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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi,Patelwali,Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured land owners.

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

"According to the Asian American Hotel Association (A.A.H.O.A), 50 percent of motels in the United States are owned by people of Indian Origin".[5] A large immigrant population of educated Gujuratis came in the 1960s and 1970s. These Patels are known as founding fathers, having worked hard, saved, and then invested in many properties. Having a steady amount of income and savings, they called over their distant relatives and friends from the villages of India. Upon their arrival, these immigrants would already have financial assistance from the founding fathers and would be able to find employment with them until they could afford to start up their own businesses.[5]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 4 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b c d Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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58476 news items

Indian Express

Indian Express
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 23:26:18 -0700

Man-of-the-match David Miller credited young bowler Akshar Patel for coming good when the team needed it the most, saying that the tailender's knock enabled Kings XI Punjab to defeat Barbados Tridents in the Oppo Champions League T20 match. Chasing ...
 
MyCentralJersey.com
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:23:44 -0700

The junior lost last year's final against Madison Stevens in a close three set match, but this year, Patel controlled the match. She used the entire court to keep Pil off balance. Patel combined powerful backhands with well-timed drop shots to break ...

Bollywood Life

Bollywood Life
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 09:30:00 -0700

Upen Patel made a dapper entry on tonight's Bigg Boss 8 Take Off episode. The actor who was a Bollywood regular moved to London a few years ago after this career failed to take off. Upen was apparently one of the first few to be approached by the ...

ABP News

ABP News
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 05:45:00 -0700

New Delhi: Karan Patel aka Raman Kumar Bhalla of hit TV soap 'Ye Hai Mohabbatein' banned media on the set of the serial. Contrary to the opposite lead of the show Divyanka Tripathi, who plays 'Ishita', stands against Karan Patel's starry tantrums and ...

Economic Times

Indian Express
Wed, 17 Sep 2014 09:27:36 -0700

BJP president Amit Shah said on Wednesday that all of Kashmir would have been under India's control — with no need for Article 370 — if only Vallabhbhai Patel, and not Jawaharlal Nehru, had been in charge of the situation after independence. “Even ...
 
Times of India
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 09:52:30 -0700

BHOPAL: For the second consecutive week, Sunday turned out to be a bloody day with armed men breaking into the house of a senior scientist at Patel Nagar. They fled with cash, some foreign exchange and a mobile phone after injuring the scientist.

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Sun, 21 Sep 2014 11:14:49 -0700

Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan today snubbed NCP over an "ultimatum" given by party leader Praful Patel on its demand to contest 144 seats in October 15 Assembly elections, saying that such discussions are not held through press ...

Indian Express

Gocricket.com
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

KXIP skipper George Bailey won the toss and inserted the Caribbean Premier League champions Barbados Tridents in to bat. © Sportzpics. Sri Lankan opener Dilshan Munaweera gave Tridents a swashbuckling start by hitting 50 off 26 balls. © Sportzpics.
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