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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Main page   African countries   Tasks, WikiProjects & related portals  
Location of Africa on the world map
Satellite map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger.

Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is the largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

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The Mozambican War of Independence, (clockwise from top left): a Portuguese supply convoy traverses the countryside; a foot patrol of Portuguese soldiers in the forest; Portuguese troops embark surface ships on their way to Africa; a heavily armed Portuguese armoured column

The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, or FRELIMO) and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.

The conflict was a result of unrest and frustration amongst the indigenous Mozambican population, who perceived foreign rule to be a form of exploitation and mistreatment and resented Portugal's policies towards indigenous people, which included denying locals access to fundamental education and employment.

As successful self-determination movements spread throughout Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively nationalistic in outlook. A mass exile of Mozambique's political intelligentsia to neighbouring countries provided havens from which radical Mozambicans could plan actions and foment political unrest in the home country. The formation of FRELIMO and the support of the Soviet Union, China and Cuba through arms and advisors, led to the outbreak of violence that was to last over a decade. (Read more...)

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Credit: Muhammad Mahdi Karim

Morogoro is a city with an urban population of 206,868 (2002 census) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 190 km west of Dar es Salaam. It is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari," which translates as 'city short of an ocean/port'.

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Akan drum

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Charles Atangana (c. 1880 – 1 September 1943), also known by his birth name, Ntsama, and his German name, Karl, was the paramount chief of the Ewondo and Bane ethnic groups during much of the colonial period in Cameroon. Although from an unremarkable background, Atangana's loyalty and friendship with colonial priests and administrators secured him successively more prominent posts in the colonial government. He proved himself an intelligent and diplomatic administrator and was eventually named paramount chief of the Ewondo and Bane peoples. His loyalty to the German Empire was unquestioning, and he even accompanied the Germans on their escape from Africa in World War I.

After a brief stay in Europe, Atangana returned to his homeland in Cameroon, which by then was a League of Nations mandate territory under the administration of the French Third Republic. The French doubted his loyalties at first, but Atangana served satisfactorily and regained his post as paramount chief. During the remainder of his life, he oversaw the Westernisation of his subjects and the improvement of his domains despite the erosion of his powers due to French policies and native unrest. He never advocated resistance to the European powers, preferring to embrace European civilisation and technology in the service of African interests. (Read more...)


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128174269 news items

Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor
Thu, 08 Oct 2015 15:07:30 -0700

A new discovery is shedding light on a population of early Africans who came from the ancient Middle East. It suggests that Africa was more connected to the broader world at that time than thought.

Washington Post

Washington Post
Thu, 08 Oct 2015 12:39:09 -0700

NAIROBI — They call her the Queen of Ivory — a 66-year-old Chinese woman who became famous for her role in Africa's illegal wildlife trade. Over 15 years, she helped smuggle more than 700 elephant tusks out of Africa, officials said Thursday. But as ...

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 09 Oct 2015 03:48:12 -0700

A selection of the photos from across Africa this week: Kenyans wearing animal masks join demonstrators as they walk through the streets of Nairobi, 3 Image copyright AP Image caption Kenyans wearing animal masks march in the capital, Nairobi, ...

Eyewitness News

Eyewitness News
Fri, 09 Oct 2015 03:18:45 -0700

JOHANNESBURG - Growth in Africa's mobile phone users is set to slow sharply in the next five years, a study showed on Thursday, heralding an end to the boom in an industry that has spurred the continent''s growth. A report by global industry body ...
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 20:45:00 -0700

We lack important information to evaluate the severity of the current problem. Understanding how bees deal with pests, pathogens and other environmental factors in Africa, where beekeeping has not been as intrusive, could help scientists understand ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 09 Oct 2015 01:25:41 -0700

“Willem constantly told us that someone had to do something to harness the incredible wind power he encountered in the area,” said Carlo van Wageningen, a business partner to Dolleman who is now taking part in a consortium that is constructing Africa's ...

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch
Thu, 08 Oct 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Each year, an estimated 912,000 people, including 214,000 children, require palliative care in Francophone Africa. These numbers will almost certainly rise significantly as the percentage of people over 65 - the segment of the population most affected ...


Thu, 08 Oct 2015 14:11:15 -0700

Under his leadership, FIFA introduced a program of investing in infrastructure in every member nation, regardless of size and wealth. A disproportionate amount of that money has gone to Africa, and has led to first rate stadiums and even decent ...

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