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Not to be confused with the Palestinian Legislative Council, the legislative body of the Palestinian Authority in the Occupied Palestinian Territories..

The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and elects its Executive Committee (PLO EC), which assumes leadership of the organization between its sessions. The Council normally meets every two years. Resolutions are passed by a simple majority with a quorum of two-thirds. The PNC elects its own chairman.[1]

Structure[edit]

Candidates for the PNC must be nominated by a committee consisting of the PLO Executive Committee, the PNC chairman, and the commander in chief of the Palestine Liberation Army.[1] After nomination PNC candidates must be elected by a majority of the entire PNC membership.[1]

As of 2003, the PNC is chaired by Salim Zanoun and has 669 members; 88 are from the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), 98 represent the Palestinian population living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 483 represent the Palestinian diaspora.[1] While the PNC has a number of PLC members, it is not an organ of the Palestinian Authority. Rather it is the equivalent of PA's PLC.

As of 2012 the main office of the PNC is in Amman and a branch office is located in Ramallah.[2]

History[edit]

The first PNC, composed of 422 representatives, met in Jerusalem in May 1964 and adopted the Palestinian National Covenant (also called Palestinian National Charter). It also established the PLO as the political expression of the Palestinian people and elected Ahmad Al-Shuqeiry as the first chairman of the PLO Executive Committee. At the conference were representatives from Palestinian communities in Jordan, West Bank, the Gaza strip, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Egypt, Qatar, Libya, and Algeria.

Subsequent sessions were held in Cairo (1965), Gaza (1966), Cairo (1968 – 1977), Damascus (1979 – 1981), Algiers (1983), Amman (1984), Algiers (1988), Gaza (1996 and 1998), Ramallah (2009)[3][4]

At the February 1969 meeting in Cairo, Yasser Arafat was appointed leader of the PLO. He continued to be PLO leader (sometimes called Chairman, sometimes President) until his death in 2004.

In a November 1988 meeting in Algiers, the PNC unilaterally declared the independence of the Arab State of Palestine.

After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the PNC met in Gaza in April 1996 and voted 504 to 54 to void parts of the Palestinian National Covenant that denied Israel's right to exist, but the charter itself has not been formally changed or re-drafted. One of its most prominent members, the Palestinian-American scholar and activist Edward Said, left the PNC because he believed that the Oslo Accords sold short the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in pre-1967 Israel and would not lead to a lasting peace.

In December 1998, the PNC met in Gaza at the insistence of the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called it a condition on the continuation of the peace process. In the presence of the US President Clinton, it reaffirmed again the annulling of the parts of the Covenant which denied Israel's right to exist, but it still did not formally change or re-draft the Covenant.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestinian_National_Council — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

28 news items

 
Kuwait News Agency
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Member states also asserted importance on the Palestinian National Council's proposals of listing Israeli recent aggression on Gaza in the agenda of the upcoming Inter-Parliamentary Union's General Assembly, due next October in Geneva. The members ...

teleSUR English

teleSUR English
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 19:26:15 -0700

The Palestinian National Council (PNC), which is the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Wednesday thanked Latin America for its solidarity with the people of Gaza and its condemnation of the seven-week Israeli massacre in the ...

Arutz Sheva

Arutz Sheva
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 08:10:17 -0700

The terrorist called for elections to the Legislative Council, presidency and Palestinian National Council in creating a unity government "capable of confronting the major challenges now that the impotence and weakness of the current Palestinian regime ...
 
Green Left Weekly
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Palestinian officials have recognised that Latin American countries were the first to condemn the Israeli onslaught against Gaza. The Palestinian National Council (PNC), the legislative body of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, thanked Latin ...

Middle East Monitor

Middle East Monitor
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 07:48:45 -0700

Khalida Jarar Head of Palestinian National Council Salim Al-Za'noun has issued an urgent appeal to the head of International Parliamentary Union (IPU) urging its intervention to stop the expulsion of Palestinian parliamentarian Khalida Jarrar. Al-Za ...

London Review of Books (subscription)

London Review of Books (subscription)
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 04:57:59 -0700

He might also have chided them for their failure to understand the importance of maintaining ties to those institutions, from the PLO to the present-day PA, whose origins lie in the first Palestinian National Council of 1964. Arafat returned to ...

Haaretz

Intifada Palestine
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 16:23:39 -0700

Palestinian security forces fire tear gas towards Palestinian stone throwing demonstrators as they block them from heading towards an Israeli check point in the center of the West Bank town of Hebron on August 22, 2014, durung clashes following a ...
 
Prensa Latina
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 13:37:30 -0700

27 de agosto de 2014, 16:33Beirut, Aug 27 (Prensa Latina) Latin America was ahead in the solidarity with the Strip of Gaza during the Israeli aggression, said Palestinian leaders when they were showing their gratefulness for such a position in a ...
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