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Patel
Religions Hinduism, Islam
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a trade name and previous caste of landowners, farmers and village leaders. The 'Patel' of a village in the mid-1500-1900 state of Gujrat, would be a member of the village committee who would help represent the whole villages views to the local council and take lead in resolving and ideas and problems. They would do this this by working closely alongside the Village pandit and other members of the 'Brahmin' Community [1] mainly found in Gujarat, India and also in all parts of India and Pakistan. It is currently also used as a surname like Patidar, Bhakta or replaced by an ancestorial name.

Etymology[edit]

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[2] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[3][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[4][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[5]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[6]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[6] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[1] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 5 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), Modh Patel, Bhandari Patel and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  3. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  5. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  6. ^ a b Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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6737384 news items

 
Valdosta Daily Times
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 19:56:15 -0800

Nilesh S. Patel, a.k.a. Neal Patel, and six others were arrested in February on multiple criminal warrants for commercial gambling, conspiracy to commit commercial gambling, keeping a gambling place, communication of gambling information and ...

The American Bazaar

The American Bazaar
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 11:02:26 -0800

WASHINGTON, DC: LyondellBasell Industries NV (LYB), the world's biggest maker of polypropylene plastic, has named Bhavesh V. 'Bob' Patel to succeed James Gallogly as chief executive officer starting January 12. Patel will also become chairman next ...

indiatvnews.com (press release) (blog)

Economic Times
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 12:09:43 -0800

Talking to reporters in reply to a query about how different Shivaji Maharaj's memorial will be from Sardar Patel's, Fadnavis said, "No two memorials can be compared. Both Shivaji Maharaj's memorial in Maharashtra and that of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ...

India.com

India.com
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 10:45:00 -0800

Praneet Bhat's eviction from Bigg Boss 8 house this week came as a shock for many. The TV star has always earned praises for his neutral and calm attitude in the controversial house. Upen, who has always maintained low profile in the show throughout ...
 
Rio Rancho Observer
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

Longtime Rio Rancho school board member Divyesh Patel said frequent travel and wanting to spend more time with his family led to his decision not to run for a third term. Up for grabs in the Feb. 3 election are the seats in District 2 and District 4 ...

Shelbyville Times-Gazette

Shelbyville Times-Gazette
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 22:00:00 -0800

Patel: My family history is interesting because it embodies how Indians immigrated throughout their history. My parents were born in Africa because after the British left India a lot of Indians, including my grandfathers, moved to Africa (Kenya ...
 
Economic Times
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 09:17:13 -0800

VADODARA: Gujarat Chief Minister Anandi Patel today hit back at Congress for terming as a "stunt" the relief package for farmers announced by her government, saying its opponents are serving their "vested interests" by criticising the relief. "Only ...

Gocricket.com

Business Standard
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:52:30 -0800

Axar Patel took a four-wicket haul, even as Saurashtra batsmen continued their lacklustre batting performance to be bundled out for a meagre 207 against Gujarat in their Group B Ranji Trophy cricket match, here today. Saurashtra skipper Jaydev Shah won ...
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