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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Main page   African countries   Tasks, WikiProjects & related portals  
Location of Africa on the world map
Satellite map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,599 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 20.4% of the Earth's total land area, and with over 1 billion inhabitants in 61 territories, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. Modern human evolutionary theory recognizes Africa, particularly the area in and around present-day Ethiopia, as the cradle of humankind.

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Because of the lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation as well as glaciers or mountain aquifer systems, there no natural moderating effect on the climate exists except near the coasts.

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Map of ancient Egypt, showing major cities and sites of the Dynastic period (c. 3150 BC to 30 BC)

Ancient Egypt was a civilization in eastern North Africa concentrated along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern nation of Egypt. The civilization began around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and it developed over the next three millennia. Its history occurred in a series of stable periods, known as kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods. After the end of the last kingdom, known as the New Kingdom, the civilization of ancient Egypt entered a period of slow, steady decline, during which Egypt was conquered by a succession of foreign powers. The rule of the pharaohs officially ended in 31 BC when the early Roman Empire conquered Egypt and made it a province.

The civilization of ancient Egypt thrived from its adaptation to the conditions of the Nile River Valley. Controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which fueled social development and culture. With resources to spare, the administration sponsored mineral exploitation of the valley and surrounding desert regions, the early development of an independent writing system, the organization of collective construction and agricultural projects, trade with surrounding regions, and a military that defeated foreign enemies and asserted Egyptian dominance. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a divine pharaoh who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people through an elaborate system of religious beliefs. (Read more...)

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Chamaeleo jacksonii
Photo credit: User:Movingsaletoday

Chamaeleo jacksonii (common names Jackson's Chameleon or Three-horned Chameleon) is an African chameleon belonging to the chameleon family (Chamaeleonidae). It is native to the humid, cooler regions of Kenya and Tanzania.

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Akan drum

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Barthélemy Boganda (4 April 1910 – 29 March 1959) was the leading nationalist politician of what is now the Central African Republic. Boganda was active prior to his country's independence, during the period when the area, part of French Equatorial Africa, was administered by France under the name of Oubangui-Chari. He served as the first Prime Minister of the Central African Republic autonomous territory.

Boganda was born into a family of subsistence farmers, and was adopted and educated by Roman Catholic missionaries. In 1938, he was ordained as the first Roman Catholic priest from Oubangui-Chari. During World War II Boganda served in a number of missions and after was persuaded by the Bishop of Bangui to enter politics. In 1946, he became the first Oubanguian elected to the French National Assembly, where he maintained a political platform against racism and the colonial regime. He then returned to Oubangui-Chari to form a grassroots movement in opposition of French colonialism. The movement led to the foundation of the Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa (MESAN), and became popular among villagers and the working class. Boganda's reputation was slightly damaged when he was laicized from priesthood after marrying Michelle Jourdain, a parliamentary secretary. Nonetheless, he continued to advocate for equal treatment and civil rights for blacks in the territory well into the 1950s. (Read more...)

Topics in Africa

Culture Architecture (World Heritage Sites) · Art · Cinema (Film festivals · List of films) · Cuisine ·
Etiquette · Languages · Literature (Writers by country) · Music (Musicians) · Religion
Demographics People · Countries by population · Countries by population density · HIV/AIDS ·
Urbanization (List of most populous cities)
Economy Countries by GDP · Countries by HDI · Central banks and currencies · Poverty · Renewable energy · Stock exchanges · Natural resources
Geography Countries · Ecology · List of impact craters · List of islands · List of rivers · Regions
History Colonisation (European exploration · African slave trade · Scramble for Africa) ·
Decolonisation · Economic history · Military history (List of conflicts)
Politics African Union · Elections in Africa · Human rights in Africa · Pan-Africanism
Society African philosophy · Caste system · Education · Media (List of radio stations · List of television stations)
Sport African Cricket Association · All-Africa Games · Australian rules football · FIBA Africa ·
Confederation of African Football (African Cup of Nations) · Stadiums by capacity ·
Confederation of African Rugby (Africa Cup) · Tour d'Afrique
Years 2005 in Africa · 2006 in Africa · 2007 in Africa

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26369876 news items

Bloomberg

Bloomberg
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 14:19:27 -0700

Hotel chains including Marriott International Inc., Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc. and Hilton Worldwide Inc. are opening more locations in Africa to tap the growing middle-class of consumers and rising travel levels. The International ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 11:23:18 -0700

MITYANA, Uganda—On a gently sloping hill in central Uganda, Stephen Musoke plots the next steps for his 2-acre coffee farm—one of many plantations brought back into production across East Africa after years of neglect as coffee prices have jumped.

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 04:19:35 -0700

Four men have been found guilty of trying to murder Rwanda's former army chief, Gen Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, in South Africa in June 2010. Another two suspects, including the alleged ringleader and the general's former driver, were acquitted.
 
Aljazeera.com
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 00:28:49 -0700

The World Health Organisation (WHO) says the Ebola outbreak in West Africa eventually could exceed 20,000 cases, more than six times as many as doctors know about now. A new plan to stop Ebola by the UN health agency also assumes that in many ...
 
Forbes
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 09:15:50 -0700

During the three–day August summit in Washington, the Obama administration announced plans for US businesses to invest more than $30 billion in Africa, while lamenting the fact that American companies have lost ground to China in the latest “scramble ...

BBC News

BBC News
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 09:41:15 -0700

People gather at a window on Friday to watch those taking part in the Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove Festival in the south-western Nigerian state of Osun. The annual event to worship the traditional Yoruba river god Osun is held each August and attracts ...
 
CNBCAfrica.com
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

“The challenge that we face is strong financial links with banks in Africa. Without financial services, I don't think our entrepreneurs or investors, and small and medium-sized enterprises can actually tap into the huge potential in Africa,” Hassanbhai ...

National Geographic

National Geographic
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 06:17:02 -0700

In West Africa, where history's worst-ever Ebola outbreak has sown terror in countries with virtually no health care infrastructure of their own—Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone—foreign health care workers like Fitzpatrick have been an essential ...
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