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This illustration in a French Psalter from the 9th century (c. 830) shows an unspecified plucked string instrument.
Stringed instruments hanging on a wall. Shown here are 4 Lookoeos, 2 mandolins, a banjo, a guitar, a violin, a Guraitar and a bass guitar.

Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such a way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Most plucked string instruments belong to the lute family (such as guitar, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, balalaika, sitar, pipa, etc.), which generally consist of a resonating body, and a neck; the strings run along the neck and can be stopped at different pitches. The zither family (including the autoharp, kantele, gusli, kannel, kankles, kokle, koto, guqin, gu zheng and many others) does not have a neck, and the strings are stretched across the soundboard. In the harp family (including the lyre), the strings are perpendicular to the soundboard and do not run across it. The harpsichord does not fit any of these categories but is also a plucked string instrument, as its strings are struck with a plectrum when the keys are depressed.

Bowed string instruments, such as the violin, can also be plucked in the technique known as pizzicato; however, as they are usually played with a bow, they are not included in this category. Struck string instruments (such as the piano) can be similarly plucked as an extended technique.

Plucked string instruments are not a category in the Sachs-Hornbostel classification, as some of them are simple chordophones and others are composite (depending on whether the resonator is the removable part of the instrument).

List of plucked string instruments[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plucked_string_instrument — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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131 news items

Carleton College News

Carleton College News
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 13:22:30 -0800

30 at 8 p.m. in the Carleton College Concert Hall. Described as “the finest representative of the Kobzar tradition in the Western Hemisphere,” Kytasty is internationally acclaimed for his work on the bandura, a lute-like, plucked string instrument that ...

Global Times

Global Times
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 01:45:00 -0800

Pipa is a traditional Chinese plucked string instrument. For the past 10 years, Chung has been experimenting with the pipa in collaboration with musicians from around the world. Fade to Blue sees East meet West as audience will hear the vast ...

Xinhua

Xinhua
Thu, 14 Jan 2016 17:30:00 -0800

After spending years in the West with reputable jewelry houses, a designer returns to his roots in more ways than one. Sun Yuanqing reports. Sitting in a studio filled with teapots and bamboo furniture, Dayu Shi hasn't stepped out of the building ...

WTOP

WTOP
Tue, 01 Dec 2015 11:20:05 -0800

”Ambush from Ten Sides” – the saga of the Han Army in battle – is a classical masterpiece in Chinese music written for the pipa and percussion (Chinese drums, small cymbals, chimes and small gongs). The pipa is a plucked string instrument along the ...

Kansas City Star

Kansas City Star
Fri, 18 Dec 2015 07:01:03 -0800

The 20-member choir will be accompanied by Baroque strings, oboes, bassoon and natural trumpets. New this year is a theorbo, a plucked string instrument that has its own unique color. 7 p.m. Wednesday. Helzberg Hall, Kauffman Center for the Performing ...
 
Carleton College News
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 10:16:59 -0800

... Candy Hui Ching Tong on the flute; Yang Chen '17 (Denton, Texas) and Sijin Chen '17 (China) on the zhongruan (Chinese plucked string instrument); Vianne Gao '18 (China) on the yangqin (Chinese hammered dulcimer) ; and Mina Lor '18 (St. Paul, Minn.) ...

Shanghai Daily (subscription)

Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Thu, 17 Dec 2015 09:33:12 -0800

Working along similar lines is 40-year-old pipa (a plucked string instrument) player Yu Bin. In 2003, Yu established Yue Zhi Yuan, a crossover act with pop leanings. All of its members are classically trained in traditional Chinese music. As Yu ...

Red Dirt Report

Red Dirt Report
Thu, 29 Oct 2015 23:58:52 -0700

When a sitar player performs live, there are also other accompanying instruments, including table and tanpura (or tambura), which is a long-necked plucked string instrument that provides a harmonic drone sound while accompanying a melody of another ...
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