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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a sub-caste of Gurjars[1] mainly found in Gujarat, India and also in all parts of India and Pakistan. It is currently also used as a surname like Chaudhry, Khan or Kumar.

Etymology[edit]

The term "Patel" is the replacement of the previous term "Pattalikkh".Earlier Maharashtra and Gujarat were not divided.The Mughals awarded the "Patidars" the "Pattas" for revenue collection. Pattalikkh->Patlikh->Patil->Patel (in the British period.)

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[2] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[3][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[4][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[5]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[6]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[6] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[1] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 5 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), Modh Patel, Bhandari Patel and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  3. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  5. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  6. ^ a b Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 23:52:30 -0800

Ameesha Patel, who became famous overnight after her debut film "Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai" opposite Hrithik Roshan, left the film industry soon after. Few of her films including "Gadar" with Sunny Deol garnered her a few awards as well, but Patel disappeared ...

The Independent

The Independent
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:37:30 -0800

Darsh Patel, 22, used his phone to take a series of images of the black bear while hiking with four friends in the Apshawa Preserve, 45 miles north-west of New York, in September. From a distance of about 100ft, the group believed they were far enough ...
 
Orlando Sentinel
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 14:38:07 -0800

Patel, one of the investors behind Mingo's, was arrested on a criminal charge of fraud Sept. 30 for selling $179 million of fake loans to a Wisconsin financial company. Since then, he's been released on $100,000 bond and has agreed to sell his assets ...

Jagran Post

Zee News
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 03:03:45 -0800

Presiding over the inauguration of the 9-day industrial exhibition, state Finance Minister Saurabh Patel said his government will soon announce a new industrial policy. "We are going to come out with our industrial policy.. special emphasis will be ...
 
TwoCircles.net
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 20:07:30 -0800

But of late, especially between the birth anniversaries of Patel (October 31) and Nehru (November 14) this year, some questions have been raised over Gandhi's decision. Surprisingly, some BJP leaders, who otherwise champion the cause of young prime ...

TBO.com

TBO.com
Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:18:45 -0800

Each year, 2,000 to 3,000 students of all ages attend 100-plus classes at Patel. An additional 40,000 are exposed to arts education through a field trip program. And even more benefit from the conservatory's outreach programs, bringing lessons in music ...

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Thu, 27 Nov 2014 07:22:30 -0800

Well looks like now the couple doesn't have anything to hide and the secret is finally out in the open. BollywoodLife congratulates the happy couple and hope that their relationship lasts for an entire lifetime. Watch the video where Karan Patel admits ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:23:09 -0800

However Puneet nominates Upen Patel and Gautam Gulati for punishment to make Ali feel guilty who in turn gets disappointed with Puneet's decision. Puneet denies and says that he doesn't want Ali to be guilt free and thus he is punishing the two ...
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