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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh,

Patel is a trade name and previous caste of landowners, farmers and village leaders. The 'Patel' of a village in the mid-1500-1900 state of Gujarat, would be a member of the village committee who would help represent the whole village's views to the local council and take the lead in resolving problems and implementing ideas. They would do this by working closely alongside the village pandit and other members of the 'Brahmin' Community[1] mainly found in Gujarat, India but also across all parts of India and Pakistan. It is currently also used as a surname like Patidar, Bhakta or replaced by an ancestorial name.

Etymology[edit]

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[2] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[3][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[4][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[5]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Hinduism and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[6]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[6] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[1] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 3 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel),Kadva Patel and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  3. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  5. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  6. ^ a b Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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Patel Williams - P.A.K.I - Pharrell Williams - Happy Parody #PatelWilliams

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6753822 news items

The Elkhart Truth

The Elkhart Truth
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 06:26:15 -0800

Dr. Kelly McGuire, an obstetrician called in to St. Joseph Regional Medical Center to give a second opinion on Patel's condition, testified Tuesday, Jan. 27, that he expected they would find the infant alive based on the position of the placenta and ...

WSBT-TV

WSBT-TV
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 08:29:11 -0800

A frantic but careful search through dumpsters for a missing newborn. Jurors heard testimony about that search from a doctor and five police officers Tuesday in day three of Purvi Patel's feticide and neglect trial.

International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 01:22:30 -0800

"Bigg Boss 8" contestants Karishma Tanna and Upen Patel have created waves with their whirlwind romance after the latter's re-entry into the house, as a guest. Upen Patel, Karishma Tanna. Dream Date: Upen Patel, Karishma Tanna Screenshot/Youtube.

Bollywood Life

Bollywood Life
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 23:07:30 -0800

It seems Upen and Karishma's relationship will see the same fate just like the other affairs that the Bigg Boss has given to us in the past! Upen Patel and Karishma Tanna's romance especially their lip-lock has became a hot topic of discussion in ...

Livemint

Economic Times
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 09:37:30 -0800

"He (Modi) had invited Japanese manufacturers to India when he visited the country two years back during his chief ministerial regime," Patel said, adding that Modi concentrated on building the infrastructure like road, water, electricity and village ...

The Daily Pennsylvanian

The Daily Pennsylvanian
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 20:52:30 -0800

On Jan. 6, the Pan-Asian American Community House welcomed Viraj Patel as the center's new associate director. Patel comes to Penn from Washington, D.C., where she worked in higher education and contributed significant time to local non-profit work in ...

Miami New Times (blog)

Miami New Times (blog)
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 04:28:17 -0800

On his one free day each week, Niven Patel, the chef de cuisine at Michael's Genuine Food & Drink, trades his whites for work boots. His two-acre plot in Homestead at the edge of the Redland grows Tuscan kale, chard, San Marzano tomatoes, and seasoning ...
 
WSBT-TV
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 08:38:31 -0800

In opening statements Monday, a deputy prosecuting attorney detailed for the jury Purvi Patel's text messages exchanged with a friend before, during and after police say the then 32-year-old forced her body to have an abortion before putting her ...
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