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This article is about the naval vessel. For the Australian TV series, see Patrol Boat (TV series).
Ukrainian Sea Guard artillery boat Zhuk class U170 Skadovs'k. Bay of Sevastopol, Crimea.
Kingston class patrol boat of the Royal Canadian Navy
The Iliria, an example of a modern Patrol boat of the Albanian Naval Force
PCE-872, a World War II patrol craft escort of the US Navy

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defense duties. There have been many designs for patrol boats. They may be operated by a nation's navy, coast guard, or police force, and may be intended for marine (blue water) and/or estuarine or river ("brown water") environments. They are commonly found engaged in various border protection roles, including anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fisheries patrols, and immigration law enforcement. They are also often called upon to participate in rescue operations. Vessels of this type include the original yacht (from Dutch/Low German jacht meaning hunting or hunt), a light, fast-sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into shallow waters.

Classification[edit]

They may be broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) and offshore patrol vessels (OPVs). They are warships typically smaller in size than a corvette and can include fast attack craft, torpedo boats and missile boats, although some are as large as a frigate. The offshore patrol vessels are usually the smallest ship in a navy's fleet that are large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean. In larger militaries, such as in the United States military, offshore patrol vessels usually serve in the coast guard, but many smaller nations navies operate these type of ships.

History[edit]

During both World Wars in order to rapidly build up numbers, all sides created auxiliary patrol boats by arming motorboats and seagoing fishing trawlers with machine guns and obsolescent naval weapons. Some modern patrol vessels are still based on fishing and leisure boats. Seagoing patrol boats are typically around 30 m (100 ft) in length and usually carry a single medium caliber artillery gun as main armament, and a variety of lighter secondary armament such as machine guns or a close-in weapon system. Depending on role, vessels in this class may also have more sophisticated sensors and fire control systems that would enable them to carry torpedoes, anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles.

Most modern designs are powered by gas turbine arrangements such as CODAG, and speeds are generally in the 25–30 knot range. They are primarily used for patrol in a country's Exclusive Economic Zone. Common tasks are fisheries inspection, anti-smuggling (usually anti-narcotics) duties, illegal immigration patrols, anti-piracy patrols and search and rescue (law enforcement-type of work). The largest OPVs might also have a flight deck and helicopter embarked. In times of crisis or war, these vessels are expected to support the larger vessels in the navy.

Their small size and relatively low cost make them one of the most common type of warship in the world. Almost all navies operate at least a few offshore patrol vessels, especially those with only "green water" capabilities. They are useful in smaller seas such as the North Sea as well as in open oceans. Similar vessels for exclusively military duties include torpedo boats and missile boats. The United States Navy operated the Pegasus class of armed hydrofoils for years, in a patrol boat role. The River Patrol Boat (PBR, sometimes called "Riverine" and "Pibber") is a U.S. design of small patrol boat type designed to patrol waters of large rivers.

Specific nations[edit]

Albania[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Argentine Naval Prefecture's GC67 patrol vessel

Australia[edit]

HMAS Armidale of the Royal Australian Navy

Bahamas[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

PTC Orca, an Orca-class patrol boat of the Royal Canadian Navy

China[edit]

Chile[edit]

  • PZM class. 2 units, built under license from FASSMER. 1,700 tons, 1 Bofors 40/70 6 cal 0.50, 1 Helicopter, Comandante Toro and Piloto Pardo.

Colombia[edit]

ARC Juan Ricardo Oyola Vera PAV-IV class patrol boat of the Colombian Navy

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Maritime Gendarmerie Géranium class patrol boat
Maritime Gendarmerie Vedette class patrol boat
  • P400 class,(French Navy)
  • Floréal class, (French Navy)
  • Flamant class, (French Navy)
  • Espadon 50 class, (French Navy)
  • Trident class patrol boat,(Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Géranium class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Jonquille class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Vedette class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pétulante class patrol craft,(Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pavois class patrol craft,(Maritime Gendarmerie)

Finland[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Hellenic Navy HSY-56A Gunboat HS Aittitos, P-268

Hellenic Navy[edit]

Hellenic Coast Guard[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Hong Kong Police Force[edit]

Iceland[edit]

India[edit]

Photograph of the Indian Coast Guard's offshore patrol vessel ICGS Vishwast (OPV-30) at the Shinko Pier No. 2, Port of Kobe, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

Indonesia[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Irish Naval Service Large Patrol Vessel (LPV) LÉ Niamh

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

Italian Navy patrol boat Cigala Fulgosi
Italian Coast Guard patrol boat U. Diciotti, CP-902

Japan[edit]

Shikishima (Japan Coast Guard), the largest patrol boat in the world
Japan Coast Guard "Hida" (PL51)

Latvia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Kedah class offshore patrol vessel, (Royal Malaysian Navy)
  • Gagah Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Ramunia Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Nusa Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Sipadan Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Rhu Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengawal Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Peninjau Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pelindung Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Semilang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penggalang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penyelamat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengaman Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Kilat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Malawali Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Langkawi Class Patrol Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Malta[edit]

Protector class patrol boat P52 of the Maritime Squadron of the Armed Forces of Malta.

Mexico[edit]

ARM Oaxaca, an Oaxaca class OPV of the Mexican Navy
Durango class ships, offshore patrol vessels of Mexican Navy

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Royal Norwegian Navy

NoCGV Tor (W334 KYSTVAKT) from Nornen Class of the Norwegian Coast Guard

Norwegian Coast Guard

Philippines[edit]

Philippine Navy

Peru[edit]

Portugal[edit]

NRP Viana do Castelo, offshore patrol vessel of the Portuguese Navy

Portuguese Navy

National Republican Guard (GNR)

Romanian[edit]

Russia[edit]

Russian Coast Guard Rubin class patrol boat Zhemchug on the Almaz Shipbuilding Company

Singapore[edit]

Police Coast Guard third generation PT Class Flower Ray(PT65),conducting a sea-rescue demonstration
  • Fearless class, Republic of Singapore Navy
  • PK class Interceptor Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 1st Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 2nd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 3rd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • PC class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard

Slovenia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka Navy Colombo Class UFAC II

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Spain[edit]

Meteoro (P-41)

Suriname[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Two River class offshore patrol vessels of the Royal Navy

United States[edit]

United States Navy[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

  • Type TT-120 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-200 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-400 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • DN 2000(Damen 9014 class) offshore patrol vessels, Vietnam Coast Guard

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brazil getting armored vehicles, boats." Space Media Network, 10 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey 55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey HSY-55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  4. ^ "Gunboats Class Asheville". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  5. ^ E.A. Pagotsis (2009). G. Christogiannakis, ed. Hellenic Defence Report 2009-2010 (Yearbook of the magazine Hellenic Defence & Security). Athens: Line Defence Publications Ltd. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Irish Defence Forces website - Naval Service Fleet

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrol_boat — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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8732 news items

 
Oroville Mercury Register
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 18:48:45 -0800

Oroville >> The Butte County Sheriff's Office's Marine Unit was recently awarded a state grant allowing it to add a 22-foot custom-built patrol boat to its fleet. A grant from the state's Division of Boating and Waterways was used to purchase and ...

cornishguardian.co.uk

cornishguardian.co.uk
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 22:00:00 -0800

POLICE in Fowey are on the hunt for a mystery vandal who, for the second year running, has attempted to sink the harbour patrol boat by drilling holes in its hull. A total of 29 holes, each around 6mm in diameter, were drilled all over the Zebedee's ...

UPI.com

UPI.com
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 12:24:19 -0700

PARIS, Oct. 28 (UPI) -- A manned/unmanned patrol boat for homeland security and other applications is being highlighted in France this week by Israel Aerospace Industries. The vessel being shown at the Euronaval International Naval Defense and Maritime ...

Brisbane Times

Brisbane Times
Tue, 04 Nov 2014 19:00:19 -0800

The navy patrol boat that went up in flames in Brisbane's east in August appears no closer to being refloated, with investigations into the fire still ongoing. HMAS Bundaberg, a 57-metre Armidale class patrol boat, went up in flames at Hemmant, east of ...
 
IHS Jane's 360
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 10:42:56 -0800

Sea Platforms. Indodefence 2014: PT Lundin secures Bangladesh Navy, Coast Guard patrol boat contract. Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta - IHS Jane's Navy International. 04 November 2014. Key Points. PT Lundin is building 18 boats for the BN and Coast Guard, ...

defenceWeb

defenceWeb
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 02:07:30 -0800

India donates patrol boat to Seychelles India has donated a second SDB Mk 5 patrol boat to the Seychelles, the PS Constant, nine years after donating the PS Topaz (formerly INS Tarmugli) in 2005. The new 46 metre long vessel will be used by the Coast ...

cornishguardian.co.uk

cornishguardian.co.uk
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 06:37:30 -0800

A year to the day since vandals attempted to sink Fowey's harbour patrol boat by drilling holes in its hull, they've struck again. Police say a total of 29 holes, each around 6mm in diameter, were drilled in all over the Zebedee's hull some time during ...

WantChinaTimes

WantChinaTimes
Wed, 05 Nov 2014 00:30:11 -0800

Photos taken by an internet user suggest that China's new 10,000-ton coast guard patrol boat is almost ready to enter service according to the Global Times, a paper published under the auspices of the Communist party mouthpiece People's Daily, on Nov. 4.
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