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View of the Plaza San Martín from the Bolívar Hotel

The Plaza San Martín is one of the most representative public spaces of the city of Lima, Peru. It is located at the ninth block of Colmena avenue, within the Historic Centre of Lima which was declared a World Heritage Site in 1988 by UNESCO. It is located near the Plaza Mayor of Lima and is connected to it by the Jiron de la Union. Its central monument gives homage to Peru's liberator, José de San Martín.

History[edit]

Monument to José de San Martín

Precedents[edit]

The location of the plaza previously was home to the San Juan de Dios hospital which was torn down in 1850 and replaced by a railway station, which in turn was torn down between 1911 and 1918.

Construction[edit]

The Plaza San Martín was inaugurated on July 27, 1921 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the independence of Peru. The design, ornamentation, furnishing, and gardening of the plaza was designed by Manuel Piqueras Cotolí. The benches and handrails were constructed out of marble and the paving, of granite. There were also four water fountains, bronze streetlamps, and flower-filled gardens. The design for the monument to José de San Martín was chosen in an contest in which the design created by the Spanish sculptor Mariano Benlliure emerged victorious and illustrated San Martin during his voyage across the Andes.

Architecture[edit]

Hotel Bolivar (on the right side)

The construction of the buildings that surrounded the plaza occurred at a gradual pace. The Colón Theater and the Giacoletti buildings were the first structures to be built and were erected in 1914 before the construction of the plaza. The other buildings were later built in three stages. The Hotel Bolivar was built in 1924 and was designed by Rafael Marquina. The Zela and Pumacahua arcades were built during the second stage in 1926 and also were designed by Rafael Marquina. The Club Nacional was built in 1929 by Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski and Enrique Bianchi. In the third and final stage of the project from 1935-1945 the remaining flanks of the plaza were built up with the construction of the Cine Metro, Fénix, Boza, and Sudamérica buildings which were built in the Neocolonial style (similar to the Spanish Colonial Revival architecture).

As a result, the plaza maintains uniformity with respect to its buildings' facades. Its overall appearance is primarily baroque; the buildings, plaza, and central monument all cohere to uniform and specific styles. The architectural style to which most of the surrounding buildings belong to is that of the neohispanic or neocolonial styles within the realm of European derived architecture.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Spanish) Bentín Diez Canseco, José (1989). Enrique Seoane Ros, una búsqueda de raíces peruanas. Lima: Faculty of Architecture of the National University of Engineering.
  • (Spanish) García Bryce, José (1980), "La Arquitectura del Virreinato y La República". In: Historia del Perú, tomo XII, Lima: Editorial Juan Mejía Baca.

External links[edit]

Media related to Plaza San Martín (Lima) at Wikimedia Commons


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaza_San_Martín_(Lima) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

31 news items

El Comercio

El Comercio
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 16:37:00 -0800

Miles de jóvenes se dieron cita desde esta tarde en la Plaza San Martín. (Foto: WhatsApp/El Comercio). e-planning.net ad. Dónde está... Plaza San Martín, Lima. Lea También... Vía WhatsApp: árbol cayó encima de carro frente a U. Agraria · Vía WhatsApp: ...
 
El Comercio
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 17:39:13 -0800

La marcha contra el régimen laboral juvenil también incluyó la avenida Arequipa. (Video: Miguel Rocca / El Comercio). Dónde está... Plaza San Martín, Lima. Lea También... Marcha contra régimen laboral juvenil genera caos en Lima · Marcha contra ...

Perú21

Perú21
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 06:28:09 -0800

Gerenta de Fiscalización del municipio metropolitano, Susel Paredes, informó de medidas contra la banda en su cuenta de Twitter. Susel Paredes informó de acciones contra representantes de Calle 13. (Luis Gonzales/Perú21). Compartir ...

El Comercio

El Comercio
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 19:03:06 -0800

Facebook: marcha contra ley laboral juvenil se vivió en redes. Miles de jóvenes marchan por las calles de Lima contra la Ley Laboral Juvenil. (Foto: Facebook de NorabUena Ch). Dónde está... Plaza San Martín, Lima. Lea También... Marcha contra régimen ...
 
Andina
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 14:43:41 -0800

La suscripción del documento -a realizarse a las 10.00 a.m. en la sede del Museo Andrés del Castillo (Jirón de la Unión 1030, Plaza San Martín, Lima Cercado)- estará a cargo de la ministra de Cultura, Diana Álvarez-Calderón; el presidente del ...

LaRepública.pe

LaRepública.pe
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Obra de teatro basada en la exitosa película de Hollywood 'Frozen' –a su vez inspirada en la obra de Hans Christian Andersen: La reina de las nieves–, con un show que conquistará a niños y adultos. Protagonziado por Ana y su hermana la reina Elsa, ...
 
LaRepública.pe
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 01:53:08 -0800

... ya sea en versión vocal o instrumental. Mañana el músico celebra su nuevo aniversario con invitados especiales como Los Chopjas, Rastros, entre otros. El recital será en Embassy Folk (Jr. Carabaya 815, Plaza San Martín, Lima) a las 8 pm. Boletería.
 
Diario Correo
Fri, 26 Dec 2014 07:48:21 -0800

"Daniel “Urresti debe intervenir la exposición cuanto antes. La Policía debe estar atenta y no permitir este tipo de eventos"”, declaró. En la misma línea, pidió a la Dirección Contra Terrorismo (Dircote) a estar “alerta” y hagan un estricto ...
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