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This illustration in a French Psalter from the 9th century (c. 830) shows an unspecified plucked string instrument.
Stringed instruments hanging on a wall. Shown here are 4 Lookoeos, 2 mandolins, a banjo, a guitar, a violin, a Guraitar and a bass guitar.

Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such a way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Most plucked string instruments belong to the lute family (such as guitar, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, balalaika, sitar, pipa, etc.), which generally consist of a resonating body, and a neck; the strings run along the neck and can be stopped at different pitches. The zither family (including the autoharp, kantele, gusli, kannel, kankles, kokle, koto, guqin, gu zheng and many others) does not have a neck, and the strings are stretched across the soundboard. In the harp family (including the lyre), the strings are perpendicular to the soundboard and do not run across it. The harpsichord does not fit any of these categories but is also a plucked string instrument, as its strings are struck with a plectrum when the keys are depressed.

Bowed string instruments, such as the violin, can also be plucked in the technique known as pizzicato; however, as they are usually played with a bow, they are not included in this category. Struck string instruments (such as the piano) can be similarly plucked as an extended technique.

Plucked string instruments are not a category in the Sachs-Hornbostel classification, as some of them are simple chordophones and others are composite (depending on whether the resonator is a removable part of the instrument).

List of plucked string instruments[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plucked_string_instrument — Please support Wikipedia.
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Middle ages and Renaissance music / Plucked string instruments (XIII-XVII centuries)

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the busker plays the special plucked string instrument 舊金山街頭表演

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1 by Nikolaos-Laonikos Psimikakis-Chalkokondylis for voice and plucked string instrument.

Score and MP3 from : http://imslp.org/wiki/1_%28Psimikakis... composer's site : http://www.laonikos.com/ Édition: laonikos.com, 2009. Droit d'auteur (copyrig...

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A retired professor talked about his experience and feels on playing the seven-stringed plucked instrument.

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Touching.

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6 news items

ecns

ecns
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 21:41:15 -0700

What they didn't expect, was to be blown away by a guest performer from China, Feng Mantian and his ruan, a Chinese plucked-string instrument with a history of over 2,000 years. When Feng finished the last note of his original composition, Tian Gao Yun ...
 
Sierra Vista Herald
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 22:50:34 -0700

Hennings is one of the few concert guitarists devoted to new music for classical guitar and early music for lute, baroque guitar and theorbo (a plucked string instrument). A native of Mexico, Hennings has been a soloist with several prestigious ...
 
D Magazine
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The ensemble was reduced to about two dozen players, adding a harpsichord, small organ, and theorbo (a large, plucked string instrument) for the occasion. That conductor Dantone knows this material intimately was obvious from the subtle grandeur of the ...
 
New Jersey Hills
Fri, 28 Mar 2014 08:39:05 -0700

The performers gave a brief introduction to each piece and displayed and talked about the period instruments that they used. The theorbo is a plucked string instrument with two peg boxes and thus two sets of strings. This gives it a wider range, with ...
 
CRIENGLISH.com
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Musician Feng Mantian will fuse the music of Zhong Ruan, a Chinese plucked string instrument with jazz, rock, and blues melodies. In order to attract more young visitors, the festival is also going to launch four major outdoor events, including Intro ...
 
ecns
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Musician Feng Mantian will fuse the music of Zhong Ruan, a Chinese plucked string instrument with jazz, rock, and blues melodies. In order to attract more young visitors, the festival is also going to launch four major outdoor events, including Intro ...
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