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Pleurotus eryngii
Pleurotus eryngii.jpg
Pleurotus eryngii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: P. eryngii
Binomial name
Pleurotus eryngii
(DC.) Quél. 1872
Pleurotus eryngii
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is depressed

or offset
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: choice

Pleurotus eryngii (also known as king trumpet mushroom, French horn mushroom, king oyster mushroom, king brown mushroom, boletus of the steppes,[Note 1] trumpet royale) is an edible mushroom native to Mediterranean regions of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, but also grown in many parts of Asia.[1]


P. eryngii is the largest species in the oyster mushroom genus, Pleurotus, which also contains the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. It has a thick, meaty white stem and a small tan cap (in young specimens). Its natural range extends from the Atlantic Ocean through the Mediterranean Basin and Central Europe into Western Asia and India.[2] Unlike other species of Pleurotus, which are wood-decay fungi, the P. eryngii complex are weak parasites on the roots of herbaceous plants, although they may also be cultured on organic wastes.[3][2]


Its species name is derived from the fact that it grows in association with the roots of Eryngium campestre or other Eryngium plants (English names: 'Sea Holly' or 'Eryngo'). P. eryngii is a species complex, and a number of varieties have been described, with differing plant associates in the carrot family (Apiaceae).

  • P. eryngii var. eryngii (DC.) Quél 1872 – associated with Eryngium ssp.
  • P. eryngii var. ferulae (Lanzi) Sacc. 1887 – associated with Ferula communis[4]
  • P. eryngii var. tingitanus Lewinsohn 2002 – associated with Ferula tingitana[4]
  • P. eryngii var. elaeoselini Venturella, Zervakis & La Rocca 2000 – associated with Elaeoselinum asclepium[5][6]
  • P. eryngii var. thapsiae Venturella, Zervakis & Saitta 2002 – associated with Thapsia garganica[7]

Other specimens of P. eryngii have been reported in association with plants in the genera Ferulago, Cachrys, Laserpitium, and Diplotaenia.[2]

Molecular studies have shown Pleurotus nebrodensis to be closely related to, but distinct from, P. eryngii.[2] Pleurotus fossulatus may be another closely related species.[2]


The mushroom has a good shelf life. An effective cultivation method was introduced to Japan around 1993 and has become popular there in a variety of dishes,[8] and is now cultivated and sold commercially in Australia. Imported product is also commercially available in Australia and South Africa. It is also cultivated in Taiwan, China, South Korea, Italy, and the United States.[3] It has little flavor or aroma when raw. When cooked, it develops typical mushroom umami flavors with a texture similar to that of abalone.

Pleurotus eryngii may naturally contain chemicals that stimulate the immune system.[9] Dietary intake of Pleurotus eryngii may function as natural cholesterol lowering dietary agent.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The name "boletus of the steppes" is misleading as Pleurotus eryngii is a gilled mushroom in order Agaricales and Boletus is a genus of mushrooms with pores rather than gills in order Boletales.


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e Zervakis, Georgios I.; Venturella, Giuseppe; Papadopoulou, Kalliopi (2001). "Genetic polymorphism and taxonomic infrastructure of the Pleurotus eryngii species-complex as determined by RAPD analysis, isozyme profiles and ecomorphological characters". Microbiology 147 (11): 3183–3194. doi:10.1099/00221287-147-11-3183. 
  3. ^ a b Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada & Daniel J. Royse (February 2008). "Pleurotus eryngii and P. nebrodensis: from the wild to commercial production". Mushroom News. 
  4. ^ a b Lewinsohn, D.; Wasser, S. P.; Reshetnikov, S. V.; Hadar, Y.; Nevo, E. (2002). "The Pleurotus eryngii species-complex in Israel: Distribution and morphological description of a New Taxon". Mycotaxon 81: 51–67. 
  5. ^ Venturella, G.; Zervakis, G.; La Rocca, S. (2000). "Pleurotus eryngii var. elaeoselini var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 76: 419–427. 
  6. ^ Alma E. Rodriguez Estrada, Maria del Mar Jimenez-Gasco and Daniel J. Royse (May–June 2010). "Pleurotus eryngii species complex: Sequence analysis and phylogeny based on partial EF1α and RPB2 genes". Fungal Biology 114 (5-6): 421–428. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2010.03.003. PMID 20943152. 
  7. ^ Venturella, G., G. Zervakis & A. Saitta (2002). "Pleurotus eryngii var. thapsiae var. nov. from Sicily". Mycotaxon 81: 69–74. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ Nozaki H, Itonori S, Sugita M, Nakamura K, Ohba K, Suzuki A, Kushi Y. (Aug 2008), "Mushroom acidic glycosphingolipid induction of cytokine secretion from murine T cells and proliferation of NK1.1 alpha/beta TCR-double positive cells in vitro", Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 373 (3): 435–9, doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.06.047, PMID 18577373 
  10. ^ Alam, Nuhu; Yoon, Ki Nam; Lee, Jae Seong; Cho, Hae Jin; Shim, Mi Ja; Lee, Tae Soo (Oct 2011). "Dietary effect of Pleurotus eryngii on biochemical function and histology in hypercholesterolemic rats". Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 18 (4): 403–409. doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2011.07.001. ISSN 1319-562X. PMC 3730794. PMID 23961153. 
  • Rudabe Ravash, Behrouz Shiran, Aziz-Allah Alavi, Fereshteh Bayat, Saeideh Rajaee and Georgios I. Zervakis. "Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Pleurotus eryngii species-complex isolates from Iran, and notes on the systematics of Asiatic populations". Mycological Progress 9 (2): 181–194. doi:10.1007/s11557-009-0624-2. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleurotus_eryngii — Please support Wikipedia.
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128 news items

Sonoma West

Sonoma West
Wed, 04 Nov 2015 14:18:45 -0800

Analy junior Koa Lua gets a first-hand look at commercial mushroom farming at Gourmets Mushrooms' Pleurotus eryngii room (marketed as a "King Trumpet"™) near Graton. Sebastopol Hardware inner 7-1-09. Posted: Wednesday, November 4, 2015 2:07 pm.

La Nuova Sardegna

La Nuova Sardegna
Sun, 15 Nov 2015 18:03:45 -0800

Chiuderà i battenti questa mattina la tre giorni della XVIII edizione della rassegna “S'Antunna”, il pleurotus eryngii, il prelibato fungo tipico dell'altopiano di Campeda e di tutto il Marghine. L'importante manifestazione micologica organizzata dalla ...
Fri, 30 Oct 2015 21:07:30 -0700

别名:剌芹侧耳。隶属于真菌门、担子菌纲、伞菌目、侧耳科、侧耳属。 杏鲍菇是近年来开发栽培成功的集食用、药用、食疗于一体的珍稀食用菌新品种。菇体具有杏仁香味,肉质肥厚,口感鲜嫩,味道清香,营养丰富,能烹饪出几十道美 ...

Gastronomía & Cía

Gastronomía & Cía
Tue, 22 Nov 2011 09:25:07 -0800

Una de las setas de cultivo más apreciadas y populares son las Pleurotus Eryngii (Seta de cardo), con una majestuosa presencia como podéis apreciar en la fotografía, tienen cierta similitud con el Boletus edulis, se trata de una seta de gran calidad ...

Huffington Post (blog)

Huffington Post (blog)
Fri, 25 Jan 2013 13:39:57 -0800

Of all mushrooms commonly consumed, oyster mushrooms in the genus Pleurotus stand out as exceptional allies for improving human and environmental health. These mushrooms enjoy a terrific reputation as the easiest to cultivate, richly nutritious and ...

Korea JoongAng Daily

Korea JoongAng Daily
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 15:30:07 -0700

The KREI interviewed 190 B2B food merchandisers in 15 Chinese cities who identified 10 Korean fresh foods as having the best export prospects: fresh milk, Hanwoo (Korean beef), shiitake and pleurotus eryngii mushrooms, red pepper paste, soybean paste, ...

Scoop News

Scoop News
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 03:07:30 -0700

We have achieved food security by producing over 200 million tonnes of food grain. However, our struggle to achieve nutritional security is still on. In future, the ever-increasing population, depleting agricultural land, changes in environment, water ...

Fiji Sun Online

Fiji Sun Online
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 14:50:08 -0800

... even can be used for grazing pastoral animals too.” He said they had been supplying to hotels, restaurants and to some households. Mushroom varieties grown at the centre include antlers (Ganoderma Lucidum), Pleurotus Eryngii Quel, and Auricularia.

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