digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Police corruption is a form of police misconduct in which law enforcement officers seek personal gain, such as money or career advancement, through the abuse of power, for example by accepting bribes in exchange for not pursuing, or selectively pursuing, an investigation or arrest.

One common form of police corruption is soliciting or accepting bribes in exchange for not reporting organized drug or prostitution rings or other illegal activities. Another example is police officers flouting the police code of conduct in order to secure convictions of suspects—for example, through the use of falsified evidence. More rarely, police officers may deliberately and systematically participate in organized crime themselves.

In most major cities there are internal affairs sections to investigate suspected police corruption or misconduct. Similar entities include the British Independent Police Complaints Commission. Police corruption is a significant widespread problem in several countries, such as Peru,[1] Brazil,[2] Indonesia,[3]Mexico[4] Russia[4] and Ukraine.[4]

Corrupt acts by police officers[edit]

Police officers have several opportunities to gain personally from their status and authority as law enforcement officers. The Knapp Commission, which investigated corruption in the New York City Police Department in the early 1970s, divided corrupt officers into two types: meat-eaters, who "aggressively misuse their police powers for personal gain", and grass-eaters, who "simply accept the payoffs that the happenstances of police work throw their way."[5]

The sort of corrupt acts that have been committed by police officers have been classified as follows:[6]

  • Corruption of authority: police officers receiving free drinks, meals, and other gratuities.
  • Kickbacks: receiving payment from referring people to other businesses. This can include, for instance, contractors and tow truck operators and organized crime suspects.[7]
  • Opportunistic theft from arrestees and crime victims or their corpses.
  • Shakedowns: accepting bribes for not pursuing a criminal violation.
  • Protection of illegal activity: being "on the take", accepting payment from the operators of illegal establishments such as brothels, casinos, or drug dealers to protect them from law enforcement and keep them in operation.
  • "Fixing": undermining criminal prosecutions by withholding evidence or failing to appear at judicial hearings, for bribery or as a personal favor.
  • Direct criminal activities of law enforcement officers themselves.[8]
  • Internal payoffs: prerogatives and perquisites of law enforcement organizations, such as shifts and holidays, being bought and sold.
  • The "frameup": the planting or adding to evidence, especially in drug cases.
  • Police hazing within law enforcement.
  • Ticket fixing: police officers cancelling traffic tickets as a favor to the friends and family of other police officers.

Prevalence of police corruption[edit]

Accurate information about the prevalence of police corruption is hard to come by, since the corrupt activities tend to happen in secret and police organizations have little incentive to publish information about corruption.[9] Police officials and researchers alike have argued that in some countries, large-scale corruption involving the police not only exists but can even become institutionalized.[10] One study of corruption in the Los Angeles Police Department (focusing particularly on the Rampart scandal) proposed that certain forms of police corruption may be the norm, rather than the exception, in American policing.[11] In the UK, an internal investigation in 2002 into the largest police force, the Metropolitan Police, Operation Tiberius found that the force was so corrupt that "organized criminals were able to infiltrate Scotland Yard “at will” by bribing corrupt officers ... and that Britain’s biggest force suffered 'endemic corruption' at the time".[12]

Where corruption exists, the widespread existence of a Blue Code of Silence among the police can prevent the corruption from coming to light. Officers in these situations commonly fail to report corrupt behavior or provide false testimony to outside investigators to cover up criminal activity by their fellow officers.[13] The well-known case of Frank Serpico, a police officer who spoke out about pervasive corruption in the NYPD despite the open hostility of other members, illustrates how powerful the code of silence can be. In Australia in 1994, by 46 votes to 45, independent politician John Hatton forced the New South Wales state government to override the Independent Commission Against Corruption and the advice of senior police to establish a ground-breaking Royal Commission into Police Corruption[14] However, in a number of countries, such as China,[15] Pakistan, Malaysia, Russia, Ukraine, Brazil or Mexico, police corruption remains to be one of the largest social problems facing their countries.

"Noble cause corruption" and police[edit]

"Noble cause corruption" as ethical corruption is a departure from conventional discussions on police corruption, which typically focus on monetary corruption. According to the field of Police Ethics, noble cause corruption is police misconduct "committed in the name of good ends." In Police Ethics it argued that some of the best officers are often the most susceptible to noble cause corruption.[16] According to professional policing literature, noble cause corruption includes "planting or fabricating evidence, lying or the fabrication and manipulation of facts on reports or through testimony in court, and generally abusing police authority to make a charge stick."[17] According to Robert Reiner, a professor at the London School of Economics, stops based on statistical discrimination are also a form of noble cause corruption.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Peruvian Times – News from Peru – Interior Minister: Police Working on Rooting Out Corrupt Officers". peruviantimes.com. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  2. ^ "Brazil | Police | Corruption". Globalpost.com. 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-17. 
  3. ^ "Survey: Police most corrupt institution: TII". The Jakarta Post. 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2013-05-17. 
  4. ^ a b c Rogers, Simon (2011-12-01). "Corruption index 2011 from Transparency International: find out how countries compare | News". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-17. 
  5. ^ Thomas C. Mackey, "Meat-eaters and Grass-eaters", H-Net, November 1997, available at http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=1503. Accessed 6 February 2010.
  6. ^ Newburn, 1999, p. 4
  7. ^ Tim Prenzler, Police Corruption: Preventing Misconduct and Maintaining Integrity, ISBN 978-1-4200-7796-4 
  8. ^ a b "Met Commander Ali Dizaei guilty of corruption". BBC News. 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  9. ^ Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovic, "To Serve and Collect: Measuring Police Corruption", The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 93, no. 2/3 (2003): 600.
  10. ^ Peter Kratcoski, "International Perspectives on Institutional and Police Corruption", Police Practice and Research 3, no. 1 (2002): 74.
  11. ^ "I am simply saying that the current institution of law enforcement in America does appear to reproduce itself according counter-legal norms, and that attempts to counteract this reproduction via the training one receives in police academies, the imposition of citizen review boards, departments of Internal Affairs, etc. do not appear to mitigate against this structural continuity between law enforcement and crime. Specifically the continuity between the breaking of procedural rules as a matter of routine and the kind of large scale criminal corruption we saw in Rampart bears further investigation." Judith Grant, "Assault Under Color of Authority: Police Corruption as Norm in the LAPD Rampart Scandal and in Popular Film", New Political Science 25, no. 3 (2003): 404.
  12. ^ Tom Harper (2014-01-10). "Exclusive: Scotland Yard’s rotten core: Police failed to address Met's ‘endemic corruption’ - Crime - UK". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  13. ^ Jerome Skolnick, "Corruption and the Blue Code of Silence", Police Practice and Research 3, no. 1 (2002): 8.
  14. ^ ABC Stateline The Stench Friday, November 6, 2009 http://www.abc.net.au/news/video/2009/11/06/2735960.htm accessed 16 May 2010
  15. ^ Wang, Peng (2013). "The rise of the Red Mafia in China: a case study of organised crime and corruption in Chongqing". Trends in Organized Crime 16 (1): 49–73. doi:10.1007/s12117-012-9179-8. 
  16. ^ Crank, J., Caldero, M., Police Ethics: The Corruption of Noble Cause, IBSN-13: 978-1-59345-610-8
  17. ^ Thomas J. Martinelli, "Unconstitutional Policing: The Ethical Challenges in Dealing with Noble Cause Corruption", The Police Chief, 2006. http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display&article_id=1025&issue_id=102006
  18. ^ Robert Reiner, The Politics of the Police, Oxford University Press, 2010, ISBN 0199283397.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_corruption — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Police corruption: Crooked cop caught by own dashcam stealing from dying motorcycle crash victim

A Connecticut state trooper has pleaded guilty to charges he stole cash and jewelry from a dying accident victim on the evening of September 22, 2012. Aaron ...

{PSYCHOPATHIC POLICE} If You See Something, Film it Recording Police is Dangerous but Necessary

_· ··· ·▭· BeKnown http://www.facebook.com/TruthBeKnownRevolution https://twitter.com/TBKRevolution You can share your police videos to #IYSSFS on Tw...

Corrupt Police Ignore Vehicular Assault!!!

SHARK has numerous videos up exposing the corruption of the police department of Bensalem Township, in Bucks County. In this case a police officer responds t...

Ex-Cop Dies During Revenge Attack On Police Corruption Blogger

Visit My Website:http://www.adviseshow.com DONATE 2 THE SHOW:http://www.adviseshow.com/donate-here/ SUB TO RATCHET VIDEO WEEKLY:http://goo.gl/cIFrl SUB TO AD...

Justin Hopson's Story: One Man's War Against Police Corruption

Award Winning Author: http://www.breakingthebluewall.com/index.html A true story about an ordinary cop with an extraordinary cause! Rookie New Jersey State T...

POLICE CORRUPTION in the durham region

The officer depicted in this video is Constable James (Jamie) Ebdon #3315 of the Durham Regional Police Service. Ebdon is seen here in 2011 threatening civil...

Mexican Police Officer Deals With an American - Corruption Caught On Video

Mexican police asks a driver who set up a video camera for a large amount of money, when the American shows the cop that he doesn't have the amount, the cop ...

The Robert Leone Story - Police Brutality and Corruption Documentary

The Robert Leone Story - Leone is suing the State Police claiming he was physically beaten, Tased and verbally assaulted over the course of nine hours while ...

"NYPD Hating" - A Documentary about Police Quotas, Corruption, and Brutality. (HD)

A Compilation of Police Corruption "NYPD Hating" revolves around the corruption of the City's police force. Using testimony from NYPD whistleblowers and foot...

Police Assault Citizen for Asking for a Complaint Form!

Our undercover investigator asks for a complaint form and gets his head smashed into a plexi-glass partition in the police station lobby. This is a sickening...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

1345 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 05:43:22 -0700

The Home Office Select Committee will launch an investigation next month into police corruption after claims officers also used their power to get money and sex. The probe comes amid a series of police scandals that have related to recent inquiries ...

The Independent

The Independent
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 10:38:58 -0700

The separate 2003 Home Office report into police corruption was unearthed by The Independent after being buried in exhibits submitted to the Leveson inquiry. The research found up to 1 per cent of the 200,000 police officers were “potentially corrupt ...

The Detroit News

The Detroit News
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 12:59:29 -0700

Former Romulus police chief Michael Charles St Andre, with his wife, Sandra Kay Viaz-St. Andre, in 2011, was sentenced Friday to 5 to 20 years behind bars for his role in a wide-ranging police corruption case. (Photo: Steve Perez , The Detroit News ).

RT

RT
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 03:52:30 -0700

Furious students burn Mexican govt. building in protest over police corruption. Published time: October 14, 2014 10:51. Edited time: October 16, 2014 10:47. Get short URL. View of the Municipal Palace in Chilpancingo, Guerrero state after students set ...

Mintpress News (registration) (blog)

Mintpress News (registration) (blog)
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 11:46:01 -0700

WCPO 9 Cincinnati has conducted one of the most eye-opening investigations into police corruption this year. The investigation begins with Michael Glover who was wrongfully detained by officer Angala Taylor. Taylor, having no reason to legally detain ...

Asian Correspondent

Asian Correspondent
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Not saving Thailand's face: the backlash of police corruption in tourist murders. By Saksith Saiyasombut & Siam Voices Oct 21, 2014 11:16AM UTC. Share: Share. By James Austin Farrell. The Burmese workers accused of committing the Koh Tao murders at a ...

The Detroit News

The Detroit News
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 11:01:58 -0700

Romulus — Three Romulus police officers pleaded no contest Tuesday to charges stemming from a police corruption case and will lose their certification to be employed in law enforcement. According to the Wayne County Prosecutor's Office, pleas were ...

Hometownlife.com

Hometownlife.com
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 21:12:30 -0700

Three former police officers have pleaded no contest to charges stemming from their alleged role in a corruption case involving members of the Romulus Police Department. On Tuesday, former detective sergeant Richard Balzer pleaded no contest to one ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!