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Philip Emeagwali

Philip Emeagwali is an African inventor and scientist. He has been living in the United States for many years. He won the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize ($1000) for price-performance in high-performance computing applications, in an oil reservoir modeling calculation using a novel mathematical formulation and implementation.[1][2]


Emeagwali was born in Akure, Nigeria on 23 August 1954.[3] His early schooling was suspended in 1967 as a result of the Nigerian Civil War. At 14 years, he served in the Biafran army. After the war he completed high-school equivalence through self-study.

He is married to Dale Brown Emeagwali, a noted African-American microbiologist.[4][5]


He traveled to the United States to study under a scholarship following completion of a correspondence course at the University of London. He received a bachelor's degree in mathematics from Oregon State University in 1977. He later moved to Washington DC, receiving in 1986 a master's degree from George Washington University in ocean and marine engineering, and a second master's in applied mathematics from the University of Maryland. Next magazine claims that Emeagwali claimed to have further degrees.[6][5] During this time, he worked as a civil engineer at the Bureau of Land Reclamation in Wyoming.

Court case and the denial of degree[edit]

Emeagwali studied for a Ph.D. degree from the University of Michigan from 1987 through 1991. His thesis was not accepted by a committee of internal and external examiners and thus he was not awarded the degree. Emeagwali filed a court challenge, stating that the decision was a violation of his civil rights and that the university had discriminated against him in several ways because of his race. The court challenge was dismissed, as was an appeal to the Michigan state Court of Appeals.[7]

Super computing[edit]

Emeagwali received the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize for an application of the CM-2 massively-parallel computer. The application used computational fluid dynamics for oil-reservoir modelling. He won in the "price/performance" category, with a performance figure of about 400 Mflops/$1M. The winner in the "performance" category, Mobil Research and Thinking Machines, used the CM-2 for seismic data processing and achieved the higher ratio of 500 Mflops/$1M. The judges decided on one award per entry.[2][1] His method involved each microprocessor communicating with six neighbours.[5]

Emeagwali's simulation was the first program to apply a pseudo-time approach to reservoir modeling.[1]


Emeagwali was voted the "35th-greatest African (and greatest African scientist) of all time" in a survey by New African magazine.[8][citation needed]

His achievements were quoted in a speech by Bill Clinton as an example of what Nigerians could achieve when given the opportunity.[9][citation needed] He is also a frequent feature of Black History Month articles in the popular press.[10][5]


  1. ^ a b "Gordon Bell Prize Winners". www.sc2000.org. sc2000 Conference. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  2. ^ a b c "Special Report 1989 Gordon Bell Prize" (PDF). IEEE. pp. 100–104, 110. Retrieved 13 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Hamilton, Janice. Nigeria in Pictures. Page 70
  4. ^ African Americans in Science: Institutions. ABC-CLIO. 2008. ISBN 978-1851099986. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gray, Madison. "Philip Emeagwali, A Calculating Move". Time Magazine. Retrieved 13 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Emeagwali’s insistence on degrees muddles defence". Next. November 21, 2010. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "PHILIP EMEAGWALI V UNIV OF MICH BOARD OF REGENTS". Justia Law. 1999-10-29. Retrieved 2015-11-21. 
  8. ^ "Your 100 Greatest Africans of all time", New African, August 2004 Archived July 6, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Bill Clinton, Remarks to a Joint Session of the Nigerian National Assembly in Abuja, August 2000(transcript)[dead link]
  10. ^ "Innovators Who Break Barriers", CNNfyi.com, February 9, 2001

External links[edit]

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Fri, 15 Jan 2016 02:18:45 -0800

... US-based Nigerian scientist Philip Emeagwali's advice to Nigerian leaders, to diversify the national economy and not to rely exclusively or overwhelmingly on petro-dollars alone for underwriting the country's development economics and political ...

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Wed, 01 Feb 2006 02:07:30 -0800

Dr. Philip Emeagwali, who has been called the “Bill Gates of Africa,” was born in Nigeria in 1954. Like many African schoolchildren, he dropped out of school at age 14 because his father could not continue paying Emeagwali's school fees. However, his ...


Sun, 07 Nov 2010 06:19:18 -0800

Ask an average Nigerian to name the country's most famous scientists. In all likelihood, they would mention “Dr.” (or “Professor”) Philip Emeagwali and Dr. Gabriel Oyibo. This, in a way, is excusable ignorance.
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Nigerian born Dr. Philip Emeagwali first entered the limelight in 1989 when he won the prestigious Gordon Bell Prize for his work with massively parallel computers. He programmed the Connection Machine to compute a world record 3.1 billion calculations ...


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Philip Emeagwali dropped out at 13. Called an “unsung hero of the Internet,” the supercomputer scientist dropped out of high-school in Nigeria due to war conditions and lack of tuition money. According to TIME, he was considered a math prodigy and ...

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Tue, 15 Sep 2015 15:21:05 -0700

Nnamdi Azikiwe, Philip Emeagwali, Chike Obi, others are the Onitsha people. We have the best lawyers and doctors in Nigeria. Why do you want to be different? Why do you want to embarrass this great city? God! Mrs Iweka, our neighbour, will laugh at me ...

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