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Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian Authority in the Occupied Palestinian Territories..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The Council normally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[1]

Structure[edit]

Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[1] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[1]

As of 2003, the PNC is chaired by Salim Zanoun and has 669 members; 88 are from the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[1] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[2]

History[edit]

The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[3][4]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

327 news items

Haaretz

WAFA - Palestine News Agency
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 04:26:15 -0700

AMMAN, October 29, 2014 (WAFA) – The Palestinian National Council Wednesday denounced an Israeli Knesset's bill, presented during its winter session on Monday, to divide al-Aqsa Mosque spatially and temporally between Muslims and Jews, stressing ...

Global Times

Global Times
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 14:30:00 -0800

Palestinian Fatah supporters take part in a rally to mark the 26th anniversary of Palestinian Independence Declaration Day in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, Nov. 15, 2014. Late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat made the declaration of independence ...

Jewish Journal

Jewish Journal
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:00:00 -0800

He spoke with authority because he served on the Palestinian National Council, the highest body of the PLO, and his writings lionized Yassir Arafat. Then when the Oslo accords were signed in 1993, and the Arafat renounced terror and accepted in ...

The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 06:56:39 -0800

The Palestinians consider November 15 their national day because on that day 26 years ago the Palestinian National Council under Yasser Arafat declared independence for the “State of Palestine” within the 1967 lines. In 2012, the “State of Palestine ...

Press TV

Press TV
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 16:11:15 -0800

26 years have passed since the Palestinian National Council, then led by late President Yasser Arafat, declared the independence of the State of Palestine within the 1967 borders, however the Palestinians are still languishing under the Israeli occupation.

Alternative Information Center (AIC)

Alternative Information Center (AIC)
Tue, 11 Nov 2014 07:11:14 -0800

The “historical compromise” offered in the Palestinian National Council of Algiers (1988) by Abu Amar, was gradually replaced by more and more political compromises. A red line of the founder of the modern Palestinian national movement was civil war; ...

al-Akhbar English

al-Akhbar English
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 05:19:52 -0800

The problem is that there are parties within the Palestinian Authority (PA) who are impeding our attempt to join institutions like the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian National Council (PNC), and the Central Council, out of fear ...

Alternative Information Center (AIC)

Alternative Information Center (AIC)
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 01:17:58 -0700

The Palestinian National Council has denounced the Knesset bill to divide the al Aqsa mosque compound. In an official letter sent by the council to President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and other parliamentary unions, the council urged them to ...
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