Young Earth creationism
) is a form of creationism
that asserts the Heavens
, and all life on Earth
was created by direct acts of the Abrahamic God
during a relatively short period, sometime between 5,700 and 10,000 years ago. Its adherents are Christians
who believe that God created the Earth in six 24-hour days, taking a literal interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative
as a basis for their beliefs.
Between 40-50% of adults in the United States say they believe in young Earth creationism, depending on the poll. According to a Gallup poll in December 2010, around 40% of Americans believe in YEC, with 52% among Republicans and 34% among Democrats. The percentage falls quickly as the level of education increases — only 22% of respondents with postgraduate degrees believed compared with 47% of those with a high school education or less.
(born 1956), also known as Harun Yahya
, is an author and Islamic creationist
. In 2007, he sent thousands of unsolicited copies of his book, Atlas of Creation
, which advocates Islamic creationism
, to American scientists, members of Congress, and science museums. Oktar runs two organizations of which he is also the Honorary President: Bilim Araştırma Vakfı
("Science Research Foundation", BAV, established 1990), which promotes creationism and Milli Değerleri Koruma Vakfı
("Foundation to Protect National Values", established 1995) which claimed to promote Turkish nationalism
In the last two decades, Oktar has been involved in a number of legal cases, both as defendant and plaintiff.