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Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian Authority in the Occupied Palestinian Territories..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The Council normally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[1]

Structure[edit]

Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[1] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[1]

As of 2003, the PNC is chaired by Salim Zanoun and has 669 members; 88 are from the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[1] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[2]

History[edit]

The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[3][4]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
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AMMAN, October 29, 2014 (WAFA) – The Palestinian National Council Wednesday denounced an Israeli Knesset's bill, presented during its winter session on Monday, to divide al-Aqsa Mosque spatially and temporally between Muslims and Jews, stressing ...

Alternative Information Center (AIC)

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Thu, 30 Oct 2014 01:17:58 -0700

The Palestinian National Council has denounced the Knesset bill to divide the al Aqsa mosque compound. In an official letter sent by the council to President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and other parliamentary unions, the council urged them to ...

Haaretz

Haaretz
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 16:09:38 -0700

At the same time, the PA should continue implementing the reconciliation agreement with Hamas and take all the necessary steps to prepare for elections for PA president and for the Palestinian National Council, a PLO body that under Erekat's ...
 
Kuwait News Agency
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 02:11:15 -0700

KUWAIT, Oct 29 (KUNA) -- Visiting Palestinian chief peace negotiator Dr. Saeb Erekat urged for allowing visitors from Arab countries to Jerusalem without stigmatizing them as seekers of "normalizing relations with Israel." Erekat highlighted Kuwait's ...

The Independent

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Wed, 15 Oct 2014 06:34:20 -0700

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Sat, 04 Oct 2014 22:53:41 -0700

On November 14, 1988, the Palestinian National Council (PNC) adopted Law Professor Francis Boyle's Memorandum. It "proclaims the existence of the new independent state of Palestine." It explained characteristics needed for world community recognition.

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Sat, 04 Oct 2014 10:47:18 -0700

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The 18 bishops also met with government leaders including former Israeli President Shimon Peres, Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah of Palestine and Hanan Ashrawi of the Palestinian National Council, he said. The U.S. bishops trip, sponsored by the U.S. ...
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