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A parliamentary leader is a political title or a descriptive term used in various countries to the person leading a caucus in a legislative body, whether it be the countries' respective parliaments or provincial/state legislatures.

In many countries, the position of leader of a political party and leader of a parliamentary group are separate positions, and while they are often held by the same person, this is not always or automatically the case. If the party leader is a member of the government, holds a different political office outside the parliament in question, or no political office at all, the position of parliamentary leader is frequently held by a different person.


The parliamentary leader has the supreme responsibility for coordinating the work of the MPs representing his or her party.

In Germany, leaders of the major parties have often been heads of government of the various states rather than members of the national parliament. Hence, the position of parliamentary leader in the national parliament (Germany also has 16 state parliaments) is often occupied by a different person. Even when the party leader is a member of the national parliament, the parliamentary leader can be a different person (Friedrich Merz was parliamentary leader while Angela Merkel was party leader for some years and their party in opposition). If the party leader is the Chancellor or a member of the government, another person always is the parliamentary leader.

Each of the 16 states of Germany also have their own governments, parliaments, state parties and parliamentary leaders, resembling the situation at the federal level.


They serve as interim legislative leaders, when a party leader either has no seat in the legislative body, during a transition period preceding, or following a leadership contest.

Recent examples of parliamentary leaders in Canada[edit]

Notable exceptions[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_leader — Please support Wikipedia.
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Independent Online (blog)

Independent Online (blog)
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 05:22:30 -0700

Pretoria - The Democratic Alliance will continue to fight the Gauteng electronic tolling system, parliamentary leader Mmusi Maimane said on Thursday. “The fight continues. The system is failing, no one is buying e-tags,” he told party supporters in ...
Eyewitness News
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 00:31:15 -0700

DA: Stop bailing out State enterprises. Maimane says private capital funding is the way to go for Eskom and SAA. Mmusi Maimane was officially announced as the DA's new parliamentary leader on 29 May 2014. Mmusi Maimane. Picture: Aletta Gardner/EWN.

WA today

WA today
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 23:22:30 -0700

I also wonder how any current parliamentary leader would deal with the hostile upper house that Gough was confronted with. His opponents far exceeded their role as the legitimate parliamentary opposition and were hell bent on using any means possible ...
The News International
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 19:15:00 -0700

Parliamentary leader of Awami National Party Sardar Hussain Babak, Pakistan Muslim-Nawaz's Sardar Aurangzeb Nalotha, Mohammad Ali Shah Bacha of Pakistan People's Party, Sikandar Khan Sherpao of Qaumi Watan Party and Habibur Rahman Khan of ...

Times LIVE

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 21:07:30 -0700

Democratic Alliance parliamentary leader Mmusi Maimane immediately made a counter motion calling for the life of the committee to be extended so that Mr Zuma and Ms Madonsela could appear before it. When Mr Maimane's amendment was put to the vote ...


Thu, 23 Oct 2014 19:15:00 -0700

Awami National Party parliamentary leader Sardar Hussain Babak told mediapersons that there was resentment among members of the five opposition parties over unfair distribution of funds. He said that the meeting decided, in principle, to challenge the ...
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Fri, 24 Oct 2014 15:51:30 -0700

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Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 05:45:00 -0700

As Labor reflects upon its history and future it should realise another wave of internal reform is needed beyond the welcomestep of giving the membership a say in the election of the parliamentary leader. An inclusive party should not make union ...

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