digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Nickname(s): Par'bo
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
The location of Paramaribo in Suriname
Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1603
Area
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)

Paramaribo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraˈmaːriboː], nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 250,000 people, more than half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

Name[edit]

The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name is from Tupi-Guarani para 'large river' + maribo 'inhabitants.'[1]

History[edit]

1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

Paramaribo is home to a historic Jewish community.[2] One of the oldest synagogues in the western hemisphere is located in Paramaribo. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.[3]

In January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed more than 400 houses and other buildings. A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943 a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and 33 other people who were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and very few remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[4]

The citizens are chiefly of East Indian, African, indigenous, Javanese, Chinese, and Dutch descent.

Geography[edit]

View of Paramaribo from space

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate[edit]

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
15
(59)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 940
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

Paramaribo has a population of roughly 265,953 people, more than half of the population of Suriname.

Paramaribo is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles, East Indians, Maroons, Javanese, Portuguese, Native Americans, Levantine, Chinese, and other Europeans (primarily of Dutch and English descent). The city also has one of the oldest Muslim and Jewish communities in the western hemisphere.[2][6]

Economy[edit]

The city's major exports are gold, bauxite, sugar cane, rice, cacao, coffee, rum, and tropical woods. Cement and paint are manufactured in the city.[citation needed] Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands. [7]

Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.[8]

Transport[edit]

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

Culture[edit]

On Sundays and holidays there is a popular bird song competition. Suriname has two cinemas, both located in the capital.

Notable landmarks[edit]

Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue
Helstone Monument

Sports[edit]

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

Other sports such as badminton, tennis, swimming, track & field athletics, cycling, golf, volleyball and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of Dutch kickboxer and Mixed Martial Artist Tyrone Spong.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 322.
  2. ^ a b "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  3. ^ Fox, Tamar (18 February 2011). "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel (Washington Post). Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Office Down Memorial Page". 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo". 
  6. ^ "The Beginnings of a Community". Virtual Jewish History Tour. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/images/pdf/verkeers_vervoer_publicatie2011.pdf%7C
  8. ^ "Eight feared dead in Suriname air crash". The Press. Reuters. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City. Curacaomonuments.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramaribo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
58048 videos foundNext > 

Paramaribo - Benaja ft Hydro & Poppe [Remix]

Outbreak Vision.

Paramaribo-o-o Kenny B & Jeffrey Spalburg

Video van Paramaribo-o-o (Remix van Hengelo-o-o) van Kenny B & Jeffrey Spalburg. Nu te koop op iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/nl/album/paramaribo-o-o-singl...

2012 Suriname Paramaribo, Cola kreek, Brownsberg

2012 Suriname Paramaribo, Cola kreek, Brownsberg.

City of Paramaribo 1

Suriname 2013 episode Paramaribo

City tour Paramaribo. Sunday 10 november 2013 staying @ the eco resort in Paramaribo this day we had guide Stefano who show us the City of Paramaribo...

CHINATOWN in Paramaribo, Suriname

The newest China town seems to be in full making in the northern outskirts of Paramaribo, Suriname. Almost all lots and houses of this well settled residenti...

Route Paramaribo Suriname 2014

PARAMARIBO SURINAME 2014 form the SKY takeoff Zorg & Hoop

In this video you can see the highlights of the flight above Paramaribo and surroundings. The flight is made ​​on Saturday 18-01-2014. In a sessna 206 perfor...

Paramaribo Pappies - Ping!

Leuke skit over de blackberry ping.

AMSTERDAM-PARAMARIBO

AMSTERDAM-PARAMARIBO: Neemt u mee in de Boeing 747-300 van de Surinaamse Luchtvaart Maatschappij(SLM) op een vlucht vanaf Schiphol(Amsterdam) naar Suriname(P...

58048 videos foundNext > 

873 news items

Charlotte Observer

Charlotte Observer
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 12:52:30 -0700

In addition, the capital, Paramaribo, is delightful and quirky. It looks like it's made of leftover bits of Amsterdam from the 1850s. There are some fabulous one-day and overnight trips that take clients out to the old plantations and to old Indian ...
 
AT5
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 14:24:54 -0700

De eigenaren, ook bekend van onder meer Bar Bukowski en de Biertuin, hebben zich dit keer laten inspireren door Paramaribo. Daar zit namelijk de Surinaamse Waterkant, met talloze barretjes en eettentjes. De gemeente geeft de eigenaren de komende vijf ...
 
anna.aero
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 01:51:40 -0700

Insel Air has launched non-stop service between Aruba (AUA) and Paramaribo (PBM), the capital of Surinam. The twice-weekly (Mondays and Fridays) service on the 1,806-kilometre route was started on 18 August using the airline's MD-83s. Competition is ...
 
Trinidad News
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 23:45:00 -0700

Trinidad and Tobago's contingent at the recently concluded 20th Goodwill Swim Meet in Paramaribo, Suriname, ended a seven-year drought when they brought home this nation's first title in seven years. The national squad competed against four other ...

Columbusmagazine

Columbusmagazine
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 03:52:30 -0700

Ik ben nu bijna twintig en dit was toch al weer mijn derde keer Suriname. Wij verbleven zoals de eerdere keren weer bij familie in Meerzorg (zie mijn vorige blog) en besloten om dit jaar een trip naar Albina te maken. Veel mensen hebben het ons ...

Arab News

Arab News
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 14:22:30 -0700

His other foreign service postings include Tunis, Ottawa, and Paramaribo. Prior to joining the foreign service in November 1995, Holmstrom served in the US Army and was deployed overseas to the Balkans, Somalia, the Sinai of Egypt, Honduras and ...

Waterkant

Waterkant
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

De Nederlandse ambassade in Paramaribo heeft een condoleanceregister ter beschikking gesteld aan nabestaanden en andere belangstellenden die hun medeleven willen betuigen met de slachtoffers van de vliegramp vorige week in Oekraïne.

Haaretz

Haaretz
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 14:15:06 -0700

The first Jews arrived in 1639, when the English allowed a group of Spanish and Portuguese Jews to migrate from Recife, Brazil, to Torarica, on the Suriname River, a little south of the present capital of Paramaribo. They immediately set up sugar ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Paramaribo

You can talk about Paramaribo with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!