digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Pathein
ပုသိမ်မြို့
Bassein
Skyline of Pathein
Pathein is located in Myanmar
Pathein
Pathein
Location of Pathein, Myanmar (Burma)
Coordinates: 16°46′N 94°43′E / 16.767°N 94.717°E / 16.767; 94.717
Country  Burma
Division Ayeyarwady Region
District Pathein District
Township Pathein Township
Population
 • Total 315,600
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Burmese Indians, Kayin
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 42[1]

Pathein (Burmese: ပုသိမ်မြို့; MLCTS: pu. sim mrui., Burmese pronunciation: [pəθèiɴ mjo̰]; Mon: ဖာသီ, [pha sɛm]), also called Bassein, is a port city with a 2004 population estimated at 315,600, and the capital of the Ayeyarwady Region, Burma. It lies on the Pathein River (Bassein), which is a western branch of the Irrawaddy River.[2] Pathein is the fourth largest city of Burma (Myanmar), situated 190 kilometres (120 mi) west of Yangon.

It is located within the Pathein Township of Pathein District and is also the seat of all. Although once part of the Mon kingdom, Pathein has few ethnic Mon residents today. The majority are of Bamar, Burmese Indians, Kayin ethnicity. There are, however, notable minorities of Karen and Rakhine.

Etymology[edit]

The city's name is believed to derive from the Mon name, ဖာသီ ([pha sɛm]).[3] The name was corrupted to Bassein during the British colonial period.

An alternate theory holds that the city's name comes from the classical name of Pathein, Kusimanagara, a name used by ancient writings an the Kalyani inscriptions.[4] Pathein itself is a corruption of Mon "Kuthen," which itself is a contraction of Kusimanagara.[4] This is supported by the fact that the Portuguese call Pathein "Cosmim."[4]

History[edit]

An artist's rendition of the Bassein shoreline in the late 1800s.

Pathein was part of the Mon kingdom. The British built a fort and established a garrison in 1826, after the First Anglo-Burmese War. The 1983 census recorded a population of 144,092.

Geography and economy[edit]

Lying at the western edge of the Ayeyarwady River delta, on the Pathein (Ngawan) River 118 miles (190 km) west of Yangon, Pathein is accessible to large vessels and despite its distance from the ocean, it is the most important delta port outside of Yangon. The city is also a terminus of a branch of the main railroad line which connects it to Hinthada, Letpadan and Yangon. In the 1990s, the road network along the Irrawaddy to Monya was improved.[2]

The coastline along the Bay of Bengal is surrounded by the Arakan Mountains. In the area is Inye Lake, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, which is known for its fishing. There is also an offshore reef, Diamond Island which is popular with bathers. Diamond Island is also noted as a turtle breeding ground.[2]

Locally made parasols

The city is a rice-milling and export centre. Aside from several rice mills, the town has numerous sawmills and umbrella workshops. The colourful handmade parasols made in Pathein are widely known throughout Burma.[2] They are known locally as "Pathein Hti".[5] Pathein is also known for its pottery and colourful hand-made baskets and buckets.

The surrounding area of Pathein are employed in agriculture and cultivate sesames, groundnuts, jute, maize, pulses, tobacco, chilies etc.[5]

Climate[edit]

Pathein
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
5.1
 
 
31
17
 
 
2.5
 
 
33
19
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
22
 
 
15
 
 
36
24
 
 
278
 
 
34
25
 
 
613
 
 
30
25
 
 
654
 
 
30
24
 
 
670
 
 
30
24
 
 
364
 
 
30
24
 
 
203
 
 
31
24
 
 
86
 
 
31
22
 
 
10
 
 
30
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Intellicast

Pathein has a Tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Pathein experiences a sustained period of extraordinary rainfall from June through August. The dry season which runs from December through April, generally sees noticeably cooler temperatures than the remainder of the year.

Landmarks[edit]

Locally-made buckets

Pathein has a scenic waterfront and many Buddhist temples, including the main sight of Shwemokhtaw Pagoda.

Education[edit]

A local girl

The city is home to the Pathein Education College for elementary teachers and Pathein University. Pathein has a large hospital which also serves those in the surrounding district. There is a GTC Technical University and a Computer IT University.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Pathein". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  3. ^ Dictionary of Modern Spoken Mon by H.L. Shorto (1962, Oxford University Press)
  4. ^ a b c James Gray, ed. (1892). Buddhaghosuppatti. London: Luzac & Company. p. 11. 
  5. ^ a b "Pathein (Bassein)". Journeysmyanmar.com. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 

Coordinates: 16°46′27″N 94°43′54″E / 16.77417°N 94.73167°E / 16.77417; 94.73167


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathein — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
5492 videos foundNext > 

Come and Visit, no matter the distance Pathein (1)

Motocycle Trip Around Pathein, Myanmar

Village, Countryside, Town of Pathein in Myanmar.

Miss Universe Pathein

Miss Universe Pathein 2015 ေရြးခ်ယ္ပြဲ (ဧရာ၀တီတိုင္းေဒသၾကီး၊ ပုသိမ္ျမိဳ႕) http://www.skynet-uptodate.com.

Ma Ma Pathein Thu - Poe Ei San

Myanmar Country Music Video.

Miss Universe Pathein 2015 Final Competition

The Final Competition of Miss Universe Pathein 2015 Beauty Pageant was grandly held at the Pathein City Hall in Pathein on July 12, 2015. Angel May ...

Swimwear Show of Miss Universe Pathein 2015

This is an exclusive video of Swimsuits Show of Miss Universe Pathein 2015 Beauty Pageant, was held at the Pathein City Hall in Pathein, Irrawaddy Division, ...

Burmese and Indian street food in Pathein, Irawady delta

Excellent street food but little restaurant food in the Yangon region. Www.Seedsavers.Net.

Pathein

Miss Universe Pathein - 2015 Camp ကာလ လွုပ္ရွားျမင္ကြင္းမ်ား (ဧရာ၀တီတိုင္းေဒသၾကီး၊ ပုသိမ္ျမ...

Yangon to Pathein ferry

Yangon to Pathein via the overnight IWT Ferry through the Ayeyarwady delta. January 2011. Yes, only egg and rice in the "kitchen" that night. Better food on ...

Annawar Pathein Seafood , Chaung Tha

Annawar Pathein Seafood , Chaung Tha Tel : (+95) 04242142 , 092 50598869 , 094 22550339. Coordinate : N16.952207 E94.443073 http://goo.gl/maps/jlh10.

5492 videos foundNext > 

512 news items

 
Lexology (registration)
Fri, 04 Sep 2015 04:12:09 -0700

MOGE has not decided on the number or the location of the offshore supply bases, but potential locations include Yangon, Dawei in Tanintharyi Region, Pathein in Ayeyarwady Region, Malawmyine in Mon State and Sittwe or Kyaukphyu in Rakhine State.
 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 16:26:15 -0700

Lack of funding is impeding a new – and potentially significant – mechanism for decentralising social services, a recent study has found. Workers repair a section of the Yangon-Pathein road in the Ayeyarwady delta. Photo: Christopher Davy. The Asia ...
 
Telecompaper (subscription)
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 18:18:45 -0700

... in Yangon, Mandalay, Magwe and Bago, following Telenor's mobile rollout areas. This has included Net Monday events at Dagon University, Mandalay University, Bago University, Magwe University and Mhawbi Technological University, Pathein University.

ucanews

ucanews
Thu, 06 Aug 2015 04:03:45 -0700

Karuna in Pathein diocese has formed emergency response teams that are preparing to begin relief efforts Aug.7. “We together with other NGOs will be distributing food to flood-affected communities in Hinthada, Myanaung and Kyan Khin township in the ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 19:48:45 -0700

Flood victims are increasing in Ayeyawady Region with rice, noodles and medical supplies in urgent need. The rail link between Hinthada and Pathein has been closed and the Pathein-Yangon road is flooded. More than 100 villages have flooded in ...
 
Myanmar Times
Tue, 11 Aug 2015 19:48:45 -0700

The Delta Boys play their games at the Kyaut Tie Stadium in Pathein, but both legs of this fixture are to be played in Yangon. Rakhine have yet to move their home games to Sittwe. Second, third and fourth in the Myanmar National League-1, Ayeyawady, ...
 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 21:30:00 -0700

”We will played Ayeyawady in our next match in Pathein on September 12. I hope it will be sorted out by then and we can focus on our performances.” In March 2015, the coaches of Nay Pyi Taw FC's academy for junior footballers threatened to demonstrate ...
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 19:15:00 -0700

Yadanarbon's goal difference trails by just one. Ayeyawady and Magwe should have played this weekend, but the game scheduled for Pathein was rescheduled due to flooding. Yadanarbon will host Ayeyawady this weekend before they play away to Magwe ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight