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Piton des Neiges
Snow Peak
Piton des neiges.jpg
Piton des Neiges, October 2003
Elevation 3,069 m (10,069 ft)[1]
Prominence 3,069 m (10,069 ft)[1]
Ranked 82nd
Listing Ultra
Translation Snow Peak (French)
Location
Piton des Neiges is located in Réunion
Piton des Neiges
Piton des Neiges
Réunion, Indian Ocean
Coordinates 21°05′54″S 55°28′51″E / 21.09833°S 55.48083°E / -21.09833; 55.48083Coordinates: 21°05′54″S 55°28′51″E / 21.09833°S 55.48083°E / -21.09833; 55.48083
Geology
Type Shield volcano
Age of rock Pliocene
Last eruption 20,000 years ago
A panoramic view near to the Gîte de la Caverne Dufour.


The Piton des Neiges (Snow Peak) is a massive 3,069 m (10,069 ft) shield volcano on Réunion, one of the French volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. It is located about 800 kilometres (500 mi) east of Madagascar. Piton des Neiges is the highest point on Réunion and is considered to be the highest point in the Indian Ocean. The volcano was formed by the Réunion hotspot and emerged from the sea about two million years ago. Now deeply eroded, the volcano has been inactive for 20,000 years and is surrounded by three massive crater valleys, the Cirques. Piton des Neiges forms the northwestern two thirds of Réunion, with the very active Piton de la Fournaise comprising the rest. Despite its name, snow (French: neige) practically never falls on the summit.

The volcanic island is considered to be about three million years old (Pliocene); the other two islands in the archipelago, Mauritius and Rodrigues, are 7.8 million (Miocene) and 1½ million (Pleistocene) years old, respectively. The island possesses a high endemism of flowering plants (about 225); this has justified the creation of a biological reserve on the lower slopes of the Piton des Neiges.

Tourism[edit]

The island of Reunion with the three central Cirques, with the ridge summit of the Piton des Neiges in the northwest centre (lighter brown area). The white spot on the crater edge to the southeast of the summit is the alpine hut.

There are three medium-difficulty tracks leading up to the peak, one from the Cirque de Salazie, one from the Cirque de Cilaos and one from La Plaine des Cafres. They meet at a staffed mountain hut about an hour's walk below the peak at la Caverne Dufour. Walkers often arrive there after a long day trek up the mountain, and start out very early the next day to watch the sunrise from the summit. The hike can be done in a long one day 10-12 hour hike, but it is often preferable to make it a two-day hike - many hikers like to get up early on the second day and make the (easy) remaining ascent with torches, so as to see the sunrise from the mountaintop. The mountain hut offers heated indoor lodging, outdoor tent lodging, and meals. It is best to make reservations.

The hike starting from Cilaos is about 6.5 hours up and 4 hours down. To reach the start of the hike, drive through Cilaos toward la Mare à St Joseph. About 3 km (1.9 mi) past Cilaos, you will see a sign and some parking on both sides of the street. You may also leave your car downtown and follow the road to the trail head (sometimes there is no parking at the trail head). The hike is very steep (a climb of 1700m or 5,577 ft from trail head, almost 2000m or 6,562 ft from downtown), and one should be cautious if the trail is wet. The trail is well marked.

The hike starting from la Plaine des Cafres is about 8 hours up and 5 hours down with a change in elevation of 1700m (5,577 ft). To access the hike, follow RN3 past Le Tampon, all the way to La Plaine des Cafres and Bourg Murat. 2.5 km (1.6 mi) after Bourg Murat, take a left on the GR R2 road toward Savane Mare à Boue, follow for 2 km (1.2 mi) and park at the trail head. The trail is well marked.

Sunrise from the top of Piton des Neiges.
Piton des Neiges at early morning seen from South-East


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Africa Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-19. Note: Some sources give an elevation of 3,071 m for this peak.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piton_des_Neiges — Please support Wikipedia.
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441 news items

 
Forimmediaterelease.net (press release)
Tue, 19 May 2015 14:33:45 -0700

Located in the area classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO, the Piton de la Fournaise forms, with his elder Piton des Neiges, the volcanic mountains of Reunion Island. To view this effusive volcano, visitors will cross the remarkable lunar ...

Imaz Press Réunion

Imaz Press Réunion
Sun, 24 May 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Course à pied – Jeannick Boyer s'impose au Piton des Neiges. Jeannick Boyer a remporté le cross du Piton des Neiges, ce dimanche 24 mai 2015, s'imposant en 1h48'25 devant Géraldo Trules (1h58'16) et Renaud Castiglioni (1h58'38). Chez les féminines ...

Le Parisien

Le Parisien
Sun, 17 May 2015 07:40:07 -0700

Quand au volcan, il s'agit du piton de la fournaise et non pas du piton des neiges, aucun risque que l'île ne disparaisse donc...mais merci à certains de trouver des solutions pour le peuple reunionnais...je pense qu'ils seront ravis d'apprendre que ...

LINFO.re

LINFO.re
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 04:00:19 -0700

ENSEMBLE DE L'ILE DONT LE PITON DES NEIGES. Le niveau d'activité sismique à l'échelle de l'île dont la zone du Piton des Neiges est faible. En moyenne 1.9 séismes par semaine ont été enregistrés. La magnitude de ces événements est faible, toujours ...

Clicanoo

Clicanoo
Tue, 19 May 2015 23:40:50 -0700

Côté météo si le ciel semble dégagé depuis les bas Nicolas Villeneuve précise « que le Piton des neiges est dégagé mais ça se bouche un peu sur le volcan ». Concernant la concentration de dioxyde les seuils d'alerte fixé à un taux de 500 µg/m3/h ont ...

Clicanoo

Clicanoo
Mon, 18 May 2015 15:49:52 -0700

À 90 ans, tout est encore possible. Mais pas ce que tu crois aujourd'hui. Ouvre les yeux une dernière fois en sortant de tes analyses du passé pour « visionner » la Réunion de très haut, quitte à te hisser au sommet du piton des Neiges. Et tu ...

Guyane 1ère

Guyane 1ère
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 00:31:50 -0800

Jeannick Boyer va se lancer, ce dimanche 1er février, dans un énorme défi : partir de la mer et monter sur le Piton des Neiges, à plus de 3070 m d'altitude, le plus vite possible. Cette tentative aura pour objectif de fixer un premier record à cette ...

Clicanoo

Clicanoo
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 15:40:05 -0700

Ainsi, des panneaux grand format indiquant et représentant la Cité du volcan sur Saint-Pierre et Saint-Benoît, le piton des neiges à l'Etang-Salé et Saint-Pierre et les coulées volcaniques à Saint-Joseph et Saint-Benoît ont été installés depuis début ...
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