digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















People's war (simplified Chinese: 人民战争; traditional Chinese: 人民戰爭), also called protracted people's war, is a military-political strategy first developed by the Chinese Communist revolutionary and political leader Mao Zedong (1893–1976). The basic concept behind People's War is to maintain the support of the population and draw the enemy deep into the interior where the population will bleed them dry through a mix of Mobile Warfare and guerrilla warfare. It was used by the Communists against the Nationalist Government in the Chinese Civil War.

The term is used by Maoists for their strategy of long-term armed revolutionary struggle. After the Sino-Vietnamese War in 1979, Deng Xiaoping abandoned People's War for "People's War under Modern Conditions," which moved away from reliance on troops over technology. With the adoption of "socialism with Chinese characteristics", economic reforms fueled military and technological investment. Troop numbers were also reduced and professionalisation encouraged.

The strategy of people's war was used heavily by the Viet Cong in the Vietnam War. However protracted war should not be confused with the "foco" theory employed by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro in the Cuban Revolution of 1959.


People's war doctrine in China[edit]

In its original formulation by Mao Zedong, people's war exploits the few advantages that a small revolutionary movement has—broad-based popular support can be one of them—against a state's power[disambiguation needed] with a large and well-equipped army. People's war strategically avoids decisive battles, since a tiny force of a few dozen soldiers would easily be routed in an all-out confrontation with the state. Instead, it favours a three stage strategy of protracted warfare, with carefully chosen battles that can realistically be won.

In stage one, revolutionary force conducting people's war starts in a remote area with mountainous or otherwise difficult terrain in which its enemy is weak. It attempts to establish a local stronghold known as a revolutionary base area. As it grows in power, it enters stage two, establishes other revolutionary base areas and spreads its influence through the surrounding countryside, where it may become the governing power and gain popular support through such programmes as land reform. Eventually in stage three, the movement has enough strength to encircle and capture small cities, then larger ones, until finally it seizes power in the entire country.

Within the Chinese Red Army, the concept of People's War was the basis of strategy against the Japanese and also against a hypothetical Russian invasion of China. The concept of people's war became less important with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the increasing possibility of conflict with the United States over Taiwan. In the 1980s and 1990s the concept of people's war was changed to include more high-technology weaponry.

People's war doctrine outside of China[edit]

Outside of China, the people's war doctrine has been successful in Cuba, Nepal, and Nicaragua, but generally unsuccessful elsewhere in which the government has the will and the means to break up the movement before it can establish base areas.

Outside of China, people's war has been basis of wars started in Peru on May 17, 1980, and in the Nepalese Civil War begun on February 13, 1996. A group of Peruvian Maoists known as the Shining Path at times controlled significant parts of the country during the internal conflict in Peru, but they were dealt a blow by the arrest of their leader Abimael Guzmán in 1992. While they claim to consider this event only a "bend in the road", most independent sources have claimed them to be in decline since that time.

By all accounts, at the height of the conflict in Peru, both the Shining Path and the Peruvian government used terror tactics against the civilian population, especially in the countryside. Government tactics included sponsorship of death squads; Shining Path tactics included violent attacks on trade unionists and others they saw as rivals for the leadership of those opposing the government. This has made it very difficult to get any objective measure of support among the peasantry for either the government or the Maoist insurgents, since such tactics on both sides are liable to intimidate people, but unlikely to win hearts and minds.

In Nepal, the Maoists succeeded in controlling most of the country and formed 100,000 troops into 3 divisions in what they called the "beginning of the strategic offensive". The Nepalese rebels also resorted to conscription, a practice that Mao himself opposed. By aligning with the democracy movement, with the subsequent restoration of democracy, and a peace agreement with the government, the Maoist insurgency met sufficient success to allow the formation of a coalition government in 2008.

In India, the Naxalite Maoist insurgency controls several rural districts in the eastern and southern regions, especially in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. In the Philippines the Communist Party of the Philippines is waging an enduring people's war through its armed wing, the New People's Army, the Turkish TKP/ML and its armed wing TiKKO (Turkish Workers and Peasants Liberation Army) has been waging a People's War in Turkey since 1972.

During the 1980s in Ireland, IRA leader Jim Lynagh devised a Maoist urban guerilla military strategy adapted to Irish conditions aimed at escalating the war against British forces. The plan envisaged the destruction of police and army bases in parts of Northern Ireland in order to create liberated areas under IRA control. In 1984 he started cooperating with Pádraig McKearney who shared his views. The strategy began materializing with the destruction of two Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks in Ballygawley in December 1985 (resulting in the death of two RUC officers), and in The Birches in August 1986. Lynagh and his IRA unit were killed in another attack at Loughgall Police station in an SAS ambush.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People's_war — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 


Peoples War Telugu Movie Songs Jukebox || R.Narayana Murthy, Telangana Shakuntala

Subscribe to our Youtube Channel - http://goo.gl/tVbmAU Enjoy and stay connected with us!! Like us: http://www.facebook.com/adityamusic Follow us : http://www.twitter.com/adityamusic Circle...

INDOCHINE A people's war in colour - 01

Peoples War Songs - Mamuganna - R Narayana Murthy

Watch Srihari Posani Krishna Murali R Narayana Murthy's Peoples War Latest Telugu Movie Song With HD Quality.

Dilated Peoples - Love & War [HD]

From 2004 Album: "Neighborhood Watch"..... A custom video composed of segments from The Dilated Peoples Release DVD: http://www.amazon.com/Release-Party-Dilated-Peoples/dp/B000R46MWO ...

War And Society - Part 1 - The People's War (1960-1969)

Produced in the 1960's. Part 1 of a series of films made for schools entitled: "War and Society." Devised and produced in association with the Schools Council and Nuffield Foundation...

Youth, join the people's war! [ANG BAYAN 2014 November 21]

Download subtitles in English: https://docs.google.com/uc?export=download&id=0B2Ui3eY7atndeXhQekh5NDFLcmc The entire Filipino nation will be commemorating the 50th anniversary of the ...

Eight Glorious Years of Nepali People's War

This movie shows the heroic and inspiring struggle of the Nepali people, against all odds, even in the face of US imperialism and Indian expansionism. In the face of all of this oppression...

Dilated Peoples-Love And War

Dilated Peoples-Love and war album: Neighborhood watch Sorry that the video says 20/20 i didn't know that back then :/...


THE NEW DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION THROUGH PROTRACTED PEOPLE'S WAR Lecture at the Forum for Liberation Theology Centre for Liberation Theologies, Faculty of Theology and Religious ...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

10222 news items

Workers World

Workers World
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 17:33:45 -0700

“The outstanding characteristic of people's war in our country is that armed struggle and political struggle are very closely coordinated, supporting and stimulating each other,” wrote Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, founder of the People's Liberation Armed ...

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 20:08:48 -0700

The most advanced units are even training to confront foreign ships, if necessary, in a guerrilla-style “People's War at Sea” with sea mines and anti-air missiles. It now essentially functions as Beijing's first line of surveillance, support and ...

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 19:03:45 -0700

ANDREW S. ERICKSON is an Associate Professor in the China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI) at the U.S. Naval War College and an Associate in Research at Harvard University's Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies. CONOR M. KENNEDY is a Research ...

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 17:56:15 -0700

The Lusitania comes into dock in New York. Open Gallery 8 The Lusitania comes into dock in New York. The Lusitania docks in New York after its world record-breaking maiden voyage. Extras line the deck of the huge set built to represent the ill-fated ...

Workers World

Workers World
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 16:26:15 -0700

poster_0430 The unity of leftist forces in the embattled Donbass region, formerly part of southeastern Ukraine, took a big step forward on April 9 with the founding of the Forum of Communist, Socialist, Workers', Environmental and Anti-Fascist Forces ...
The Japan News
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 04:48:45 -0700

Ahead of the ceremony to commemorate the 70th anniversary of what it calls “the victory in the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japan” as well as the “antifascist war,” China has been waging a propaganda campaign to restrain Japan over ...

E Kantipur

E Kantipur
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 20:00:00 -0700

... lost employment generation, capital flight, investment drought, and so on. There was, if you remember, something called the 'people's war'. My own claim is that Nepal would already be a 'developing country'—all by ourselves, if it were not for ...

Winnipeg Free Press

Winnipeg Free Press
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 00:34:45 -0700

... Churchill's management of the group, paying particular attention to relationships with potential rival Stafford Cripps, maverick press magnate Lord Beaverbrook, and Labour Party cabinet members, who argued a people's war deserved a people's peace ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight