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Patel
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani,Telugu and Magadhi, Kurmali.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh,
Subdivisions Anjana , Kadva, Dhodia, Leuva, Koli, Charotar, Modh,Kamma, Lingayat, Parsi, Khandayat, Aghria, khati, kurmi

Patel is a surname representing a caste of village leaders. The 'Patel' of a village in the mid-1500-1900 state of Gujarat, would be a member of the village committee who would help represent the whole village's views to the local council and take the lead in resolving problems and implementing ideas. They would do this by working closely alongside the village pandit and other members of the 'Brahmin' Community[1] mainly found in Gujarat, India but also across all parts of India such as Telangana and Pakistan. It is currently also used as a surname like Patidar or Bhakta, or replaced by an ancestorial name.

Etymology[edit]

The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land or normally called for headman of community

Distribution[edit]

The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[2] as well as the states of Odisha, Uttar Pradesh,Rajasthan, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and in some eastern part of Madhya Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur,Banda and Delhi.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to migration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[3][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[4][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[5] In the Canadian city of Toronto, "Patel" is the sixth most common surname.[6]

Gujarat[edit]

Gujarati Patels were historically agriculturalists. Patels comprise one of the wealthiest communities across the globe due to the abundance of fertile land in Gujarat, and particularly tobacco production. Patels have migrated to various countries and enhanced their wealth. The Patidar community benefited from British Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Most of them follow vegetarianism, due to the influence of Hinduism and Jainism. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate the pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction, ceramic and diamond industries in Gujarat.[7]

"Patel Hotel" Phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel hotel" or "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[7] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[1] As many as 50% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[8][9]

In Popular Culture[edit]

A Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[10] Patels are separated in many subcastes named Anjana Patel (Anjana Patidar or Chaudhari Patel), Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, Matiya Patidar or Matiya Patel and Koli Patel.[11]

In the documentary film Meet the Patels, actor Ravi Patel discusses the surname as his family in India and the US seek to find him a wife from within the Patel clan.

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  3. ^ The BBC Four documentary Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  5. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  6. ^ http://allaboutcities.ca/comparing-cities-through-surnames/
  7. ^ a b Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  8. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  9. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  10. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb
  11. ^ Koli Patel

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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711951 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Sun, 01 May 2016 10:54:58 -0700

Labour MP Liz Kendall, of the remain camp for the forthcoming EU referendum, has challenged minister and leave campaigner Priti Patel, a fellow former pupil of Watford grammar school for girls, to debate the EU vote at their old school in front of the ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Sun, 01 May 2016 07:31:11 -0700

Axar Patel picked up the first hattrick of the IPL season including four wickets in five balls over two overs as bottom place Kings XI Punjab upset top of the table Gujarat Lions by 23 runs on Sunday. Chasing Punjab's total of 154, Gujarat were pegged ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 21:07:30 -0700

Dr. Jason Lawrence Freedman and Neil Shailesh Patel were married on April 30 at the National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia. Lois Kramer-Perez, who is a cousin of Dr. Freedman and a Universal Life minister, officiated. The couple met ...

NDTV

NDTV
Sun, 01 May 2016 02:56:15 -0700

To realise the goal of health for all, Ms Patel said, "we have started certain key schemes like screening of 78 lakh women to test breast, cervical and mouth cancer besides treatment of 1,018 women cancer patients in super speciality hospitals free-of ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sun, 01 May 2016 03:10:03 -0700

Announcing a slew of measures on the occasion, Patel in her message said, "the government will set up a Tribal university in the Narmada district, over 100 smart Ashram shalas, 10 new hostels for tribal girl students at a cost of Rs 3 crore, besides ...

NDTV

NDTV
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 03:07:30 -0700

Ahmedabad: A day after Gujarat government announced 10 per cent reservation for the economically backward among upper castes, jailed Patidar quota agitation leader Hardik Patel today said he will study the decision before reaching a compromise to end ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 17:12:13 -0700

Gujarat hospital will study couples with only girls, only boys: CM Anandiben Patel. "Even if there is a fault with men, it is blamed on the women,” Patel told a Mahila Sammelan in Pavi Jetpur in Chhota Udepur on the occasion of Gujarat Foundation Day.

Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles Times
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:56:15 -0700

Actor Dev Patel has played many roles: a Slumdog Millionaire, a Marigold Hotel owner, a Network intern, an Airbender. Now he's grappling with impossible equations as Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan in "The Man Who Knew Infinity." For the film ...
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