The Australian Capital Territory Portal
The Australian Capital Territory is the capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory. It is an inland enclave in New South Wales, situated in bushland. It is bounded by the Goulburn-Cooma railway line in the east, the watershed of Naas Creek in the south, the watershed of the Cotter River in the west, and the watershed of the Molonglo River in the north-east. Despite its small size, 2,358 square kilometres (910 sq mi), its population of 339,000 makes it the most densely populated of Australia's federal divisions.
Before European settlement the area now known as the ACT was inhabited by three Aboriginal tribes: the Ngunnawal, Walgalu, and Ngarigo. White exploration and settlement did not occur until the 1820s. The ACT was conceived during the federation conventions of the late 1800s as neutral location for a new National Capital. The Australian Constitution provided that following Federation in 1901, land would be ceded to the new Federal Government. The Territory was transferred to the Commonwealth by the state of New South Wales in 1911, and construction of the capital, Canberra, began in 1913.
The Australian Capital Territory's population is largely concentrated on Canberra, with only 869 people living outside of the city as of the 2006 census. Canberrans are relatively young, highly mobile, and well-educated, with most employed by the government. The main industries are government administration and defence.
The floral emblem of the ACT is the Royal Bluebell and the faunal emblem is the Gang-gang cockatoo.
is the capital city
of the Commonwealth of Australia
. With a population of over 345,000, it is Australia's largest inland city
. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory
, 280 kilometres (170 mi) south-west of Sydney
, and 650 kilometres (400 mi) north-east of Melbourne
The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between age-old rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely purpose-built, planned city. Following an international contest for the city's design, a design by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913. The city's design was heavily influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title "bush capital". Although the growth and development of Canberra were hindered by the World Wars and the Great Depression, it emerged as a thriving city after World War II.
As the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the High Court of Australia and numerous government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the National Gallery of Australia and the National Museum of Australia. The federal government contributes the largest percentage of Gross State Product and is the largest single employer in Canberra.
New York Daily News
Thu, 16 May 2013 04:43:07 -0700
Shane Rattenbury, a minister in the Australian Capital Territory government, which administers the city of Canberra, said he was running on a sidewalk in inner-suburban Ainslie and was only seconds away from a collision before he saw the eastern gray ...
Thu, 16 May 2013 03:24:45 -0700
Shane Rattenbury, a minister in the Australian Capital Territory government, which administers the city of Canberra, says he was running on a sidewalk Thursday and was only seconds away from a collision when he saw the eastern grey kangaroo at the end ...
Mon, 20 May 2013 17:23:11 -0700
The honour of being the most directly invested state was shared equally between Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory, where 45 per cent of the adult population owned shares in some form. This compared to Queensland, with only 26 per ...
Drinks Business Review
Wed, 08 May 2013 21:16:38 -0700
Kingston Estate Wines, a South Australia-based family-owned winery, has appointed Young & Rashleigh Wine Merchants (YRWM) as a distributor for its wines in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory. The winery is mainly known for its ...
4-traders (press release)
Mon, 20 May 2013 22:36:30 -0700
Strongest growth was posted in South Australia (up 12.4 per cent), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (up 9.7 per cent), Tasmania (up 8.0 per cent) and Queensland (up 7.1 per cent). - ENDS -. Kathryn Powditch Commonwealth Bank (02) 9303 1353 ...
Sun, 19 May 2013 21:53:18 -0700
The couple from the Australian Capital Territory were on a trip around Australia with their two children, a 13-year-old girl and 10-year-old boy, who saw the tragic events on the beach. The couple's son was the first to raise the alarm after he went ...
Tue, 30 Apr 2013 05:58:34 -0700
The second stage of the Australian Capital Territory's (ACT) Solar Auction has received 15 proposals. 20 MW of capacity will be funded under the government program. Meanwhile a new report has argued that rooftop photovoltaics is saving Australian ...
Sun, 19 May 2013 23:43:28 -0700
Mr Quaedvlieg is currently the Chief Police Officer for the Australian Capital Territory and an Assistant Commissioner with the Australian Federal Police. After joining the Australian Federal Police in 2005, Mr Quaedvlieg was promoted to the position ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
You can talk about Australian Capital Territory with people all over the world in our discussions.