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Peter Goldreich
PeterGoldreich1980.jpg
Peter Goldreich in 1980
Born (1939-07-14) July 14, 1939 (age 76)
Fields Astronomy and Astrophysics
Institutions Caltech
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater Cornell University
Doctoral advisor Thomas Gold
Notable awards

Chapman Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1985)[1]
Brouwer Award (1986)
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1993)[2][3]
National Medal of Science (1995)

Shaw Prize (2007)

Peter Goldreich (born July 14, 1939) is an American astrophysicist whose research focuses on celestial mechanics, planetary rings, helioseismology and neutron stars.[4] He is currently the Lee DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics and Planetary Physics at California Institute of Technology. Since 2005 he has also been a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.[5][1] Asteroid 3805 Goldreich is named after him.[6]

Career[edit]

Goldreich received a bachelor of science in engineering physics from Cornell University in 1960, and obtained a Ph.D. from Cornell in 1963 under the supervision of Thomas Gold.[7][8][9][10] In 1963 and 1964 Goldreich was a postdoctoral fellow at Cambridge University.[11] From 1964 to 1966 he was an Assistant Professor of Astronomy & Geophysics at UCLA. Goldreich joined the faculty at Caltech in 1966 as an associate professor.[8][12] He later became a full professor in 1969 while remaining at Caltech, and in 1981 he became the Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics & Planetary Physics also at Caltech.[8] He also sits on the Board of Adjudicators for the Shaw Prize, and the selection committee for Astronomy Prizes.

Scientific accomplishments[edit]

Goldreich and Alar Toomre first described the process of polar wander in a 1969 paper, although evidence of paleomagnetism was not discovered until later.[13] Goldreich collaborated with George Abell to conclude that planetary nebulae evolved from red giant stars, a view that is now widely accepted.[14][15] In 1979 Goldreich, along with Scott Tremaine predicted that Saturn's F ring was maintained by shepherd moons, a prediction that would be confirmed by observations in 1980.[16][17][18][19] They also predicted that Uranus' rings were held in place by similar shepherd moons, a prediction that was confirmed in 1986.[20] Goldreich, along with Tremaine predicted planetary migration in 1980, which would later be invoked to explain hot jupiters.[21][22][23]

Awards and honors[edit]

In 1995, Goldreich received the National Medal of Science for "his profound and lasting contributions to planetary sciences and astrophysics, providing fundamental theoretical insights for understanding the rotation of planets, the dynamics of planetary rings, pulsars, astrophysical masers, the spiral arms of galaxies, and the oscillations of the Sun".[2][1][27][28]

Goldreich was awarded the Grande Médaille of the French Academy of Science in 2006 for his numerous contributions in the field of Astrophysics.[10][12][29][30][31]

Goldreich received the 2007 Shaw Prize in Astronomy "in recognition of his lifetime achievements in theoretical astrophysics and planetary sciences".[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "PETER GOLDREICH APPOINTED FACULTY MEMBER IN THE SCHOOL OF NATURAL SCIENCES". 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Origins Institute - Public Lectures - Peter Goldreich". 
  3. ^ a b "Professor of astrophysics to give lecture series on planets". 
  4. ^ "Caltech Astronomy : Peter Goldreich's Research Interests". 
  5. ^ "L’Académie des Sciences remet la Grande Médaille 2006 à l'astrophysicien américain Peter Goldreich". 
  6. ^ "Citation for (3805)". Minor Planet Center. 
  7. ^ "Institute for Advanced Study: Faculty and Emeriti: Goldreich". 
  8. ^ a b c "Peter Goldreich". 
  9. ^ "Random Samples". 
  10. ^ a b "PMA Division News Honors & Awards". 
  11. ^ "Prof. Peter Goldreich: Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics & Planetary Physics, Caltech". 
  12. ^ a b "Archives for Honors and Awards". 
  13. ^ "Did the Dinosaurs Live on a Topsy-Turvy Earth?". 
  14. ^ "University of California: In Memoriam, 1985". 
  15. ^ "The Stars by Night and Day". 
  16. ^ "Historical Background of Saturn's Rings". 
  17. ^ "Chaos Seen in Movement of Ring-Herding Moons of Saturn". 
  18. ^ "New Clues Emerge in Mystery of Planetary Rings". The New York Times. December 8, 1999. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Voyager was on target again; in the latest unmanned triumph, Voyager 2 surveyed Uranus and sent back a real bull's-eye". [dead link]
  20. ^ "Cosmologist Scott Tremaine receives two honors". 
  21. ^ "The three first giant exoplanets". 
  22. ^ "PLUTO, KBOs AND A NEW THEORY OF PLANETARY FORMATION". 
  23. ^ "Worlds Around Other Stars Shake Planet Birth Theory". 
  24. ^ "California Scientist of the Year Award Recipients". 
  25. ^ "YEAR 2003 DPS AWARD RECIPIENTS". 
  26. ^ "Fellowship of the Royal Society : Current Foreign Members". Royal Society. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "The President's National Medal of Science: Recipient Details". 
  28. ^ "JEWISH RECIPIENTS OF THE US NATIONAL MEDAL OF SCIENCE". 
  29. ^ "French Academy of Science awards Grand Medal to astrophysicist Peter Goldreich". 
  30. ^ "Archives for Honors and Awards" (PDF). 
  31. ^ "Institute for Advanced Study: The Institute Letter:". 
  32. ^ "The Shaw Prize - Peter Goldreich - Announcement and Citation". Retrieved 2007-06-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Goldreich — Please support Wikipedia.
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88 videos foundNext > 

Prof. Peter Goldreich at Technion - Physics in Every Day Life

Prof. Peter Goldreich of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton lectures at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology on: Physics in Every Day Life March 17, ...

Statistical Mechanics of Gravitational N-Body Systems - S. Tremaine - 2/24/2015

Introduction by Peter Goldreich. Learn more about the Inaugural Celebration and Symposium of the Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics: ...

The Evolution of Bodies Bound by Gravity | Peter Goldreich

Peter Goldreich Institute for Advanced Study October 29, 2009 Bodies bound by gravity can evolve in surprising ways. In accord with everyday experience and ...

CITA 19: Tidal Evolution of Rubble Piles

Title: Tidal Evolution of Rubble Piles Speaker: Peter Goldreich (IAS) Date: 2007-10-04 Slides: http://www.cita.utoronto.ca/presentations/19.pdf.

CITA 357: Overstable Modes in Planetary Rings

Title: Overstable Modes in Planetary Rings Speaker: Peter Goldreich Date: 2011-05-16 Slides: http://www.cita.utoronto.ca/presentations/357.pdf.

No Such Thing as Perfect--Ep. 8

Of Love and Zombies

In this twisted romantic comedy, the world (post zombie apocalypse) is a place where zombies live analogously to humans: they go to college like humans, get ...

MSU Teaching Awards 2013/2014 Nominee Daniel Goldreich

Daniel Goldreich - Science Professor at McMaster University has been nominated for the Winter semester Teaching Award.

Goldreich Orthodontics Summer Video Contest Winner 2014

Daniel Goldreich in concert

88 videos foundNext > 

35 news items

Seeker (registration) (blog)

Seeker (registration) (blog)
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 21:52:30 -0700

Rather, Oded Aharanson, Peter Goldreich, and Re'em Sari propose that it's due to the fact that the Moon spun around its axis much faster in the past than it does today. And the rate at which it gradually slowed its pace could explain why it eventually ...

Times Higher Education (THE)

Times Higher Education (THE)
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 16:14:34 -0700

The tale Levin relates of Caltech faculty member Peter Goldreich taking the bewildered Drever to New York's JFK airport and putting him on a plane back to his brother in Glasgow is heartbreaking. Drever now lives in a care home in Scotland. To the ...

Scientific American

Scientific American
Tue, 06 Oct 2015 13:56:23 -0700

The first paper published on orbital migration by Peter Goldreich and Scott Tremaine—two very important men in astronomy—was devoted to the study of a small body embedded in a disk. The body could be a small galaxy in the disk of a large galaxy or a ...

Cornell Chronicle

Cornell Chronicle
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:22:30 -0700

Peter Goldreich '60, Ph.D. '63, won the Kuiper Prize in 1992, while a professor at the California Institute of Technology. Goldreich's graduate adviser was the late Cornell astronomer Tommy Gold. The Kuiper Prize is named for renowned astronomer Gerald ...

Astrobiology Magazine (press release)

Astrobiology Magazine (press release)
Sat, 10 Mar 2012 09:03:45 -0800

Aharonson, along with Peter Goldreich, the Lee DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics and Planetary Physics, Emeritus, and Re'em Sari of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, describe their findings in a paper published online on February 27 in the journal ...

Science Daily (press release)

Science Daily (press release)
Mon, 12 Mar 2012 08:07:16 -0700

Peter Goldreich of the California Institute of Technology and Prof. Re'em Sari of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have shown that it is not coincidence but the Moon's geophysical properties that determine its orientation. Their findings have ...

Fox News

Fox News
Sat, 12 Mar 2011 15:37:30 -0800

Peter Goldreich, an emeritus professor for the Astronomy and Planetary Science Department at Caltech University, notes that he and several other scientists have studied the moon for decades and have never found it to cause these natural disasters.

NASA

NASA
Mon, 01 Nov 2010 11:48:39 -0700

"Normally viscosity, or resistance to flow, damps waves -- the way sound waves traveling through the air would die out," said Peter Goldreich, a planetary ring theorist at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. "But the new findings show ...
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