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Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian National Authority until 2006..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The Council normally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[1]


Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[1] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[1]

As of 2003, the PNC is chaired by Salim Zanoun and has 669 members; 88 are from the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[1] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[2]


The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[3][4]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
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293 news items


Tue, 12 May 2015 11:22:30 -0700

He is required to invite the PLO's leadership to meet and develop the Palestinian National Council election law, and to invite the Palestinian Legislative Council to meet and approve the electoral system. The government should also create an adequate ...

Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor
Tue, 12 May 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Erekat, who heads the Palestinian national supreme committee which deals with the ICC, was speaking in the headquarters of the Palestinian National Council in Amman briefing members about the latest in the Palestinian situation regarding the ICC.

International Middle East Media Center

International Middle East Media Center
Mon, 11 May 2015 08:40:58 -0700

An Israeli court's order to evacuate and demolish 23 buildings in a northern Jerusalem neighborhood, together with the demolition of an century-old Islamic shrine by Israeli forces in Nablus, has hit the front page headlines in Palestinian dailies ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Fri, 08 May 2015 06:26:18 -0700

He was introduced as a "moderate," but Walid Salem is a member of the Palestinian National Council of the PLO, the Palestine Liberation Organisation. That says it all. To be a Moderate would be a contradiction. Hear his twisted views about the ...
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Sun, 03 May 2015 14:56:15 -0700

The committee, headed by Salim Za'noon, Speaker of the Palestinian National Council (PNC), or the parliament in exile, resumed its work on Saturday after a cessation of more than three years. Za'noon said that the completion of the constitution is one ...
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 03:11:39 -0700

Algiers — President of the Republic Abdelaziz Bouteflika received, Wednesday in Algiers, the President of the Palestinian National Council Salim Zaanoun. In a statement to the press at the end of the audience, the Palestinian official said that his ...

Peninsula On-line

Peninsula On-line
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 18:57:25 -0700

Speakers at the session on Palestinian will include Osama Hamdan, Head of Hamas Foreign Liaisons, Abdullah Abdullah, member of the Palestinian National Council, Salma Karmi-Ayyoub, Director of Al-Haq (London), Mohsen Saleh, Director of Zaytouna ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 00:31:47 -0700

The Palestinian National Council, the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), held a meeting on Thursday in which it formulated a new economic plan to attack Israel and try to save the financially floundering Palestinian ...

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