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Parable of the Hidden Treasure by Rembrandt (c. 1630).

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure is a well known parable of Jesus, which appears in only one of the canonical gospels of the New Testament. According to Matthew 13:44, the parable illustrates the great value of the Kingdom of Heaven. It immediately precedes the parable of the Pearl, which has a similar theme. The parable has been depicted by artists such as Rembrandt.


The brief parable of the hidden treasure is as follows:

"Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found, and hid. In his joy, he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field."

— Matthew 13:44, World English Bible

A depiction of this parable (left) paired with that of the pearl (right) on a stained glass window in Scots' Church, Melbourne.

The setting here presupposes that someone has buried a treasure and later died. The current owner of the field is unaware of its existence. The finder, perhaps a farm labourer, is entitled to it, but is unable to conveniently extract it unless he buys the field.[1] For a peasant, such a discovery of treasure represented the "ultimate dream."[2]


This parable is generally interpreted as illustrating the great value of the Kingdom of Heaven, and thus has a similar theme to the parable of the pearl. John Nolland comments that the good fortune reflected in the "finding" reflects a "special privilege,"[1] and a source of joy, but also reflects a challenge,[1] just as the man in the parable gives up all that he has, in order to lay claim to the greater treasure he has found.

John Calvin writes of this parable:

The first two of these parables are intended to instruct believers to prefer the Kingdom of heaven to the whole world, and therefore to deny themselves and all the desires of the flesh, that nothing may prevent them from obtaining so valuable a possession. We are greatly in need of such a warning; for we are so captivated by the allurements of the world, that eternal life fades from our view; and in consequence of our carnality, the spiritual graces of God are far from being held by us in the estimation which they deserve.[3]

The hidden nature of the treasure may indicate that the Kingdom of Heaven "is not yet revealed to everyone."[4]

However, other interpretations of the parable exist, in which the treasure represents Israel or the Church.[5]

In the Gospel of Thomas[edit]

A similar parable also appears in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas (Saying 109):[6]

Jesus said, "The (Father's) kingdom is like a person who had a treasure hidden in his field but did not know it. And [when] he died he left it to his [son]. The son [did] not know about it either. He took over the field and sold it. The buyer went plowing, [discovered] the treasure, and began to lend money at interest to whomever he wished."

— Gospel of Thomas 109, Patterson/Meyer translation

This work's version of the parable of the Pearl appears earlier (Saying 76), rather than immediately following, as in Matthew.[7] However, the mention of a treasure in Saying 76 may reflect a source for the Gospel of Thomas in which the parables were adjacent,[7] so that the original pair of parables has been "broken apart, placed in separate contexts, and expanded in a manner characteristic of folklore."[7] The multiple changes of ownership of the field are unique to the Gospel of Thomas,[7] and reflect a different theme from the New Testament parable.[4]


There have been several depictions of the New Testament parable in art, including works by Rembrandt, Jan Luyken, James Tissot, and John Everett Millais.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c John Nolland, The Gospel of Matthew: A commentary on the Greek text, Eerdmans, 2005, ISBN 0-8028-2389-0, pp. 563–565.
  2. ^ Craig S. Keener, A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew, Eerdmans, 1999, ISBN 0-8028-3821-9, p. 391.
  3. ^ John Calvin, Commentary on Matthew, Mark, Luke - Volume 2, translated by William Pringle, Matthew 13:44-52.
  4. ^ a b W. D. Davies, William David Davies, and Dale C. Allison, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel According to Saint Matthew: Commentary on Matthew VIII-XVIII, Continuum, 1997, ISBN 0-567-09545-2, pp. 435–437.
  5. ^ Herbert Lockyer, All the Parables of the Bible, Zondervan, 1988, ISBN 0-310-28111-3, pp. 197–200.
  6. ^ Gospel of Thomas: Lamb translation and Patterson/Meyer translation.
  7. ^ a b c d Brad H. Young, The Parables: Jewish Tradition and Christian Interpretation, Hendrickson Publishers, 2008, ISBN 1-59856-303-3, pp. 202–206.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parable_of_the_Hidden_Treasure — Please support Wikipedia.
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16 news items

Gallipolis Daily Tribune
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Matthew 13:45-46) and the Parable of the Hidden Treasure (Matthew 13:44) emphasize that the Kingdom is worth sacrificing everything for, but in the former, the man who discovers the Pearl is looking for it, and in the latter, the man who finds the ...
The MidWeek
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 03:30:00 -0700

“The Parable of the Hidden Treasure” will be the theme for his sermon, “Receive the Treasure.” The service is at 7 p.m. with a supper offered at 6 p.m. The community is invited. St. John is located at 26555 Brickville Road in Sycamore. For more ...
Boyertown Berk Montgomery Newspapers
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 05:30:00 -0800

The theme is The Parable of the Hidden Treasure and the Price Pearl. Tomorrow, Thursday, March 5, Zion's Lutheran hosts the Northern Berks Ministerium Lenten service at 11:30 a.m. with the theme Grace Freely Given and Costly Lived. Soup follows the ...
DeKalb Daily Chronicle
Fri, 13 Feb 2015 13:21:34 -0800

The Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. John (Missouri Synod) will hold weekly Wednesday evening Lenten services from Ash Wednesday, Feb. 18, through March 25 as part of a program that circulates pastors from area Missouri Lutheran churches.

Patheos (blog)

Patheos (blog)
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 00:36:27 -0700

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The Altamont Enterprise
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 19:27:27 -0800

During the Lenten season St. John's is using a special series called, "The Parables of Lent." Each service in this series focuses on a biblical parable that connects to Lenten themes. Week Two in the series is based on the parable of the hidden ...


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Catholic Online
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 06:14:01 -0700

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