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Religions Hinduism
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani and Bhojpuri.
Populated States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar.

Patel is a surname of Indian origin used primarily by Hindus and other groups whose ancestors were traditionally village-based tenured landlords and owners.


The term patel derives from the word Patidar, "Pat," which refers to a piece of land. Consequently, the name "Patel" or "Patil" referred to one who was tasked with taking care of or farming that piece of land. The name Patel is found primarily in the Indian state of Gujarat,[1] as well as the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar(as KURM,I KOYRI) and in some eastern part of Uttar Pradesh; and metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Kanpur and Delhi. While most Patels originated from Gujarat, some Patels are not Gujarati in origin, a few such prominent individuals being J. H. Patel and Rustomji Dorabji Patel.

The surname is also prevalent in some English-speaking countries due to immigration from India. Within the United Kingdom, it is the twenty-fourth most common surname nationally,[2][full citation needed] and the third most common in the Greater London region.[3][full citation needed] In the US, the surname "Patel" ranks 174 among the top 500 list of most common last names, as of the 2000 US Census.[4]


Gujarati Patels were historically village-based landlords or landowners and farmers. The patidar community benefited from British Land Reforms during the 19th century and their wealth increased accordingly. The Patel community varies by religion and ideology, with disparate groups having their own samaj (social gatherings) and mandirs. Some have taken up vegetarianism influenced by Swaminarayan sect, Vaishnav and Jainism. The modern Patel communities have branched out of agriculture and landowning to a variety of business trades, especially in hotels. Patels dominate pharmaceutical, chemical, medical, plastic, building construction and diamond industry in Gujarat.[5]

"Patel Motel" phenomenon[edit]

The "Patel motel" phenomenon, as it is popularly known,[5] has made a major impact on the American hospitality industry.

A sizable number of Indian immigrants to the United States came in the 1960s and 1970s. Many of them worked in blue collar jobs and saved up to buy undervalued or dilapidated properties, turning them into businesses.[6] As many as 60% of mid-sized motels and hotel properties all over the US are owned by people of Indian origin. Of this nearly one-third have the surname Patel - a popular one among Indian Gujaratis (those that came from Gujarat).[7][8]

"According to the Asian American Hotel Association (A.A.H.O.A), 50 percent of motels in the United States are owned by people of Indian Origin".[5] A large immigrant population of educated Gujuratis came in the 1960s and 1970s. These Patels are known as founding fathers, having worked hard, saved, and then invested in many properties. Having a steady amount of income and savings, they called over their distant relatives and friends from the villages of India. Upon their arrival, these immigrants would already have financial assistance from the founding fathers and would be able to find employment with them until they could afford to start up their own businesses.[5]

In popular culture, a Gujarati film Kevi Rite Jaish satirizes the community's fascination with emigrating to the United States.[9] Patels are separated in 3 sub cast named Leuva Patel (or Leva Patel), Kadva Patel, and Koli Patel.



  1. ^ Washburn, Edward (2005). India Old and New: With a Memorial Address. p. 178. ISBN 0-543-99414-7. 
  2. ^ The BBC Four programme Meet the Patels asserted that there are around 410,000 to 670,000 Patels in the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK
  4. ^ US Census 2000: Most Common Surnames
  5. ^ a b c d Varadarajan, Tunku. "A Patel Motel Cartel?". The New York Times, 4 July 1999.
  6. ^ Skop, Emily (2007). "Asian Indians and the Construction of Community and Identity". In Ines M. Miyares, Christopher A. Airriess. Contemporary ethnic geographies in America. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271–90 [277]. ISBN 978-0-7425-3772-9. Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Kamdar, Mira (2007). Planet India: how the fastest-growing democracy is transforming America and the world. Simon and Schuster. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-7432-9685-4. 
  8. ^ Ungar, Sanford J. (1998). Fresh blood: the new American immigrants. U of Illinois Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-252-06702-0. 
  9. ^ Kevi Rite Jaish. IMDb


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patel — Please support Wikipedia.
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1000000 videos foundNext > 

Sardar Patel's speech at Calcutta Maidan on 3rd January 1948

A straightforward, no-nonsense public address by Patel where he speaks about Kashmir, Junagadh, Pakistan and Partition.

Heart Trembling Quran Recitation (Surah Maryam by Ziyad Patel)

Amazing Quran Recitation of Surah Maryam by Ziyad Patel. Video in the background is from a documentary called "Wild Russia".

Rupal Patel: Synthetic voices, as unique as fingerprints

Many of those with severe speech disorders use a computerized device to communicate. Yet they choose between only a few voice options. That's why Stephen Haw...

67 - Surah Al-Mulk (english) - Qari Ziyaad Patel

Recitation of Surah Al-Mulk with english translation from Qari Ziyaad Patel.

Ameesha Patel Hot Photoshoot For Maxim - CHECK OUT

Its sizzle time as Ameesha Patel bares her new toned body for her home production, Desi Magic. In a short black night wear, tousled hair, nude make up..again...

Hetain Patel: Who am I? Think again

How do we decide who we are? Hetain Patel's surprising performance plays with identity, language and accent -- and challenges you to think deeper than surfac...

Tina Shah & Janak Patel - Cinematic Same Day Highlights (Hindu)

On March 30, 2013, Tiina & Janak became husband and wife. The two held their Hindu ceremony at the beautiful Newport Marriott in Newport Beach, California. I...

Surah Maryam by Ziyad Patel (Touching and Powerful)

Amisha Patel mobbed.... slaps the groper !

Amisha Patel visited Gorakhpur ,U.P. at a jewellery showroom opening ,got mobbed, slapped a guy who groped her !!

Rare COLOR Video Footage of Nehru & Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel!!!

Rare COLOR Video Footage of Nehru & Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel!!!

1000000 videos foundNext > 

61446 news items

Wed, 23 Apr 2014 12:41:02 -0700

It's a love story that has little to do with love and a lot to do with the process of finding it. Actor, director and writer Ravi Patel, who has played a handful of Indian doctors on television, is the main lead of new a laugh-out-loud documentary ...


Wed, 23 Apr 2014 11:00:00 -0700

Join us in singing a noisy chorus of “Happy Birthday” to London-born actor Dev Patel, who reaches the advanced age of 24 today (April 23). But don't expect him to join in serenading himself. As Patel once said, “I'm tone deaf – window-shattering tone deaf.

India West

India West
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 13:15:00 -0700

Patel is credited with starting the Sunnyvale Hindu Temple and Community Center, the largest Indian temple in the Bay Area, and was also known for his work with the Surti Leva Patidar Samaj. Born in 1938 in Gujarat, Patel immigrated to San Jose, Calif ...


Economic Times
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 13:37:30 -0700

NEW DELHI: Ahmed Patel, the all-powerful and obsessively media shy political advisor to Sonia Gandhi, has told ET in an interview that there should be enquiries and investigations into Narendra Modi's campaign finance and the Gujarat government's ...

Business Today

Business Today
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 07:03:45 -0700

The Patel brothers have been a productive lot after their respective exits from Paras Pharma - the company that came out with brands such as Moov, Livon, Krack and Set Wet among others-which was sold to Reckitt Benckiser. Also read: The unique ...

India West

The American Bazaar
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 15:41:15 -0700

WASHINGTON, DC: Six candidates are currently battling it out to win the Democratic primary for North Carolina's 12th Congressional District, and at the center of the tightly contested race is an Indian American candidate: Rajive Patel. Rajive Patel ...

Economic Times

Economic Times
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 09:18:45 -0700

NEW DELHI: Congress President Sonia Gandhi's political secretary Ahmed Patel today rejected allegations of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee that he was instrumental in transfer of officials in the state ahead of Lok Sabha polls. "I think ...

Times of India

Times of India
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:03:09 -0700

While the nation is discussing and debating elections and every other celebrity putting up selfies after casting their votes, actress Nikeesha Patel is sad that she can't do the same. Well, yes, she can discuss elections for sure, as well as the ...

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