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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Main page   African countries   Tasks, WikiProjects & related portals  
Location of Africa on the world map
Satellite map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger.

Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is the largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

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General Kisempia Sungilanga, former Chief of Staff of the FARDC, in December 2006

The Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (French: Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC)) is the state military organisation responsible for defending the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

The FARDC is dominated by its land forces but also includes a small air force and a smaller navy, which together number around 130,000 personnel. There is also the National Congolese Police, which are not part of the Armed Forces, and a presidential force called the Republican Guard.

The FARDC is being rebuilt as part of the peace process which followed the end of the Second Congo War in July 2003. The government, the United Nations, the European Union, and various bilateral partners are attempting to create a viable force with the ability to provide the DRC with stability and security. However, this process is hampered by corruption, the near-impotence of the government, and inadequate donor coordination. (Read more...)

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Sphinx, partially excavated
Credit: Maison Bonfils

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a statue of a reclining lion with a human head that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile, near modern-day Cairo, in Egypt. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 m (241 ft) long, 6 m (20 ft) wide, and 20 m (65 ft) high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the third millennium BC. After the Giza Necropolis was abandoned, the Sphinx became buried up to its shoulders in sand. The first documented attempt at an excavation dates to c. 1400 BC. In 1817 AD, the first modern archaeological dig, supervised by the Italian Captain Giovanni Battista Caviglia, uncovered the Sphinx’s chest completely. The entire Sphinx was finally excavated in 1925.

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Akan drum

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Robert Baden-Powell

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement.

After being educated at Charterhouse School, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, he organised a successful defence of Mafeking when it was besieged by the Boers. He wrote several books for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years. During writing, he tested his ideas through a camping trip on Brownsea Island that began on August 1, 1907, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting. (Read more...)


Topics in Africa

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1000000 videos foundNext > 

Toto - Africa

Music video by Toto performing Africa. (C) 1982 Sony Music Entertainment Inc.

Who Controls Africa? (part 1/5)

We begin the chapter by one of the great powers in Africa, women. They are the ones who educate children, which remain when they leave, the guardians of the ...

Pure Nature Specials - Africa's Super Seven

Uploaded under license from Off the Fence. On the northern bank of the Sand River in the Mala-Mala Game Reserve in South Africa, seven magnificent creatures ...

Perpetuum Jazzile - Africa

Perpetuum Jazzile is an XXL vocal group from Slovenia. Toto's Africa by Perpetuum Jazzile, performed live at Vokal Xtravaganzza 2008 (October 2008) - arrange...

Groove Phenomenon - Africa Tribe (Absolut Groove Remix)

Groove Phenomenon - Africa Tribe (Absolut Groove Remix). OUT NOW on Beatport. Grab your copy here : http://bitly.com/1nwTL5J Subscribe to Spinnin' TV NOW : http://bit.ly/SPINNINTV Woohoo,...

Toto's "Africa" Drum Fill - Free Drum Lessons

FREE SERIES: Easy Drumming That Sounds Hard http://drummingsystem.com/easy/ Sheet Music: http://www.drumeo.com/blog/toto-africa-drum-fill/ ‎ Drumming System: http://drummingsystem.com ...

Groove Phenomenon - Africa Tribe (Original Mix)

Groove Phenomenon - Africa Tribe (Original Mix). OUT NOW on Beatport. Grab your copy here : http://bitly.com/1nwTL5J Subscribe to Spinnin' TV NOW : http://bit.ly/SPINNINTV Woohoo, we got...

The best african chillout - Mama Africa (mixed by SpringLady)


Ebola Czar: Overpopulation Controls Are Needed in Africa

President Barack Obama's new 'Ebola Czar' Ron Klain is an enthusiastic advocate of population control who thinks that there are too many people in Africa. http://www.infowars.com/obamas-ebola...

► First Out of Africa - The totally isolated Tribe of the Andaman (Sky Vision Documentary)

There are still people in this world who have no idea that civilization exists. On remote islands in the Bay of Bengal live mysterious tribes. The five-foot ...

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28426975 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:15:00 -0700

Those familiar with the continent might just shrug off yet more myths being reported as news, but there is an emerging team of fact checkers including BudgIT and Africa Check who want to put things right. To accompany a story in the Guardian a few ...


Los Angeles Times
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 20:19:45 -0700

There are no direct flights from the three West Africa nations into the U.S., and screening for fever and other passenger checks began last week at the five international airports: John F. Kennedy in New York, Newark Liberty in New Jersey, Washington ...

The Economist

The Economist
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:34:09 -0700

WHEN Dennis Akagha's fiancée, Justina Ejelonu, contracted Ebola in Lagos two months ago, Nigeria's health-care workers had little experience in dealing with the disease. A hospital nurse, she had been infected while caring for Patrick Sawyer, ...
Wall Street Journal
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 11:18:52 -0700

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone—The crane, the earthmover and several heavy trucks sit idle in the closed compound of China Civil Engineering Construction Co., a still-life portrait showing how Ebola has paralyzed Africa's biggest investors. “Nobody gets in ...

BBC News

BBC News
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:30:30 -0700

South Africa has downgraded its economic growth, but the country's new finance minister pledged to keep a tight rein on government spending. Nhlanhla Nene told parliament in his medium-term budget statement that economic growth would only be 1.4% ...

Sydney Morning Herald

ABC News
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 22:15:00 -0700

Abbott said he was "carefully considering" requests from the United States and Britain to send personnel to West Africa, where the disease has infected some 9,900 people and killed more than 4,800 in the hardest hit countries — Sierra Leone, Liberia ...

BBC News

BBC News
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:02:43 -0700

Cuba has sent a second group of medical staff to West Africa to help fight the Ebola outbreak. The 83 doctors and nurses will treat Ebola patients in Liberia and Guinea. Another contingent of 165 Cuban healthcare professionals travelled to Sierra Leone ...


Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:43:58 -0700

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has announced a new program to monitor the health of anyone returning to the USA from Ebola-affected countries in West Africa. The program will begin Monday in six states, then expand nationwide, said ...

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