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A philosophical movement is either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy, or a fairly broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject. Major philosophical movements are often characterized with reference to the nation, language, or historical era in which they arose.

Talk of a philosophical movement can often function as a shorthand for talk of the views of a great number of different philosophers (and others associated with philosophy, such as historians, artists, scientists and political figures). On the other hand, most philosophical movements in history consisted in a great number of individual thinkers who disagreed in various ways; it is often inaccurate and something of a caricature to treat any movement as consisting in followers of uniform opinion. More often the defining ideas of any philosophical movement are templates on which individual thinkers develop their own particular ideas.

Like specific doctrines and theories, movements are often given names with "ism" suffixes. What makes a movement identifiable and interesting as distinct from a specific theory is simply that a movement consists in a large flourishing of intellectual work on one or more ideas, in a fairly specifiable time and place. Following is short list of major philosophical movements, in rough chronological order:

Ancient philosophical movements[edit]

Medieval philosophical movements[edit]

Modern philosophical movements[edit]

Contemporary philosophical movements[edit]

The Renaissance, Enlightenment, and Romanticism are broader cultural "movements" that happened to be characterized by fairly distinctive philosophical concerns.

Movements in Eastern and African philosophies[edit]

See Eastern philosophy for a list of Asian philosophical movements. See African philosophy for a list of African philosophical movements.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophical_movement — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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7 news items

 
SF Weekly (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 16:26:15 -0700

Rather, Burning Man culture has left the temporary building: It has crossed the desert and outgrown San Francisco. If you want know whether Burning Man is a major philosophical movement that will change the world or a boutique system for throwing art ...
 
Huffington Post
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 13:02:50 -0700

Modernism, Wikipedia tells us in the first four words of its description on Wikipedia, is a "philosophical movement"; postmodernism, per Wikipedia's first four words on the topic, is a "late-20th-century movement." Of course, when we say "movement ...
 
SI.com
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 13:48:45 -0700

Just a year following their drastic acquisitions of Paul Pierce and Kevin Garnett, the Brooklyn Nets are already in need of rebuilding. Pierce is gone, signed away by the Wizards for the mid-level exception. Garnett lingers for some 20 minutes a night ...
 
Al Jazeera America
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 23:18:11 -0700

The group says it has attracted a few thousand supporters since its inception, but it functions more like a philosophical movement than a lobbyist group. Its goal is to spark a kind of spiritual renaissance for “white-hat” hacking — the practice of ...
 
Huffington Post
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 05:37:57 -0700

Sartre became famous as the key figure in the philosophical movement known as Existentialism. He made thinking and philosophy glamorous. He wrote a dense, hard-to-follow book called Being and Nothingness, which enhanced his reputation not so much ...
 
NewsWithViews.com
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:07:30 -0700

During this period a European philosophical movement became influential: the Frankfurt School. Its membership, like that of the analysts, went back decades. Both groups had come to the U.S. fleeing the Nazis. The Frankfurt School had created the School ...
 
The American Conservative
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 08:31:06 -0700

Robert, this belief is the central belief of the philosophical movement called “positivism.” It has been thoroughly refuted, but it was enormously influential from the early 19th through the latter 20th centuries. The people who espoused it were wrong ...
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