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Palate
Illu01 head neck.jpg
Head and neck.
06-06-06palataltori.jpg
Palate exhibiting torus palatinus.
Latin Palatum
Gray's p.1112
MeSH Palate
Dorlands
/Elsevier
Palate

The palate /ˈpælɨt/ is the roof of the mouth in humans and other mammals. It separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity.[1] A similar structure is found in crocodilians, but, in most other tetrapods, the oral and nasal cavities are not truly separate. The palate is divided into two parts, the anterior bony hard palate, and the posterior fleshy soft palate (or velum).[2][3]

Structure[edit]

See also: Hard palate and Soft palate

Innervation[edit]

The maxillary nerve branch of the trigeminal nerve supplies sensory innervation to the palate.

Development[edit]

The hard palate forms before birth.

Variation[edit]

See also: Cleft palate

If the fusion is incomplete, it is called a cleft palate.

Function[edit]

When functioning in conjunction with other parts of the mouth the palate produces certain sounds, particularly velar, palatal, palatalized, postalveolar, alveolo-palatal, and uvular consonants.[4]

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The English synonyms palate and palatum, and also the related adjective palatine (as in palatine bone), are all from the Latin palatum via Old French palat, words that, like their English derivatives, refer to the "roof of the mouth."[5]

The Latin word palatum and its derivatives mentioned above are all unrelated to a similar-sounding Latin word meaning palace, palatium, from which other senses of palatine and the English word palace itself derive.[6]

As the roof of the mouth was once considered the seat of the sense of taste, palate can also refer to this sense itself, as in the phrase "a discriminating palate". By further extension, the flavor of a food (particularly beer or wine) may be called its palate, as when a wine is said to have an oaky palate.

See also[edit]

This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wingerd, Bruce D. (1994). The Human Body Concepts of Anatomy and Physiology. Fort Worth: Saunders College Publishing. p. 166. ISBN 0-03-055507-8. 
  2. ^ Wingerd, Bruce D. (1994). The Human Body Concepts of Anatomy and Physiology. Fort Worth: Saunders College Publishing. p. 478. ISBN 0-03-055507-8. 
  3. ^ Goss, Charles Mayo (1966). Gray's Anatomy. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. p. 1172. 
  4. ^ Goss, Charles Mayo (1966). Gray's Anatomy. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. p. 1201. 
  5. ^ Harper, Douglas (© 2001-2010). "palate (the entry for)". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 10 September 2011. "palate - late 14c., 'roof of the mouth,' from O.Fr. palat, from L. palatum 'roof of the mouth,' perhaps of Etruscan origin. Popularly considered the seat of taste, hence transferred meaning 'sense of taste' (1520s)." 
  6. ^ Harper, Douglas (© 2001-2010). "palatine (the entry for)". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 10 September 2011. "palatine (adj.) - mid-15c., from M.Fr. palatin (15c.), from M.L. palatinus 'of the palace' (of the Caesars), from L. palatium (see palace). Used in English to mean 'quasi-royal authority.' Reference to the Rhineland state is from c.1580." 
  • Saladin, Kenneth (2010). Anatomy and Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function. New York: McGraw Hill. p. 256. 
  • Thompson, Gale (2005–2006). World of Anatomy and Physiology. Thompson Corporation. pp. Palate (Hard and Soft Palate). 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palate — Please support Wikipedia.
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12923 news items

NBC 10 Philadelphia

NBC 10 Philadelphia
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 11:49:39 -0700

Lentil had his first surgery to fix his cleft palate last May. The surgery was performed by Dr. Alexander Reiter and Dr. John Lewis of Penn's School of Veterinary Medicine. Cleft palate is more common in dogs than cats, and dogs with short noses ...
 
SFist
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

To cleanse your news-weary palates today, please enjoy this great new song by singer-songwriter Jay Brannan, whom some you may recognize from the film Shortbus, in which he got naked and also sang his song "Soda Shop." This song, "Square One," is ...
 
FOX 9 News
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 14:22:30 -0700

A Minnesota family that struggled to find a support system after their newborn was born with a cleft lip and palate is working to make connecting a bit easier so that other families can "find their smiles" once more. Although most people think of it as ...
 
SFist
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 16:48:45 -0700

What's more bothersome to residents of the crooked part of Lombard Street: A whole bunch of cars or a mob of dancers taking over the street to the tune of Pharrell Williams' beyond-ubiquitous "Happy"? I'm inclined to say "who cares?" because the below ...
 
Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 13:49:52 -0700

Watermelon Salad from Petaluma resident Erin Gleeson's artsy cookbook "The Forest Feast." It is filled with recipes for easy vegetable and fruit dishes for entertaining. Gleeson also did the illustrations, hand-lettering and photography. Photo: Stewart ...
 
SFist
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 14:11:15 -0700

For your little afternoon break, please appreciate James Garner acting his ass off in this brief scene from The Americanization of Emily (1964), also starring Julie Andrews. He delivers a monologue about war and warmongering that's still prescient ...
 
Vail Daily News
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 13:48:42 -0700

Fresh raspberries cradled in their own sweetened juices and nestled in a buttery shortbread crust — this lush tart is utter simplicity and a delightful finale to a summer meal. Following a spicy or barbecued entree, the cool berries cleanse the palate ...

Memphis Commercial Appeal

Memphis Commercial Appeal
Sat, 19 Jul 2014 22:12:23 -0700

Chicago's colorful Pilsen broadens its palate. Ceil Miller Bouchet. 12:00 AM, Jul 20, 2014. travel. Previous Next. Photos by Lucas Vasilko Chicago's Mexican-American community is an emerging scene of culture and culinary hot spots like Dusek's, where ...
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