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Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian Authority in the Occupied Palestinian Territories..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The Council normally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[1]

Structure[edit]

Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[1] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[1]

As of 2003, the PNC is chaired by Salim Zanoun and has 669 members; 88 are from the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[1] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[2]

History[edit]

The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[3][4]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
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25 news items

Haaretz

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Tue, 21 Oct 2014 16:09:38 -0700

At the same time, the PA should continue implementing the reconciliation agreement with Hamas and take all the necessary steps to prepare for elections for PA president and for the Palestinian National Council, a PLO body that under Erekat's ...

Consortium News

Consortium News
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 13:46:08 -0700

Special Report: For nearly seven decades, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has fed into growing Mideast extremism, now including hyper-violent Islamic fundamentalism. But does this tortured history offer any hope for a peaceful future, asks ex-U.S ...

The Independent

The Independent
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 06:34:20 -0700

Since the Palestinian National Council (PNC) declared unilateral independence in 1988, more than 130 countries have recognized the state of Palestine. Indeed, just over a week ago the new Swedish Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, declared in a foreign ...

The People's Voice

The People's Voice
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 22:53:41 -0700

On November 14, 1988, the Palestinian National Council (PNC) adopted Law Professor Francis Boyle's Memorandum. It "proclaims the existence of the new independent state of Palestine." It explained characteristics needed for world community recognition.
 
Gulf Today
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 13:37:30 -0700

Since the Palestinian National Council (PNC) declared unilateral independence in 1988, more than 130 countries have recognised the state of Palestine. Indeed, just over a week ago the new Swedish Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, declared in a foreign ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 10:47:18 -0700

I now repeat my offer to give a Wells Fargo Bank check for $200,000 to the first person who can present a validly modified charter enacted by the Palestinian National Council (PNC) to coincide with the clauses annulled or changed according to Arafat ...
 
nwitimes.com
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 20:33:45 -0700

The 18 bishops also met with government leaders including former Israeli President Shimon Peres, Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah of Palestine and Hanan Ashrawi of the Palestinian National Council, he said. The U.S. bishops trip, sponsored by the U.S. ...

Socialist Alternative

Socialist Alternative
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 19:37:30 -0700

Later in 1988, under pressure from the intifada, the Palestinian National Council met in Algiers and futilely announced the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, ie on 22% of Palestine as it was under the post-first ...
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