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A parliamentary leader is a political title or a descriptive term used in various countries to the person leading a caucus in a legislative body, whether it be the countries' respective parliaments or provincial/state legislatures.

In many countries, the position of leader of a political party and leader of a parliamentary group are separate positions, and while they are often held by the same person, this is not always or automatically the case. If the party leader is a member of the government, holds a different political office outside the parliament in question, or no political office at all, the position of parliamentary leader is frequently held by a different person.


The parliamentary leader has the supreme responsibility for coordinating the work of the MPs representing his or her party.

In Germany, leaders of the major parties have often been heads of government of the various states rather than members of the national parliament. Hence, the position of parliamentary leader in the national parliament (Germany also has 16 state parliaments) is often occupied by a different person. Even when the party leader is a member of the national parliament, the parliamentary leader can be a different person (Friedrich Merz was parliamentary leader while Angela Merkel was party leader for some years and their party in opposition). If the party leader is the Chancellor or a member of the government, another person always is the parliamentary leader.

Each of the 16 states of Germany also have their own governments, parliaments, state parties and parliamentary leaders, resembling the situation at the federal level.


They serve as interim legislative leaders, when a party leader either has no seat in the legislative body, during a transition period preceding, or following a leadership contest.

Recent examples of parliamentary leaders in Canada[edit]

Notable exceptions[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_leader — Please support Wikipedia.
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Tue, 19 May 2015 11:00:00 -0700

Venezuela parliamentary leader target of US 'narcostate' investigation. US investigators reported to be drawing up drug trafficking cases against top Venezuelan officials for turning country into 'global cocaine hub'. Diosdado Cabello, the National ...

Yahoo News

Yahoo News
Sun, 10 May 2015 03:46:13 -0700

Port Elizabeth (South Africa) (AFP) - South Africa's main opposition party, the Democratic Alliance, on Sunday elected its first black leader, a major step in its bid to present itself as an alternative to the ruling African National Congress (ANC).

Nyasa Times

Nyasa Times
Sun, 17 May 2015 21:12:43 -0700

The PP parliamentary leader said the opposition will not compromise on “accountability and transparency.” He said the loan bill was not specific, saying they would not allow to approve the loan and end up “funding DPP” through another form of cashgate.

BBC News

BBC News
Sun, 24 May 2015 16:45:15 -0700

The SNP's parliamentary leader Angus Robertson writes in the Guardian: "Best practice from the independence referendum must be followed - and that includes extending the vote in an EU referendum to 16 and 17-year-olds across the UK. "Young people ...


Thu, 21 May 2015 06:30:00 -0700

the former Democratic Alliance parliamentary leader tweeted from Cambridge‚ Massachusetts‚ in the US. To her supporters‚ she said: "Thank you so much everybody for your beautiful messages! It's been such a privilege to be able to take time out for ...

Malaysiakini (subscription)

Malaysiakini (subscription)
Sun, 24 May 2015 22:54:07 -0700

“DAP parliamentary leader Lim Kit Siang was right when he said the late PAS spiritual adviser Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat loves Pakatan. Nik Aziz never violated the PAS party principles just to fulfil the demands of other Pakatan partners. “Allegations that ...

South Wales Evening Post

South Wales Evening Post
Tue, 19 May 2015 06:18:45 -0700

ONE of Carmarthenshire's MPs has become the first politician from the county to become a Westminster Parliamentary Leader in several decades. Jonathan Edwards, who has been re-elected in Carmarthen East and Dinefwr, is to lead Plaid Cymru's ...

The Malaysian Insider

The Malaysian Insider
Tue, 12 May 2015 05:00:00 -0700

DAP parliamentary leader Lim Kit Siang calls for the prime minister to table a vote of confidence in Dewan Rakyat to prove he has support of the majority of parliamentarians. – The Malaysian Insider filepic, May 12, 2015.Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib ...

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