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Ravidassia, a religion started by an Indian saint of the 14th-15th century, Guru Ravidass, has grown around his spiritual belief and lessons of universal brotherhood, tolerance, and message of loving your neighbour as a force for creating a just and humane society. In the Amritbani, which many Ravidassia's call the Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji, contains 240 hymns by Guru Ravidass from the teachings of Guru Ravidas along with his teachings have been included. A common belief in the Ravidassia community is that Guru Ravidass disappeared from the world, leaving behind only his footprints.

In 14th century India, Guru Ravidass, a Dalit by birth, taught monotheistic spirituality and spread the message of equality through emancipation from the Indian caste system. He devoted his life to the service of India's suffering and sought to eradicate social inequalities, preaching love, compassion, mutual tolerance, universal brotherhood and oneness of mankind through his life and philosophy and working to bring social equality through the spiritual or Bhakti way. "Guru Ravidass was one of the greatest saints of the Bhakti movement whose teachings focused on equality of mankind and universal brotherhood," said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

A portrait of Sri Guru Ravidass Ji

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Begumpura is a term coined by Shri Guru Ravidass Ji, in the 15th Century, Banaras, India; “Begampura”, Be-gam-pura, or the land without sorrow. The spirit of the verse is this: Begampura is the name of the city where there is no suffering or anxiety, no fear or downfall/ Begampura is the city where there is sovereignty of god/ Where there is lasting peace and safety for all/ All are equal, no one is second or third[6]. In the end, Guru Ravidas' bhajans reflect both a sense of poverty and caste humiliation and a desire to find a utopia without suffering, taxes or property; one that is, in the hymn “Begumpura” Guru Ravidass Ji postulates the world of his dreams. There will be no distress, no tax, no restriction from going and coming, no fear in the world. It will be an ideal place to live in. The preamble of the The Human Rights Charter of the United Nations has been prepared inconformity with theme of this hymn of Sri Guru Ravidass Ji. above all, a Begumpura or 'Queen City' of companionship:

The regal realm with the sorrowless name they call it Begumpura, a place with no pain, no taxes or cares, none owns property there, no wrongdoing, worry, terror, or torture. Oh my brother, I've come to take it as my own, my distant home, where everything is right... They do this or that, they walk where they wish, they stroll through fabled palaces unchallenged. Oh, says Ravidas, a tanner now set free, those who walk beside me are my friends

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Guru Ravidass (also Raidas, Rohidas[1] and Ruhidas in eastern India) was a North Indian Sant mystic of the bhakti movement who was active in the 15th century CE. Venerated in the region of Uttar Pradesh as well as the Indian state of Maharashtra, his devotional songs and verses made a lasting impact upon the bhakti movement. He is often given the honorific "Bhagat" or "Sant". He was a socio-religious reformer, a thinker, a theosophist, a humanist, a poet, a traveler, a pacifist and a spiritual figure before whom even head-priests of Benaras lay prostrate to pay homage.[2]

He was a shoemaker of the Kutbandhla Chamar caste. His devotional songs were included in the Sikh holy book, the Adi Granth, by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev.[3] There is also a larger body of hymns passed on independently that is claimed and attributed to Ravidas by some. Ravidas was subversive in that his devotionalism implied a leveling of the social divisions of caste and gender, yet ecumenical in that it tended to promote crossing of sectarian divides in the name of a higher spiritual unity.[4] He taught that one is distinguished not by one's caste (jāti) but by one's actions (karma) and that every person has the right to worship God and read holy texts. He opened a frontal attack against the system of Untouchability. He rejected the tradition of Brahmin mediator to reach the Supreme Being. He also said that one need not to hide his caste or leave his low profession to reach God. He became a model for his fellow beings to overcome the hierarchical barriers of Brahminical social order and to establish Begumpura - a state without fear and sorrows. Guru Ravidass elevated the status of the labour by emphasizing on the fact that honest labour is empowering.

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HarrNishaan.pngSelected pictureHarrNishaan.png

Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi
Credit: Superiorfaither

Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi

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DYK question mark
  • Ravi means Sun and Dass means Servant
  • Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji is the holy book of Ravidassia Religion
  • Harr Nishaan is the religious symbol of Ravidassia Religion
  • Sri Guru Ravidass Janamsthan, Varanasi is the ultimate place for pilgrimage for Ravidassias

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Things you can do
  • Add {{Portal|Ravidassia}} to the See also section of Ravidassia-related articles.
  • Tag the talk pages of Ravidassia-related articles with {{WikiProject Ravidassia}}
  • Join WikiProject Ravidassia and list yourself as a Participant in the project.
  • Add all new articles within the scope of the project to the list at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ravidassia/Articles
  • Suggest new feature articles and pictures.
  • Looking for timeliness of Ravidassia history, starting from first Bhakti Movement till date. Diagram would be easy to understand and references of other religions in India on same chart would be a great help.


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Ravidassia (book)

Outline of Ravidassia

History of Ravidassia: Timeline Miracles Guru Ravidass as a Promising Student Brings a Dead Son Alive Rescues Brahman Boy Floating Pathri in River Ganga Janjus of Four Yugs Bhallanath Killing against Guru Ravidass Disgrace Military History

Major Figures: Guru RavidassDisciples Raja Pipa Raja Nagar Mal Rani Jhalan Bai Meera Bai Bibi Bhanmati Karma BaiSant Kabir Tarlochan Sain Dhanna Sant Ramanand

Ravidassia Leaders Sants: Ravidassia Sants Sant Ramanand Ravidassia Sant Samaj

Guru Ravidass Udasis: Udasi-1 Udasi-2 Udasi-3

Dharma or Concepts: Ravidassia MythsReligious Terminology

Texts: Religious Holy BookAmritbani Guru Ravidass Ji

Symbols: Religious SymbolHarr NishaanSaunh

Festivals: Religious FestivalsRavidassia ArtiGuru Ravidass Jayanti

Ultimate Pilgrimage/Bhawans/Mandirs/Gurudwaras (Temples): Religious PlacesShri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir • BegumpuraRavidassia DerasList of Ravidassias Religious Places

Belief and Practices: RavidassiaMeditation in the Ravidasi FaithRavidassia ArtiRavidassia Tenets

Famous Ravidassias: RavidassiaList of Famous Ravidassias

Countries and Regions Guru Ravidass Jayanti Religious Social Organisation:Dera BallanShri Guru Ravidas Mission London

Movements: Religious MovementsBhakti MovementsRavidassia Movements • Panjab Ad-Dharmi Movement • Uttar Pradesh Jatav Movement • Madhya Pradesh Ahirwar Movement • Chhattisgarh Satnami Movement • Andhra & Karnatka Madiga Movement

Terminologies: Religious TerminologyNaamDaanSewadarsSmagamShobha Yatra

Conflicts: Religious ConflictsVienna Attack

Newspapers: Religious NewspaperBegumpura Shaher

Castes and Gotras:List of Ravidassias Gotras

Politics: Begumpura Lok PartyPolitical view of Ravidassias

Literature:List of Books on Ravidassias

Contributions:Ravidassia Relationship with SikhismRavidassia Relationship with HinduismRavidassia Relationship with MuslimsRavidassia Relationship with Christianity

Related topics: CriticismComparative StudiesCultural elements

HarrNishaan.pngRelated portalsHarrNishaan.png


Parent project

Wikipedia:WikiProject Religion

Main project

Wikipedia:WikiProject Ravidassia

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173 news items

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Fri, 08 Apr 2016 07:47:56 -0700

Vijay Kumar Sampla, 54, is Union minister of state for Union minister of state for social justice and empowerment; a Ravidassia Dalit, he became MP from Hoshiarpur in the Dalit-dominated Doaba belt of Punjab in 2014; replaces Kamal Sharma who had ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 16:43:05 -0700

Congress is the only secular party where the Dalit Samaj feel safe and see their bright future also,” said Hans. This came about despite Hans recently having vented out against the Congress for giving representation only to the Ravidassia community. He ...

ColorLines magazine

ColorLines magazine
Mon, 04 Apr 2016 07:52:35 -0700

Shri Ravidassia gurdwaras (places of worship) from Rio Linda, Sacramento, Fremont and Yuba City, California, have also opposed the changes. "This is not just a California issue,” says Harjit Kaur, the Sikh Coalition's community development manager.
Times of India
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 21:30:00 -0700

Khuralgarh (Hoshiarpur): Work On Rs 110cr Ravidassia Memorial Begins P u n j a b c h i e f m i n i s t e r Parkash Singh Badal on Sunday laid the foundation of Begumpura memorial in the memory of Guru Ravidass's stay at Khuralgarh. It is being seen as ...
The Indian Express
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 13:59:10 -0700

There are around 40 per cent Dalit voters in Doaba; even national convener of the party Arvind Kejriwal had visited Doaba twice in the past one month and didn't miss to visit the head of influential Ravidassia Community dera, Dera Sach Khand Ballan in ...

The Indian Express

Chandigarh Tribune
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 13:08:44 -0700

Tarn Taran: Punjab Congress president Capt Amarinder Singh has expelled party leader Tejpreet Singh Peter for alleged anti-party activities. Amarinder's media adviser Vimal Sumbly said Peter had targeted the ex-CM with the intention of defaming him.
Times of India
Mon, 04 Apr 2016 11:11:15 -0700

... reportedly hired the bus, which belongs to a school based in Dhuri, for ferrying the passengers to the SAD-BJP function in Hoshiarpur's Khuralgarh village, where chief minister Parkash Singh laid the foundation stone of a Rs 110-crore Ravidassia ...
Times of India
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 08:33:45 -0700

The conference and the assertions by Hans and Mann come against the backdrop of recent controversy within Congress in which Valmiki/Mazhabi leaders have been alleging that they were being marginalized by Ravidassia-Adi-dharmi leaders in Congress.

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