- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.
Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger.
Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is the largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.
The Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a large mammal native to the forests and swamps of western Africa (the scientific species classification means "of Liberia", as this is where the vast majority lives). The pygmy hippo is reclusive and nocturnal. It is one of only two extant species in the hippopotamidae family, the other being its much larger cousin the common hippopotamus.
Pygmy hippos were unknown outside of West Africa until the 19th century. Introduced to zoos in the early 20th century, they breed well in captivity and the vast majority of research is derived from zoo specimens. The survival of the species in captivity is more assured than in the wild; the World Conservation Union estimates that there are less than 3,000 pygmy hippos remaining in the wild. Pygmy hippos are primarily threatened by loss of habitat, as forests are logged and converted to farm land, and are also vulnerable to poaching, hunting, natural predators and war. (Read more...)
Photo credit: User:Fir0002
The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. Males can be 4.8 to 5.5 metres (16 to 18 ft) tall and weigh up to 1,360 kilograms (3,000 lb). Females are generally slightly shorter and weigh less than the males do. The giraffe is related to deer and cattle, but is placed in a separate family, the Giraffidae, consisting only of the giraffe and its closest relative, the okapi. Its range extends from Chad to South Africa.
Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement.
After being educated at Charterhouse School, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, he organised a successful defence of Mafeking when it was besieged by the Boers. He wrote several books for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years. During writing, he tested his ideas through a camping trip on Brownsea Island that began on August 1, 1907, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting. (Read more...)
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Toto - Africa
Music video by Toto performing Africa. (C) 1982 Sony Music Entertainment Inc.
Who Controls Africa? (part 1/5)
We begin the chapter by one of the great powers in Africa, women. They are the ones who educate children, which remain when they leave, the guardians of the ...
Perpetuum Jazzile - Africa
Perpetuum Jazzile is an XXL vocal group from Slovenia. Toto's Africa by Perpetuum Jazzile, performed live at Vokal Xtravaganzza 2008 (October 2008) - arrange...
Ghana vs south africa 2-1 Goals full Highlights 2015 HD
South Africa vs Ghana 1-2 All Goals & Highlights (CAF 2015) ghana vs south africa 2-1 goal full Masango 2015 HD اهداف مباراة غانا وجنوب افريقيا Ghana Vs South Africa...
South Africa - Ghana | CAN Orange 2015 | 27.01.2015
South Africa - Ghana (1-2) | Résumé du match - Groupe C | Match highlights - Group C Orange Africa Cup of Nations, EQUATORIAL GUINEA 2015 Coupe d'Afrique des Nations Orange, GUINEE ...
Pure Nature Specials - Africa's Super Seven
Uploaded under license from Off the Fence. On the northern bank of the Sand River in the Mala-Mala Game Reserve in South Africa, seven magnificent creatures ...
Africa: Will You Marry Me? (Full Documentary)
In Africa, woman is not Adam's rib, at most, she is his shoulders and spinal column. For the vast majority of African women, even today, in the cities and in...
Kingdoms of Africa West Africa
Empire - The New Scramble for Africa
Described by many as the 'new scramble for Africa', the US, China and other nations are attempting to consolidate their grip on Africa's natural resources an...
War in the Central African Republic (Full Length)
Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News The Central African Republic's capital of Bangui has seen its Muslim population drop from 1...
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 11:55:37 -0800
The rare skull constitutes the earliest fossilized evidence outside of Africa indicating that today's human population originated in Africa. The partial ancient skull offers clues to the first modern Europeans, as researchers suggest the population ...
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 06:40:43 -0800
And some togethernesss: “The whole of Africa has come together to fight the Ebola epidemic, including our brothers in Mali. They are a brother country.” Meanwhile, Amara Dabo, financial director of the Guinea Sports Ministry, who pulled out the winning ...
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 09:15:00 -0800
Dr. Rick Sacra is an American Ebola survivor and doctor who works with SIM, a Christian missionary nonprofit that has been bringing medical help to the people of Africa. He agreed to keep a journal and share it exclusively with CNN to provide a glimpse ...
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 01:39:21 -0800
South Africa's players pose prior to the 2015 African Cup of Nations group C football match between Algeria and South Africa in Mongomo on January 19, 2015. Back row (L-R) South Africa's defender Rivaldo Coetzee, South Africa's defender Anele Ngonca, ...
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 15:03:56 -0800
... son had minor bruises on his arms. He was treated at the scene.” de zalze golf estate The family lived on the De Dalze golf estate. Photograph: De Zalze Golf Estate. The family reportedly lived in Perth for six years before returning to South ...
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 05:13:19 -0800
TIMES are tough in Africa. Ebola, in addition to claiming many lives, has also damaged economies. Tourism is suffering as frightened foreigners stay away. Falling commodity prices are also taking a toll. Investors are pulling money out of riskier spots ...
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 21:48:45 -0800
South African police are investigating the murder of three members of one family who were found dead in their home on a luxury golf club estate on Wednesday. Martin van Breda, 55, Teresa, 54, and Rudi, 22, were found dead in their home in the De Zalze ...
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 21:03:45 -0800
From January 10-17, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi embarked on a five-nation African tour to promote friendly relations between Africa and China, and to continue a Chinese government tradition of making the African continent the first overseas visit ...
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