- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,599 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 20.4% of the Earth's total land area, and with over 1 billion inhabitants in 61 territories, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. Modern human evolutionary theory recognizes Africa, particularly the area in and around present-day Ethiopia, as the cradle of humankind.
The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Because of the lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation as well as glaciers or mountain aquifer systems, there no natural moderating effect on the climate exists except near the coasts.
The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, or FRELIMO) and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.
The conflict was a result of unrest and frustration amongst the indigenous Mozambican population, who perceived foreign rule to be a form of exploitation and mistreatment and resented Portugal's policies towards indigenous people, which included denying locals access to fundamental education and employment.
As successful self-determination movements spread throughout Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively nationalistic in outlook. A mass exile of Mozambique's political intelligentsia to neighbouring countries provided havens from which radical Mozambicans could plan actions and foment political unrest in the home country. The formation of FRELIMO and the support of the Soviet Union, China and Cuba through arms and advisors, led to the outbreak of violence that was to last over a decade. (Read more...)
Photo credit: Portuguse National Archives of Torre do Tombo, Lisbon
A pre-Mercator nautical chart of 1571, from Portuguese cartographer Fernão Vaz Dourado (c. 1520 – c.1580). It belongs to the so-called plane chart model, where observed latitudes and magnetic directions are plotted directly into the plane, with a constant scale, as if the Earth were plane. The Moors from Spain had maps of the known world, and had been traveling to and from Mecca, Arabia for many years. In 1492, Christopher Columbus had posession of the Maps of the Moors, which had been confiscated from Andalusia and were now in service to Portuguese and Spanish Explorers. The African Moors already knew at that time, well into the 1500's, that the world was round.
Sir Raphael (Roy) Welensky, KCMG, (January 20, 1907 – December 5, 1991) was a white African politician and the second and final prime minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Born in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe) to parents of Jewish and Afrikaner ancestry, he moved to Northern Rhodesia, became involved with the trade unions, and entered the colonial legislative council in 1938. There, he campaigned for the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia (the latter under white self-government, the former under the colonial office). Although unsuccessful, he succeeded in the formation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, a state within the British Empire that reflected aspects of the newly independent black nations to the north and Apartheid South Africa to the south.
Becoming Prime Minister of the Federation in 1957, Welensky opposed British moves towards African majority rule, and used force to suppress politically motivated violence in the territories. After the advent of African rule in two of the Federation's three territories, it collapsed in 1963. Welensky retired to Salisbury, where he re-entered politics and attempted to stop Rhodesia (formerly Southern Rhodesia) from declaring itself unilaterally independent. With the end of white rule in 1979, and the independence of Rhodesia as Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe in 1980, Welensky moved to England, where he died in 1991. (Read more...)
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Toto - Africa
Music video by Toto performing Africa. (C) 1982 Sony Music Entertainment Inc.
Who Controls Africa? (part 1/5)
We begin the chapter by one of the great powers in Africa, women. They are the ones who educate children, which remain when they leave, the guardians of the ...
Perpetuum Jazzile - Africa
Perpetuum Jazzile is an XXL vocal group from Slovenia. Toto's Africa by Perpetuum Jazzile, performed live at Vokal Xtravaganzza 2008 (October 2008) - arrange...
Empire - The New Scramble for Africa
Described by many as the 'new scramble for Africa', the US, China and other nations are attempting to consolidate their grip on Africa's natural resources an...
Pure Nature Specials - Africa's Super Seven
Uploaded under license from Off the Fence. On the northern bank of the Sand River in the Mala-Mala Game Reserve in South Africa, seven magnificent creatures ...
► First Out of Africa - The totally isolated Tribe of the Andaman (Sky Vision Documentary)
There are still people in this world who have no idea that civilization exists. On remote islands in the Bay of Bengal live mysterious tribes. The five-foot ...
Africa's Moonshine Epidemic
Ugandans are the hardest drinking Africans in the motherland, both in terms of per capita consumption and the hooch they choose to chug. Waregi, or "war gin,...
Daily Life in a Village in Africa
Daily life in rural villages in West Africa, specifically in Mossi villages in Burkina Faso. I have included scenes of farming, harvesting, planting, cooking...
Dj Sava, Claudio Cristo & J. Yolo - Africa (Official Video)
Dj Sava Claudio Cristo & J. Yolo - Africa (Official Video) by Cat Music Buy the single from iTunes: Playlist Dj Sava: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aErg8bC...
Stealing Africa - Why Poverty?
How much profit is fair? To find out more and get teaching resources, go to www.whypoverty.net Rüschlikon is a village in Switzerland with a very low tax rat...
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 03:53:55 -0700
Of the 80 confirmed deaths, at least 67 were from South Africa. They had gone to Nigeria to attend a gathering organised by famous Nigerian TV evangelist TB Joshua. Mr Joshua, referred to by his followers as a "prophet" is the founder of the Synagogue, ...
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 07:09:45 -0700
Ebola has killed 2,461 people in West Africa - the largest ever outbreak. US President Barack Obama has called the latest outbreak "a threat to global security", and announced a larger US role in fighting the virus. The measures announced included ...
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 20:19:49 -0700
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. has more than 20 people based in Johannesburg, according to Colin Coleman, who was the New York-based bank's sole employee in South Africa when he joined in 2000 and now heads its operations for sub-Saharan Africa.
Daily News & Analysis
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 23:00:00 -0700
It should come as no surprise that crime and violence remains disturbingly high in South Africa. What is surprising is that there isn't even more crime and violence, considering how we have dealt with our violent past, that we have increasing poverty ...
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 04:48:45 -0700
The first new outlet will open in Johannesburg on Thursday, Randall Blackford, general manager for Pizza Hut Africa, said by phone on Tuesday. Six more stores are planned for Gauteng by the end of this year. Pizza Hut will also open outlets in Zambia ...
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:37:32 -0700
Whether you want to book a walking safari, peer over Victoria Falls, swim with great white sharks or take a wine tour in Cape Town, our experts will be ready online at 1pm to answer any questions you have about holidays in Africa. Follow this link to ...
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 08:16:25 -0700
In one of the few referendums on sovereignty to be held in Africa, in 1961, the people of the British colony of Southern Cameroon voted to join the French territory of Cameroun, while the separate territory of Northern Cameroon opted to join Nigeria ...
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 02:56:15 -0700
For India, the idea of a “rejuvenated India to complement a rising Africa" is increasingly entering the mainstream narrative while events such as the India-Africa Forum summit, to be held in Delhi in December, have created optimism around a fresh wave ...
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