Samuel served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1710 – 1712 and 1714 – 1723.
Pope Clement XI sent the Franciscan Lorenzo Cozza (later Cardinal) to Samuel in 1703 with the hope that the Patriarch might renounce Orthodoxy and embrace union with Rome. He in fact signed a declaration of his renunciation of Orthodoxy and his embrace of Catholicism ten years later was conveyed to the Pope in consistory on 28 April 1713. Samuel was immediately attacked by his former co-religionists, leading Clement XI to try to enlist the protection of European leaders for the Patriarch, including that of Louis XIV. Documents indicate, however, that the Roman church's grip on Samuel was more tenuous than Clement XI had hoped: he was the subject of a call to fidelity to the Roman church and the Propaganda declined to send financial subventions to the Egyptian churches until the union had been completely effected.
- Ludwig von Pastor, 'History of the Popes' Volume 33, pp. 378-379
- "Samuel Kapasoulis (1710–1723)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
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