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Coordinates: 50°32′17″N 4°56′17″W / 50.538°N 4.938°W / 50.538; -4.938

Padstow
Cornish: Lannwedhenek
Padstow 1.jpg
Padstow harbour and quayside
Padstow is located in Cornwall
Padstow
Padstow
 Padstow shown within Cornwall
Population 5,203 (Civil Parish, 2010)
OS grid reference SW918751
Civil parish Padstow
Unitary authority Cornwall Council
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PADSTOW
Postcode district PL28
Dialling code 01841
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Padstow (Cornish: Lannwedhenek) is a town, civil parish and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The town is situated on the west bank of the River Camel estuary approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) northwest of Wadebridge, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Bodmin and 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Newquay.[1] The population of Padstow civil parish was 5,203 in the 2010 census.[2]

History[edit]

Padstow was originally named Petroc-stow, Petroc-stowe, or 'Petrock's Place', after the Welsh missionary Saint Petroc, who landed at Trebetherick around AD 500. After his death a monastery (Lanwethinoc, the church of Wethinoc an earlier holy man) was established here which was of great importance until the town was raided by the Vikings in 981 (the Vikings laid waste "Petroces stow" (probably Padstow) according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle).[3] Either as a result of this attack or later the monks moved inland to Bodmin taking with them the relics of St Petroc.[4] The cult of St Petroc was important both in Padstow and Bodmin.

In the medieval period Padstow was commonly called Aldestowe ('old place' in contrast to Bodmin, the 'new place').[5] or Hailemouth. The modern Cornish form Lannwedhenek derives from Lanwethinoc and in a simpler form appears in the name of the Lodenek Press, a publisher based in Padstow.

The seal of the borough of Padstow was a ship with three masts the sails furled and an anchor hanging from the bow, with the legend "Padstow." [6]

Churches[edit]

The church of St Petroc is one of four said to have been founded by the saint, the others being Little Petherick,Parracombe and Bodmin. It is quite large and mostly of 13th and 14th century date. There is a fine font of Catacleuse stone which is 15th century: the pulpit of ca. 1530 is also of interest. There are two fine monuments to members of the Prideaux family (Sir Nicholas, 1627 and Edmund, 1693): there is also a monumental brass of 1421.[7]

Maritime traffic[edit]

During the mid-nineteenth century, ships carrying timber from Canada (particularly Quebec City) would arrive at Padstow and offer cheap travel to passengers wishing to emigrate. Shipbuilders in the area would also benefit from the quality of their cargoes. Among the ships that sailed were the barques Clio, Belle[8] and Voluna; and the brig Dalusia.[9]

The Padstow-Rock ferry

The approach from the sea into the River Camel is partially blocked by the Doom Bar, a bank of sand extending across the estuary which is a significant hazard to shipping and the cause of many shipwrecks.

For ships entering the estuary, the immediate loss of wind due to the cliffs was a particular hazard, often resulting in ships being swept onto the Doom Bar. A manual capstan was installed on the west bank of the river (its remains can still be seen) and rockets were fired to carry a line to ships so that they could be winched to safety.

There have been ferries across the Camel estuary for centuries and the current service, the Black Tor Ferry, carries pedestrians between Padstow and Rock daily throughout the year.

Economy[edit]

Rick Stein's Seafood Restaurant, Padstow

Traditionally a fishing port, Padstow is now a popular tourist destination. Although some of its former fishing fleet remains, it is mainly a yachting haven on a dramatic coastline with few easily navigable harbours. The influence of restaurateur Rick Stein can be seen in the port, and tourists travel from long distances to eat at his restaurant and cafés.

However, the boom in the popularity of the port has caused house price inflation both in the port and surrounding areas, as people buy homes to live in, or as second or holiday homes. This has meant significant numbers[citation needed] of locals cannot afford to buy property in the area, with prices often well over 10 times the average salary of around £15,000. Plans to build a skatepark in Padstow have been proposed and funds are being raised to create this at the Recreation Ground (Wheal Jubilee Parc).[10]

Railway[edit]

From 1899 until 1967 Padstow railway station was the westernmost point of the former Southern Railway. The station was the terminus of an extension from Wadebridge of the former Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway and North Cornwall Railway. These lines were part of the London and South Western Railway (LSWR), then incorporated into the Southern Railway in 1923 and British Railways in 1948, but were proposed for closure during the Beeching Axe of the 1960s.

The LSWR (and Southern Railway) promoted Padstow as a holiday resort; these companies were rivals to the Great Western Railway (which was the larger railway in the West of England). Until 1964, Padstow was served by the Atlantic Coast Express – a direct train service to/from London (Waterloo) – but the station was closed in 1967. The old railway line is now the Camel Trail,[11] a footpath and cycle path which is popular owing to its picturesque route beside the River Camel. One of the railway mileposts is now embedded outside the Shipwright's Arms public house on the Harbour Front.

Today, the nearest railway station is at Bodmin Parkway, a few miles south of Bodmin. Western Greyhound operate buses to the station.

Footpaths[edit]

The South West Coast Path runs on both sides of the River Camel estuary and crosses from Padstow to Rock via the Black Tor ferry. The path gives walking access to the coast with Stepper Point and Trevose Head within an easy day's walk of Padstow.

The Saints' Way long-distance footpath runs from Padstow to Fowey on the south coast of Cornwall.

The Camel Trail cycleway follows the course of the former railway (see above) from Padstow. It is open to walkers, cyclists and horse riders and suitable for disabled access. The 17.3-mile (27.8 km) long route leads to Wadebridge and on to Wenford Bridge and Bodmin and used by an estimated 400,000 users each year[12] generating an income of approximately £3 million a year.[12]

Culture[edit]

'Obby 'Oss festival[edit]

The 'Old Oss' capturing a passing maiden during the Mayday festival

Padstow is best known for its "'Obby 'Oss" festival. Although its origins are unclear, it most likely stems from an ancient fertility rite, perhaps the Celtic festival of Beltane. The festival starts at midnight on May Eve when townspeople gather outside the Golden Lion Inn to sing the "Night Song." By morning, the town has been dressed with greenery and flowers placed around the maypole. The excitement begins with the appearance of one of the 'Obby 'Osses. Male dancers cavort through the town dressed as one of two 'Obby 'Osses, the "Old" and the "Blue Ribbon" 'Obby 'Osses; as the name suggests, they are stylised kinds of horses. Prodded on by acolytes known as "Teasers," each wears a mask and black frame-hung cape under which they try to catch young maidens as they pass through the town. Throughout the day, the two parades, led by the "Mayer" in his top hat and decorated stick, followed by a band of accordions and drums, then the 'Oss and the Teaser, with a host of people - all singing the "Morning Song."[1] - pass along the streets of the town. Finally, late in the evening, the two 'osses meet, at the maypole, before returning to their respective stables where the crowd sings of the 'Obby 'Oss death, until its resurrection the following May Eve.

The 'Old Oss' party attending the Oss with dozens of accordions and drums

Mummers' or Darkie Day[edit]

On Boxing Day and New Year's Day, it is a tradition for some residents to don blackface and parade through the town singing 'minstrel' songs. This is an ancient midwinter celebration that occurs every year in Padstow and was originally part of the pagan heritage of midwinter celebrations that were regularly celebrated all over Cornwall where people would guise dance and disguise themselves by blackening up their faces or wearing masks. Recently[when?] the people of Penzance have revived its midwinter celebration with the Montol Festival which like Padstow at times would have had people darkening or painting their skin to disguise themselves as well as masking.)

Folklorists associate the practice with the widespread British custom of blacking up for mumming and morris dancing, and suggest there is no record of slave ships coming to Padstow. Once an unknown local charity event, the day has recently become controversial, perhaps since a description was published.[13] Also some now suggest it is racist for white people to "black up" for any reason.[14] Although "outsiders" have linked the day with racism, Padstonians insist that this is not the case and are incredulous at both description and allegations. Long before the controversy Charlie Bate, noted Padstow folk advocate, recounted that in the 1970s the content and conduct of the day were carefully reviewed to avoid potential offence.[15] The Devon and Cornwall Constabulary have taken video evidence twice and concluded there were no grounds for prosecution.[16] Nonetheless protests resurface annually. The day has now been renamed Mummers' Day in an attempt to avoid offence and identify it more clearly with established Cornish tradition.[17] The debate has now been subject to academic scrutiny.[18]

Other similar traditions that use the black-face disguise and are still celebrated within the United Kingdom are the Border Morris dancers, and Molly dancers of the East Midlands and East Anglia.

Antiquities[edit]

Time Team visited Padstow for the episode "From Constantinople to Cornwall," broadcast on 9 March 2008.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  2. ^ Parish population for North Cornwall district, Cornwall County Council and ONS, 2001
  3. ^ Orme, Nicholas (2007) Cornwall and the Cross. Chichester: Phillimore; p. 10 "[either Padstow or Bodmin] ... presumably by a Viking attack"
  4. ^ Orme (2007); p. 10
  5. ^ Henderson, C. "Parochial history [of] Padstow", in: Cornish Church Guide (1925). Truro: Blackford, pp. 173-74)
  6. ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7. 
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 129-130
  8. ^ Immigrants to Canada: Vessels Arriving at Quebec 1843
  9. ^ John Eynon's Journal: Voyage to Quebec in 1833 from Padstow
  10. ^ Padstow Skate Park: Home Page
  11. ^ Camel Trail website
  12. ^ a b North Cornwall District Council (June 2003). "North Cornwall Matters - Partnership Improves The Trail" (PDF). North Cornwall Matters. North Cornwall District Council. p. 3. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2007-10-11. 
  13. ^ J. R. Daeschner, True Brits (Arrow, London, 2004)
  14. ^ "Way out West", The Guardian 3 January 2007
  15. ^ M. O'Connor, Ilow Kernow 3 (St Ervan, 2005) p27
  16. ^ "No action on town's 'Darkie Day'". BBC News. 10 March 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  17. ^ "MP calls for 'Darkie Day' to stop". BBC News. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  18. ^ M. Davey, Guizing: Ancient Traditions and Modern Sensitivities, In: P. Payton (ed), Cornish Studies 14 (Exeter, 2006) p.229
  19. ^ "Passionate patriot's book is a cracking yarn full of originality and enthusiasm". This Is Cornwall. 8 June 2010. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. 
  • Henderson, Charles (1938) "Padstow Church and Parish" in: Doble, G. H. Saint Petrock, a Cornish Saint; 3rd ed. [Wendron: the author]; pp. 51–59

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Padstow — Please support Wikipedia.
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1182 news items

 
The Daily Telegraph
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 16:35:34 -0700

THE robbery of a 23-year-old blind student outside Padstow station yesterday has been called “cowardly” by police. Ria Andriani was attacked at 5.10pm on Monday by a man who grabbed her bag and then ran away. Police described the man as Middle ...

Homes & Property

Homes & Property
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 03:41:15 -0700

The combination of white miso and the Iberico ham gives this dish a magnificently savoury flavour. Padstow Kitchen Garden. Publish Date: 23 April 2014. The vegetables are barely cooked and then assembled at the last minute. Image: James Ingram.

cornishguardian.co.uk

cornishguardian.co.uk
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 23:33:45 -0700

Holidaymaker Emma Thompson and her husband, Peter, from Exeter, were staying in Mother Ivey's Bay, near Padstow. Emma said: "Hubby was driving to the shops in St Merryn on Wednesday evening and was waved down by a guy in a sports car just ...

cornishguardian.co.uk

cornishguardian.co.uk
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 00:41:15 -0700

The gin is made at the Padstow-based Southwestern Distillery, which has just won a gold medal at the World Spirits Competition in San Francisco for its Cornish Pastis liqueur, while the gin favoured by Huw Lewis-Jones won a silver medal at the same ...
 
NSW Police Online (press release)
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 17:11:15 -0700

Police are reappealing for witnesses after a blind woman had her bag stolen in Padstow on Monday and in particular would like to speak with people who returned the woman's bag to her yesterday. About 5.10pm, 21 April 2014, a 23-year-old woman got off a ...
 
NSW Police Online (press release)
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 12:30:00 -0700

About 5:10pm, Monday 21 April 2014, a 23-year-old woman got off a train at Padstow Railway Station and started walking home. The woman, who is legally blind and uses a cane, was walking south along Davies Road when a man approached from behind ...

Sky News Australia

Sky News Australia
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 20:56:15 -0700

She was followed for some time after she got off a train at Padstow on Monday evening and was walking home when she was attacked from behind by a man aged in his 20s. 'This attack on such a vulnerable person is nothing short of cowardly,' Detective ...
 
The Daily Telegraph
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 07:37:11 -0700

Police are still searching for the thief who slipped Ms Andriani's bag off her shoulder as she walked with her cane to her Padstow home from the train station on Monday evening. “He had such an unfair advantage,” the final-year UNSW student said yesterday.
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