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Ravidassia, a religion started by an Indian saint of the 14th-15th century, Guru Ravidass, has grown around his spiritual belief and lessons of universal brotherhood, tolerance, and message of loving your neighbour as a force for creating a just and humane society. In the Amritbani, which many Ravidassia's call the Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji, contains 240 hymns by Guru Ravidass from the teachings of Guru Ravidas along with his teachings have been included. A common belief in the Ravidassia community is that Guru Ravidass disappeared from the world, leaving behind only his footprints.

In 14th century India, Guru Ravidass, a Dalit by birth, taught monotheistic spirituality and spread the message of equality through emancipation from the Indian caste system. He devoted his life to the service of India's suffering and sought to eradicate social inequalities, preaching love, compassion, mutual tolerance, universal brotherhood and oneness of mankind through his life and philosophy and working to bring social equality through the spiritual or Bhakti way. "Guru Ravidass was one of the greatest saints of the Bhakti movement whose teachings focused on equality of mankind and universal brotherhood," said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

A portrait of Sri Guru Ravidass Ji

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Begumpura is a term coined by Shri Guru Ravidass Ji, in the 15th Century, Banaras, India. “Begampura”. Be-gam-pura, or the land without sorrow. The spirit of the verse is this: Begampura is the name of the city where there is no suffering or anxiety, no fear or downfall/ Begampura is the city where there is sovereignty of god/ Where there is lasting peace and safety for all/ All are equal, no one is second or third[6]. In the end, Guru Ravidas' bhajans reflect both a sense of poverty and caste humiliation and a desire to find a utopia without suffering, taxes or property; one that is, in the hymn “Begumpura” Guru RavidassJi postulates the world of his dreams. There willbe no distress, no tax, no restriction from going and coming, no fear in the world. It will be anideal place to live in. The preamble of the The Human Rights Charter of the United Nations has been prepared inconformity with theme of this hymn of Sri Guru Ravidass Ji. above all, a Begumpura or 'Queen City' of companionship:

The regal realm with the sorrowless name they call it Begumpura, a place with no pain, no taxes or cares, none owns property there, no wrongdoing, worry, terror, or torture. Oh my brother, I've come to take it as my own, my distant home, where everything is right... They do this or that, they walk where they wish, they stroll through fabled palaces unchallenged. Oh, says Ravidas, a tanner now set free, those who walk beside me are my friends

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The details of Guru Ravidas' life are controversial. According to some he was born in 1376/7 or else 1399 CE but many scholars offer later dates. Schaller estimates his lifespan as 1450-1520[3] while the Encyclopædia Britannica contents itself with a floreat of 15th-16th century CE.[4] Partly this is due to traditions that make him, on one hand, like his contemporary Kabir the disciple of Ramananda (he is mentioned as such c.1600 CE in Nabhadas' Bhaktamal) but also, on the other, the guru of Meera (according to a song attributed to her:[5] "guru miliyaa raidasjee"). However, as Schaller points out, the importance of such claims lies in their establishing the authority of a lineage of gurus (parampara). One may count oneself a disciple of a master without having actually met him.

His origin and parents are also given differently. According to history he was born in a village named Seer Govardhanpur, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India: his father Baba Santokh Das was a leather merchant (chamar) and Mata Kalsa Devi was his mother. His father got him married to Mata Lona Devi at early age and according to the Ravidas Purana he had a son named Vijaydas. A region between Ahmednagar and Benares is named after him.

The queen of Chittorgarh is said to have been a disciple (this may be connected with Meera, who was married to the ruler of Chittorgarh). It is said that the conservative Brahmins of Kashi could not stand the popularity of this "untouchable saint". A complaint was made to the king that he was working against age-old norms of social order (varnashrama dharma) - a cobbler was not supposed to talk of God or do work of advising or teaching. The ruler arranged for an assembly of learned men. Ravidas was also invited and was felicitated publicly. A procession was arranged (shobha yatra) and the king himself participated.

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HarrNishaan.pngSelected pictureHarrNishaan.png

Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi
Credit: Superiorfaither

Harr Nishaan, a symbol of Ravidassia religion in Hindi

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DYK question mark
  • Ravi means Sun and Dass means Servant
  • Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji is the holy book of Ravidassia Religion
  • Harr Nishaan is the religious symbol of Ravidassia Religion
  • Sri Guru Ravidass Janamsthan, Varanasi is the ultimate place for pilgrimage for Ravidassias

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Things you can do
  • Add {{Portal|Ravidassia}} to the See also section of Ravidassia-related articles.
  • Tag the talk pages of Ravidassia-related articles with {{WikiProject Ravidassia}}
  • Join WikiProject Ravidassia and list yourself as a Participant in the project.
  • Add all new articles within the scope of the project to the list at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ravidassia/Articles
  • Suggest new feature articles and pictures.
  • Looking for timeliness of Ravidassia history, starting from first Bhakti Movement till date. Diagram would be easy to understand and references of other religions in India on same chart would be a great help.


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Ravidassia (book)

Outline of Ravidassia

History of Ravidassia: Timeline Miracles Guru Ravidass as a Promising Student Brings a Dead Son Alive Rescues Brahman Boy Floating Pathri in River Ganga Janjus of Four Yugs Bhallanath Killing against Guru Ravidass Disgrace Military History

Major Figures: Guru RavidassDisciples Raja Pipa Raja Nagar Mal Rani Jhalan Bai Meera Bai Bibi Bhanmati Karma BaiSant Kabir Tarlochan Sain Dhanna Sant Ramanand

Ravidassia Leaders Sants: Ravidassia Sants Sant Ramanand Ravidassia Sant Samaj

Guru Ravidass Udasis: Udasi-1 Udasi-2 Udasi-3

Dharma or Concepts: Ravidassia MythsReligious Terminology

Texts: Religious Holy BookAmritbani Guru Ravidass Ji

Symbols: Religious SymbolHarr NishaanSaunh

Festivals: Religious FestivalsRavidassia ArtiGuru Ravidass Jayanti

Ultimate Pilgrimage/Bhawans/Mandirs/Gurudwaras (Temples): Religious PlacesShri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir • BegumpuraRavidassia DerasList of Ravidassias Religious Places

Belief and Practices: RavidassiaMeditation in the Ravidasi FaithRavidassia ArtiRavidassia Tenets

Famous Ravidassias: RavidassiaList of Famous Ravidassias

Countries and Regions Guru Ravidass Jayanti Religious Social Organisation:Dera BallanShri Guru Ravidas Mission London

Movements: Religious MovementsBhakti MovementsRavidassia Movements • Panjab Ad-Dharmi Movement • Uttar Pradesh Jatav Movement • Madhya Pradesh Ahirwar Movement • Chhattisgarh Satnami Movement • Andhra & Karnatka Madiga Movement

Terminologies: Religious TerminologyNaamDaanSewadarsSmagamShobha Yatra

Conflicts: Religious ConflictsVienna Attack

Newspapers: Religious NewspaperBegumpura Shaher

Castes and Gotras:List of Ravidassias Gotras

Politics: Begumpura Lok PartyPolitical view of Ravidassias

Literature:List of Books on Ravidassias

Contributions:Ravidassia Relationship with SikhismRavidassia Relationship with HinduismRavidassia Relationship with MuslimsRavidassia Relationship with Christianity

Related topics: CriticismComparative StudiesCultural elements

HarrNishaan.pngRelated portalsHarrNishaan.png


Parent project

Wikipedia:WikiProject Religion

Main project

Wikipedia:WikiProject Ravidassia

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1091 news items

Times of India
Thu, 15 May 2014 15:12:22 -0700

Though Gravesham had three Sikh mayors, including Makhan Singh, Narinderjit Singh Thandi and Dhesi, all from Labour party, Bungar happens to be the first ravidassia community member to become a deputy mayor. The meeting in which Bungar was ...
Times of India
Fri, 03 Feb 2012 17:43:41 -0800

JALANDHAR: Two years after announcing the founding of Ravidassia religion by Dera Ballan, the Asi-Dharmi community has finally installed Amrit Bani Granth at the Guru Ravidass dham - the biggest and most opulent upcoming shrine of the community - in ...
Indian Express
Wed, 03 Feb 2010 12:18:51 -0800

With no end in sight to the controversy relating to declaration of separate religion by Dera Sachkhand Ballan for the Ravidassia community, the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee has called an emergency executive meeting on Thursday at its ...
Times of India
Mon, 02 Feb 2015 01:11:15 -0800

"Our Ravidassia community have been asking the state and Central governments to consider a few of our demands which include providing 100 acre land for fooding and lodging of devotees near the temple, sanctioning an amount of Rs 300 crores for the ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sat, 14 Feb 2015 16:22:30 -0800

Lakhwinder Kaur, 27, a Sikh woman from the Scheduled Caste Ravidassia sect, had to elope so that she could marry the Hindu man she loved. They married in May last year amid stiff opposition from her family. She filed her nomination as a Congress ...
Times of India
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 00:26:50 -0800

Meanwhile Chaudhary Jagjit said that Adi-dharmi/Ravidassia community should unite and tell everyone that they were followers of Ravidassia religion and had only one Guru, Guru Ravidass. "In the census also, you should mention your religion as ...
Times of India
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 16:09:23 -0800

JALANDHAR: Giving a shocker to the party, noted sufi singer Hans Raj Hans has resigned from SAD (Badal). The move assumed significance as BJP is striving to strengthen its base among dalits in Punjab even at the cost of its alliance partner SAD. Though ...
La Prima Pagina
Mon, 09 Mar 2015 06:52:30 -0700

In un documento collettivo conclusivo che sarà diffuso in occasione del convegno cristiani, musulmani, sikh, ravidassia e indù del Vicentino affermano insieme che “la violenza è sempre rifiuto di Dio e che chi la pratica non può dirsi credente”. Per i ...

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