digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Paramaribo
Capital city
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Nickname(s): Par'bo
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
The location of Paramaribo in Suriname
Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1603
Area
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)

Paramaribo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraːˈmaːriboː], nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 240,000 people (2012 census), almost half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

Name[edit]

The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name is from Tupi-Guarani para "large river" + maribo "inhabitants".[1]

History[edit]

1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

Paramaribo is home to a historic Jewish community.[2] One of the oldest synagogues in the Americas is located in Paramaribo. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.[3]

In January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed more than 400 houses and other buildings. A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943 a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and 33 other people who were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and very few remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[4]

Geography[edit]

View of Paramaribo from space

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate[edit]

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
15
(59)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1790 18,000 —    
1831 15,265 −0.40%
1853 16,031 +0.22%
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 940
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

Paramaribo has a population of 240,924 people (2012 census). The city is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles (African or African-European descent) 27%, Hindustanis (East Indian descent) 23%, Multiracials 18%, Maroons (descendants of escaped African slaves) 16%, Javanese (Indonesian descent) 10%, Indigenous (descendants of native population) 2%, Chinese (descendants of 19th-century contract workers) 1.5%, and smaller numbers of Europeans (primarily of Dutch and Portuguese descent), Lebanese and Jews. In the past decades significant amounts of Brazilians, Guyanese and new Chinese immigrants have settled in Paramaribo.

Economy[edit]

Paramaribo is the business and financial centre of Suriname. Even though the capital city does not produce significant goods itself, almost all revenues from the country's main export products gold, oil, bauxite, rice, and tropical wood are channeled through its institutions. All banks, insurance corporations and other financial and commercial companies are headquartered in Paramaribo. Around 75 percent of Suriname's GDP is consumed in Paramaribo.

Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands.[6]

Government[edit]

Resorts of the Paramaribo district.

Administratively, Paramaribo forms its own district in Suriname. The resorts of Paramaribo district therefore correspond to boroughs of the city. There are twelve resorts in the Paramaribo district:

Resort Area in square km Population density Population (2012)
Blauwgrond 43 661.3 31,483
Rainville 31 930.7 22,747
Munder 14 1146.4 17,234
Centrum 9 3252.7 20,631
Beekhuizen 6 3297.2 17,185
Weg naar Zee 41 321.3 16,037
Welgelegen 7 3387.0 19,304
Tammenga 6 2385.5 15,819
Flora 4 3836.5 19,538
Latour 6 4358.0 29,526
Pontbuiten 6 3246.2 23,211
Livorno 9 931.8 8,209

Transport[edit]

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.

Education[edit]

Paramaribo's institution of higher learning is Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the country's only university.

Healthcare[edit]

Paramaribo is home to four hospitals, the Academic Hospital Paramaribo, 's Lands Hospitaal, Sint Vincentius Hospital and Diakonessenhuis.

Notable landmarks[edit]

Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue
Helstone Monument

Sports[edit]

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

Other sports such as badminton, tennis, swimming, track & field athletics, cycling, golf, volleyball and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of kickboxer and Mixed Martial Artist Tyrone Spong and kickboxer Andy Ristie.

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Paramaribo is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 322.
  2. ^ "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  3. ^ Fox, Tamar (18 February 2011). "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel (Washington Post). Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Office Down Memorial Page". 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo". 
  6. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/images/pdf/verkeers_vervoer_publicatie2011.pdf%7C
  7. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City. Curacaomonuments.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramaribo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
81059 videos foundNext > 

Kenny B & Jeffrey Spalburg - Paramaribo-o-o

Video van Paramaribo-o-o (Remix van Hengelo-o-o) van Kenny B & Jeffrey Spalburg. Nu te koop op iTunes: ...

Paramaribo

Paramaribo - Benaja ft Hydro & Poppe [Remix]

Outbreak Vision.

Route Paramaribo Suriname 2014

PARAMARIBO CITY ; an experience that i never had before

Paramaribo City,the place that give you an experience or feeling at the end of the year,you never had before.Enjoy my film of the end of the year celebration ...

Paramaribo Surinam - From the Sky (High Quality)

Paramaribo Surinam - From the Sky (High Quality) Paramaribo City Onafhankelijkheids plein Check out the version with lens correction: ...

Paramaribo

Stadwandeling Paramaribo Created with MAGIX Video deluxe 2014 Plus.

Promo Politie Paramaribo

Politie Paramaribo is een zesdelige docusoap over het werk van de politie in de Surinaamse hoofdstad Paramaribo. Met 300.000 inwoners is de stad ...

Kenny B - Paramaribo-o-o @EversStaatOp

Kenny B zingt Paramaribo-o-o live op Radio 538. 538 YouTube: http://www.538.nl/youtube 538Gemist: http://www.538.nl/gemist TV538: http://www.538.nl/tv ...

Suriname 2013 episode Paramaribo

City tour Paramaribo. Sunday 10 november 2013 staying @ the eco resort in Paramaribo this day we had guide Stefano who show us the City of Paramaribo...

81059 videos foundNext > 

15587 news items

Tubantia

Tubantia
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 06:27:18 -0700

Paramaribo boodt niet genoeg, het ArtEZ conservatorium moest het worden, in Enschede. "Die stad was echt mijn eerste keus, maar ik kon op de kaart niet zien dat het zo ver van Amsterdam was", zegt hij lachend. Van de keuze heeft hij geen spijt. "Het is ...

ch-aviation

ch-aviation
Mon, 02 May 2016 12:18:45 -0700

“We are going to make Timehri International Airport the hub to feed traffic out of New York JFK into Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago), Paramaribo Zorg en Hoop (in Suriname), Boa Vista, RR (in Brazil), and Puerto Ordaz/Ciudad Guayana (in Venezuela), ...

NOS

NOS
Fri, 15 Apr 2016 21:30:00 -0700

Een paar honderd mensen scanderen voor het gebouw van de Nationale Assemblee in Paramaribo leuzen tegen de regering van president Bouterse. De toezegging van het Internationaal Monetair Fonds om de komende twee jaar het noodprogramma van ...

DeStadAmersfoort.nl

DeStadAmersfoort.nl
Wed, 06 Apr 2016 22:48:45 -0700

LIEVE VROUW Kerst in Paramaribo vertelt het verhaal van een Nederlandse theatergroep met multiculturele ambities, die besluit om met een actrice van Surinaamse komaf en haar in Paramaribo wonende vader, een theatervoorstelling te gaan maken.

Religion News Service

Religion News Service
Fri, 22 Apr 2016 03:19:12 -0700

Surinamese Jews share the Passover Seder at the Neve Shalom Synagogue in Paramaribo on April 18, 2011. The Suriname Jewish community, considered as one of the oldest in the Americas, has only around 200 members. Photo courtesy of ...
 
Nauticlink
Sun, 01 May 2016 10:48:45 -0700

Amsterdam – Hedda Visser, Walewijn de Vaal en Quirijn (3) vertrokken voor een lange zeilreis vanuit Amsterdam naar Marokko en Suriname. Een verhaal over de voobereidingen, de spannende reis en de schoonheid van Bos en Lommer in het buitenland.

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 07:15:00 -0700

At the age of six, Castelen lost his mother, sister and aunty who where on board Surinam Airways Flight 764 that crashed on approach to Paramaribo, Suriname. His mother Juliette and sister Olivia were among the 176 who lost their lives in an accident ...

http://www.newsgram.com/

http://www.newsgram.com/
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 05:33:45 -0700

On 5th June 1873, a ship named Lalla Rookh meaning Red Cheeks reached Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname and a history of Indian migration emerged in the small Dutch colony. A country popular for its sugarcane industry and high reserves of Alumina ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight