annexed by the emerging Ottoman Empire. This eastern, medieval stage of the Empire is usually referred to as the Byzantine Empire by historians.
Roman civilization was part of the period of classical antiquity, alongside ancient Greece—a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome made significant contributions to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology, and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a great influence on the world today.
|Read more about Ancient Rome...
In the Roman Republic, the dictator was an extraordinary magistrate with the absolute authority to perform tasks beyond the authority of the ordinary magistrate. The office was the single exception during the Republic to the principle of collegiality (under which every office was composed of more than one citizen). Dictators were appointed in order to wage war on a particular enemy, to settle a constitutional crisis, to conduct special religious functions, or to conduct certain types of election. Dictators were appointed by the consuls, who were authorised to do so by a senatus consultum (dictum) of the Roman Senate. The dictator was superior to all other magistracies in the republic, and had no legal responsibility for his actions. He was attended by 24 lictors, and could over-rule, depose from office, or put to death any other magistrate. Unlike all other magistracies (including the consulship), the dictator was not required to co-operate with the senate, and had the absolute power to put any citizen to death, and to create, change, or amend any law. The dictator was always attended by a Master of the Horse.
Photo credit: Howard Hudson
The Roman Forum (Latin: Forum Romanum) was a rectangular forum at the heart of the city of Ancient Rome. The Forum was used for military triumphs, elections, criminal trials, gladiatorial matches, and as a meeting- and business-place. The Forum survives today in ruins, and is the oldest structure in the modern city of Rome.
||[...] Caesar is a god in his own city. Outstanding in war or peace, it was not so much his wars that ended in great victories, or his actions at home, or his swiftly won fame, that set him among the stars, a fiery comet, as his descendant. There is no greater achievement among Caesar’s actions than that he stood father to our emperor. Is it a greater thing to have conquered the sea-going Britons; to have lead his victorious ships up the seven-mouthed flood of the papyrus-bearing Nile; to have brought the rebellious Numidians, under Juba of Cinyps, and Pontus, swollen with the name of Mithridates, under the people of Quirinus; to have earned many triumphs and celebrated few; than to have sponsored such a man, with whom, as ruler of all, you gods have richly favoured the human race? Therefore, in order for the emperor not to have been born of mortal seed, Caesar needed to be made a god. [...]
Augustus, his ‘son’, will ensure that he ascends to heaven as a god, and is worshipped in the temples. Augustus, as heir to his name, will carry the burden placed upon him alone, and will have us with him, in battle, as the most courageous avenger of his father’s murder. Under his command, the conquered walls of besieged Mutina will sue for peace; Pharsalia will know him; Macedonian Philippi twice flow with blood; and the one who holds Pompey’s great name, will be defeated in Sicilian waters; and a Roman general’s Egyptian consort, trusting, to her cost, in their marriage, will fall, her threat that our Capitol would bow to her city of Canopus, proved vain.
Why enumerate foreign countries or the nations living on either ocean shore? Wherever earth contains habitable land, it will be his: and even the sea will serve him!
- Nominate an engaging Selected articles for this portal.
- Suggest a unique or quality file to be a Selected picture.
- Add a fact which our readers would find interesting as a Did you know? entry.
- Nominate an interesting biography about an Ancient Roman to Selected biographies.
- Add relevant quotes about Rome or by a Roman to the Quotes section.
- Expand the Ancient Rome article with a referenced fact, or copy-edit the article prose to improve its quality.
Annia Galeria Faustina Minor (Minor
Latin for the younger
), Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger
) was a daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder
. She was a Roman Empress and wife to her maternal cousin Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
. She was the namesake of her mother. Faustina from her parent’s marriage was the youngest and the fourth child, second daughter and the only one who survived to adulthood from her siblings. She was born and raised in Rome
Her great uncle Roman Emperor Hadrian had arranged with her father for Faustina to marry Lucius Verus. On February 25 138, she was engaged to Lucius Verus. Verus’ father was Hadrian’s first adopted son and intended successor for the emperor’s throne. However when Verus’ father died, Hadrian adopted Faustina’s father as his second adopted son and eventually, he became Hadrian’s successor.
- ...That according to Suetonius, Caligula "often sent for men whom he had secretly killed, as though they were still alive, and remarked offhandedly a few days later that they must have committed suicide"?
- ...That Mark Antony, who avenged Julius Caesar, was killed by Julius Caesar's grand nephew (Octavian) Augustus Caesar?
- ...That Sulla's grave read No friend ever surpassed him in kindness, and no enemy in ill-doing?
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject:
Ancient Rome (1of8): The Rise of the Roman Empire
Two thousand years ago, one civilisation held the entire Western world in its grasp. From Northern Europe to Africa and the Middle East. It imposed laws, ideas ...
Ancient Rome - The Rise and Fall of an Empire ~ "Revolution" ~ [Documentary]
Rome was once a largely democratic society, with regular elections. This Republic lasted for 500 years, but then came Tiberius Gracchus. He believed in the ...
Seven Wonders of Ancient Rome
A glimpse of teenage life in ancient Rome - Ray Laurence
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/a-glimpse-of-teenage-life-in-ancient-rome-ray-laurence Welcome to the world of Lucius Popidius Secundus, a 17-year ...
Ancient Rome (8of8): Hidden History of Rome
If you thought you knew the ancient world, think again. Terry Jones brings the everyday details of the ancient Romans, bizarre, hilarious, or shocking, to life in ...
Top 10 Reasons Ancient Rome was a Perverts Paradise
Top 10 Reasons Ancient Rome was a Perverts Paradise We all know Rome was a weird place. After all, people went everywhere in togas, had sex with their ...
Ancient Rome (2of8): Legions of Conquest
In her early years Rome was a Democratic Republic, its military an army of Roman citizens. For centuries, it was the proud duty of every landowning Roman to ...
Ancient Rome - The Rise and Fall of an Empire ~ "Nero" - [Documentary]
Nero This programme focuses on Nero, charting his obsession with becoming a god, how his plans to turn Rome into a glorious city bankrupted the Empire, how ...
Ancient Rome (higher resolution)
A project between Khan Academy and Rome Reborn - with Dr. Bernard Frischer Speakers: Dr. Bernard Frischer and Dr. Steven Zucker.
The Roman Colosseum: THE REAL TRUTH (HD Ancient Rome History Documentary)
The Roman Colosseum: THE REAL TRUTH (HD Ancient Rome History Documentary) The Roman Colosseum, completed in 80 A.D., was a showcase of ...
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 06:15:00 -0800
The enormous arena was empty, save for the seesaws and the dozens of condemned criminals who sat naked upon them, hands tied behind their backs. Unfamiliar with the recently invented contraptions known as petaurua, the men tested the seesaws ...
BBC History Magazine (blog)
BBC History Magazine (blog)
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 08:27:19 -0800
Our fascination with Ancient Rome has inspired a glut of books, documentaries, movies and even games. But, writer Jem Duducu points out, our focus tends primarily to centre on just one period – the era from Julius Caesar to (roughly) Constantine the Great.
Hurriyet Daily News
Hurriyet Daily News
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 13:56:15 -0800
ARCHAEOLOGY >Ancient Rome pyramid comes under spotlight. NEW YORK - The Associated Press. Rome's 2,000-year-old pyramid is one of four known to have been built in ancient Roman days. But it's the only one that has survived until today. Print Page ...
Sydney Morning Herald
Sydney Morning Herald
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 05:18:45 -0800
HISTORY. SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome. MARY BEARD. SPQR by Mary Beard subtly invites the reader to speculate upon the parallels between the modern world and ancient civilisation. PROFILE, $49.99. Advertisement. REVIEW BY RAY CASSIN.
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 14:07:30 -0800
During an excavation for a new office development at 21 Lime Street, a team from the Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA) found the millimeter-thin fresco nearly 20 feet below street level. Dating to the late 1st century AD, and the first decades of ...
Sun, 17 Jan 2016 16:33:45 -0800
Comparing America to Rome used be an old parlour game. But a bestselling book offers too many echoes to be ignored. Brian Bethune. January 17, 2016. Twitter · Facebook · Google+ Share · LinkedIn · Reddit · Email · Twitter · Facebook · Google+ Share.
Sat, 23 Jan 2016 06:02:01 -0800
The Republic is in danger. Populist leaders — including one of the country's richest men — are stirring up resentment among the masses against the intellectual elites in the Senate. The economy is unstable. Minor external threats are twisted in order ...
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 11:45:31 -0800
Hundreds of looted antiquities, including mosaics from Pompeii and ancient sarcophagi, allegedly linked to London art dealer Robin Symes, have been uncovered in Switzerland. Italian specialist art theft police uncovered 45 large crates of 'priceless' ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group.