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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured land owners.

Etymology[edit]

The term "Patel" is the replacement of the previous term "Pattalikkh".Earlier Maharashtra and Gujarat were not divided.The Mughals awarded the "Patidars" the "Pattas" for revenue collection. Pattalikkh->Patlikh->Patil->Patel (in the British period.)

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 4 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), Modh Patel,and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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6772389 news items

Reuters

Reuters
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 12:57:00 -0800

"Equities will do surprisingly well," Patel said at the Reuters Global Investment Outlook Summit in New York. Patel, who oversees about $1.4 billion at Wells Capital, said the benchmark S&P 500 stock index .SPX could notch gains in the mid-single-digit ...
 
Reuters
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 13:00:00 -0800

NEW YORK Nov 20 (Reuters) - Margaret Patel, senior portfolio manager at Wells Capital Management, said on Thursday that the U.S. stock market should surprise to the upside next year and that the Federal Reserve will not raise rates until potentially 2016.

India.com

India.com
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 20:30:00 -0800

“Warm birthday wishes to Gujarat CM Anandiben Patel. May Almighty bless her with good health and a long life,” Modi posted on his personal twitter account. Patel succeeded Modi and became Gujarat's first woman chief minister in May. She was born in ...
 
Economic Times
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:03:31 -0800

NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Friday wished Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel "good health and a long life" on her 73rd birthday. "Warm birthday wishes to Gujarat CM Anandiben Patel. May Almighty bless her with good health and a long ...

Goal.com

Goal.com
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:46:04 -0800

The All India Football Federation (AIFF) president, Praful Patel hailed the success of the inaugural edition of the Indian Super League (ISL) and highlighted the fact of several fans thronging to the stadiums to watch the action. “We started ISL ...

Times of India

Times of India
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 10:33:45 -0800

Kamya Punjabi seems to have mastered the art of the perfect cover-up. The actress, who has so far remained tight-lipped about her rumoured relationship with actor Karan Patel, was recently spotted with 'KP' tattooed on her right shoulder. While close ...
 
Economic Times
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:38:25 -0800

AHMEDABAD: Chief Minister Anandi Patel launched the three-day statewide 'Gunotsav Abhiyan' from a school in Mahisagar district today and appealed to society to contribute towards government's efforts to provide basic aminities to villages. She launched ...

FOX 13 Tampa Bay, WTVT-TV

FOX 13 Tampa Bay, WTVT-TV
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 17:45:04 -0800

Patel Conservatory has been making future stars for 10 years. Their unique training ground for performing arts students is What's Right with Tampa Bay. "We were holding class in wig rooms and wardrobe rooms and lobbies. We just had no more space," Judy ...
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