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Piat Cagayan welcome arc from Solana, 2011.jpg
Official seal of Piat
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Piat
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Piat
Piat is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°47′28″N 121°28′34″E / 17.79111°N 121.47611°E / 17.79111; 121.47611Coordinates: 17°47′28″N 121°28′34″E / 17.79111°N 121.47611°E / 17.79111; 121.47611
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Cagayan
District 2nd District
Barangays 18
 • Mayor Carmelo O. Villacete
 • Total 139.60 km2 (53.90 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 22,961
 • Density 160/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3527
Dialing code 78
Income class 4th class

Piat is a fourth class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 22,961 people.[3] Piat is now dubbed as the "Pilgrimage Center of Cagayan Valley" because of the thousands of devotees and tourists who come here to pay homage. It is the home of Our Lady of Piat which continues to be the source of inspiration and object of devotion of many Catholics in the region.

The town is located in the southwest part of Cagayan Province in what is known as the Itawes Region, along which the Rio Chico runs west, south, and northwest of the town until it debouches into the Rio Ibanag somewhere near Nassiping.


There are quite a few conjectures on how Piat got its name. One has it is that it derives from "piyas," an Ilokano word, in Ibanag "addulu" and in Tagalog, "kamiyas." Another has it that the word comes from "aggapiya," meaning "healer, masseuse," and a more credible version has it that it is derived from the Ibanag and Itawes word "piya" which means "goodness, kindness, health."

The original people were the Itawes; at present, there are many Ibanag. Ilokano, Tagalog, Kapampangan and other dialect speakers. There are also families of Spanish and American descent. The head of the family was called "urayan" or "baruwang" and the council of elders "Kammaranan." There were also war leaders and braves called "mengal," and priestesses called "anitera" from the Spanish word called "anito" or "minangilu" in Ibanag, "mangilut" in Itawes and "baybaylan" in Bisayan; there were few priests among the ancient people.

In 1596, the Dominican Provincial, Fr. Miguel de San Jacinto named Piat as a mission in the Itawes region comprising the towns of Tabang, Malaueg, Tuao and Piat. The encomenderos then were Pedro Barreda, Juan de Arranda and Isabel de Cardona. In 1604, the Bishop, Diego de Soria, negotiated for more missionaries for the Itawes region. To help in the pacification and evangelization of the region, the Dominicans introduced the devotion to Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary: in 1604, they brought the images of Our Lady from Macau and first enshrined it in Lallo, later bringing it to Piat 1622.


Piat is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.[2]

  • Apayao
  • Aquib
  • Baung
  • Calaoagan
  • Catarauan
  • Dugayung
  • Gumarueng
  • Macapil
  • Maguilling
  • Minanga
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santo Domingo
  • Sicatna
  • Villa Rey (San Gaspar)
  • Villa Reyno
  • Warat


Population census of Piat
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 17,771 —    
1995 17,472 −0.32%
2000 20,524 +3.51%
2007 22,211 +1.10%
2010 22,961 +1.22%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Places to See[edit]

Front of the Minor Basilica of Piat in Piat, Cagayan
Basilica of Our Lady of Piat
A site visited by Roman Catholic pilgrims, believed to show miracles.[4] The Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Piat is one of only 12 minor basilicas in the Philippines. It is distinguished as the home to the venerated Black Virgin Mary. The interiors is of curved ceiling made of wood with historical images and accounts at the top of the walls. On the altar lies the Blessed Virgin Mary covered with a glass. There are also verandas inside the church which makes the shrine elegant. At the back of the church are staircase leading to a window exactly located at the back of the Virgin Mary wherein devotees can touch the dress of Our Lady.
Bukal ng Buhay
A spring that allegedly gives miracles and blessings. On April 2005, the spring started to draw crowds of devotees tagged along by the lady who dreamed of the Miraculous Lady of Visitation of Piat, insisting in her dream, while she was working abroad 10 years earlier, to go personally to Piat to look for the hidden spring just near the sanctuary on the hill where this Miraculous Lady is being enshrined. From that day on up to this day, this spring has become a crowd drawer even people from the medical fields. These devotees when would share stories on how they would get healed of their ailments, on how they would get over their surgical operation schedules after they drink and wash themselves with the miraculous water they draw from this “Bukal ng Buhay”. The bukal was featured on several television documentaries in the Philippines such as Rated K and Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho.


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAGAYAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Piat Basilica

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piat,_Cagayan — Please support Wikipedia.
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21 news items


Sat, 14 Jun 2014 14:58:52 -0700

Sambali recounts the conversion of the Itawes tribe to the Catholic faith through the intercession of Our Lady of Piat. The image of Piat was brought by the Dominican friars from Macau in 1604 to the country; it was enthroned in Lal-lo, Cagayan, the ...


Wed, 16 Apr 2014 12:20:52 -0700

CALVARY HILLS IN CAGAYAN One of the landmarks of Cagayan province is the Stations of the Cross on Calvary Hills in Iguig town. MELVIN GASCON/INQUIRER NORTHERN LUZON. Street vendor Federina Taguba was all smiles as she greeted a group of ...
Inquirer.net (blog)
Tue, 10 Jul 2012 08:22:33 -0700

This Ibanag term for “Mother of All” welcomed some 50,000 pilgrims who flocked to Piat, a town by the Cagayan River, on July 2 to ensure that the devotion to the Our Lady of Piat continues. “Many miracles happened here,” said Msgr. Jose Othello ...
Inquirer.net (blog)
Sat, 16 Jun 2012 13:41:11 -0700

Pilgrim from the lowlands will go up to Piat, Cagayan Valley, starting June 23 for the Novena at 3:30 p.m., followed by Mass at 4 p.m. honoring Our Lady of Piat. Novena Masses will be until July 1. On July 1, the novena is at 3 p.m., followed by the ...


Sat, 16 Aug 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Among the towns that are expected to benefit from the project include Conner and Kabugao (Apayao province), Pinukpuk and Rizal (Kalinga) and Tuao and Piat (Cagayan), Mamba said. There is also an ongoing road network project that will ultimately ...
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 12:05:10 -0800

Some of the venerated and canonically crowned images include: Nuestra Señora de Visitacion de Piat, Piat, Cagayan; Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario del Pueblo de Orani, Orani, Bataan; La Divina Pastora, Gapan, Nueva Ecija; Nuestra Señora de los Dolores ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 08:07:30 -0800

MANILA, Philippines - Cofradia de la Inmaculada Concepcion Foundation and the Intramuros Administration will hold the 35th Grand Marian Procession on Dec. 7 at 4 p.m., after the 2 p.m. Hermanas Mayores Mass at the Manila Cathedral Basilica. The Mass ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 09:07:30 -0700

However, field reports showed that an uprooted mango tree in Piat, Cagayan, pinned down a house and killed a one-month-old baby boy. “I think that the important thing when it comes to casualties, as of this morning, there is no casualty,” said Roxas ...

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