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Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Nickname(s): Par'bo
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
The location of Paramaribo in Suriname
Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1603
Area
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)

Paramaribo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraːˈmaːriboː], nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 240,000 people (2012 census), almost half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

Name[edit]

The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name is from Tupi-Guarani para "large river" + maribo "inhabitants".[1]

History[edit]

1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

Paramaribo is home to a historic Jewish community.[2] One of the oldest synagogues in the western hemisphere is located in Paramaribo. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.[3]

In January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed more than 400 houses and other buildings. A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943 a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and 33 other people who were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and very few remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[4]

Geography[edit]

View of Paramaribo from space

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate[edit]

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
15
(59)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 940
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

Paramaribo has a population of 240,924 people (2012 census). The city is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles (African descent) 27%, Hindustanis (East Indian descent) 23%, Multiracials 18%, Maroons (descendants of escaped African slaves) 16%, Javanese (Indonesian descent) 10%, Indigenous (descendants of native population) 2%, Chinese (descendants of 19th-century contract workers) 1.5%, and smaller numbers of Europeans (primarily of Dutch and Portuguese descent), Lebanese and Jews. In the past decades significant amounts of Brazilians, Guyanese and new Chinese immigrants have settled in Paramaribo.

Economy[edit]

Paramaribo is the business and financial centre of Suriname. Even though the capital city does not produce significant goods itself, almost all revenue's from the country's main export products gold, oil, bauxite, rice, and tropical wood are channeled through it's institutions. All banks, insurance corporations and other financial and commercial company's are headquartered in Paramaribo. Around 75 percent of Suriname's GDP is consumed in Paramaribo.

Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands. [6]

Transport[edit]

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.
Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.

Education[edit]

Paramaribo's institution of higher learning is Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the country's only university.

Notable landmarks[edit]

Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue
Helstone Monument

Sports[edit]

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

Other sports such as badminton, tennis, swimming, track & field athletics, cycling, golf, volleyball and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of Dutch kickboxer and Mixed Martial Artist Tyrone Spong.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 322.
  2. ^ "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  3. ^ Fox, Tamar (18 February 2011). "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel (Washington Post). Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Office Down Memorial Page". 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo". 
  6. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/images/pdf/verkeers_vervoer_publicatie2011.pdf%7C
  7. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City. Curacaomonuments.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramaribo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

7252 news items

Yahoo News

Yahoo News
Sun, 24 May 2015 19:48:45 -0700

Paramaribo (Suriname) (AFP) - Suriname goes to the polls in general elections on Monday with its convicted drug trafficker president striving to tighten his controversial grip on the reins of power.

NOS

NOS
Wed, 13 May 2015 22:57:23 -0700

De traditionele benefietwedstrijd van de Suriprofs was woensdag terug van weggeweest. Ook de sfeer was terug, met volop muziek en eten. De Toekomst was even klein Paramaribo. Het geld dat werd opgehaald met het duel gaat naar verschillende ...

Peninsula On-line

GlobalPost
Sat, 23 May 2015 04:48:45 -0700

Roughly 90 percent of the population is concentrated along a coastal plain, mainly in the capital Paramaribo. People are mostly descendants from Hindustani Indians, Creoles, Javanese, "Maroons" who came from Africa as slaves, Amerindians, Chinese, and ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Fri, 22 May 2015 09:30:00 -0700

It started with a session 'Bringing Sustainability to the masses' as part of the Shaping Davos initiative wherein 5 local communities from Kolkata, Paramaribo, Port Louis, Chengdu and Panjim organized local activities and joined the Davos discussion ...

Curacao Chronicle

Curacao Chronicle
Wed, 20 May 2015 13:03:45 -0700

PARAMARIBO, Suriname — The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is sending an electoral observer mission to monitor the general elections to be held in Suriname on Monday, 25 May, 2015. The mission will be headed by Ian Browne, the deputy chief ...

Brasilturis Jornal

Mercado & Eventos
Thu, 14 May 2015 08:22:30 -0700

A Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes inicia vendas de passagens para Paramaribo, capital do Suriname, sendo a única companhia aérea brasileira a voar para este país. O novo destino terá inicio no dia 25 de agosto, com duas frequências semanais partindo ...

teleSUR English

teleSUR English
Wed, 20 May 2015 14:13:09 -0700

Most of the observers will be located in the country's capital Paramaribo, home to roughly half of the population – some 240,000 people. An estimated 2,700 extra security personnel are expected arrive to patrol the streets and guard the over 600 ...
 
Prensa Latina
Thu, 21 May 2015 21:07:30 -0700

Imagen activa 22 de mayo de 2015, 00:04Paramaribo, May 22 (Prensa Latina) At least four international organizations confirmed today their presence in the elections in Suriname, set for May 25, in which President Desire Delano Bouterse is favorite to ...
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