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Patel
Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan,Odisha,Uttar Pradesh,Jharkhand

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured land owners.

Etymology[edit]

The term "Patel" is the replacement of the previous term "Pattalikkh".Earlier Maharashtra and Gujarat were not divided.The Mughals awarded the "Patidars" the "Pattas" for revenue collection. Pattalikkh>Patlikh>Patil>Patel(in the British period.)

Distribution[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, (Kurmi) and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect and Jainism and through the process of Sanskritization. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction,ceramic and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

"According to the Asian American Hotel Association (A.A.H.O.A), 50 percent of motels in the United States are owned by people of Indian Origin".[5] A large immigrant population of educated Gujuratis came in the 1960s and 1970s. These Patels are known as founding fathers, having worked hard, saved, and then invested in many properties. Having a steady amount of income and savings, they called over their distant relatives and friends from the villages of India. Upon their arrival, these immigrants would already have financial assistance from the founding fathers and would be able to find employment with them until they could afford to start up their own businesses.[5]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 4 subcastes named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Amin Patel (Desai), Modh Patel,and Koli Patel.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b c d Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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1879940 news items

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 01:51:41 -0700

In her place, politicians from the newly-elected Bharatiya Janata Party and the media have installed Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, another much-less talked about Congress party leader, who was born on Oct. 31. 1875. A close confidant of Mahatma Gandhi ...

Indiatimes.com

Economic Times
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 20:11:15 -0700

"The British wanted India to break into pieces but Sardar Patel unified the 550 provinces into one country," Modi said while addressing the nation on the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel being observed as 'Rashtriya Ekta Diwas'. "Through his skill ...

Times of India

Times of India
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 15:14:47 -0700

AHMEDABAD: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's legendary gift of gab which convinced the rulers of various princely states to accede to India was also equally fruitful in the courts of law where he would secure the release of his client by putting even judges ...
 
Economic Times
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 08:56:15 -0700

AHMEDABAD: On the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel today, Gujarat Chief Minister Anandi Patel performed the ground breaking ceremony of 'Shreshtha Bharat Bhavan' to be built at a cost of Rs 176 crore as part of the 'Statue of Unity ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 01:22:03 -0700

Remembering the contribution of Patel in the Independence movement, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Mahatma Gandhi had entrusted him with the planning of the historical Dandi march which he successfully did, before flagging off Run for Unity in Delhi ...

NDTV

NDTV
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 23:34:01 -0700

"Without Sardar Patel, even Mahatma Gandhi seems incomplete. It was a unique partnership that strengthened the struggle for independence," the Prime Minister said after he placed flowers on a statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in Delhi near parliament.

Indian Express

Indian Express
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 14:11:15 -0700

The gloves were finally off Friday, but just. As Prime Minister Narendra Modi sought to dwarf the memory of Indira Gandhi by celebrating the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in a big way eclipsing her assassination remembrance day, the ...
 
Economic Times
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 21:07:30 -0700

NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi today dedicated birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel as National Unity Day, saying a nation that disregards its history cannot create one and made a veiled reference to anti-Sikh riots that followed then ...
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