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P. L. Travers
PL Travers.jpg
Travers in the role of Titania in a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream, c. 1924
Born Helen Lyndon Goff
(1899-08-09)9 August 1899
Maryborough, Queensland, Australia
Died 23 April 1996(1996-04-23) (aged 96)
London, England, UK
Resting place St Mary the Virgin's Church, Twickenham, England, UK
Occupation Writer, actress, journalist
Nationality Australian
Citizenship Australian, British
Genre Children's literature
Notable works Mary Poppins book series
Children Camillus Travers Hone

Pamela Lyndon Travers, OBE (born Helen Lyndon Goff; 9 August 1899 – 23 April 1996), was an Australian-born novelist, actress, and journalist who migrated to the United Kingdom and lived most of her adult life there.[1] She is known best for the Mary Poppins series of children's books featuring the magical English nanny Mary Poppins.

Upon emigrating to England in 1924, Goff began to write under the pen name P. L. Travers. In 1933 she began writing the novel Mary Poppins, first of the Poppins books. During World War II, while working for the British Ministry of Information, Travers traveled to New York City. At that time Roy Disney contacted her about selling to Disney Studios the rights for a film adaptation of Mary Poppins, whose sequel Mary Poppins Comes Back was also in print. After years of contact, Walt Disney did obtain the rights and the Disney film Mary Poppins premièred in 1964. In 2004, a new, British musical theatre adaptation of the books and the film opened in the West End; it premièred on Broadway in 2006.

For services to literature, Travers was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II in 1977.

Early life[edit]

Helen Lyndon Goff, known within her family as Lyndon, was born 9 August 1899 in Maryborough, Queensland, Australia. Her mother Margaret Agnes Goff (née Morehead) was Australian and the niece of Boyd Dunlop Morehead, Premier of Queensland from 1888 to 1890. Her father Travers Robert Goff was of Irish descent and born in Deptford, South London, England. A chronic alcoholic, he was unsuccessful as a bank manager and was eventually demoted to the position of bank clerk.[2] The family lived in a large home with servants in Maryborough until Lyndon was five years old, when they relocated to Allora in 1905. Two years later, Travers Goff died at home of tuberculosis at the age of 43.[3][citation needed]

Following her father's death, Goff, along with her mother and sisters, moved to Bowral, New South Wales, in 1907, living there until 1917.[4] [clarification needed] She boarded at Normanhurst Girls School in Ashfield, a suburb of Sydney, during World War I.[citation needed]


Lyndon Goff began publishing her poems while still a teenager. She wrote for The Bulletin and Triad and during that time began gaining a reputation as an actress under the stage name "Pamela Lyndon Travers". She toured Australia and New Zealand with Allan Wilkie's Shakespearean Company, before leaving for England in 1924. There she dedicated herself to writing under the pen name P. L. Travers.[5] In 1931, she and her friend Madge Burnand moved from their rented flat in London to a thatched cottage in Sussex.[2] It was here, in the winter of 1933, that she began to write Mary Poppins.[2]

Travers greatly admired and emulated J. M. Barrie, author of the 1911 novel Peter and Wendy, whose structure resembles the Mary Poppins series in some ways. Her first publisher was Peter Llewelyn Davies, Barrie's adopted son, widely regarded as the model for Peter Pan.[2]

While in Ireland in 1925, Travers met the poet George William Russell (who wrote under the name "Æ") who, as editor of The Irish Statesman, accepted some of her poems for publication. Through Russell, Travers met W. B. Yeats, Oliver St. John Gogarty, and other Irish poets who fostered her interest in and knowledge of world mythology. She had studied the Gurdjieff System under Jane Heap and in March 1936, with the help of Jessie Orage (widow of Alfred Richard Orage), she met the mystic George Gurdjieff, who would have a great effect on her, as well as on several other literary figures.[6]

At the invitation of her friend, US Commissioner of Indian Affairs John Collier, Travers spent two summers living among the Navajo, Hopi and Pueblo peoples studying their mythology and folklore.[7][8] After the war, she became Writer-in-Residence at Radcliffe College and Smith College.[9]

She returned to England, making only one brief visit to Sydney in 1960 while on her way to Japan to study Zen mysticism.

Travers' literary output other than Mary Poppins and its sequels included other novels, poetry collections and works of non-fiction.

Mary Poppins[edit]

Published in London in 1934, Mary Poppins was Travers' first literary success. Sequels followed (the last in 1988).[10]

While appearing as a guest on BBC Radio 4's radio programme Desert Island Discs in May 1977, Travers revealed that the name "M. Poppins" originated from childhood stories that she contrived for her sisters, and that she was still in possession of a book from that age with this name inscribed within.[11] Travers' great aunt, Helen Morehead, who lived in Woollahra, Sydney, and used to say, "Spit spot, into bed", is a likely inspiration for the character.[12][13]

Disney version[edit]

Main article: Mary Poppins (film)

The musical film adaptation Mary Poppins was released by Walt Disney Pictures in 1964. Primarily based on the original 1934 novel of the same name, it also lifted elements from the 1935 sequel Mary Poppins Comes Back. Travers was an adviser in the production, but she disapproved of the Poppins character in its Disney version, with harsher aspects diluted; she felt ambivalent about the music; and she so hated the use of animation that she ruled out any further adaptations of series.[14] She received no invitation to the film's star-studded première until she "embarrassed a Disney executive into extending one". At the after-party , she said loudly" The first thing that has to go is the animation sequence'." Disney replied, "Pamela, the ship has sailed", and walked away.[15] Enraged at what she considered shabby treatment at Disney's hands, Travers would never agree to another Disney adaptation of Poppins, though Disney made several attempts to persuade her to change her mind.[citation needed] (Concerning the Disney movie about the making of the Poppins movie, one critic concluded that "what was presented as a joyless, loveless pedant finally giving herself over to the delight and imagination of the Wonderful World of Disney could just as easily been presented as a creative, passionate person, with dignity and real emotions, getting steamrolled by one of the most powerful companies in the world.")[16]

Travers disliked the Disney adaptation, and the way she felt she had been treated during the production, so much that when producer Cameron Mackintosh approached her about making the British stage musical – when the author was in her nineties – she acquiesced only on conditions that English-born writers alone and no one from the film production were to be directly involved.[17][18] This specifically excluded the Sherman Brothers from writing additional songs for the production. However, original songs and other aspects from the 1964 film were allowed to be incorporated into the production.[19] These points were even stipulated in her last will and testament.[20][21][22]

The 2013 movie Saving Mr. Banks is a dramatised story about both the working process during the planning of Mary Poppins and also that of Travers' early life, drawing parallels with Mary Poppins and that of the author's childhood. The movie stars Emma Thompson as P.L. Travers and Tom Hanks as Walt Disney.

Personal life[edit]

Though Travers had numerous fleeting relationships with men throughout her life, she lived for more than a decade with Madge Burnand, daughter of Sir Francis Burnand, a playwright and the former editor of Punch. They shared a London flat from 1927 to 1934, then moved to a thatched cottage in Sussex, where Travers published the first of the Mary Poppins books. Their friendship, in the words of one biographer, was "intense," but also equally ambiguous.[3]

At the age of 40, two years after moving out on her own, Travers adopted a baby boy from Ireland whom she named Camillus Travers Hone. He was the grandchild of Joseph Hone, W. B. Yeats' first biographer, who was raising his seven grandchildren with his wife. Camillus was unaware of his true parentage or the existence of any siblings until the age of 17, when Anthony Hone, his twin brother, came to London and knocked on the door of Travers' house. He had been drinking and demanded to see his brother. Travers refused to allow it and threatened to call the police. Anthony left, but soon after, Camillus, following an argument with Travers, went looking for his brother and found him in a pub on Kings Road.[3][23][24]

Travers was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1977. She lived into advanced old age, but her health was declining toward the end of her life. Travers died in London on 23 April 1996 at the age of 96."[25]

Her son Camillus died in London in November 2011.[26]



  • Mary Poppins, London: Gerald Howe, 1934
  • Mary Poppins Comes Back, London: L. Dickson & Thompson Ltd., 1935
  • I Go By Sea, I Go By Land, London: Peter Davies, 1941
  • Aunt Sass, New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1941
  • Ah Wong, New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1943
  • Mary Poppins Opens the Door, London: Peter Davies, 1943
  • Johnny Delaney, New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1944
  • Mary Poppins in the Park, London: Peter Davies, 1952
  • Gingerbread Shop, 1952
  • Mr. Wigg's Birthday Party, 1952
  • The Magic Compass, 1953
  • Mary Poppins From A to Z, London: Collins, 1963
  • The Fox at the Manger, London: Collins, 1963
  • Friend Monkey, London: Collins, 1972
  • Mary Poppins in the Kitchen, New York & London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975
  • Two Pairs of Shoes, New York: Viking Press, 1980
  • Mary Poppins in Cherry Tree Lane, London: Collins, 1982
  • Mary Poppins and the House Next Door, London: Collins. 1988.


  • Stories from Mary Poppins, 1952


  • Moscow Excursion, New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1934
  • George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff, 1973
  • About the Sleeping Beauty, London: Collins, 1975
  • What the Bee Knows: Reflections on Myth, Symbol and Story, 1989


  1. ^ PL Travers (British author). Encyclopedia Britannica.
  2. ^ a b c d Picardie, Justine (28 October 2008). "Was P L Travers the real Mary Poppins?". The Daily Telegraph (telegraph.co.uk) (London). Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c Jones, David (25 October 2013). "How the sexual adventuress who created Mary Poppins wrecked the lives of two innocent boys: Exploits of P L Travers that you won't see in new film Saving Mr Banks". The Daily Mail (online ed.) (London). Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Lawson 1999.
  5. ^ "P. L. Travers", Notable biographies 
  6. ^ Lawson 2005, p. 185.
  7. ^ Burness & Griswold 1982.
  8. ^ Witchell, Alex (22 September 1994). "At Home With: P. L. Travers; Where Starlings Greet the Stars". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Lawson 2006, p. 290.
  10. ^ Cullinan, Bernice E; Person, Diane Goetz (2005), Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, Continuum, p. 784, ISBN 978-0-82641778-7, retrieved Nov 2012 
  11. ^ "P L Travers". Desert Island Discs. BBC Radio 4. 21 May 1977.  Audio recording of the episode featuring Travers with Roy Plumley.
  12. ^ McDonald, Shae (18 December 2013). "PL Travers biographer Valerie Lawson says the real Mary Poppins lived in Woollahra". Wentworth Courier (Sydney: The Daily Telegraph [dailytelegraph.com.au]). 
  13. ^ Nance, Kevin (20 December 2013). "Valerie Lawson talks Mary Poppins, She Wrote and P.L Travers: Biography reveals original character's sharp edge". Chicago Tribune. p. 2. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Newman, Melinda (7 November 2013). "Poppins Author a Pill No Spoonful of Sugar Could Sweeten: Tunesmith Richard Sherman recalls studio's battles with Travers to bring Disney classic to life". Variety (variety.com). Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Flanagan, Caitlin (19 December 2005), "Becoming Mary Poppins: P. L. Travers, Walt Disney, and the making of a myth", The New Yorker 
  16. ^ Lyons, Margaret (26 December 2013). "Saving Mr. Banks Left Out an Awful Lot About P.L. Travers". Based on a True Story. Vulture.com. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Ouzounian, Richard (13 December 2013). "P.L. Travers might have liked Mary Poppins onstage". The Toronto Star (thestar.com). Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  18. ^ Rainey, Sarah (29 November 2013). "Saving Mr Banks: The true story of PL Travers". The Daily Telegraph (telegraph.co.uk). Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  19. ^ Rochlin, Margy (6 December 2013). "A Spoonful of Sugar for a Sourpuss: Songwriter Recalls P. L. Travers, Mary Poppins Author". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  20. ^ Norman, Neil (14 April 2012). "The real Mary Poppins". Daily Express (express.co.uk). Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  21. ^ Fryer, Jane (11 April 2012). "A spoonful of spite: New film set to reveal truth about Mary Poppins' creator ... she was a vile woman and abusive mother". The Daily Mail (dailymail.co.uk). Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  22. ^ Erbland, Kate (26 December 2013). "The Dark, Deep and Dramatic True Story of Saving Mr. Banks". Film.com. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  23. ^ Minus, Jodie (10–11 April 2004). "There's something about Mary". The Weekend Australian. p. R6. 
  24. ^ Kelleher, Lynne (19 January 2003). "Mary Poppins writer took baby because she 'loved Ireland': Sugar and spice not so nice for twin separated from brother by author". The Sunday Mirror. London: The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 5 December 2013.  Archive copy at The Free Library (thefreelibrary.com).
  25. ^ Rochlin, Margy (3 January 2014). "Not Quite All Spoonfuls of Sugar: Tom Hanks and Emma Thompson Discuss Saving Mr. Banks". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  26. ^ Rice, Katy (14 July 2012). "In a most delightful way". The Argus (theargus.co.uk). Retrieved 12 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._L._Travers — Please support Wikipedia.
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Emma Thompson: 'Travers would've rather looked down upon film' - Saving Mr Banks Subscribe to the Guardian HERE: http://bitly.com/UvkFpD The star of ...

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4428 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 15 Jul 2015 06:52:30 -0700

This is a book about a girl called Sabrina who lives with her family in England. She is 11 years old and has a younger brother called James who is nearly 9. The story is set during the second world war and the children have to leave England because the ...

ABC Online

ABC Online
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 13:59:16 -0700

Thousands of people in southern Queensland have flocked to the birthplace of author PL Travers to celebrate her most famous work, Mary Poppins. Now into its fifth year, the Mary Poppins Festival was held in the riverside parks and heritage streets of ...
Law.com (subscription)
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Mr. Disney, it seems, had promised his daughters he would make the movie, but the author, P.L. Travers (played by a dour Emma Thompson), resisted Mr. Disney's chirpy importuning for twenty years. When she found herself in need of money, she accepted a ...

Morrow County Sentinel

Morrow County Sentinel
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Based on the Mary Poppins series of books by P. L. Travers and the 1964 Disney film featuring Julie Andrews and Dick van Dyke, Mary Poppins is a magical English nanny who is blown by the wind to the household of Jane and Michael Banks, children of a ...

Salt Lake Tribune

Salt Lake Tribune
Sun, 26 Jul 2015 12:07:30 -0700

The show was inspired by British writer P.L. Travers' children's books, which were adapted into a beloved 1964 Disney film starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke. The story was then adapted into a musical by Disney and Cameron Mackintosh (the ...

Kansas City Star

Kansas City Star
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 09:38:59 -0700

As you might remember from the P.L. Travers books or the 1964 Disney movie starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke, Mary Poppins is a nanny with supernatural powers who comes to the rescue of the Banks family. The children are naughty and out of ...
The Daily Times
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 21:07:30 -0700

Based on the P.L. Travers book of the same name, the film, which combines live-action and animation, stars Andrews as a magical nanny who “visits a dysfunctional family in London and employs her unique brand of lifestyle to improve the family's dynamic.
Tulsa World
Sat, 11 Jul 2015 22:12:51 -0700

Children's Musical Theater of Bartlesville, now in its 15th season, will present its production of the Tony Award-winning musical “Mary Poppins.” The company was founded in 2000 as a way to provide quality theater for young performers. The company ...

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