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Peter Geach
Born (1916-03-29)29 March 1916
Chelsea, London
Died 21 December 2013(2013-12-21) (aged 97)
Era 20th-century
Region Western philosophy
School Analytic philosophy
Main interests Philosophical logic, history of philosophy, philosophy of religion
Notable ideas Analytical Thomism, Omnipotence paradox

Peter Thomas Geach, MA, FBA, (/ˈɡ/; 29 March 1916 – 21 December 2013) was a British philosopher and Emeritus Professor of Logic at the University of Leeds.[1] His areas of interest were the history of philosophy, philosophical logic, and the theory of identity.

Early Life[edit]

Peter Geach was born in London in 1916 and spent his earliest years in Cardiff. He attended Llandaff Cathedral School and Clifton College. He received instruction in logic and philosophy from his father who, as a member of the Indian Educational Service, had been Professor of Philosophy at Lahore and later Principal of a teacher training college in Peshawar.

In 1934 Geach won a scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford, graduating in 1938 with a First in Literae Humaniores.

Academic Career[edit]

Geach spent a year (1938-39) as a Gladstone Research Student, based at St Deiniol’s Library, Hawarden. Following the end of World War II in 1945, he undertook further research at Cambridge.

In 1951, Geach was appointed to his first substantive academic post, as Assistant Lecturer at the University of Birmingham, going on to become Reader in Logic. In 1966 he was appointed Professor of Logic in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Leeds.[2] Geach retired from his chair in 1981 with the title Emeritus Professor of Logic.[3] He also held Visiting Professorships at the universities of Cornell, Chicago, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Warsaw.[4]

Geach was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 1965.[5] He was elected an Honorary Fellow of Balliol College in 1979.

He was awarded the papal cross "Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice" by the Holy See for his philosophical work.


His early work includes the classic texts Mental Acts and Reference and Generality, the latter defending an essentially modern conception of reference against medieval theories of supposition. His Catholic perspective was integral to his philosophy. He was perhaps the founder of Analytical Thomism (though the current of thought running through his and Elizabeth Anscombe's work to the present day was only ostensibly so named forty years later by John Haldane), the aim of which is to synthesise Thomistic and Analytic approaches. Geach was a student and an early follower of Ludwig Wittgenstein whilst at Cambridge University.[6]

Geach defends the Thomistic position that human beings are essentially rational animals, each one miraculously created. He dismissed Darwinistic attempts to regard reason as inessential to humanity, as "mere sophistry, laughable, or pitiable." He repudiated any capacity for language in animals as mere "association of manual signs with things or performances."[citation needed]

Geach dismissed both pragmatic and epistemic conceptions of truth, commending a version of the correspondence theory proposed by Aquinas. He argues that there is one reality rooted in God himself, who is the ultimate truthmaker. God, according to Geach, is truth. While they lived, he saw W.V. Quine and Arthur Prior as his allies, in that they held three truths: that there are no non-existent beings; that a proposition can occur in discourse without being there asserted; and that the sense of a term does not depend on the truth of the proposition in which it occurs. He invented the famous ethical example of the stuck potholer, when arguing against the idea that it might be right to kill a child to save its mother. Jenny Teichman, fellow of New Hall, Cambridge, has characterised Geach's philosophical style as "deliberately outrageous".[7]

Personal life[edit]

His wife and occasional collaborator was the philosopher and Wittgenstein scholar Professor Elizabeth Anscombe.[2] Both converts to Roman Catholicism, they married in 1941 and had seven children.[8] They co-authored the 1961 book Three Philosophers, with Anscombe contributing a section on Aristotle and Geach one each on Aquinas and Gottlob Frege.[2] For a quarter century they were leading figures in the Philosophical Enquiry Group, an annual confluence of Catholic philosophers held at Spode House in Staffordshire that was established by Father Columba Ryan in 1954.[9]

Peter Geach died early in the morning on 21 December 2013 at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge.

Selected publications[edit]

  • (edited, with Max Black) Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege, 1952/1960/1966
  • "Good and Evil," Analysis (1956)
  • Mental Acts: Their Content and Their Objects, 1957/1997
  • Three Philosophers: Aristotle; Aquinas; Frege (with G.E.M. Anscombe), 1961
  • Reference and Generality: An Examination of Some Medieval and Modern Theories, 1962
  • History of the corruptions of logic, inaugural lecture, University of Leeds, 1968
  • God and the Soul, 1969/2001
  • Logic Matters, 1972
  • Reason and Argument, 1976
  • "Saying and Showing in Frege and Wittgenstein," Acta Philosophica Fennica 28 (1976): 54–70
  • Truth, Love, and Immortality: An Introduction to McTaggart's Philosophy, 1979
  • (edited) Wittgenstein's Lectures on Philosophical Psychology, 1946–47: Notes by P.T. Geach, K.J. Shah, and A.C. Jackson, 1989
  • Logic and Ethics (edited by Jacek Holowka), 1990
  • Truth and Hope: The Furst Franz Josef und Furstin Gina Lectures Delivered at the International Academy of Philosophy in the Principality of Liechtenstein, 1998 (ISBN 0-268-04215-2)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Leiter Reports: A Philosophy Blog: In Memoriam: Peter Geach (1916-2013)". Leiterreports.typepad.com. Retrieved 2013-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b c Boxer, Sarah (13 January 2001). "G. E. M. Anscombe, 81, British Philosopher". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  3. ^ University of Leeds, List of Emeritus Professors
  4. ^ Obituary, University of Leeds
  5. ^ British Academy, List of Fellows
  6. ^ News item 'Peter Geach' in Philosophy Now, Issue 100 (link), accessed 2014-01-29.
  7. ^ Teichman, Jenny (10 February 1991). "Henry James Among the Philosophers". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  8. ^ "Professor G E M Anscombe". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). 6 January 2001. 
  9. ^ "Father Columba Ryan: priest, teacher and university chaplain". The Times (News Corporation). 19 August 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Geach — Please support Wikipedia.
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69 videos foundNext > 

Peter Geach - Rest in Peace

Peter Thomas Geach (29 March 1916 - 21 December 2013)

Secular Ethics: Hume, Moore, Paintings and Naturalistic Fallacies

Please excuse the absolutely deplorable audio in this video. I'm going to do a second video soon on the responses floating around academia to the Is/ought di...

Secular Ethics: Failed Answers to Is/Ought gap and Teleological Functionalism

Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHmJRL-PlpM Recommended Reading: G. P. Baker and P. M. Hacker American Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 3, No. 4: Rules, D...

Lecture 1.3: The Frege-Geach Problem Explained

Edit: A louder version has been made. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdd2YxiLNc8&feature=related Symbols from the last video: p = you get karma for tha...

P F Strawson and Gareth Evans on Truth (Part 1 of 2)

Oxford philosophers P F Strawson and Gareth Evans talk about Truth, in 1973.

Philip Gregory Speaks: Leibniz's Law and Material Constitution

I talk about Leibniz's Law (and why it ought to be rejected) and how that relates to material constitution and other theories of identity. This essay ties in...

Secular Ethics: Emotivism

Failures of Secular Ethics: Emotivism. Summary: MacIntyre begins After Virtue by illustrating the drastic cultural and ethical consequences of the recent ado...

Maverick Jam night

Maverick Jam Night - Justine Clarke, Mark Cronin, Richie Rivvet, Eddy Geach & Peter Woodward.

Geach's RS wagon @ Collingrove - Statechamps 08

First timed run of the day @ SA State Champs 08. PB 36.89 on street tyres.

Geach part 1

A horrifying movie about a boy who thinks he is a vampire but isn't. Funny too!

69 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

Cambridge Network

Cambridge Network
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Peter Geach, has joined Stone King Cambridge as Consultant Solicitor, Commercial Property. Peter has 15 years commercial property experience, gained acting for development clients and land owners as well as a strong background in both the education ...
Insider Media
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 00:35:54 -0700

New starters include Tamsin Eastwood, a senior associate in the corporate and commercial team, Peter Geach, who joined as a consultant solicitor in its commercial property sector and Caroline Banwell, who joined the firm's employment team as an ...

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