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Pasyóng Mahál
Pasyong mahal bookcover.jpg
Cover of a typical edition of the Pasyóng Mahál, featuring a depiction of the Black Nazarene of Quiapo.
Author Unknown;
Gaspar Aquino de Belén (first written version)
Original title Pasióng Mahal
Country Philippines
Language Tagalog, other Philippine languages
Genre epic poetry, narration, religious, prayer
Publication date
1704 (de Belén Edition)
Media type Print
Pages ± 240

The Pasyón (Spanish: Pasión) is a Philippine epic narrative of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. In stanzas of five lines of eight syllables each, the standard elements of epic poetry are interwoven with a colourful, dramatic theme.

The entirety of the text is chanted during the Lenten season and particularly during Holy Week. Its uninterrupted recitation is a popular Filipino Catholic devotion.

History[edit]

The text is an adaptation of the pre-Hispanic art of chanting epic poems as a form of oral tradition. After Christianity was introduced by the Spanish, the Passion cycle was adapted into the native art.

The indigenous form of the Pasyón was first written down by Gaspar Aquino de Belén in "Ang Mahal na Pasión ni Jesu Christong Panginoon Natin na Tola" ("The Sacred Passion of Jesus Christ Our Lord that is a Poem"), written in 1703 and approved in 1704.

An 1852 erudition by Aniceto de Merced, El libro de la vida ("The Book of the Life [of Jesus]") did not prove popular with the masses.

Pasyóng Genesís[edit]

The most popular Tagalog version of the Pasyón is the "Casaysayan nang Pasiong Mahal ni Jesucristong Panginoon Natin na Sucat Ipag-alab nang Puso nang Sinomang Babasa" ("The History of the Passion of Jesus Christ Our Lord that Surely Shall Ignite the Heart of Whosoever Readeth").

This version is also known as the Pasyóng Genesís as it includes the Genesis creation narrative preceding the portions on the lives of Mary and Christ, and as the Pasyóng Pilapil, after a foreword by a certain Dr Mariano Pilapil found in the 1814 printing. The book's title page describes it as being commissioned by former Archbishop of Manila José Seguí, O.S.A. and former Augustinian provincial Manuel Grijalvo, O.S.A., with corrections to the Latin phrases within by a certain Fr Amador W. Cruz.

A widely-circulated version of this is the 1949 edition published by Ignacio Luna and Sons, Co., whose title begins with Awit at Salaysay... ("Song and Narrative") instead of Casaysayan.

Devotional use[edit]

Sample text from the 1949 edition of the Casaysayan (Pasyóng Genesís). Shown are the introductory prayers invoking God the Father and Saint Mary, along with the beginning of the Creation narrative.

The Pasyón is normally heard during Holy Week in the Philippines, where its recitation is known as the Pabása ("Reading"). The rite can span several days, extending no later than Black Saturday, but often ended at noon or before 3 pm of Good Friday (the time when Jesus died on the cross).

Readers chant the Pasyón from beginning to end without pause; this non-stop recitation is facilitated by the chanters working in shifts. The chanters usually perform the rite as a panatà ("vow"), or votive offering in request or thanksgiving. They are frequently aged women, but in recent years some of the younger generation have shown increased interest in it.

The Pasyón is almost always chanted facing a temporary or permanent altar within the home, or inside a temporary outdoor booth, covered on the sides by cut palm leaves. This may also be performed at a local visita/kapilya (chapel of ease) or some other communal area.

As per Filipino etiquette, the host of the Pabasa (usually the master or mistress of the house it is held in) ensures a continuous supply of food and refreshments for the shifts of chanting devotees.

Musical setting[edit]

There are traditional tunes that the Pasyón is set to, and these have been passed down through the generations. Recent innovations include setting the epic to popular ballads, pop music, and contemporary hymns. Instrumental accompaniment to the Pabasa, while common, is by no means uniform in practise; the guitar and keyboard are popular instruments.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pasyon — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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508 news items

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 09:07:30 -0700

BLIND persons here organized under the Visually Impaired Voice of Albay (Viva) Inc. will hold its first reading or pabasa of the pasyon or Passion of Christ in the Bicol dialect using braille today and on Good Friday. Dave Bueno Jr., 28, Viva president ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 12:30:00 -0700

On Palm Sunday, March 29, at 3 p.m. and 5:30 p.m., UP Teatrong Mulat will present the 31st-year production of its senakulo for children, “Papet Pasyon,” at the Amelia Lapeña-Bonifacio Papet Teatro Museo, 64 Mapagkawanggawa St., Teachers Village, ...

Hospitality Net

Hospitality Net
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 16:26:15 -0700

Rick Gonzalez has been appointed executive chef at Six Senses Zil Pasyon in the Seychelles which is scheduled to open late 2015. A graduate of the Institut Hôtelier César Ritz in Switzerland, Rick began his career in the United States in 1989 working ...

Daily Herald

Daily Herald
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 15:41:00 -0700

Payson is an outdoor playground for every type of adventurer, from wildlife lovers to multisport maniacs. The city and its surrounding areas feature kid-friendly hikes, numerous biking trails, picnic areas, lakes and a golf course. While out and about ...
 
GMA News
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 06:04:29 -0700

Pagbasa ng Pasyon, ginawang moderno ang tono at napapanood sa internet. Date posted: Mar 27, 2015 8:25pm. Reporter: Lala Roque. EMBED CODE: Related Videos. 24 Oras: Pelikulang 'Taklub' ni Direk Brillante Mendoza, pasok sa Cannes Film Festival.

GMA News

GMA News
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 23:56:15 -0700

After a solemn Holy Week of bload-soaked flagellants, crucified penitents and sonorous pasyon readings, Pampanga celebrated Easter with a happy and colorful parade on Sunday at the Sabuaga Festival in Sto. Tomas. The Sabuaga Festival—the word ...
 
Inquirer.net
Mon, 29 Dec 2014 03:28:21 -0800

It is similar to the traditional Catholic pasyon, a narration of Christ's passion, death and resurrection that elders read or chant during Lent. Saños grew up listening to elders chanting the pasyon in his community. “Pasyon is a metrical romance so it ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 09:07:30 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - The Pabasa ng Pasyon or chanting of the Passion of Jesus Christ may be a dying tradition, replaced with pilgrimages to Catholic churches by the Filipino faithful during Holy Week. Emeritus Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal ...
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