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Pleurotus eryngii
Pleurotus eryngii.jpg
Pleurotus eryngii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: P. eryngii
Binomial name
Pleurotus eryngii
(DC.) Quél. 1872
Pleurotus eryngii
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is depressed

or offset
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: choice

Pleurotus eryngii (also known as king trumpet mushroom, French horn mushroom, king oyster mushroom, king brown mushroom, boletus of the steppes, trumpet royale) is an edible mushroom native to Mediterranean regions of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, but also grown in many parts of Asia.[1]

In Italian it is called cardoncello; in Chinese, it is called xìng bào gū (杏鮑菇, lit. "apricot abalone mushroom"), cì qín gū (刺芹菇, lit. "thorny celery mushroom"), or cì qín cè ěr (刺芹側耳, lit. "thorny celery bended ear"); in Korean, it is called "saesongi peoseot" (새송이버섯, lit. "new pine mushroom"); in Japanese, it is called eringi (katakana: エリンギ).[2]

Description[edit]

P. eryngii is the largest species in the oyster mushroom genus, Pleurotus, which also contains the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. It has a thick, meaty white stem and a small tan cap (in young specimens). Its natural range extends from the Atlantic Ocean through the Mediterranean Basin and Central Europe into Western Asia and India.[3] Unlike other species of Pleurotus, which are wood-decay fungi, the P. eryngii complex are weak parasites on the roots of herbaceous plants, although they may also be cultured on organic wastes.[2][3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Its species name is derived from the fact that it grows in association with the roots of Eryngium campestre or other Eryngium plants (English names: 'Sea Holly' or 'Eryngo'). P. eryngii is a species complex, and a number of varieties have been described, with differing plant associates in the carrot family (Apiaceae).

  • P. eryngii var. eryngii (DC.) Quél 1872 - associated with Eryngium ssp.
  • P. eryngii var. ferulae (Lanzi) Sacc. 1887 - associated with Ferula communis[4]
  • P. eryngii var. tingitanus Lewinsohn 2002 - associated with Ferula tingitana[4]
  • P. eryngii var. elaeoselini Venturella, Zervakis & La Rocca 2000 - associated with Elaeoselinum asclepium[5][6]
  • P. eryngii var. thapsiae Venturella, Zervakis & Saitta 2002 - associated with Thapsia garganica[7]

Other specimens of P. eryngii have been reported in association with plants in the genera Ferulago, Cachrys, Laserpitium, and Diplotaenia.[3]

Molecular studies have shown Pleurotus nebrodensis to be closely related to, but distinct from, P. eryngii.[3] Pleurotus fossulatus may be another closely related species.[3]

Uses[edit]

The mushroom has a good shelf life. An effective cultivation method was introduced to Japan around 1993 and has become popular there in a variety of dishes,[8] and is now cultivated and sold commercially in Australia. Imported product is also commercially available in Australia and South Africa. It is also cultivated in China, South Korea, Italy, and the United States.[2] It has little flavor or aroma when raw. When cooked, it develops typical mushroom umami flavors with a texture similar to that of abalone.

Pleurotus eryngii may naturally contain chemicals that stimulate the immune system.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada & Daniel J. Royse (February 2008). "Pleurotus eryngii and P. nebrodensis: from the wild to commercial production". Mushroom News. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Zervakis, Georgios I.; Venturella, Giuseppe; Papadopoulou, Kalliopi (2001). "Genetic polymorphism and taxonomic infrastructure of the Pleurotus eryngii species-complex as determined by RAPD analysis, isozyme profiles and ecomorphological characters". Microbiology 147 (11): 3183–3194. 
  4. ^ a b Lewinsohn, D.; Wasser, S.P.; Reshetnikov, S.V.; Hadar, Y.; Nevo, E. (2002). "The Pleurotus eryngii species-complex in Israel: Distribution and morphological description of a New Taxon". Mycotaxon 81: 51–67. 
  5. ^ Venturella, G.; Zervakis, G.; La Rocca, S. (2000). "Pleurotus eryngii var. elaeoselini var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 76: 419–427. 
  6. ^ Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada, Maria del Mar Jimenez-Gasco and Daniel J. Royse (May–June 2010). "Pleurotus eryngii species complex: Sequence analysis and phylogeny based on partial EF1α and RPB2 genes". Fungal Biology 114 (5-6): 421–428. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2010.03.003. PMID 20943152. 
  7. ^ Venturella, G., G. Zervakis & A. Saitta (2002). "Pleurotus eryngii var. thapsiae var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 81: 69–74. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ Nozaki H, Itonori S, Sugita M, Nakamura K, Ohba K, Suzuki A, Kushi Y. (Aug 2008), Mushroom acidic glycosphingolipid induction of cytokine secretion from murine T cells and proliferation of NK1.1 alpha/beta TCR-double positive cells in vitro, Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 373 (3): 435–9, doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.06.047, PMID 18577373 
  • Rudabe Ravash, Behrouz Shiran, Aziz-Allah Alavi, Fereshteh Bayat, Saeideh Rajaee and Georgios I. Zervakis. "Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Pleurotus eryngii species-complex isolates from Iran, and notes on the systematics of Asiatic populations". Mycological Progress 9 (2): 181–194. doi:10.1007/s11557-009-0624-2. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleurotus_eryngii — Please support Wikipedia.
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125 news items

La Nuova Ferrara

La Nuova Ferrara
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 01:45:00 -0800

Ferri la produzione di substrato di Pleurotus Eryngii, utilizzando un piccolo forno a secco posto in un vecchio fienile. Nel settembre dello stesso anno raccolsi i primi Cardoncelli e Pleurotus Nebrodensis. Nel 1980 mia moglie Monica, che frequentava ...
 
Andalucía Información
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 00:39:36 -0800

Cuando habla de fotografía o de setas a Miguel Olivera se le ilumina el rostro. Su apasionamiento le hace gesticular, mover sus manos gigantescas, masculinas, al compás de sus opiniones siempre arrebatadas. A pesar de su altura, de su rostro joven y ...

levante.emv.com

levante.emv.com
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 19:35:43 -0800

Tirando un poco de gusto propio y un poco del gusto general, Roberto Bermell, presidente de Somival, explicó que las setas más apreciadas son el rebollón (Lactarius Deliciosus), la seta de cardo (Pleurotus Eryngii), y el boleto (Boletus Edulis). Y con ...
 
Ideal Digital
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 17:03:29 -0800

... buen recorrido para buscar níscalos, como ocurre en los senderos situados entre el área recreativa de la Fuente de los Potros y Pradonegro, donde es posible encontrar otra de las que son consideradas como un manjar, la seta de cardo, Pleurotus ...

Gastronomía & Cía (blog)

Gastronomía & Cía (blog)
Sun, 02 Nov 2014 07:56:15 -0800

Receta de Setas de cardo confitada con romero y ajo, elaboración paso a paso para confitar unas deliciosas y elegantes setas que se pueden disfrutar como aperitivo o como guarnición de una carne (preferiblemente poco grasa) a la parrilla o a la plancha.

La Tribuna de Ciudad Real

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Sat, 08 Nov 2014 21:03:45 -0800

Su nombre científico es Pleurotus eryngii, pero popularmente se le conoce como seta de cardo. De color variable, desde el blanquecino amarillento y el color crema hasta el marrón oscuro, una mata de cardo permite identificar a la 'reina' del campo. No ...
 
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Fri, 25 Jan 2013 13:39:57 -0800

Of all mushrooms commonly consumed, oyster mushrooms in the genus Pleurotus stand out as exceptional allies for improving human and environmental health. These mushrooms enjoy a terrific reputation as the easiest to cultivate, richly nutritious and ...
 
Gastronomía & Cía
Tue, 22 Nov 2011 09:25:07 -0800

Una de las setas de cultivo más apreciadas y populares son las Pleurotus Eryngii (Seta de cardo), con una majestuosa presencia como podéis apreciar en la fotografía, tienen cierta similitud con el Boletus edulis, se trata de una seta de gran calidad ...
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