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Piton des Neiges
Snow Peak
Piton des neiges.jpg
Piton des Neiges, October 2003
Highest point
Elevation 3,069 m (10,069 ft) [1]
Prominence 3,069 m (10,069 ft) [1]
Ranked 82nd
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 21°05′54″S 55°28′51″E / 21.09833°S 55.48083°E / -21.09833; 55.48083Coordinates: 21°05′54″S 55°28′51″E / 21.09833°S 55.48083°E / -21.09833; 55.48083
Naming
Translation Snow Peak (French)
Geography
Piton des Neiges is located in Réunion
Piton des Neiges
Piton des Neiges
Réunion, Indian Ocean
Geology
Age of rock Pliocene
Mountain type Shield volcano
Last eruption 20,000 years ago

The Piton des Neiges (Snow Peak) is a massive 3,069 m (10,069 ft) shield volcano on Réunion, one of the French volcanic islands in the Mascarene Archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean. It is located about 800 kilometres (500 mi) east of Madagascar. Piton des Neiges is the highest point on Réunion and is considered to be the highest point in the Indian Ocean. The volcano was formed by the Réunion hotspot and emerged from the sea about two million years ago. Now deeply eroded, the volcano has been inactive for 20,000 years and is surrounded by three massive crater valleys, the Cirques. Piton des Neiges forms the northwestern two thirds of Réunion, with the very active Piton de la Fournaise comprising the rest. Despite its name, snow (French: neige) practically never falls on the summit.

The volcanic island is considered to be about three million years old (Pliocene); the other two islands in the archipelago, Mauritius and Rodrigues, are 7.8 million (Miocene) and 1½ million (Pleistocene) years old, respectively. The island possesses a high endemism of flowering plants (about 225); this has justified the creation of a biological reserve on the lower slopes of the Piton des Neiges.

A panoramic view near to the Gîte de la Caverne Dufour.

Tourism[edit]

The island of Reunion with the three central Cirques, with the ridge summit of the Piton des Neiges in the northwest centre (lighter brown area). The white spot on the crater edge to the southeast of the summit is the alpine hut.

There are three medium-difficulty tracks leading up to the peak, one from the Cirque de Salazie, one from the Cirque de Cilaos and one from La Plaine des Cafres. They meet at a staffed mountain hut about an hour's walk below the peak at la Caverne Dufour. Walkers often arrive there after a long day trek up the mountain, and start out very early the next day to watch the sunrise from the summit. The hike can be done in a long one-day 10- to 12-hour hike, but it is often preferable to make it a two-day hike - many hikers like to get up early on the second day and make the (easy) remaining ascent with torches, so as to see the sunrise from the mountaintop. The mountain hut offers heated indoor lodging, outdoor tent lodging, and meals. It is best to make reservations.

The hike starting from Cilaos is about 6.5 hours up and 4 hours down. To reach the start of the hike, drive through Cilaos toward la Mare à St Joseph. About 3 km (1.9 mi) past Cilaos, you will see a sign and some parking on both sides of the street. You may also leave your car downtown and follow the road to the trail head (sometimes there is no parking at the trail head). The hike is very steep (a climb of 1700m or 5,577 ft from trail head, almost 2000m or 6,562 ft from downtown), and one should be cautious if the trail is wet. The trail is well marked.

The hike starting from la Plaine des Cafres is about 8 hours up and 5 hours down with a change in elevation of 1700m (5,577 ft). To access the hike, follow RN3 past Le Tampon, all the way to La Plaine des Cafres and Bourg Murat. 2.5 km (1.6 mi) after Bourg Murat, take a left on the GR R2 road toward Savane Mare à Boue, follow for 2 km (1.2 mi) and park at the trail head. The trail is well marked.

Sunrise from the top of Piton des Neiges.
Piton des Neiges at early morning seen from South-East


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Africa Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-19. Note: Some sources give an elevation of 3,071 m for this peak.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piton_des_Neiges — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

956 news items

 
Berliner Morgenpost
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 20:45:00 -0700

Vorbei an Zuckerrohrfeldern geht es über eine Serpentinenstraße in Richtung Piton des Neiges, dem höchsten Berg der Insel. "Dort unten im Talkessel Mafatte liegt das Tal der zehn Dörfer", erklärt Jean-Paul am Aussichtspunkt. Nur knapp 1000 Menschen ...

Clicanoo

Clicanoo
Fri, 22 Jan 2016 14:56:54 -0800

RECHERCHE Après avoir révélé l'existence d'effondrements majeurs du Piton des Neiges il y a plus de 340 000 ans, Vincent Famin, chercheur au laboratoire Géosciences de l'Université de La Réunion, poursuit ses recherches afin d'établir avec précision ...

Trek Magazine

Trek Magazine
Mon, 25 Apr 2016 08:22:30 -0700

Par le col du Taibit, nous progressons dans le cirque de Cilaos avant de grimper jusqu'au piton des Neiges. Nous redescendons vers la plaine des Palmistes pour rejoindre le volcan et faire le tour des cratères Bory et Dolomieu. Pour terminer notre ...

Clicanoo

Clicanoo
Sat, 09 Apr 2016 22:14:22 -0700

François Glénac : a été ordonné prêtre le 15 août 1979, jour de l'Assomption. Il a initié les messes de l'Ascension au piton des Neiges, a fait construire une grotte-autel à Bethléem, fondé l'association Grands Pèlerinages et organise des voyages pour ...

LINFO.re

LINFO.re
Sun, 02 Aug 2015 22:15:28 -0700

Un spectacle rare est annoncé pour demain. Météo France souligne "un risque de précipitations sous forme de neige ou de grésil envisageable au Piton des Neiges". Même si la prudence reste de mise concernant cette annonce, ces prévisions font déjà ...

Imaz Press Réunion

Imaz Press Réunion
Fri, 01 Apr 2016 22:15:00 -0700

"Le réseau de sismomètres de l'OVPF a enregistré sur la période des deux derniers mois 32 séismes sommitaux, 1247 effondrements (et 23 séismes locaux dans la région de la Roche écrite, du Piton des Neiges ou du Volcan. Seuls quelques séismes ...
 
Clicanoo
Tue, 05 Apr 2016 15:46:53 -0700

... je mange les yaourts "Piton des Neiges" qui sont les meilleurs au goût, il faut faire comme un personnage de la mythologie grecque "Mythridate", s'empoisonner un peu tous les jours pour être immunisé, peut-être pas totalement mais pour gagner ...

Le Parisien

Le Parisien
Thu, 14 Apr 2016 20:36:58 -0700

... l'acupuncture, refaire du sport, j'ai modifié mon hygiène de vie », explique la sage-femme qui a déménagé plus près de son travail à Montluçon (Allier) pour limiter la voiture, mais a pu récemment randonner jusqu'au sommet du piton des Neiges, à la ...
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