digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the instrument in the flute family. For other uses, see Piccolo (disambiguation).
Piccolo
Piccolo.jpg
A Yamaha piccolo. The body is made of ABS resin, and the head is plated with silver.
Woodwind instrument
Classification
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 421.121.12-71
(Flute-like aerophone with keys)
Playing range
Written range of piccolo.png

The piccolo sounds one octave higher than written.

Sounding:
Sounding range of piccolo.png
Related instruments

The piccolo[1] (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy)[2] is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments. The modern piccolo has most of the same fingerings as its larger sibling, the standard transverse flute,[3] but the sound it produces is an octave higher than written. This gave rise to the name ottavino (Italian for "little octave"), the name by which the instrument is referred to in the scores of Italian composers.[4]

Piccolos are now only manufactured in the key of C[citation needed]; however, they were once also available in D. It was for this D piccolo that John Philip Sousa wrote the famous solo in the final repeat of the closing section (trio) of his march "The Stars and Stripes Forever".

In the orchestral setting, the piccolo player is often designated as "piccolo/flute III", or even "assistant principal". The larger orchestras have designated this position as a solo position due to the demands of the literature. Piccolos are often orchestrated to double (play together with) the violins or the flutes, adding sparkle and brilliance to the overall sound because of the aforementioned one-octave transposition upwards. In concert band settings, the piccolo is almost always used and a piccolo part is almost always available.

The first known use of the word piccolo was circa 1854,[5] though the English were using the term already some thirteen years earlier.[6]

Traditional use[edit]

piccolo being played

Historically, the piccolo had no keys, and should not be confused with the fife, which has a smaller bore and is therefore more strident. The piccolo is used in conjunction with marching drums in traditional formations at the Carnival of Basel, Switzerland.

It is a myth that one of the earliest pieces to use the piccolo was Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, premiered in December 1808. Although neither Joseph Haydn nor Mozart used it in their symphonies, some of their contemporaries did, including Hoffmeister, Süssmayr and Michael Haydn.[7] Also, Mozart used the piccolo in his opera Idomeneo. Opera orchestras in Paris sometimes included small transverse flutes at the octave as early as 1735 as existing scores by Rameau show.[8]

Although once made of various kinds of wood, glass or ivory, piccolos today are made from a range of materials, including plastic, resin, brass, nickel silver, silver, and a variety of hardwoods, most commonly grenadilla. Finely made piccolos are often available with a variety of options similar to the flute, such as the split-E mechanism. Most piccolos have a conical body with a cylindrical head, which is like the Baroque flute and later flutes before the popularization of the Boehm bore used in modern flutes. Unlike other woodwind instruments, in most wooden piccolos the tenon joint connecting the head to the body has two interference fit points which surround both the cork and metal side of the piccolo body joint.[citation needed]

Repertoire[edit]

There are a number of pieces for piccolo alone, by such composers as Samuel Adler, Robert Dick, Michael Isaacson, David Loeb, Polly Moller, Vincent Persichetti, and Karlheinz Stockhausen.

Repertoire for piccolo and piano, many of which are sonatas have been composed by Robert Baksa, Robert Beaser, Howard J. Buss, Eugene Damare, Pierre Max Dubois, Raymond Guiot, Lowell Liebermann, Peter Schickele, Michael Daugherty, and Gary Schocker.

Concertos have been composed for piccolo, including those by Lowell Liebermann, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, Todd Goodman,[9] Martin Amlin,[10] Will Gay Bottje,[11] Bruce Broughton, Valentino Bucchi, Avner Dorman,[12] Jean Doué, Michael Easton,[13] Egil Hovland, Guus Janssen, Daniel Pinkham and Jeff Manookian.

Additionally, there is a small selection of chamber music that uses the piccolo. One example is the Quintet for Piccolo and String Quartet by Graham Waterhouse. Another is Stockhausen's Zungenspitzentanz, for piccolo and two euphoniums (or one synthesizer), with optional percussionist and dancer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Piccolo". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  2. ^ "Piccolo". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  3. ^ "Transverse flute". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  4. ^ "The Names of Instruments and Voices in English, French, German, Italian, Russian1, and Spanish". Yale University Music Library. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  5. ^ "Piccolo". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  6. ^ J. A. Simpson and E. S. C. Weiner (eds.), "piccolo, n.2", Oxford English Dictionary, second edition. 20 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. ISBN 0198611862. Citing the Times, 6 January 1841.
  7. ^ Nourse, Nancy (April 2008). "The Symphonic Debutante Piccolo: Was it Really Beethoven's Fifth?". Flute Focus (14): 26–29. 
  8. ^ Nourse, Nancy (April 2008). "The Symphonic Debutante Piccolo: Was it Really Beethoven's Fifth?". Flute Focus (14): 26–29. 
  9. ^ "Todd Goodman: Composer". Quincy Symphony Orchestra Association. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  10. ^ Martin Amlin page of Presser website.
  11. ^ Will Gay Bottje Piccolo Concerto,[dead link] American Composers' Alliance website.
  12. ^ Avner Dorman[dead link] on the Cabrillo Music Festival website.
  13. ^ Concerto for Piccolo, Percussion and Strings, Australian Music Centre page.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gippo, Jan (ed.). The Complete Piccolo: A Comprehensive Guide to Fingerings, Repertoire, and History, second edition, foreword by Laurie Sokoloff; contributing editors, Therese Wacker, Morgan Williams, and Tammy Sue Kirk. Bryn Mawr: Theodore Presser Company, 2008. ISBN 1-59806-111-9
  • Nourse, Nancy. "The Symphonic Debutante Piccolo: Was it Really Beethoven's Fifth?" Flute Focus 14 (April 2008): 26–29.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piccolo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Piccolo vs Cooler's Men [1080p HD]

Piccolo saves Gohan and fights Cooler's men... I DO NOT OWN DRAGONBALL. DragonBall is Owned by TOEI ANIMATION, Ltd. and Licensed by FUNimation Productions, Ltd.. All Rights Reserved. DragonBall,...

"Villanova Piccolo Girl" Sits In With The Roots

Roxanne Chalifoux, the crying Villanova piccolo player, sits in with the Roots and chats with Jimmy. Subscribe NOW to The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon: http://bit.ly/1nwT1aN Watch The...

Instrument: Piccolo

In this film, Keith Bragg introduces his instrument - the piccolo. To learn more about the piccolo visit http://www.philharmonia.co.uk/explore/instruments/piccolo Why not download our iPad...

Goku Meets Piccolo

After training and reuniting with his friends three years later at the 23rd World Martial Arts Tournament, Goku meets the son/reincarnate of King Piccolo, the demon king that he killed three...

DBZ Abridged - Best of Piccolo

Goku and Piccolo Learn to Drive a Car (HD)

The hilarious episode where Goku and Piccolo learn to drive a car. In my opinion this is one of the funniest episodes ever with Piccolo's reactions, the old man unable to open the door, the...

Daniel Dorff: TWEET for solo Piccolo flute

Gudrun Hinze - principal piccoloist at the Gewandhaus Orchestra performs "TWEET" in the charming atmosphere of the Gohlis Castle in Leipzig.

A. Vivaldi - Piccolo concerto in C (1)

Slavnostní koncert 11.5.2010 Praha Rudolfinum Smíchovská komorní filharmonie dirigent : Josef Vondráček sólista : Adriana Lesková.

Characters Voice Comparison - "Piccolo"

Which voice actor do you think has the best Piccolo voice? Playlist: http://bit.ly/1iXk415.

1000000 videos foundNext > 

315089 news items

Charleston Post Courier

Charleston Post Courier
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 09:28:03 -0700

For details about the Piccolo Spoleto Festival, including dates, times, ticket and venue information, go to www.piccolospoleto.com. Buy tickets online or by calling OvationTix at 866-811-4111. Buy tickets in person beginning May 4 at the Charleston ...

Montgomery Newspapers

Montgomery Newspapers
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 12:41:15 -0700

Radnor >> When the Villanova Wildcats lost to North Carolina State Saturday night, Roxanne Chalifoux burst into tears. Yet, despite her sorrow, she managed to continue to play her piccolo. “I was just sad that the team was disappointed,” said Chalifoux ...
 
Sun Sentinel
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 17:03:55 -0700

Looking at Calvary Christian's Tristan Peyton one might see the striking physical resemblance that he has with former Chicago Bears fullback Brian Piccolo. After talking to him, one might find that they bear a mental and emotional resemblance as well.

Main Line

Main Line
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 05:11:15 -0700

Chalifoux became the “Villanova Piccolo Girl,” an image shared widely on social media. Suddenly, she was having her 15 minutes of fame. But there was more. On Monday morning the biology major was contacted by the university's communications office.
 
Cape Gazette
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 09:18:45 -0700

UNICO National Delaware District 1 will hold the second annual Brian Piccolo Award Ceremony at 5 p.m., Sunday, May 3, at Nicola Pizza on Rehoboth Avenue. A local high school senior of Italian heritage will be awarded a donation of $1,000 for his or her ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 12:53:34 -0700

The fan bases of 68 schools start the tournament with lofty hoop dreams, but only one team can be crowned when it's all said and done. That makes for a lot of sad fans — but especially those of the Wisconsin Badgers. The Duke Blue Devils erased a ...

Richmond

Richmond
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 14:33:45 -0700

It was a bit startling to see just 14 musicians at the beginning of Richmond Symphony Orchestra's concert. However, the quality of Saturday's season finale was just as high as usual, even without the quantity of instrumentalists on stage. The smaller ...

The Island Connection

The Island Connection
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 13:48:45 -0700

The City of Charleston Office of Cultural Affairs and the Town of Kiawah Island Cultural Events Fund presents a sampling of some favorite musical elements as harbingers of the 2015 Piccolo Spoleto Festival. The program will include performances from ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight