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This article is about the naval vessel. For the Australian TV series, see Patrol Boat (TV series).
Ukrainian Navy artillery boat Zhuk class U170 Skadovs'k. Bay of Sevastopol, Crimea.
Kingston class patrol boat of the Royal Canadian Navy
The Iliria, an example of a modern Patrol boat of the Albanian Naval Force
PCE-872, a World War II patrol craft escort of the US Navy

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defense duties. There have been many designs for patrol boats. They may be operated by a nation's navy, coast guard, or police force, and may be intended for marine (blue water) and/or estuarine or river ("brown water") environments. They are commonly found engaged in various border protection roles, including anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fisheries patrols, and immigration law enforcement. They are also often called upon to participate in rescue operations. Vessels of this type include the original yacht (from Dutch/Low German jacht meaning hunting or hunt), a light, fast-sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into shallow waters.

Classification[edit]

They may be broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) and offshore patrol vessels (OPVs). They are warships typically smaller in size than a corvette and can include fast attack craft, torpedo boats and missile boats, although some are as large as a frigate. The offshore patrol vessels are usually the smallest ship in a navy's fleet that are large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean. In larger militaries, such as in the United States military, offshore patrol vessels usually serve in the coast guard, but many smaller nations navies operate these type of ships.

History[edit]

During both World Wars in order to rapidly build up numbers, all sides created auxiliary patrol boats by arming motorboats and seagoing fishing trawlers with machine guns and obsolescent naval weapons. Some modern patrol vessels are still based on fishing and leisure boats. Seagoing patrol boats are typically around 30 m (100 ft) in length and usually carry a single medium caliber artillery gun as main armament, and a variety of lighter secondary armament such as machine guns or a close-in weapon system. Depending on role, vessels in this class may also have more sophisticated sensors and fire control systems that would enable them to carry torpedoes, anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles.

Most modern designs are powered by gas turbine arrangements such as CODAG, and speeds are generally in the 25–30 knot range. They are primarily used for patrol in a country's Exclusive Economic Zone. Common tasks are fisheries inspection, anti-smuggling (usually anti-narcotics) duties, illegal immigration patrols, anti-piracy patrols and search and rescue (law enforcement-type of work). The largest OPVs might also have a flight deck and helicopter embarked. In times of crisis or war, these vessels are expected to support the larger vessels in the navy.

Their small size and relatively low cost make them one of the most common type of warship in the world. Almost all navies operate at least a few offshore patrol vessels, especially those with only "green water" capabilities. They are useful in smaller seas such as the North Sea as well as in open oceans. Similar vessels for exclusively military duties include torpedo boats and missile boats. The United States Navy operated the Pegasus class of armed hydrofoils for years, in a patrol boat role. The River Patrol Boat (PBR, sometimes called "Riverine" and "Pibber") is a U.S. design of small patrol boat type designed to patrol waters of large rivers.

Specific nations[edit]

Argentine[edit]

Argentine Naval Prefecture's GC67 patrol vessel

Australia[edit]

HMAS Armidale of the Royal Australian Navy

Bahamas[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

PTC Orca, an Orca-class patrol boat of the Royal Canadian Navy

China[edit]

Chile[edit]

  • PZM class. 2 units, built under license from FASSMER. 1,700 tons, 1 Bofors 40/70 6 cal 0.50, 1 Helicopter, Comandante Toro and Piloto Pardo.

Colombia[edit]

ARC Juan Ricardo Oyola Vera PAV-IV class patrol boat of the Colombian Navy

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Maritime Gendarmerie Géranium class patrol boat
Maritime Gendarmerie Vedette class patrol boat
  • P400 class,(French Navy)
  • Floréal class, (French Navy)
  • Flamant class, (French Navy)
  • Espadon 50 class, (French Navy)
  • Trident class patrol boat,(Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Géranium class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Jonquille class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Vedette class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pétulante class patrol craft,(Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pavois class patrol craft,(Maritime Gendarmerie)

Finland[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Hellenic Navy HSY-56A Gunboat HS Aittitos, P-268

Hellenic Navy[edit]

Hellenic Coast Guard[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Hong Kong Police Force[edit]

Iceland[edit]

India[edit]

Photograph of the Indian Coast Guard's offshore patrol vessel ICGS Vishwast (OPV-30) at the Shinko Pier No. 2, Port of Kobe, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

Indonesia[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Irish Naval Service Large Patrol Vessel (LPV) LÉ Niamh

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

Italian Navy patrol boat Cigala Fulgosi
Italian Coast Guard patrol boat U. Diciotti, CP-902

Japan[edit]

Shikishima (Japan Coast Guard), the largest patrol boat in the world
Japan Coast Guard "Hida" (PL51)

Latvia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Kedah class offshore patrol vessel, (Royal Malaysian Navy)
  • Gagah Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Ramunia Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Nusa Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Sipadan Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Rhu Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengawal Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Peninjau Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pelindung Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Semilang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penggalang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penyelamat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengaman Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Kilat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Malawali Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Langkawi Class Patrol Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Malta[edit]

Protector class patrol boat P52 of the Maritime Squadron of the Armed Forces of Malta.

Mexico[edit]

ARM Oaxaca, an Oaxaca class OPV of the Mexican Navy
Durango class ships, offshore patrol vessels of Mexican Navy

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Royal Norwegian Navy

NoCGV Tor (W334 KYSTVAKT) from Nornen Class of the Norwegian Coast Guard

Norwegian Coast Guard

Philippines[edit]

Philippine Navy

Portugal[edit]

NRP Viana do Castelo, offshore patrol vessel of the Portuguese Navy

Portuguese Navy

Romanian[edit]

Russia[edit]

Russian Coast Guard Rubin class patrol boat Zhemchug on the Almaz Shipbuilding Company

Singapore[edit]

Police Coast Guard third generation PT Class Flower Ray(PT65),conducting a sea-rescue demonstration
  • Fearless class, Republic of Singapore Navy
  • PK class Interceptor Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 1st Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 2nd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 3rd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • PC class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard

Slovenia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka Navy Colombo Class UFAC II

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Spain[edit]

Meteoro (P-41)

Suriname[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Two River class offshore patrol vessels of the Royal Navy

United States[edit]

United States Navy[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

  • Type TT-120 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-200 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-400 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • DN 2000(Damen 9014 class) offshore patrol vessels, Vietnam Coast Guard

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brazil getting armored vehicles, boats." Space Media Network, 10 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey 55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey HSY-55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  4. ^ "Gunboats Class Asheville". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  5. ^ E.A. Pagotsis (2009). G. Christogiannakis, ed. Hellenic Defence Report 2009-2010 (Yearbook of the magazine Hellenic Defence & Security). Athens: Line Defence Publications Ltd. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Irish Defence Forces website - Naval Service Fleet

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrol_boat — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1419 news items

 
Journal of the San Juan Islands
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:00:00 -0700

If buying a brand new, 26-foot custom-built boat for just $35,000 sounds like a good deal to you, well, you're not alone. The San Juan County Council gave a green-light to the Sheriff's Department July 15 on the purchase of a new 26-footer, which ...

Reuters

MaltaToday
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 00:26:07 -0700

A further 81 migrants, including two children, were brought to Malta onboard the AFM patrol boat P52 at 12.40pm after finding themselves in difficulties out at sea. Miriam Dalli / Tim Attard Montalto / John Pisani. 20 July 2014, 9:16am. Print Version.

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 09:18:45 -0700

The US Navy (USN) is preparing to receive its first Mk VI Patrol Boat (PB), in a move that will significantly enhance the blue-water capabilities of the service's riverine and coastal forces. Designed and manufactured by Safe Boats International, the ...

4029tv

4029tv
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 09:57:36 -0700

State Troopers a single-vehicle crash involving an OHP SUV driven by Davies towing a patrol boat. Davies was arrested for suspicion of DUI by troopers on the scene, according to the report. A witness who heard the crash said, "when I heard the blowout, ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 10:02:52 -0700

The Seychelles Coast Guard (SCG) formally took delivery of the bespoke Type 62 patrol boat Etoile (607) during a ceremony on 17 June. The vessel was donated by the People's Republic of China as part of its efforts to bolster the tiny island nation's ...

the Diplomat

the Diplomat
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 08:01:52 -0700

In an attempt to bolster its influence and help improve regional security, Australia has announced a new Pacific Patrol Boat Program that will provide new patrol boats to twelve Pacific nations. The $1.88 billion program was announced on June 17 by ...
 
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

KENAI — The city of Kenai has obtained a new rescue patrol boat to help with enforcement of a no-wake zone on the Kenai River. The Peninsula Clarion reports the fire department launched the 22-foot rigid hull inflatable boat with the Kenai River ...

IHS Jane's 360

IHS Jane's 360
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 08:24:50 -0700

The United States has handed over a third Defender inshore patrol boat and an associated maintenance facility to Togo's Navy, the Togolese Armed Forces (FAT) announced on 3 July. There have been numerous pirate incidents off Togo in recent years, but ...
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