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Pasyóng Mahál
Pasyong mahal bookcover.jpg
Cover of a typical edition of the Pasyóng Mahál, featuring a depiction of the Black Nazarene of Quiapo.
Author Unknown;
Gaspar Aquino de Belén (first written version)
Original title Pasióng Mahal
Translator filipino
Country Philippines
Language Tagalog, other Philippine languages
Genre epic poetry, narration, religious, prayer
Publication date
1704 (de Belén Edition)
Media type Print
Pages ± 240

The Pasyón (Spanish: Pasión) is a Philippine epic narrative of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. In stanzas of five lines of eight syllables each, the standard elements of epic poetry are interwoven with a colourful, dramatic theme.

The entirety of the text is chanted during the Lenten season and particularly during Holy Week. Its uninterrupted recitation is a popular Filipino Catholic devotion.


The text is an adaptation of the pre-Hispanic art of chanting epic poems as a form of oral tradition. After Christianity was introduced by the Spanish, the Passion cycle was adapted into the native art.

The indigenous form of the Pasyón was first written down by Gaspar Aquino de Belén in "Ang Mahal na Pasión ni Jesu Christong Panginoon Natin na Tola" ("The Sacred Passion of Jesus Christ Our Lord that is a Poem"), written in 1703 and approved in 1704.

An 1852 erudition by Aniceto de Merced, El libro de la vida ("The Book of the Life [of Jesus]") did not prove popular with the masses.

Pasyóng Genesís[edit]

The most popular Tagalog version of the Pasyón is the "Casaysayan nang Pasiong Mahal ni Jesucristong Panginoon Natin na Sucat Ipag-alab nang Puso nang Sinomang Babasa" ("The History of the Passion of Jesus Christ Our Lord that Surely Shall Ignite the Heart of Whosoever Readeth").

This version is also known as the Pasyóng Genesís as it includes the Genesis creation narrative preceding the portions on the lives of Mary and Christ, and as the Pasyóng Pilapil, after a foreword by a certain Dr Mariano Pilapil found in the 1814 printing. The book's title page describes it as being commissioned by former Archbishop of Manila José Seguí, O.S.A. and former Augustinian provincial Manuel Grijalvo, O.S.A., with corrections to the Latin phrases within by a certain Fr Amador W. Cruz.

A widely-circulated version of this is the 1949 edition published by Ignacio Luna and Sons, Co., whose title begins with Awit at Salaysay... ("Song and Narrative") instead of Casaysayan.

Devotional use[edit]

Sample text from the 1949 edition of the Casaysayan (Pasyóng Genesís). Shown are the introductory prayers invoking God the Father and Saint Mary, along with the beginning of the Creation narrative.

The Pasyón is normally heard during Holy Week in the Philippines, where its recitation is known as the Pabása ("Reading"). The rite can span several days, extending no later than Black Saturday, but often ended at noon or before 3 pm of Good Friday (the time when Jesus died on the cross).

Readers chant the Pasyón from beginning to end without pause; this non-stop recitation is facilitated by the chanters working in shifts. The chanters usually perform the rite as a panatà ("vow"), or votive offering in request or thanksgiving. They are frequently aged women, but in recent years some of the younger generation have shown increased interest in it.

The Pasyón is almost always chanted facing a temporary or permanent altar within the home, or inside a temporary outdoor booth, covered on the sides by cut palm leaves. This may also be performed at a local visita/kapilya (chapel of ease) or some other communal area.

As per Filipino etiquette, the host of the Pabasa (usually the master or mistress of the house it is held in) ensures a continuous supply of food and refreshments for the shifts of chanting devotees.

Musical setting[edit]

There are traditional tunes that the Pasyón is set to, and these have been passed down through the generations. Recent innovations include setting the epic to popular ballads, pop music, and contemporary hymns. Instrumental accompaniment to the Pabasa, while common, is by no means uniform in practise; the guitar and keyboard are popular instruments.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pasyon — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

250 news items


Mon, 08 Feb 2016 18:37:30 -0800

Cian Dayrit's “Pasyon,” his fifth solo show at Artinformal in The Main Gallery, is inspired by devotional paraphernalia and imagery as “sites of concentration” that prompt viewers to rediscover contemporary Philippine ideology. The title is a reference ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 08:40:55 -0800

11 (Thursday), Artinformal in Mandaluyong will house Cian Dayrit's “Pasyon.” Joining him is Jonas Eslao's “Beyond,” which explores the theories and probabilities on what happens after death. “In the Absence of Struggles” by Jason Montinola rounds out ...


Wed, 01 Apr 2015 09:10:34 -0700

BLIND persons here organized under the Visually Impaired Voice of Albay (Viva) Inc. will hold its first reading or pabasa of the pasyon or Passion of Christ in the Bicol dialect using braille today and on Good Friday. Dave Bueno Jr., 28, Viva president ...


Fri, 27 Mar 2015 12:30:00 -0700

On Palm Sunday, March 29, at 3 p.m. and 5:30 p.m., UP Teatrong Mulat will present the 31st-year production of its senakulo for children, “Papet Pasyon,” at the Amelia Lapeña-Bonifacio Papet Teatro Museo, 64 Mapagkawanggawa St., Teachers Village, ...

Hospitality Net

Hospitality Net
Wed, 06 May 2015 02:22:30 -0700

Rick Gonzalez has been appointed Executive Chef at Six Senses Zil Pasyon in the Seychelles, which is scheduled to open late 2015. A graduate of the Institut Hôtelier César Ritz in Switzerland, Rick began his career in the United States in 1989 working ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 00:53:53 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - Rochelle Enriquez, 17, has been joining the 'Pabasa' for four years but unlike her contemporaries who do so by belting pop tunes, she prefers to chant it the traditional way. She said the tradition is important because it allows ...

Hospitality Net

Hospitality Net
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 16:26:15 -0700

Rick Gonzalez has been appointed executive chef at Six Senses Zil Pasyon in the Seychelles which is scheduled to open late 2015. A graduate of the Institut Hôtelier César Ritz in Switzerland, Rick began his career in the United States in 1989 working ...


Mon, 29 Dec 2014 03:28:21 -0800

CALAMBA CITY, Laguna—Eriberto Saños, 49, has his hands full whenever December 30 approaches. He prepares food and his home for some 20 guests arriving for the day—the death anniversary of national hero Jose Rizal. One of his special visitors is ...

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