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This article is about the monastery and historical seat of the Serbian Church. It is not to be confused with Serbian Orthodox Church.
Patriarchate of Peć
Пећка патријаршија/Pećka Patrijaršija
Patriarchate of Peć 2010.JPG
The Church complex of the Patriarchate of Peć
Monastery information
Order Serbian Orthodox
Established 13th century
Diocese Eparchy of Raška and Prizren
Controlled churches
  • Church of the Apostles
  • Church of St. Demetrius
  • Church of the Virgin Hodegetria
  • Church of St. Nicholas
People
Founder(s) Archbishop Sava, Archbishop Arsenije I
Important associated figures Archbishops Sava, Arsenije I, Nikodim I, Danilo II
Architecture
Style Serbo-Byzantine
Site
Location Near Peć, Kosovo[a]
Coordinates 42°39′40″N 20°15′58″E / 42.661°N 20.266°E / 42.661; 20.266Coordinates: 42°39′40″N 20°15′58″E / 42.661°N 20.266°E / 42.661; 20.266
Public access Yes
Official name Medieval Monuments in Kosovo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Designated 2004 (28th session)
Reference no. 724
Region Europe and North America
State party Serbia
Extensions 2006
Official name МАНАСТИР ПЕЋКА ПАТРИЈАРШИЈА
Type Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance
Designated 1947
Reference no. СК 1370

The Patriarchate of Peć (Serbian: Пећка патријаршија/Pećka Patrijaršija, pronounced [pɛ̂ːt͡ɕkaː patrijǎ(ː)rʃija]) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near Peć, in Kosovo.[a] The complex of churches, built in the 13th and 14th centuries, is the spiritual seat and mausoleum of the Serbian archbishops and patriarchs. It is situated by the Peć Bistrica, at the entrance of the Rugova Canyon. It is part of the "Medieval Monuments in Kosovo", a combined World Heritage Site along with three other Orthodox monuments.

Geography[edit]

The monastery complex is located near Peć, in the Metohija region. It is situated by the Peć Bistrica, at the entrance of the Rugova Canyon. A morus nigra tree, 750-years-old, is preserved in the monastery yard, called Šam-dud. It was planted by Archbishop Sava II between 1263 and 1272.[1]

History[edit]

The precise date of the foundation of the Patriarchate is unknown. It is thought that while Saint Sava (d. 1235) was still alive that the site became a metoh (land owned and governed by a monastery) of the Žiča monastery, at the time the seat of the Serbian archbishopric. In the 1230s, Archbishop Arsenije I (s. 1233–63) built the Church of the Holy Apostles on the north side,[2] as he wanted the seat of the Serbian Church to be at a more secure location and closer to the centre of the country. It was decorated on his order in ca. 1260.[2] Archbishop Nikodim I (s. 1321–24) built the Church of St. Demetrius on the north side, while his successor, Archbishop Danilo II (s. 1324–37) built the Church of the Holy Mother of God Hodegetria and the Church of St. Nicholas on the south side.[2] In front of the three main churches, he then raised a monumental narthex.[2] In the time of Archbishop Joanakije II, around 1345, the hitherto undecorated Church of St. Demetrius was decorated with frescoes. Emperor Stefan Dušan (r. 1331–55) raised the Archbishopric at Peć to Patriarchal status.[3]

During the 14th century, small modifications were made to Church of the Holy Apostles, so some parts were decorated later. From the 13th to the 15th century, and in the 17th century, the Serbian Patriarchs and Archbishops of Peć were buried in the churches of the Patriarchate. In 1459–63 after the death of Arsenije II the patriarchate became vacant and was abolished but was restored in 1555-7 by Suleiman the Magnificent under the advice of Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, while several Bulgarian eparchies were placed under its jurisdiction.[4][5] In 1619–20 Georgije Mitrofanovic painted new frescoes in the Church of St. Demetrius.[2] In 1673–74 painter Radul painted the Church of St. Nicholas.[2] In the early 18th century and especially during and after the Austro-Turkish war of 1735-9 the patriarchate became the target of the Phanariotes and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, whose goal was to place the eparchies of the Serbian patriarchate under its own jurisdiction. In 1737 the first Greek head of the patriarchate was appointed after the intervention of Alexandros Mavrocordatos, who labeled the Serb leadership "untrustworthy". In the following years the Phanariotes embarked on policy initiatives that led to the exclusion of Serbs in the succession of the patriarchate, which was eventually abolished in September 1766.[5]

In 1947, the Patriarchate of Peć was added to Serbia's "Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance" list,[2] and on 13 July 2006 it was placed on UNESCO's World Heritage List as an extension of the Visoki Dečani site which was overall placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.[6]

Restoration of the complex began in June 2006 and was completed in November 2006. The main aim was to protect the complex from the weather, as well as to repair the inner walls and exterior appearance. Two previously unknown frescoes were uncovered on the north facade of the Church of St. Demetrios, of a Serbian queen and nobleman.[7] In 2008, the church facades were painted red, as Žiča, which led to some reactions. The sites were protected by the Kosovo Force until 2013, when the Kosovo Police took over responsibility, causing controversy.[8]

The monastery holds the relics of saints Archbishops Jevstatije I (s. 1279–86) and Spiridon (s. 1380–89).

Churches[edit]

  • Church of the Holy Apostles, built in the 1230s
  • Church of St. Demetrius, built by 1324
  • Church of the Holy Mother of God Hodegetria, built by 1337
  • Church of St. Nicholas, built by 1337

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.politika.rs/scc/clanak/150815/Sam-dud-cuva-Pecku-patrijarsiju-750-godina.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Spomenici.
  3. ^ Wallace, Donald Mackenzie (1 January 1999). A Short History of Russia and the Balkan States. The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company, ltd. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-543-93325-6. 
  4. ^ Kia, Mehrdad (2011-08-31). Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. ABC-CLIO. p. 117. ISBN 9780313336928. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Frazee, Charles A. (1969-02-01). The Orthodox Church and Independent Greece, 1821-1852. CUP Archive. p. 6. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  6. ^ UNESCO (2006). "List of World Heritage in Danger". Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Work on Restoration of Pec Patriarchate Draws to a Close". KIM Info Newsletter. November 14, 2006. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  8. ^ http://www.novosti.rs/vesti/naslovna/drustvo/aktuelno.290.html:451318-Srpske-svetinje-na-KiM-strahuju-od-cuvara.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriarchate_of_Peć — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

114 news items

B92

B92
Tue, 03 Nov 2015 06:23:51 -0800

... i.e., Albanians, "who during the entire course of their history set our holy places on fire." "We must not allow this," he said. Irinej also reminded that the residence of the Serbian Orthodox patriarchs (the Patriarchate of Pec) is located in ...

Balkan Travellers

Balkan Travellers
Tue, 13 May 2008 00:01:01 -0700

The contemporary convent of Peć once hosted the medieval Patriarchate of Serbia and it is one of the earliest preserved Orthodox edifices in Kosovo. As headquarters of the Serbian church from around 1250 till 1766, it was created as the most ...

B92

B92
Fri, 30 Oct 2015 01:15:00 -0700

The caption for the video reads: "Four pearls of world heritage: the Monastery of Decani, Patriarchate of Pec, Gracanica and Bogorodica Ljeviska Church are still inscribed on the UNESCO List of the world heritage in danger. The ones requesting UNESCO ...

Paste Magazine

Paste Magazine
Mon, 28 Sep 2015 09:20:59 -0700

With hotel chains and rental companies running the travel world, traditional, one of a kind, accommodation is prized and cherished, but hard to find. In the Western Balkans, there are plenty of opportunities for authenticity that run the gamut from a ...

Albeu.com

Albeu.com
Fri, 16 Oct 2015 10:26:15 -0700

We must never forget that during the Turkish occupation, the Patriarchate of Pec, the Devic monastery, of Gracanica and Decani, as well as hundreds of churches and monasteries in Kosovo, have been maintained and protected by Albanian brothers"wrote ...

InSerbia News

InSerbia News
Sun, 04 Oct 2015 23:47:27 -0700

Four sacred sites of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Kosovo-Metohija (KiM) – Visoki Decani, the Patriarchate of Pec, Gracanica and the Church of the Holy Virgin of Ljevisa – have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites, and inscribed on the ...

B92

B92
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 07:03:45 -0700

Noting that "the four pearls" in Kosovo currently on the UNESCO list of protected world heritage - namely, the Serb Orthodox sites of Gracanica, the Patriarchate of Pec, Decani, and Bogorodica Ljeviska - have been designated as "endangered," the ...

InSerbia News

InSerbia News
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 07:26:15 -0700

BELGRADE – The Serbian Orthodox monasteries of Visoki Decani, Gracanica, the Patriarchate of Pec and the Church of the Holy Virgin of Ljevisa are the cultural monuments in the territory of Kosovo-Metohija (KiM) inscribed on the World Heritage List of ...
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