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Pleurotus eryngii
Pleurotus eryngii.jpg
Pleurotus eryngii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: P. eryngii
Binomial name
Pleurotus eryngii
(DC.) Quél. 1872
Pleurotus eryngii
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is depressed

or offset
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: choice

Pleurotus eryngii (also known as king trumpet mushroom, French horn mushroom, king oyster mushroom, king brown mushroom, boletus of the steppes, trumpet royale) is an edible mushroom native to Mediterranean regions of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, but also grown in many parts of Asia.[1]

In Italian it is called cardoncello; in Chinese, it is called xìng bào gū (杏鮑菇, lit. "apricot abalone mushroom"), cì qín gū (刺芹菇, lit. "thorny celery mushroom"), or cì qín cè ěr (刺芹側耳, lit. "thorny celery bended ear"); in Korean, it is called "saesongi peoseot" (새송이버섯, lit. "new pine mushroom"); in Japanese, it is called eringi (katakana: エリンギ).[2]

Description[edit]

P. eryngii is the largest species in the oyster mushroom genus, Pleurotus, which also contains the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. It has a thick, meaty white stem and a small tan cap (in young specimens). Its natural range extends from the Atlantic Ocean through the Mediterranean Basin and Central Europe into Western Asia and India.[3] Unlike other species of Pleurotus, which are wood-decay fungi, the P. eryngii complex are weak parasites on the roots of herbaceous plants, although they may also be cultured on organic wastes.[2][3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Its species name is derived from the fact that it grows in association with the roots of Eryngium campestre or other Eryngium plants (English names: 'Sea Holly' or 'Eryngo'). P. eryngii is a species complex, and a number of varieties have been described, with differing plant associates in the carrot family (Apiaceae).

  • P. eryngii var. eryngii (DC.) Quél 1872 - associated with Eryngium ssp.
  • P. eryngii var. ferulae (Lanzi) Sacc. 1887 - associated with Ferula communis[4]
  • P. eryngii var. tingitanus Lewinsohn 2002 - associated with Ferula tingitana[4]
  • P. eryngii var. elaeoselini Venturella, Zervakis & La Rocca 2000 - associated with Elaeoselinum asclepium[5][6]
  • P. eryngii var. thapsiae Venturella, Zervakis & Saitta 2002 - associated with Thapsia garganica[7]

Other specimens of P. eryngii have been reported in association with plants in the genera Ferulago, Cachrys, Laserpitium, and Diplotaenia.[3]

Molecular studies have shown Pleurotus nebrodensis to be closely related to, but distinct from, P. eryngii.[3] Pleurotus fossulatus may be another closely related species.[3]

Uses[edit]

The mushroom has a good shelf life. An effective cultivation method was introduced to Japan around 1993 and has become popular there in a variety of dishes,[8] and is now cultivated and sold commercially in Australia. Imported product is also commercially available in Australia and South Africa. It is also cultivated in China, South Korea, Italy, and the United States.[2] It has little flavor or aroma when raw. When cooked, it develops typical mushroom umami flavors with a texture similar to that of abalone.

Pleurotus eryngii may naturally contain chemicals that stimulate the immune system.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada & Daniel J. Royse (February 2008). "Pleurotus eryngii and P. nebrodensis: from the wild to commercial production". Mushroom News. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Zervakis, Georgios I.; Venturella, Giuseppe; Papadopoulou, Kalliopi (2001). "Genetic polymorphism and taxonomic infrastructure of the Pleurotus eryngii species-complex as determined by RAPD analysis, isozyme profiles and ecomorphological characters". Microbiology 147 (11): 3183–3194. 
  4. ^ a b Lewinsohn, D.; Wasser, S.P.; Reshetnikov, S.V.; Hadar, Y.; Nevo, E. (2002). "The Pleurotus eryngii species-complex in Israel: Distribution and morphological description of a New Taxon". Mycotaxon 81: 51–67. 
  5. ^ Venturella, G.; Zervakis, G.; La Rocca, S. (2000). "Pleurotus eryngii var. elaeoselini var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 76: 419–427. 
  6. ^ Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada, Maria del Mar Jimenez-Gasco and Daniel J. Royse (May–June 2010). "Pleurotus eryngii species complex: Sequence analysis and phylogeny based on partial EF1α and RPB2 genes". Fungal Biology 114 (5-6): 421–428. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2010.03.003. PMID 20943152. 
  7. ^ Venturella, G., G. Zervakis & A. Saitta (2002). "Pleurotus eryngii var. thapsiae var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 81: 69–74. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ Nozaki H, Itonori S, Sugita M, Nakamura K, Ohba K, Suzuki A, Kushi Y. (Aug 2008), Mushroom acidic glycosphingolipid induction of cytokine secretion from murine T cells and proliferation of NK1.1 alpha/beta TCR-double positive cells in vitro, Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 373 (3): 435–9, doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.06.047, PMID 18577373 
  • Rudabe Ravash, Behrouz Shiran, Aziz-Allah Alavi, Fereshteh Bayat, Saeideh Rajaee and Georgios I. Zervakis. "Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Pleurotus eryngii species-complex isolates from Iran, and notes on the systematics of Asiatic populations". Mycological Progress 9 (2): 181–194. doi:10.1007/s11557-009-0624-2. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleurotus_eryngii — Please support Wikipedia.
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52 news items

ABC.es

ABC.es
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 02:00:00 -0700

... un mapa variopinto y mágico. La extraordinaria oronja («amanita caesarea»), boletus edulis, níscalo («lactarius deliciosus»), rebozuelo («chantarellus cibarius»), trompeta de los muertos («craterellus cornucopiodes»), setas de cardo («pleurotus ...

Telva

Telva
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 04:15:30 -0700

... como los 'migueles' (Boletus edulis), los níscalos (Lactarius deliciosus) o las setas de cardo (Pleurotus eryngii). Si continúan en las próximas semanas las precipitaciones y las suaves temperaturas cabrá esperar una buena campaña de setas en Soria.

Gastronomía & Cía

Gastronomía & Cía
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 10:26:15 -0700

Nos gusta preparar la seta de cardo (Pleurotus eryngii) a la parrilla y tomarla como aperitivo, como entrante o como guarnición en algún plato. Tiene una textura carnosa y un sabor elegante que se brinda a ser armonizado con distintos alimentos.

ABC.es

ABC.es
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 08:22:30 -0700

En la localidad abulense de Navarredonda de Gredos se encuentra una gran variedad de setas de alto valor culinario. Así nos encontramos a principios de año con Hygrophorus marzuolus desde enero hasta abril; Boletus pinophilus a partir de mayo y el ...
 
Diario de Soria
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 11:20:12 -0700

... semanas como las causas fundamentales de la buenas producciones que se han comenzado a recoger, sobre todo entre especies de interés comercial, como los 'migueles' (Boletus edulis (grupo) y setas de cardo (Pleurotus eryngii), entre otras especies.
 
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Tue, 21 Oct 2014 04:37:30 -0700

En una de nuestras visitas por los restaurantes de Valladolid, (en esta ocasión el Argales 2 que regenta mi amigo César Lomas Gregorio, un leonés afincado en la hostelería de Pucela más de 30 años), nos sorprendió una exposición de setas con más de ...
 
Lanza Digital
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 13:26:15 -0700

Mientras, en los prados también han aparecido ya los primeros champiñones (agaricus spp) y la buscada seta de cardo (Pleurotus eryngii ). Todas estas especies comestibles necesitan para fructificar temperaturas cálidas e incluso calor y lluvias, pero ...

Red Aragón

Red Aragón
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 03:30:00 -0700

Pleurotus eryngii: Es la conocida «seta de cardo», abundante en primavera y otoño en montes sin arbolado, junto a las raíces del «cardo corredor» tras las lluvias. Excelente comestible y muy conocido. — Tricholoma terreum: No aparece hasta finales de ...
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