digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Nickname(s): Par'bo
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
The location of Paramaribo in Suriname
Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1603
Area
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)

Paramaribo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraːˈmaːriboː], nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 250,000 people, more than half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

Name[edit]

The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name is from Tupi-Guarani para 'large river' + maribo 'inhabitants.'[1]

History[edit]

1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

Paramaribo is home to a historic Jewish community.[2] One of the oldest synagogues in the western hemisphere is located in Paramaribo. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.[3]

In January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed more than 400 houses and other buildings. A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943 a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and 33 other people who were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and very few remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[4]

Geography[edit]

View of Paramaribo from space

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate[edit]

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
15
(59)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 940
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

Paramaribo has a population of roughly 265,953 people, more than half of the population of Suriname.

Paramaribo is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles, East Indians, Maroons, Javanese, Portuguese, Native Americans, Levantine, Chinese, and other Europeans (primarily of Dutch and English descent). The city also has one of the oldest Muslim and Jewish communities in the western hemisphere.[2][6]

Economy[edit]

The city's major exports are gold, bauxite, sugar cane, rice, cacao, coffee, rum, and tropical woods. Cement and paint are manufactured in the city.[citation needed] Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands. [7]

Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.[8]

Transport[edit]

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

Education[edit]

Paramaribo's institution of higher learning is Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the country's only university.

Notable landmarks[edit]

Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue
Helstone Monument

Sports[edit]

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

Other sports such as badminton, tennis, swimming, track & field athletics, cycling, golf, volleyball and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of Dutch kickboxer and Mixed Martial Artist Tyrone Spong.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 322.
  2. ^ a b "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  3. ^ Fox, Tamar (18 February 2011). "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel (Washington Post). Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Office Down Memorial Page". 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo". 
  6. ^ "The Beginnings of a Community". Virtual Jewish History Tour. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/images/pdf/verkeers_vervoer_publicatie2011.pdf%7C
  8. ^ "Eight feared dead in Suriname air crash". The Press. Reuters. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City. Curacaomonuments.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramaribo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6506 news items

ThePostOnline

ThePostOnline
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 03:01:37 -0800

In Suriname is afgelopen nacht de crimineel Marchano P. door kogels om het leven gebracht. Bij de schietpartij raakte een ander persoon gewond, hij werd geschampt. De schietpartij vond plaats rond 08.00 uur Nederlandse tijd in het noorden van de ...

Jamaica Observer

Jamaica Observer
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 07:53:53 -0700

PARAMARIBO, Suriname (CMC) – The Director of the Bureau for National Security (BNV), Melvin Linscheer, has denied reports that Surinamese nationals are among Caribbean people fighting in support of the militant group Islamic State (IS). “There is ...

Boursier.com

Business Wire
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 10:15:00 -0700

Teleperformance (Paris:RCF), leader mondial de la gestion multimédia de l'expérience client externalisée, annonce l'ouverture d'un nouveau site offshore à Paramaribo, au Surinam, en mars 2015. Ce nouveau centre de contacts multimédia proposera aux ...
 
Reuters
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 11:00:00 -0700

Opened a new offshore facility in Paramaribo, Suriname in March, 2015. * New multichannel contact center will provide customer care, customer acquisition, and technical support solutions to Benelux clients in Dutch. Source text for Eikon: Further ...

Nieuws in Assen

Nieuws in Assen
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:18:45 -0700

Afgelopen weekend zijn de 'Bezorgtoppers' bekend gemaakt en restaurant Klein Paramaribo uit Assen viel wederom in de prijzen met een 'Just Eat Topper 2015' certificaat. Het trendy Surinaams restaurant scoort goed in de Nederlandse top 25. In de ...

NL Times

NL Times
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 07:04:45 -0700

An article that was first published by local newspaper Dagblad Suriname and then taken over by Crimesite.nl, reports that the 34-year-old Danielle M. probably died of natural causes in a house at Volleybal straat in Paramaribo. There were no signs that ...

Washington Times

Washington Times
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 22:24:31 -0700

Port of Paramaribo's two main private companies are Integra Port Services N.V. (a stevedoring operator terminal); and Suriname Port Services N.V. (a container and cargo-handling facility). Together they can handle more than 100,000 standard-sized ...

Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 14:41:27 -0800

The land-only price includes four nights' lodging in the capital of Paramaribo, three nights in a jungle resort and tours of Paramaribo and a historic village. International airfare, most meals and other activities are on your own. 800-783-7839 ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight