digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian National Authority until 2006..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The PNC is the highest authority in the PLO, responsible for formulating its policies and programs. It serves as the parliament for all Palestinians in and outside of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), it represents all sectors of the Palestinian community worldwide, including political parties, popular organizations, resistance movements, and independent figures from all sectors of life.[1]

The Council formally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[2]

Structure[edit]

Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[2] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[2] PNC elections have never been held. Due to the impossibility of holding elections, most members are appointed by the Executive Committee.[1]

In 1996, the total number of PNC members was increased with 400 to about 800, when the Council had to vote on the revision of the Palestinian National Charter. By 2009, some 700 from them had remained.[3] As of 2003, the PNC was chaired by Salim Zanoun and had 669 members; 88 are from the first Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[2][citation needed] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[4]

History[edit]

The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[5][6]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

269 news items

rabble.ca (blog)

rabble.ca (blog)
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 02:22:30 -0700

There are 5,820 Palestinian political prisoners detained in Israeli jails, including student union heads, community organizers, members of the Palestinian National Council and children. For Palestinians, simply speaking up for basic rights is enough to ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 23:45:00 -0700

Accelerating the work on reaching a Palestinian reconciliation, in a way that will ensure an agreement on holding elections for the presidency of Palestine and for the Palestinian National Council, and will enable the government of national agreement ...

Al-Monitor

Al-Monitor
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:58:42 -0700

By leading framework, Abu Zuhri meant the committee on activating and developing the PLO, which was formed according to the Cairo Declaration of 2005 by the President of the Palestinian National Council Salim Zanoun, members of the PLO executive ...

Al-Monitor

Al-Monitor
Fri, 10 Jul 2015 07:15:00 -0700

The 132 members of the PLC are automatic members of the Palestinian National Council. Abbas and his Fatah colleagues also refuse to accept the current speaker's role as the possible interim president in case of the death or resignation of the current ...
 
American Thinker
Sun, 12 Jul 2015 23:17:15 -0700

He became Professor of English Literature at Columbia University and was a long-term member of the Palestinian National Council and deeply involved in Palestinian politics, including throwing stones at Israeli checkpoints. He viewed Yasser Arafat as “a ...

International Middle East Media Center

International Middle East Media Center
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 16:03:45 -0700

Erekat said Monday that it was necessary to activate all bodies of the PLO, and for the Palestinian National Council to convene as soon as possible. He said: "All factions and parties should join the meeting so as to agree on a comprehensive national ...

Jewish Journal

Jewish Journal
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 13:31:21 -0700

In April, there were 5800 Palestinian prisoners, including 440 administrative detainees, meaning they are being held without charges or trial and 11 members of the Palestinian National Council. The bill to allow force feeding could have been used in ...

Gulf Today

Gulf Today
Thu, 09 Jul 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Yusif joined the first Palestinian National Council and in the late sixties urged the resistance to unify and organise, the same message he conveyed to the mufti 20 years earlier. He called for the creation of a centre to draw up plans on military ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight