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Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Bhojpuri.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar.

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured landlords and owners.


The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" or "Patil" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar(as KURM,I KOYRI) and in some eastern part of Uttar Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarathi in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]


Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landlords or landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect, Vaishnav and Jainism. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

"According to the Asian American Hotel Association (A.A.H.O.A), 50 percent of motels in the United States are owned by people of Indian Origin".[5] A large immigrant population of educated Gujuratis came in the 1960s and 1970s. These Patels are known as founding fathers, having worked hard, saved, and then invested in many properties. Having a steady amount of income and savings, they called over their distant relatives and friends from the villages of India. Upon their arrival, these immigrants would already have financial assistance from the founding fathers and would be able to find employment with them until they could afford to start up their own businesses.[5]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 3 sub cast named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, and Koli Patel.



  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b c d Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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40435 news items

Economic Times

Economic Times
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 13:18:11 -0700

MUMBAI: Maharashtra Navanirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray has said though he supports Narendra Modi as prime minister, he is opposed to projects like the Rs 2,000-crore Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel statue in Gujarat that Modi has proposed or ...


Sat, 19 Apr 2014 04:26:01 -0700

After a brief stutter early on in the innings when Royal Challengers lost three wickets in succession, AB de Villiers (42 not out) and Parthiv Patel (45 not out) added 80 runs for the fourth wicket to guide the team to 116 for three in 18 overs. Lasith ...

Economic Times

Economic Times
Sun, 20 Apr 2014 01:26:15 -0700

MUMBAI: Maharashtra Navanirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray has said though he supports Narendra Modi as prime minister, he is opposed to projects like the Rs 2,000-crore Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel statue in Gujarat that Modi has proposed or ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 06:26:59 -0700

Bollywood actress Ameesha Patel got the shock of her life recently when she got mobbed during the launch of a jewellery showroom in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. ALSO READ: Celebs Who Were Sexually Assaulted The actress, who was attending the event ...


Sat, 19 Apr 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Gandhinagar, April 19: Bollywood actress Ameesha Patel on Saturday put the Congress, for which she has been campaigning this election season, in an embarrassing situation when she praised Gujarat Chief Minister and BJP's prime ministerial candidate ...
Times of India
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 23:33:45 -0700

BHARUCH: Hitting out at BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, senior Congress leader Ahmed Patel said one man cannot take credit for Gujarat's development. Stating that development does not take place overnight, he said people of Gujarat are ...

Indian Express

Indian Express
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 13:15:00 -0700

A teacher-turned-journalist from Bharuch, groomed in politics by Congress strongman Ahmed Patel is now BJP's most popular minority face. Asifa Khan, 49, the crisp saree-clad BJP face on national television, made no news when she joined the Congress in ...


Cricket Country
Sun, 20 Apr 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Speaking about it, Parthiv Patel said, “I think it wasgreat game for us. Obviously the bowlers set the game for us. It wasn't the easiest wicket but the bowlers did a good job and restricted them to 115. We were in for a trouble but AB came in and he ...

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