The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and political organization of eight countries in Southern Asia. In terms of population, its sphere of influence is the largest of any regional organization: almost 1.5 billion people, the combined population of its member states. In 1980, Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman proposed the creation of a trade bloc consisting of South Asian countries. The Bangladeshi proposal was accepted by India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka during a meeting held in Colombo in 1981. In August 1983, the leaders adopted the Declaration on South Asian Regional Cooperation during a summit which was held in New Delhi. The seven South Asian countries, which also included Nepal, Maldives and Bhutan, agreed on five areas of cooperation:
- Agriculture and Rural Development
- Telecommunications, Science, Technology and Meteorology
- Health and Population Activities
- Human Resource Development
Afghanistan was added to the regional grouping at the behest of India on November 13, 2005, With the addition of Afghanistan, the total number of member states were raised to eight (8). The People's Republic of China, the European Union, the United States of America, South Korea, Iran, Myanmar, Australia, and Mauritus are observers to SAARC. (more)
Mohenjo-daro (Urdu: موئن جودڑو, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو, English: Mound of the dead) was a city of the Indus Valley Civilization built around 2600 BC and is located in the Sindh Province of Pakistan. This ancient five thousand year old city is the largest of Indus Valley and is widely recognized as one of the most important early cities of South Asia and the Indus Valley Civilization. Mohenjo Daro was one of the world’s first cities and contemporaneous with ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. It is sometimes referred to as "An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis".
Mohenjo-daro was built around 2600 BC, and was abandoned around 1700 BC. It was rediscovered in the 1920s by Sir John Marshall's archaeologists. His car is still in the Mohenjo-daro museum, showing his presence, struggle, and dedication for Mohenjo-daro. Further excavations were carried out in 1945 by Ahmad Hasan Dani and Mortimer Wheeler. Mohenjo-daro in ancient times was most likely the administrative center of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It was the most developed and advanced city in South Asia during its peak. The planning and engineering showed the importance of the city to the people of the Indus valley. (more...)
||An error does not become truth by reason of multiplied propagation, nor does truth become error because nobody sees it. Truth stands, even if there be no public support. It is self sustained.
|Namche Bazaar in the Khumbu region of Nepal close to Mount Everest. The town is built on terraces in what resembles a giant Greek amphitheatre.
|Photo credit: Kogo
Did you know
- ...that Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least nine thousand years?
Selected Member Country
The Republic of India is a country of greater part of the Indian subcontinent. It borders Pakistan in the northwest, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. India's coastline stretches for over seven thousand kilometers. Its neighbours in the Indian Ocean are the island nations of the Maldives in the southwest, Sri Lanka in the south, and Indonesia in the southeast. India is the second most populated country in the world, with a population of over one billion and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. It is a constitutional republic consisting of twenty nine States and seven union territories. The word India derives from the Old Persian cognate for the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indus river. The Constitution of India also recognizes Bhārat listen (help·info) as an official name with equal status.
A centre of important historic trade routes, India is the home to some of the most ancient civilisations. India is the birthplace to four world religions:Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It also has the largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. Hinduism is the major religion followed in India. India is a secular country. India was a former colony of the British Empire under the British Raj before gaining independence on 15 August 1947. The country has witnessed significant economic and military growth after the liberalization of the Indian economy. India is also well known for upholding the concept of peace, as was demonstrated by its peaceful method of freedom struggle.
National Anthem of India
At a glance
The island of Sri Lanka lies in the Indian Ocean, to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The pear-shaped island consists mostly of flat-to-rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part. Amongst these are Sri Pada (Adams Peak) and the highest point Pidurutalagala (also known as Mt Pedro), at 2,524 meters (8,281 ft).
Map credit: NASA
Ahmad Shah Abdālī (c.1723-1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد خان ابدالی - Ahmad Khan Abdālī), also known as Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire. Most Historians view him as an Amir of Khorasan. The Pashtuns of Afghanistan often call him Ahmad Shāh Bābā.
Ahmad Shah began his career as head of the Abdali tribe by capturing Ghazni from the Ghilzai Pashtuns, and then wresting Kabul from the local ruler, and thus strengthened his hold over most of present-day Afghanistan. Leadership of the various Afghan tribes rested mainly on the ability to provide booty for the clan, and Ahmad Shah proved remarkably successful in providing both booty and occupation for his followers. Apart from invading the Punjab three times between the years 1747-1753, he captured Herat in 1750 and both Nishapur (Neyshabur) and Meshed (Mashhad) in 1751.
Although many historians accuse him of massacre and looting, his image is glorified in Afghanistan and to a lesser extent in Pakistan. In fact, he is considered to be the father of the nation for Afghanistan.A giant picture on a billboard is placed at Ghazi Stadium in the Afghan capital, Kabul. Similar picture on a billboard is placed at Kandahar's Stadium, in the southern city of Kandahar. (more...)
Wikipedia in South Asian Languages
: ['kolkat̪a] (help·info)
), formerly Calcutta (help·info)
, is the capital
of the Indian state
of West Bengal
. It is located in eastern India
on the east bank of the River Hooghly
. The city has a population
of almost 4.5 million, with an extended metropolitan population of over 14 million, making it the third-largest urban agglomeration
and the fourth-largest city
Kolkata served as the capital of India during the British Raj until 1911. Once the centre of modern education, science, culture and politics in India, Kolkata witnessed economic stagnation in the years following India's independence in 1947. However, since the year 2000, an economic rejuvenation has arrested the morbid decline, leading to a spurt in the city's growth. Like other large cities, Kolkata continues to struggle with urbanisation problems like poverty, pollution and traffic congestion.
Kolkata is noted for its revolutionary history, ranging from the Indian struggle for independence to the leftist and trade union movements. This vibrant city, with a distinct socio-political culture, is considered by many as the Cultural capital of India. (more)
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 08:00:00 -0700
The MoU envisages SDF and SIDBI to work together in co-funding of projects in Indian MSMEs on risk sharing basis in identified sectors, development of suitable financial products for SME financing for MSMEs of other Saarc states, the Finance Ministry ...
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 05:11:15 -0700
GREATER NOIDA: South Asian countries need to work together with a "strong business agenda" in services trade as the SAARC region has a huge potential, Commerce Secretary Rita Teaotia said today. "SAARC countries of this region need to work together ...
Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
Mon, 18 Apr 2016 22:15:00 -0700
In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced India's decision to develop (and gift) a satellite to benefit all SAARC member countries in different fields like weather data exchanges, disaster management, telecommunication and tele-medicine.
The Indian Express
The Indian Express
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 13:28:29 -0700
The Maharashtra government, which was asked to hold the country's first SAARC Tourism Summit in Aurangabad between April and May by the Ministry of External Affairs, has decided to postpone the event till August, keeping in mind the drought condition ...
The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
Sat, 16 Apr 2016 15:11:18 -0700
ISLAMABAD: There is huge potential in South Asia to boost intra-regional trade and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) is all set to establish an Industrial Park to promote investment and trade among regional countries, said Saarc ...
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 15:52:30 -0700
LAHORE: South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SAARC CCI) delegation, currently on a three-day visit to Afghanistan, is holding fruitful meetings with businessmen, industrialists and top government ...
Ministry of Defence (press release)
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 01:15:00 -0700
President Mithripala Sirisena said the SAARC Cultural Centre proposed to be set up in Matara will help greatly to enhance strong cultural links between the people of South Asia. He inquired into the progress of the establishment of the SAARC Cultural ...
Ceylon Daily News
Ceylon Daily News
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 12:41:15 -0700
A three year valid business visa will be introduced to the SAARC Region by the end of the year. The newly appointed Senior Vice President of the SAARC Chamber of Commerce, Ajith Wathuhewa said that currently SAARC Business Visa is being offered for ...
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