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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured land owners.

Etymology[edit]

The term "Patel" is the replacement of the previous term "Pattalikkh".Earlier Maharashtra and Gujarat were not divided.The Mughals awarded the "Patidars" the "Pattas" for revenue collection. Pattalikkh>Patlikh>Patil>Patel(in the British period.)

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

"According to the Asian American Hotel Association (A.A.H.O.A), 50 percent of motels in the United States are owned by people of Indian Origin".[5] A large immigrant population of educated Gujuratis came in the 1960s and 1970s. These Patels are known as founding fathers, having worked hard, saved, and then invested in many properties. Having a steady amount of income and savings, they called over their distant relatives and friends from the villages of India. Upon their arrival, these immigrants would already have financial assistance from the founding fathers and would be able to find employment with them until they could afford to start up their own businesses.[5]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 4 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b c d Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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78260 news items

indiatvnews.com (press release) (blog)

Economic Times
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

"Prime Minister Narendra Modi will himself participate in this Run for Unity. Sardar Patel had worked towards making India a united nation. We have to take forward his good work. Modiji will also be addressing people via radio and spreading Sardar ...

Daily News & Analysis

Economic Times
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 08:09:40 -0700

AHMEDABAD: Senior Congress leader Shankersinh Vaghela today opposed the construction of 'Statue of Unity', Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet project, claiming that building the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's statue would enforce migration of local people.

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Sardar Patel emerge as the new icon for government schemes. Modi-led government is winding up schemes, like Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) or Rajiv Awas Yojana. Now, the urban schemes will be ...
 
India.com
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Mumbai, Oct 22 : The central government will commemorate Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's birth anniversary Oct 31 as “National Integration Day”, Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar announced here Wednesday. The central ...
 
Business Standard
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 07:52:07 -0700

Government of India has decided to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on October 31, as Rashtriya Ekta Divas or the National Integration Day. Briefing media persons, after attending an official meeting called by the Governor ...

indiatvnews.com (press release) (blog)

indiatvnews.com (press release) (blog)
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:21:46 -0700

Patel, famously known as the 'Iron Man of India', was a man of principles. He was born to a Patidar gurjar farmer in Gujarat. His date of birth was never officially recorded but he entered 31 October as his date of birth on his matriculation ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Senior Congress leader Shankersinh Vaghela on Tuesday opposed the construction of 'Statue of Unity', Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet project, claiming that building the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's statue would enforce migration of local people.
 
Times Now.tv
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:42:57 -0700

Centre's decision to name 31st October as 'Ekta Diwas' has triggered a fresh legacy war -- as it is also the day that Indira Gandhi was assassinated. During his campaign too, Prime Minister Narendra Modi invoked Sardar Patel on several occassions, much ...
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