- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.
Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger.
Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is the largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.
The Gbe languages (pronounced [ɡ͡be]) form a cluster of about twenty related languages stretching across the area between eastern Ghana and western Nigeria. The total number of speakers of Gbe languages is between four and eight million. The most widely spoken Gbe language is Ewe (3 million speakers in Ghana and Togo), followed by Fon (1.7 million, mainly in Benin). The Gbe languages belong to the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo languages, and break up into five major dialect clusters: Ewe, Fon, Aja, Gen, and Phla-Pherá.
Around 1840, German missionaries started linguistic research into the Gbe languages. In the first half of the twentieth century, the Africanist Diedrich Hermann Westermann was one of the most prolific contributors to the study of Gbe. The first internal classification of the Gbe languages was published in 1988 by H.B. Capo, followed by a comparative phonology in 1991. The Gbe languages are tonal, isolating languages and the basic word order is Subject Verb Object. (Read more...)
Credit: Muhammad Mahdi Karim
Mikumi National Park is a national park in Mikumi, near Morogoro, Tanzania. The park was established in 1964, currently covers an area of 3230 km² and is the fourth largest in the country. The landscape of Mikumi is often compared to that of the Serengeti. The road that crosses the park divides it into two areas with partially distinct environments. The area north-west is characterized by the alluvial plain of the river basin Mkata. The vegetation of this area consists of savannah dotted with acacia, baobab, tamarinds, and some rare palm. In this area, at the furthest from the road, there are spectacular rock formations of the mountains Rubeho and Uluguru. The southeast part of the park is less rich in wildlife, and not very accessible.
Charles Atangana (c. 1880 – 1 September 1943), also known by his birth name, Ntsama, and his German name, Karl, was the paramount chief of the Ewondo and Bane ethnic groups during much of the colonial period in Cameroon. Although from an unremarkable background, Atangana's loyalty and friendship with colonial priests and administrators secured him successively more prominent posts in the colonial government. He proved himself an intelligent and diplomatic administrator and was eventually named paramount chief of the Ewondo and Bane peoples. His loyalty to the German Empire was unquestioning, and he even accompanied the Germans on their escape from Africa in World War I.
After a brief stay in Europe, Atangana returned to his homeland in Cameroon, which by then was a League of Nations mandate territory under the administration of the French Third Republic. The French doubted his loyalties at first, but Atangana served satisfactorily and regained his post as paramount chief. During the remainder of his life, he oversaw the Westernisation of his subjects and the improvement of his domains despite the erosion of his powers due to French policies and native unrest. He never advocated resistance to the European powers, preferring to embrace European civilisation and technology in the service of African interests. (Read more...)
Toto - Africa
Toto's official music video for 'Africa'. Click to listen to Toto on Spotify: http://smarturl.it/TotoSpotify?IQid=TotoAFR As featured on The Essential Toto. Click to buy ...
MUST WATCH: Tembisa tornado - a TORNADO HITS TEMBISA IN SOUTH AFRICA!
MUST WATCH: Tembisa tornado - a TORNADO HITS TEMBISA IN SOUTH AFRICA! A tornado hit Tembisa north east of OR Tambo International Airport, ...
Algeria v Mali - Full Game - 2016 FIBA Africa U18 Championship
Watch Algeria v Mali at the 2016 FIBA Africa U18 Championship. ▻ Subscribe: http://fiba.com/subYT Also visit the official FIBA website (http://www.fiba.com) and ...
'Tornado' Spotted in Magaliesburg, South Africa
Credit: Mario Ferreira A possible tornado was reported and filmed by people in the rural town of Magaliesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, on Monday, July 25.
Shakira - Waka Waka (This Time for Africa) (The Official 2010 FIFA World Cup™ Song)
Download Shakira's self-titled album on iTunes: http://smarturl.it/ShakiraiTunes?IQid=yt Buy Shakira's self-titled album on Target: http://smarturl.it/ShakiraTarget?
Tornado that hit Phumlani mall, Tembisa, Gauteng, South Africa
This Video was taken by Pieter Lubbe a few 100 meters from the Phumlani mall where a Tornado hit today.
WEATHER WRAP: Watch extreme conditions wreak havoc across South Africa
Extreme weather conditions are playing havoc across South Africa this week. With snow in 3 provinces, extreme flooding in Kwa-Zulu Natal and Gauteng ...
Inside Africa's only gay radio station - BBC News
Africa's only gay radio station broadcasts from South Africa. GaySAradio produces content for Africa's lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and intersex ...
Penguin Crime Spree | South Africa
One penguin turns to crime to furnish the nest and keep his mate happy. SOUTH AFRICA AIRS SUNDAY JULY 31 at 8/7c.
Angola v DR Congo - Full Game - 2016 FIBA Africa U18 Championship
Watch Angola v DR Congo at the 2016 FIBA Africa U18 Championship. ▻ Subscribe: http://fiba.com/subYT Also visit the official FIBA website ...
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