|— Unincorporated community —|
|Elevation||420 ft (130 m)|
|Time zone||Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)|
|GNIS feature ID||362920|
Paauhau is an unincorporated community on the island of Hawaiʻi in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States. Paauhau is located near the north coast of the island, 2 miles (3.2 km) east-northeast of Honokaʻa.
In 1878 Rufus Anderson Lyman and his family moved to the Hāmākua district and opened a sugarcane plantation. His business partners were Samuel Parker, William G. Irwin, and Claus Spreckels. It was headquartered at coordinates , on a cliff about 300 feet (100m) above the ocean. Fields reached up the slopes of Mauna Kea, with an innovative transportation system. After the cane was loaded onto a rail car, the full car rolled down to the edge of the cliff by gravity, and pulled an empty car uphill on a parallel track. A small railroad then transported the cane to the mill, along what is now called "Lower Cane Haul Road". It became one of the first fully irrigated plantations in 1911. A small town for worker housing grew up above the mill. Lyman opened the first post office in Hāmākua and served as its postmaster. The company was sold to Honokaʻa Sugar Company in 1972, and it shut down in 1994.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Paauhau, Hawaii
- Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Paauhau ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Paauhau ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- "Paauhau Sugar Plantation Company History". Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association Plantation Archives. University of Hawaii at Mānoa Library. 2004. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- "Paauhau, Hamakua District", Island of Hawaii Postmarks, Part 4, Post office in Paradise, retrieved November 5, 2010
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