digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Pangai-noon (traditional Chinese characters: )[1] was a style of Southern Chinese kung fu taught by Shu Shi Wa. It became the basis for Uechi-ryū karate. The name Pangai-noon literally mean that the art's techniques are "half-hard, half-soft,"[2] referring to hard strikes and soft blocks.


Further information: Min Nan

The exact provenance of the romanization "Pangai-noon" is not clear, and it may be from the lesser-known Min Chinese language. It is not a Japanese, Okinawan or Mandarin Chinese pronunciation of the original characters.[3] The standard Japanese pronunciation of the three characters is han kō nan (はんこうなん), while the standard Mandarin pronunciation is bàn yìng ruǎn. The Cantonese language pronunciation is bun ngaang yun. In modern times, the katakana version of pangainoon (パンガイヌーン) has been used in Japanese writing rather than the kanji (半硬軟).


Shū Shiwa (Chinese: Zhou Zihe 1869-1945) was a teacher and Chinese medicine hawker in the Fujian province of China.[4] His life is not well documented because of his probable connection with the secret societies which worked for the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and the restoration of Ming dynasty.[2]


His best-known student was Kanbun Uechi, an Okinawan who was with him from 1897 to 1904. In 1904 when he received his senior instructor grade, Uechi opened a dojo in Nansoye. He continued to visit Shu Shi Wa each year until his return to Okinawa in 1909.[2] Uechi studied with Shu Shi Wa for 13 years.[4]

Pangai-noon technique was based on soft blocks and hard attacks. Uechi learned three Pangai-noon kata: Sanchin, Seisan, and Sanseirui; he did not stay with Shu Shi Wa long enough to learn Supārinpei. Pangai-noon was said to be the fastest of the Chinese styles at that time.[2]

Political conflict[edit]

In 1978 a group of Uechi-ryū students headed by Seiki Itokazu and Takashi Kinjo broke away from the ryū and formed a style they called Pangai-noon.[2] By the early 1990s Itokazu and Kinjo had renamed this breakaway style to Konan Ryu. In the 2000s Kinjo and his students began using the style name Kobu Ryu, however one of Kinjo's students, Mikio Nishiuchi, has reverted to using the style name Pang Gai Noon Ryu.[5]


  1. ^ Character Meaning pangai-noon.net
  2. ^ a b c d e Bishop, Mark (1999). Okinawan Karate. pp. 38–41. ISBN 978-0-8048-3205-2. 
  3. ^ Pang Gai Noon Ryu Karate-Do Seibu Juku
  4. ^ a b Hokama, Tetsuhiro (2005). 100 Masters of Okinawan Karate. Okinawa: Ozata Print. p. 27. 
  5. ^ "Pang Gai Noon Ryu Karate-Do Seibu-Juku". 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangai-noon — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

3 news items

Springfield News Sun
Sat, 04 Aug 2012 21:06:56 -0700

The school is affiliated with the same international organization as Davis School of Martial Arts, Pangai-Noon Budo Kai. Chiles said he has been teaching for 20 years and is not concerned with competition. Hino Ryu offers classes for adults and children.

Virginia Tech Collegiate Times Online Edition

Virginia Tech Collegiate Times Online Edition
Tue, 05 May 2009 12:50:53 -0700

"Uechi-Ryu came from a Chinese style called Pangai-noon, which is directly connected to Kung Fu and Wushu ... as far as defensive blocks are concerned." Hilburn then rattled off a circular block that seemingly no fist or bamboo pole or Chow Yun-Fat ...

AgoraSport on line

AgoraSport on line
Thu, 08 Oct 2015 02:45:02 -0700

... imponeva ai giovani di prestare servizio nell'esercito giapponese. In Cina, Kanbun ebbe modo di studiare la box cinese sotto la guida di Shu Shi Wa, esperto conoscitore di una disciplina nota col nome di Pangai-noon (traducibile come “duro/morbido”).

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight