The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and political organization of eight countries in Southern Asia. In terms of population, its sphere of influence is the largest of any regional organization: almost 1.5 billion people, the combined population of its member states. In 1980, Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman proposed the creation of a trade bloc consisting of South Asian countries. The Bangladeshi proposal was accepted by India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka during a meeting held in Colombo in 1981. In August 1983, the leaders adopted the Declaration on South Asian Regional Cooperation during a summit which was held in New Delhi. The seven South Asian countries, which also included Nepal, Maldives and Bhutan, agreed on five areas of cooperation:
- Agriculture and Rural Development
- Telecommunications, Science, Technology and Meteorology
- Health and Population Activities
- Human Resource Development
Afghanistan was added to the regional grouping at the behest of India on November 13, 2005, With the addition of Afghanistan, the total number of member states were raised to eight (8). The People's Republic of China, the European Union, the United States of America, South Korea, Iran, Myanmar, Australia, and Mauritus are observers to SAARC. (more)
The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) began on October 7, 2001, and was in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States of America (U.S.). This marked the beginning of the Bush Administration's campaign known as the War on Terrorism. The stated purpose of the invasion was to capture Osama bin Laden, destroy al-Qaeda, and remove the Taliban regime which had allegedly provided support and safe harbour to al-Qaeda.
The U.S. and the UK led the aerial bombing campaign, with ground forces supplied primarily by the Afghan Northern Alliance. In 2002, US and British infantry joined the attack. Later NATO troops were added. The U.S. military name of the conflict was Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF).
The war removed the Taliban from power for some time, but there has been a resurgence in Taliban forces. The war has been less successful in achieving the goal of restricting al-Qaeda's movement. Since the invasion, Afghanistan has become less stable due to increased warlord and Taliban activity, growing illegal drug production, and a fragile government with limited control outside of Kabul. (more...)
Did you know
Kashi is also name of the person going to become a Legendary person in future from Bijapur district,
which is in Karnataka,INDIA.
- ...that Maldives is the flattest country in the world, i.e. they have the lowest high-point (only 2.4 meter high) of any country in the world.
Selected Member Country
, officially known, according to its Interim Constitution, as the State of Nepal
(previously known as Kingdom of Nepal
: नेपाल [neˈpaːl] (help·info)
) is a landlocked Himalayan country
in South Asia
. In Nepal Bhasa
, Nepal is called as Nepa: (Nepal Bhasa
: नेपा:). It is bordered by China
) to the north and by India
, Uttar Pradesh
, West Bengal
) to the south, east and west.
For a small territory, the Nepali landscape is uncommonly diverse, ranging from the humid Terai in the south to the lofty Himalayas in the north. Eight of the world's ten highest mountains are in Nepal, including Mount Everest. The country is famous for: tourism, trekking, hiking, camping, mountain biking, national wildlife parks, jungle safaris, river rafting, sport fishing, and its many beautiful temples and places of worship.
Kathmandu is the capital and largest city. Other main cities include Dharan, Thimi, Pokhara, Biratnagar, Lalitpur (Patan), Bhaktapur. other main towns includes Birendranagar, Bharatpur, Nepal, Siddhartanagar (Bhairahawa), Birganj (Birgunj), Butwal, Janakpur, Nepalganj (Nepalgunj), Hetauda, Damak, Dhangadhi, and Mahendranagar.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) was an Indian politician who served as Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984.
Born in the politically influential Nehru dynasty, she grew up in an intensely political atmosphere. Her grandfather Motilal Nehru and father Jawaharlal Nehru were prominent Indian nationalist leaders. Returning to India from Oxford in 1941, she became involved in the Indian Independence movement.
In the 1950s, she served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as India's first Prime Minister. After her father's death in 1964, she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha by the President of India and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting.
Chosen to become Prime Minister by Congress Party insiders after Shastri's death, Gandhi soon showed an ability to win elections and outmanoeuvre opponents through populism. She introduced more left-wing economic policies and promoted agricultural productivity. A crusing victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan was followed by a period of instability that led her to impose a state of Emergency in 1975; she paid for the authoritarian excesses of the period with three years in opposition.
Returned to office in 1980, she became increasingly involved in an escalating conflict with separatists in Punjab that eventually led to her assassination by her own bodyguards in 1984. (more...)
Wikipedia in South Asian Languages
: ['kolkat̪a] (help·info)
), formerly Calcutta (help·info)
, is the capital
of the Indian state
of West Bengal
. It is located in eastern India
on the east bank of the River Hooghly
. The city has a population
of almost 4.5 million, with an extended metropolitan population of over 14 million, making it the third-largest urban agglomeration
and the fourth-largest city
Kolkata served as the capital of India during the British Raj until 1911. Once the centre of modern education, science, culture and politics in India, Kolkata witnessed economic stagnation in the years following India's independence in 1947. However, since the year 2000, an economic rejuvenation has arrested the morbid decline, leading to a spurt in the city's growth. Like other large cities, Kolkata continues to struggle with urbanisation problems like poverty, pollution and traffic congestion.
Kolkata is noted for its revolutionary history, ranging from the Indian struggle for independence to the leftist and trade union movements. This vibrant city, with a distinct socio-political culture, is considered by many as the Cultural capital of India. (more)
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 13:22:27 -0800
During the meeting, foreign ministers of all SAARC member-states review a wide range of common issues, including connectivity, development, trade and terrorism. Deputy PM and Foreign Minister Kamal Thapa took the initiative to host the ministerial ...
Rapid tv news
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 00:26:15 -0800
India received some 97% of the total shipments to SAARC in the quarter ending 31 December 2015, with over six million STBs aiding the country's nationwide push to digitise its cable TV network. The remainder of STBs went to the other SAARC nations of ...
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 17:07:30 -0800
Centre for Transparency and Accountability in Governance National Law University Delhi & National Campaign for Peoples' Right to Information, New Delhi. In order to execute the spirit of the Constitutions of the SAARC nations, right to information laws ...
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 11:48:03 -0800
“In Saarc region, we have 21 per cent of the world's population, 9 per cent of world's economy. Thus, it is time we work together,” Modi said. Modi also stressed on the fact that whatever the nation be South Asia is home to people of this region and ...
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 03:48:45 -0800
KATHMANDU: A two-day meeting of labour ministers of SAARC region would be held in Kathmandu from May 3 to make a common concept for protection of migrant workers. According to the Foreign Employment Promotion Board, labour and employment ...
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 01:37:52 -0800
GREATER NOIDA: French car major Renault today said it will develop India into a exports hub and start shipping its small car Kwid to SAARC countries in the coming months. Besides, the company will also export the auto parts of Kwid to Brazil by the end ...
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 21:03:42 -0800
The Saarc Mini Summit will be attended by foreign ministers of Saarc member states-- Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a meeting of Saarc Council of Ministers ...
Wed, 27 Jan 2016 11:18:45 -0800
Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Tara Prasad Pokharel said the meeting of foreign ministers, also known as SAARC Council of Ministers has been scheduled for March 14 to 17. The foreign ministers' meeting will be held on March 17, which will be preceded ...
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