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View of the Plaza San Martín from the Bolívar Hotel

The Plaza San Martín is one of the most representative public spaces of the city of Lima, Peru. It is located at the ninth block of Colmena avenue, within the Historic Centre of Lima which was declared a World Heritage Site in 1988 by UNESCO. It is located near the Plaza Mayor of Lima and is connected to it by the Jiron de la Union. Its central monument gives homage to Peru's liberator, José de San Martín.

History[edit]

Monument to José de San Martín

Precedents[edit]

The location of the plaza previously was home to the San Juan de Dios hospital which was torn down in 1850 and replaced by a railway station, which in turn was torn down between 1911 and 1918.

Construction[edit]

The Plaza San Martín was inaugurated on July 27, 1921 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the independence of Peru. The design, ornamentation, furnishing, and gardening of the plaza was designed by Manuel Piqueras Cotolí. The benches and handrails were constructed out of marble and the paving, of granite. There were also four water fountains, bronze streetlamps, and flower-filled gardens. The design for the monument to José de San Martín was chosen in an contest in which the design created by the Spanish sculptor Mariano Benlliure emerged victorious and illustrated San Martin during his voyage across the Andes.

Architecture[edit]

Hotel Bolivar (on the right side)

The construction of the buildings that surrounded the plaza occurred at a gradual pace. The Colón Theater and the Giacoletti buildings were the first structures to be built and were erected in 1914 before the construction of the plaza. The other buildings were later built in three stages. The Hotel Bolivar was built in 1924 and was designed by Rafael Marquina. The Zela and Pumacahua arcades were built during the second stage in 1926 and also were designed by Rafael Marquina. The Club Nacional was built in 1929 by Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski and Enrique Bianchi. In the third and final stage of the project from 1935-1945 the remaining flanks of the plaza were built up with the construction of the Cine Metro, Fénix, Boza, and Sudamérica buildings which were built in the Neocolonial style (similar to the Spanish Colonial Revival architecture).

As a result, the plaza maintains uniformity with respect to its buildings' facades. Its overall appearance is primarily baroque; the buildings, plaza, and central monument all cohere to uniform and specific styles. The architectural style to which most of the surrounding buildings belong to is that of the neohispanic or neocolonial styles within the realm of European derived architecture.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Spanish) Bentín Diez Canseco, José (1989). Enrique Seoane Ros, una búsqueda de raíces peruanas. Lima: Faculty of Architecture of the National University of Engineering.
  • (Spanish) García Bryce, José (1980), "La Arquitectura del Virreinato y La República". In: Historia del Perú, tomo XII, Lima: Editorial Juan Mejía Baca.

External links[edit]

Media related to Plaza San Martín (Lima) at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaza_San_Martín_(Lima) — Please support Wikipedia.
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16472 videos foundNext > 

Latinoamérica - calle 13 en plaza San Martín / Lima Perú

Latinoamérica - calle 13 en plaza San Martín / Lima Perú.

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http://lahabitaciondehenryspencer.com/ Ya nuestro amigo Victor Mejía -arquitecto, autor del libro Ilusiones a Oscuras- nos debía este interesantísimo recorri...

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59 news items

Perú21

Perú21
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 06:28:09 -0800

Gerenta de Fiscalización del municipio metropolitano, Susel Paredes, informó de medidas contra la banda en su cuenta de Twitter. Susel Paredes informó de acciones contra representantes de Calle 13. (Luis Gonzales/Perú21) ...

LaRepública.pe

LaRepública.pe
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Obra de teatro basada en la exitosa película de Hollywood 'Frozen' –a su vez inspirada en la obra de Hans Christian Andersen: La reina de las nieves–, con un show que conquistará a niños y adultos. Protagonziado por Ana y su hermana la reina Elsa, ...

Tuteve.Tv

Tuteve.Tv
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 05:57:47 -0800

La Municipalidad de Lima decidió demoler las construcciones ilegales que habían realizado algunos negocios ubicados en las inmediaciones de la plaza San Martín. Estos negocios - como el bar Yield y otro sin nombre administrado por Delia Farfán ...

El Comercio

El Comercio
Thu, 12 Jun 2014 06:09:33 -0700

... cada jugada con precisión. Las piskirinhas se hacen con Pisco 1615 y son de kiwi, tumbo, aguaymanto, sanki, fresa, naranjita china, tradicional y de maracuyá. DONDE IR: Estadio F.C. Nicolás de Piérola 926, Plaza San Martín, Lima. Teléfono: 428-8866.

El Comercio

El Comercio
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 10:23:47 -0700

La Municipalidad de Surquillo cerró hoy desde las 7 a.m. los dos sentidos de la avenida Angamos, entre las cuadras 7 y 11, para que pasara un desfile escolar por el 65 aniversario del distrito. Había desvíos programados por las calles San Carlos, para ...
 
LaRepública.pe
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 02:45:00 -0700

La Plaza San Martín (Lima) y doce plazas del interior (Cusco, Cajamarca, Arequipa, Trujillo, Huancayo, Puno y Chiclayo) serán puntos de congregación para demandar al Congreso de la República acelerar la anulación de los aportes. Uno de los ...
 
El Comercio
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 11:24:01 -0700

Plaza San Martín, Lima. En su tercera novela, Cambio de guardia (1976), hay una conversación en el club Nacional, en la que Jesús Barreola, hermano de un banquero, dice acerca del presidente de la República: «A mala hora lo llevamos a Palacio.
 
Radio Programas del Perú
Thu, 02 Jan 2014 11:35:03 -0800

Ignacio Lehmann: el fotógrafo que recorrió el Perú capturando besos. Jueves, 02 de Enero 2014 | 2:32 pm. izquierda · derecha. Los ´100 World Kisses´ de Perú. Plaza San Martin, Lima, Perú. | Fuente: Privada | Ignacio Lehman. Los ´100 World Kisses´ de ...
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