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The pinpeat (Khmer: ពិណពាទ្យ) orchestra or musical ensemble performs the ceremonial music of the royal courts and temples of Cambodia. The orchestra consists of approximately nine or ten instruments, mainly wind and percussion (including several varieties of xylophone and drums). It accompanies court dances, masked plays, shadow plays, and religious ceremonies. The pinpeat is analogous to the piphat ensemble of Thailand. [1]

Etymology[edit]

According to Chuon Nath's renowned Khmer dictionary, the 'pinpeat' is composed of the Sanskrit terms vina (វិណ) referring to a chapey which was formerly used as the premiere instrument in this ensemble and vadya (វាទ្យ) referring to an ensemble of instruments.[2] Chuon Nath mentions, the term piphat was also used among Cambodians familiar with the Thai language; this can be attributed to the former annexation of the northern provinces of Cambodia.[2]

Instruments used in pinpeat ensembles[edit]

This list presents instruments which are or have been used in various pinpeat ensembles.

  • drums
    • skor thom - two big drums (similar to taiko drums) played with drumsticks
    • samphor - a double-headed drum played with hands
  • sralai - a quadruple-reed
    • sralai thom - a large quadruple-reed flute
    • sralai toch - a small quadruple-reed flute
  • khloy - a type of bamboo flute (was used in place of the sralai in the past)
  • chhing (chhap) - finger cymbals
  • krap - wooden clappers (presently rarely used)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sam-Ang Sam "Cambodia" in New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd ed., 2001. pp. 861-863
  2. ^ a b Chuon Nath Khmer Dictionary. 1966, Buddhist Institute, Phnom Penh

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinpeat — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 news items

Dateline Dominguez

Dateline Dominguez
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Performances are accompanied by two narrators and a Pinpeat orchestra with nine musicians. Most of the stories and characters come from the Reamker, the Cambodian version of India's epic poem Ramayana, and require up to 160 puppets for a single ...
 
Người Việt
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:00:00 -0700

Năm 1936, ông theo cha sang Cao-Miên, trình-diễn và lợi dụng cơ-hội này ghi chép 30 bài ca Cao-Miên và học cách đàn nhạc khí Cao-Miên của dàn nhạc Pinpeat (khong vong, roneat, tro, pey or v.v...). Năm 1940, người cha của ông định-cư tại Bao-Vinh ...
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