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Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Nickname(s): Par'bo
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
The location of Paramaribo in Suriname
Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167Coordinates: 5°52′N 55°10′W / 5.867°N 55.167°W / 5.867; -55.167
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1603
Area
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)

Paramaribo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraˈmaːriboː], nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 250,000 people, more than half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

History[edit]

1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

Paramaribo is home to a historic Jewish community.[1] One of the oldest synagogues in the western hemisphere is located in Paramaribo. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.[2]

In January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed more than 400 houses and other buildings. A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943 a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and 33 other people who were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and very few remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[3]

The citizens are chiefly of East Indian, African, indigenous, Javanese, Chinese, and Dutch descent.

Geography[edit]

Astronaut View of Paramaribo

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate[edit]

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
15
(59)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Demographics[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 940
UNESCO region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)

Paramaribo has a population of roughly 265,953 people, more than half of the population of Suriname.

Paramaribo is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles, East Indians, Maroons, Javanese, Portuguese, Native Americans, Levantine, Chinese, and other Europeans (primarily of Dutch and English descent). The city also has one of the oldest Muslim and Jewish communities in the western hemisphere.[1][5]

Economy[edit]

The city's major exports are gold, bauxite, sugar cane, rice, cacao, coffee, rum, and tropical woods. Cement and paint are manufactured in the city.[citation needed] Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands. [6]

Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.[7]

Transport[edit]

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

Culture[edit]

On Sundays and holidays there is a popular bird song competition. Suriname has two cinemas, both located in the capital.

Notable landmarks[edit]

Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue
Helstone Monument

Sports[edit]

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

Other sports such as badminton, tennis, swimming, track & field athletics, cycling, golf, volleyball and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Paramaribo is also the birthplace of Dutch kickboxer and Mixed Martial Artist Tyrone Spong.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  2. ^ Fox, Tamar. "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel. Washington Post. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Office Down Memorial Page". 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo". 
  5. ^ "The Beginnings of a Community". Virtual Jewish History Tour. Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/images/pdf/verkeers_vervoer_publicatie2011.pdf%7C
  7. ^ "Eight feared dead in Suriname air crash". The Press. Reuters. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  8. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City. Curacaomonuments.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramaribo — Please support Wikipedia.
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1427 news items

Jamaica Observer

Jamaica Observer
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 23:56:15 -0700

PARAMARIBO, Suriname (CMC) — Relatives of 15 political opponents of the then Desi Bouterse military regime, who were shot and killed in December 1982, say they are taking their cases to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR). Their attorney ...
 
The Leading Aviation Industry Resource for News, Equipment and
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 17:45:00 -0700

March 28--PARAMARIBO, Suriname -- Surinam Airways (SLM), in response to an email inquiry, has confirmed media reports in French Guiana that the airline will connect Cayenne to Miami, Florida, from April 5, with stops in Paramaribo and Georgetown, ...
 
The St. Kitts-Nevis Observer
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 06:52:30 -0700

The South American country hosted an executive meeting of the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) at the Hotel Krasnapolsky, Paramaribo. The CTU's executive council is made up of permanent secretaries from ministries with responsibility for ...
 
Radio Vaticana
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Grande festa, in questi giorni, per i fedeli di Paramaribo, capitale di Suriname (ex Guyana olandese), per l'elevazione della Cattedrale di San Pietro e San Paolo a Basilica minore, dopo il decreto approvato a gennaio da Papa Francesco. Alla presenza ...
 
Oil & Gas Journal
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 00:18:45 -0700

The construction phase is progressing for a major expansion and efficiency project to double crude capacity at the Tout Lui Faut refining complex about 12 miles south of Suriname's capital city of Paramaribo (OGJ Online, Sept. 9, 2009 ...
 
Nederlands Dagblad (abonnement)
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Paus Franciscus heeft de Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskathedraal van Paramaribo verheven tot basiliek, de hoogste eretitel voor een kerkgebouw binnen de rooms-katholieke kerk. De ceremonie in de Surinaamse hoofdstad wordt zondagavond voltrokken door ...
 
Stabroek News
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 02:00:00 -0700

Persaud said he believed the action by Paramaribo questions Guyana's territorial integrity and is disrespectful. In response, he explained, Foreign Affairs Minister Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett has …..To continue reading, login or subscribe now.

Waterkant

FunX.fm (Blog)
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 06:30:00 -0700

Kenny B en Jeffrey Spalburg scoren al weken dik bij FunX met Paramaribo-o-o en presteerden het zelfs om de #1 positie in de XChart te pakken. Daar hoort natuurlijk een XChart Award bij en die ontvingen ze ook vanochtend in Start met Fernando! Om dit te ...
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