digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about Catholic ecclesial communities. For local churches in other Christian denominations, see local church.
Catholic Church
Major sui iuris Churches

Latin cross used in the western traditionChurch Patriarchical cross used in eastern tradition
Listed by liturgical rite

Western traditions

Latin Church

Byzantine tradition

Albanian Church  • Belarusian Church
Bulgarian Church
Church of Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro
Byzantine Church  • Hungarian Church
Italo-Albanian Catholic Church  • Macedonian Church
Melkite Church  • Romanian Church
Russian Church  • Ruthenian Church
Slovak Church  • Ukrainian Church

Antiochian or West Syrian tradition

Maronite Church  • Syriac Church
Syro-Malankara Church

Chaldean or East Syrian tradition

Chaldean Church  • Syro-Malabar Church

Armenian tradition

Armenian Church

Alexandrian tradition

Coptic Church  • Ethiopian Church
Eritrean Church

Catholicism portal

In Catholic canon law, a particular Church (Latin: ecclesia particularis) is an ecclesiastical community headed by a bishop or someone recognised as the equivalent of a bishop.

There are two kinds of particular Churches:

  • Local particular Churches . A diocese is the most familiar form of such local particular Churches, but there are other forms, including that of a territorial abbacy, an apostolic vicariate and an apostolic prefecture:

    Particular Churches, in which and from which the one and only Catholic Church exists, are principally dioceses. Unless the contrary is clear, the following are equivalent to a diocese: a territorial prelature, a territorial abbacy, a vicariate apostolic, a prefecture apostolic and a permanently established apostolic administration.

    —Canon 368 [1]
  • Autonomous particular Churches, also known as "sui iuris Churches". These are aggregations of local particular Churches that share a specific liturgical, theological and canonical tradition. They have also been called "particular Churches or rites".[2] The largest such autonomous particular Church is the Latin Church. The others are referred to collectively as the Eastern Catholic Churches. The larger Eastern Catholic Churches are headed by a bishop who has the title and rank of patriarch or major archbishop.

Autonomous particular Churches[edit]

There are 24 such autonomous Churches; one "Western" and 23 "Eastern", a distinction by now more historical than geographical. The term sui iuris means, literally, "of their own law", or self-governing. Although all of the particular Churches espouse the same beliefs and faith, their distinction lies in their varied expression of that faith through their traditions, disciplines, and Canon law. All 24 are in communion with the Holy See.

For this kind of "particular Church" the 1983 Code of Canon Law uses the unambiguous phrase "autonomous ritual Church" (in Latin Ecclesia ritualis sui iuris). The 1990 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, which is instead concerned principally with what the Second Vatican Council called "particular Churches or rites", has shortened this phrase to "autonomous Church" (in Latin, Ecclesia sui iuris), as in its canon 27: "A group of Christ’s faithful hierarchically linked in accordance with law and given express or tacit recognition by the supreme authority of the Church is in this Code called an autonomous Church."

Communion between particular Churches has existed since the Apostles: "Among these manifold particular expressions of the saving presence of the one Church of Christ, there are to be found, from the times of the Apostles on, those entities which are in themselves Churches, because, although they are particular, the universal Church becomes present in them with all its essential elements."[3]

Local particular Churches[edit]

In Catholic teaching, each diocese (Latin Church term) or eparchy (Eastern term) is also a local or particular Church, though it lacks the autonomy of the particular Churches described above: "A diocese is a section of the People of God entrusted to a bishop to be guided by him with the assistance of his clergy so that, loyal to its pastor and formed by him into one community in the Holy Spirit through the Gospel and the Eucharist, it constitutes one particular church in which the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church of Christ is truly present and active."[4]

The 1983 Code of Canon Law, which is concerned with the Latin Church alone and so with only one autonomous particular Church, uses the term "particular Church" only in the sense of "local Church", as in its canon 373: "It is within the competence of the supreme authority alone to establish particular Churches; once they are lawfully established, the law itself gives them juridical personality."[5]

The standard form of these local or particular Churches, each of which is headed by a bishop, is called a diocese in the Latin Church and an eparchy in the Eastern Churches. At the end of 2011, the total number of all these jurisdictional areas (or "sees") was 2,834.[6]

Theological significance[edit]

Unlike "families" or "federations" of Churches formed through the grant of mutual recognition by distinct ecclesial bodies,[7] the Catholic Church considers itself a single Church ("one Body") composed of a multitude of particular Churches, each of which, as stated, is an embodiment of the fullness of the one Catholic Church. For the particular Churches within the Catholic Church, whether autonomous ritual Churches (e.g., Coptic Catholic Church, Melkite Catholic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, etc.) or dioceses (e.g., Archdiocese of Birmingham, Archdiocese of Chicago, etc.), are seen as not simply branches, divisions or sections of a larger body. Theologically, each is considered to be the embodiment in a particular place or for a particular community of the one, whole Catholic Church. "It is in these and formed out of them that the one and unique Catholic Church exists."[8][9]

The local particular Church of Rome[edit]

The Holy See of Rome is seen as the central local Church. Its bishop, the Pope, is considered to be, in a unique sense, the successor of Saint Peter, the chief (or "prince") of the Apostles. Quoting the Second Vatican Council’s document Lumen gentium, the Catechism of the Catholic Church states: "The Pope, Bishop of Rome and Peter's successor, 'is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful.'"[10]

All the particular Catholic Churches — eastern or western, autonomous (rites) or local (dioceses or eparchies) — are by definition in full communion with the see or local particular Church of Rome.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 368
  2. ^ Orientalium Ecclesiarum, 2
  3. ^ Communionis Notio, 7)
  4. ^ Second Vatican Council, Decree on the Pastoral Office of Bishops in the Church Christus Dominus,11
  5. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 373
  6. ^ Central Statistics Office (March 2012). Annuario Pontificio (Pontifical Yearbook). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. p. 1142. ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0. 
  7. ^ Also unlike the situation of those countries within the Commonwealth that consider the British monarch to be their head of state, but are nonetheless fully independent and quite distinct states, not just one state.
  8. ^ Second Vatican Council, Dogmatic Decree on the Church Lumen gentium, 23
  9. ^ "The particular Churches, insofar as they are 'part of the one Church of Christ' (Second Vatican Council: Decree Christus Dominus, 6/c), have a special relationship of mutual interiority with the whole, that is, with the universal Church, because in every particular Church 'the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church of Christ is truly present and active' (Second Vatican Council: Decree Christus Dominus, 11/a). For this reason, the universal Church cannot be conceived as the sum of the particular Churches, or as a federation of particular Churches. It is not the result of the communion of the Churches, but, in its essential mystery, it is a reality ontologically and temporally prior to every individual particular Church" (Communionis notio, 9).
  10. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Church, 882

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particular_Church — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
360896 videos foundNext > 

Particular Church and Diocesan Consultors

What does particular Church mean?

What does particular Church mean? A spoken definition of particular Church. Intro Sound: Typewriter - Tamskp Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Outro Music: Groove Gro...

You Dance A Particular Algorithm - Haiku Salut - Bishop Street Church - Leicester - 3rd May 2014

You Dance A Particular Algorithm by Haiku Salut. Handmade Festival. Live at Bishop Street Methodist Church, Leicester, UK. 3rd May 2014.

CHURCH OF GOD. (JACKSON MI)------A PARTICULAR GOSPEL ------ PART 1.

MESSAGE PREACHED ON 01/18/2012 PASTOR FRANK HAMPTON JR. THE CHURCH OF GOD WHERE SALVATION MAKES YOU A MEMBER 140 W. SOUTH ST. JACKSON MI.49203. JACKSON MI ...

Steve Vai - Building The Church by Ugur Dariveren (Naked Tracks)

Track #1 from Steve Vai's Real Illusions : Reflections album. The backing track from Naked Tracks of Steve Vai. For more info about naked tracks please visit : http://www.vai.com/minisites/nakedtr...

Tim Minchin - Thank You God - Legendado

Thank You God by Tim Minchin & the Heritage Orchestra Live at Royal Albert Hall © Universal Studios [2011] Like it? Buy it! - http://www.timminchin.com/merchandise/ ---------------------...

THE CHURCH OF GOD. JACKSON MI. ...A PARTICULAR GOSPEL... PART 2

MESSAGE PREACHED ON 01/18/2012 PASTOR FRANK HAMPTON JR. THE CHURCH OF GOD, WHERE SALVATION MAKES YOU A MEMBER. 140 W. SOUTH ST. JACKSON MI 49203.

The Thoughts of No One In Particular- Episode 12- Church and State in Medieval England

In which I look at the not quite so nasty Medieval compared with what Wingnuts want to create. I very heartily recomend Catherine Arnonld's "City of Sin" a concise history of British sexual...

Church Expansion Day 9: When to Use Cash and When to Finance

How do you know whether to use cash or financing to fund a particular church expense? Rob Ketterling offers a very simple rule of thumb that has served his m...

How to seamlessly loop particles in After Effects using Trapcode Particular tutorial

http://www.churchmotiongraphics.com Church Motion Graphics Learn how to use seamlessly loop particles in After Effects using Trapcode Particular. This is a building block for creating complex...

360896 videos foundNext > 

1358 news items

The Conversation US

The Conversation US
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Furthermore: The vote does not force any particular church's session to host same-sex weddings, nor is any individual minister required to perform a wedding that offends his or her conscience, any more than is now the case. So this ought to provide a ...

Daily Beast

Daily Beast
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 04:37:30 -0700

The particular church group I am sitting with is part of the Sonrise Church in Hillsboro, Oregon, and the banter that rattles back and forth between them is what you might expect. Praise and critique for Pastor Wing's sermon are interwoven with prayers ...

Albany Times Union (blog)

Albany Times Union (blog)
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:45:00 -0700

Couples also often can join a program even if they aren't a member of a particular church or religious group. Many concerns about therapy could be alleviated, Evans says, if couples who have done premarital counseling spoke not only about the benefits ...
 
The Herald
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 21:41:15 -0700

The musicians will then introduce the album in their particular church and start marketing it and selling it at church gatherings. Musicians who are good at the game can simply beat piracy by resorting to this method. During church functions, church ...

The Elkhart Truth

The Elkhart Truth
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 01:02:47 -0700

This is a community discussion about whether this particular church belongs in that building. The BZA will weigh that against the rules. If religious discrimination is involved, or the perception of it, the church could appeal in the courts. A state ...

The Northwest Florida Daily News

The Northwest Florida Daily News
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 18:57:49 -0700

The couple has never been to the particular church before, but when Katie read about the vigil on Facebook, she knew they had to go. “We both come from military families,” she said. “The news hit extremely close to home.” From their home on the sound ...
 
Citizens Voice
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 21:18:45 -0700

Ultimately the courts threw out most of the suit, but kept a charge that placement of the sign violated the establishment of religion clause in the U.S. Constitution by promoting a particular church and therefore a particular religion. That issue will ...
 
Courier-Gazette & Camden Herald
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 13:46:24 -0700

This event is not sponsored by any particular church. Instead, it is the work of women from several area churches, supported by their pastors. All women age 16 and older are welcome. For more information go to facebook.com/groups/TrueWomanEvent.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight