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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Main page   African countries   Tasks, WikiProjects & related portals  
Location of Africa on the world map
Satellite map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,599 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 20.4% of the Earth's total land area, and with over 1 billion inhabitants in 61 territories, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. Modern human evolutionary theory recognizes Africa, particularly the area in and around present-day Ethiopia, as the cradle of humankind.

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Because of the lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation as well as glaciers or mountain aquifer systems, there no natural moderating effect on the climate exists except near the coasts.

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Featured article

The Mozambican War of Independence, (clockwise from top left): a Portuguese supply convoy traverses the countryside; a foot patrol of Portuguese soldiers in the forest; Portuguese troops embark surface ships on their way to Africa; a heavily armed Portuguese armoured column

The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, or FRELIMO) and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.

The conflict was a result of unrest and frustration amongst the indigenous Mozambican population, who perceived foreign rule to be a form of exploitation and mistreatment and resented Portugal's policies towards indigenous people, which included denying locals access to fundamental education and employment.

As successful self-determination movements spread throughout Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively nationalistic in outlook. A mass exile of Mozambique's political intelligentsia to neighbouring countries provided havens from which radical Mozambicans could plan actions and foment political unrest in the home country. The formation of FRELIMO and the support of the Soviet Union, China and Cuba through arms and advisors, led to the outbreak of violence that was to last over a decade. (Read more...)

Featured picture

Nautical chart of Portuguese cartographer Fernão Vaz Dourado (c. 1520 - c. 1580), part of a nautical atlas drawn in 1571 and now kept in the Portuguese National Archives of Torre do Tombo, Lisbon.
Photo credit: Portuguse National Archives of Torre do Tombo, Lisbon

A pre-Mercator nautical chart of 1571, from Portuguese cartographer Fernão Vaz Dourado (c. 1520 – c.1580). It belongs to the so-called plane chart model, where observed latitudes and magnetic directions are plotted directly into the plane, with a constant scale, as if the Earth were plane. The Moors from Spain had maps of the known world, and had been traveling to and from Mecca, Arabia for many years. In 1492, Christopher Columbus had posession of the Maps of the Moors, which had been confiscated from Andalusia and were now in service to Portuguese and Spanish Explorers. The African Moors already knew at that time, well into the 1500's, that the world was round.

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Featured biography

Sir Roy Welensky

Sir Raphael (Roy) Welensky, KCMG, (January 20, 1907 – December 5, 1991) was a white African politician and the second and final prime minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Born in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe) to parents of Jewish and Afrikaner ancestry, he moved to Northern Rhodesia, became involved with the trade unions, and entered the colonial legislative council in 1938. There, he campaigned for the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia (the latter under white self-government, the former under the colonial office). Although unsuccessful, he succeeded in the formation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, a state within the British Empire that reflected aspects of the newly independent black nations to the north and Apartheid South Africa to the south.

Becoming Prime Minister of the Federation in 1957, Welensky opposed British moves towards African majority rule, and used force to suppress politically motivated violence in the territories. After the advent of African rule in two of the Federation's three territories, it collapsed in 1963. Welensky retired to Salisbury, where he re-entered politics and attempted to stop Rhodesia (formerly Southern Rhodesia) from declaring itself unilaterally independent. With the end of white rule in 1979, and the independence of Rhodesia as Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe in 1980, Welensky moved to England, where he died in 1991. (Read more...)

Topics in Africa

Culture Architecture (World Heritage Sites) · Art · Cinema (Film festivals · List of films) · Cuisine ·
Etiquette · Languages · Literature (Writers by country) · Music (Musicians) · Religion
Demographics People · Countries by population · Countries by population density · HIV/AIDS ·
Urbanization (List of most populous cities)
Economy Countries by GDP · Countries by HDI · Central banks and currencies · Poverty · Renewable energy · Stock exchanges · Natural resources
Geography Countries · Ecology · List of impact craters · List of islands · List of rivers · Regions
History Colonisation (European exploration · African slave trade · Scramble for Africa) ·
Decolonisation · Economic history · Military history (List of conflicts)
Politics African Union · Elections in Africa · Human rights in Africa · Pan-Africanism
Society African philosophy · Caste system · Education · Media (List of radio stations · List of television stations)
Sport African Cricket Association · All-Africa Games · Australian rules football · FIBA Africa ·
Confederation of African Football (African Cup of Nations) · Stadiums by capacity ·
Confederation of African Rugby (Africa Cup) · Tour d'Afrique
Years 2005 in Africa · 2006 in Africa · 2007 in Africa

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Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Africa — Please support Wikipedia.
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29647006 news items

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 03:53:55 -0700

Of the 80 confirmed deaths, at least 67 were from South Africa. They had gone to Nigeria to attend a gathering organised by famous Nigerian TV evangelist TB Joshua. Mr Joshua, referred to by his followers as a "prophet" is the founder of the Synagogue, ...

BBC News

BBC News
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 07:09:45 -0700

Ebola has killed 2,461 people in West Africa - the largest ever outbreak. US President Barack Obama has called the latest outbreak "a threat to global security", and announced a larger US role in fighting the virus. The measures announced included ...

Bloomberg

Bloomberg
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 20:19:49 -0700

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. has more than 20 people based in Johannesburg, according to Colin Coleman, who was the New York-based bank's sole employee in South Africa when he joined in 2000 and now heads its operations for sub-Saharan Africa.

Daily News & Analysis

News24
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 23:00:00 -0700

It should come as no surprise that crime and violence remains disturbingly high in South Africa. What is surprising is that there isn't even more crime and violence, considering how we have dealt with our violent past, that we have increasing poverty ...

BDlive

BDlive
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 04:48:45 -0700

The first new outlet will open in Johannesburg on Thursday, Randall Blackford, general manager for Pizza Hut Africa, said by phone on Tuesday. Six more stores are planned for Gauteng by the end of this year. Pizza Hut will also open outlets in Zambia ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:37:32 -0700

Whether you want to book a walking safari, peer over Victoria Falls, swim with great white sharks or take a wine tour in Cape Town, our experts will be ready online at 1pm to answer any questions you have about holidays in Africa. Follow this link to ...

BBC News

BBC News
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 08:16:25 -0700

In one of the few referendums on sovereignty to be held in Africa, in 1961, the people of the British colony of Southern Cameroon voted to join the French territory of Cameroun, while the separate territory of Northern Cameroon opted to join Nigeria ...
 
CNBCAfrica.com
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 02:56:15 -0700

For India, the idea of a “rejuvenated India to complement a rising Africa" is increasingly entering the mainstream narrative while events such as the India-Africa Forum summit, to be held in Delhi in December, have created optimism around a fresh wave ...
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