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This illustration in a French Psalter from the 9th century (c. 830) shows an unspecified plucked string instrument.
Stringed instruments hanging on a wall. Shown here are 4 Lookoeos, 2 mandolins, a banjo, a guitar, a violin, a Guraitar and a bass guitar.

Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such a way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Most plucked string instruments belong to the lute family (such as guitar, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, balalaika, sitar, pipa, etc.), which generally consist of a resonating body, and a neck; the strings run along the neck and can be stopped at different pitches. The zither family (including the autoharp, kantele, gusli, kannel, kankles, kokle, koto, guqin, gu zheng and many others) does not have a neck, and the strings are stretched across the soundboard. In the harp family (including the lyre), the strings are perpendicular to the soundboard and do not run across it. The harpsichord does not fit any of these categories but is also a plucked string instrument, as its strings are struck with a plectrum when the keys are depressed.

Bowed string instruments, such as the violin, can also be plucked in the technique known as pizzicato; however, as they are usually played with a bow, they are not included in this category. Struck string instruments (such as the piano) can be similarly plucked as an extended technique.

Plucked string instruments are not a category in the Sachs-Hornbostel classification, as some of them are simple chordophones and others are composite (depending on whether the resonator is a removable part of the instrument).

List of plucked string instruments[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plucked_string_instrument — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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WavesArt Development presents Kronos Exs Library "Middle Eastern Plucked String Instruments" the most detailed plucked instruments collection ever created for a workstation ! This is the first...

1 by Nikolaos-Laonikos Psimikakis-Chalkokondylis for voice and plucked string instrument.

Score and MP3 from : http://imslp.org/wiki/1_%28Psimikakis... composer's site : http://www.laonikos.com/ Édition: laonikos.com, 2009. Droit d'auteur (copyright): Creative Commons Attribution...

Until It Blazes, for Piano or Plucked String Instrument

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72 news items

InSerbia News

InSerbia News
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 10:48:19 -0700

Rudra veena is a large plucked string instrument used in Hindustani classical music. In the Indian mythology, the instrument is mentioned as 'dear to Lord Shiva'. 'Rudra' is another name of Lord Shiva – the powerful and fascinating deity of the Hindu ...
 
Exclaim!
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 08:56:15 -0700

Electronic experimenter Matthew Herbert will soon wiggle out his new album The Shakes. Before we get the release in full, he's shared another taste with "Strong." The song's a percussive track built on snapping drums and a plucked string instrument ...

Bangkok Post

Bangkok Post
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 16:48:45 -0700

Captivating vocals are accompanied by melodies from the salor (a bowed string instrument) and pin (a plucked string instrument), with the resulting music resonating at merit-making ceremonies, such as when moving into a new home and for those entering ...
 
Business Standard
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 08:31:50 -0700

Showcasing the style of another plucked string instrument, the sarod, will be Chowdhury. Now based in Dhaka, she is trained in the Shahjahanpur gharana, which combines bold strumming with subtle ragas. For violinist Shankar, the art is a family tradition.

Boston Classical Review

Boston Classical Review
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 06:37:30 -0800

The short piece opened with Mark Rimple performing a light, trickling melody on the psaltery, a plucked string instrument that resembles an autoharp. As if to blanket the texture in a silvery sheen, Jesse Lepkoff (flute), David Douglass (vielle), and ...
 
Harvard Crimson
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 10:22:30 -0800

Kuchipudi is characterized by its narrative style and accompanying music—an orchestra composed of vocals, flute, veena (a plucked string instrument), and percussion. The dance form has two components: pure dance (which is abstract) and expressive ...

Macworld

Macworld
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 04:02:18 -0700

For tuning, Guitar Toolkit is very flexible: You set your preferred pitch between 392Hz to 528Hz, and you can even use presets to tune any plucked string instrument. There are dozens of alternate tunings, and you could use it with, say, a violin or ...

University of Bristol

University of Bristol
Tue, 17 Mar 2015 10:48:45 -0700

A tanbur, a long-necked plucked string instrument hailing from Ottoman times. 17 March 2015. Researchers in the School of Arts have been awarded almost 3.5 million Euros from the European Research Council (ERC) for two innovative music projects.
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